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Encyclopedia > Anne Bradstreet
Title page, second (posthumous) edition of Bradstreet's poems, 1678
Title page, second (posthumous) edition of Bradstreet's poems, 1678

Anne Bradstreet (ca. 1612September 16, 1672) was the first American female writer, and the first American female poet/author to have her works published. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (572 × 872 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is the second edition. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (572 × 872 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is the second edition. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ...

Contents

Life

Bradstreet was born Anne Dudley in Northampton, England, most likely in 1612. She was the daughter of Thomas Dudley, a steward of the Earl of Lincoln, and Dorothy Yorke.[1] Due to her family's position she grew up in cultured circumstances and was an unusually well-educated woman for her time, being tutored in history, several languages, and literature. At the age of sixteen she married Simon Bradstreet. Both Anne's father and Anne's husband were later to serve as governors of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne and Simon, along with Anne's parents, emigrated to America aboard the Arbella during the "Great Migration" in 1630.[2] This article is about Northampton, England. ... Thomas Dudley (October 12, 1576–July 31, 1653) was a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... The title of Earl of Lincoln was probably created around 1143, but reverted several times back to the Crown. ... Simon Bradstreet (March 18, 1603–March 27, 1697) was a colonial magistrate, businessman and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Capital Charlestown, Boston History  - Established 1629  - New England Confederation 1643  - Dominion of New England 1686  - Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692  - Disestablished 1692 The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it) was an English settlement on... The Arbella was the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet on which, between April 8 and June 12, 1630, Governor John Winthrop, other members of the Company and Puritan emigrants transported themselves and the Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company from England to Salem, thereby giving legal birth to the Commonwealth... was when erikson martinez was rich ...


Her 1630 emigration to Salem aboard the Arbella was a difficult three-month journey during which many of her fellow shipmates perished, unable to survive the harsh climate, poor living conditions and bouts of scurvy. Bradstreet was ill-prepared for such rigorous travel and found the journey very difficult. The migrants' trials and tribulations did not end upon their arrival, however, as many of the survivors died shortly thereafter or elected to return to England. Thomas Dudley and his friend John Winthrop made up the Boston settlement's government: Winthrop was Governor, Dudley Deputy-Governor and Simon Bradstreet Chief-Administrator.


Having previously been afflicted with smallpox, Anne would once again fall prey to illness as paralysis took over her joints; however, she did not let her predicament dim her passion for living, and creating a home and family with her husband. Despite her poor health, she had eight children and achieved a comfortable social standing.


Tragedy struck one night in 1666 when the Bradstreet home was engulfed in flames; a devastating fire that left the family homeless and devoid of personal belongings for a time. By then, Anne Bradstreet's health was slowly failing. She suffered from tuberculosis and had to deal with the loss of her daughter Dorothy to illness as well. But her will remained strong, and perhaps, as a reflection of her religious devotion and her knowledge of Biblical scriptures, she found peace in the firm belief that her daughter was in heaven.


Bradstreet's education allowed her to write with authority about politics, history, medicine, and theology. Her personal library of books was said to have numbered over 800, many of which were destroyed when her home burned down on July 10, 1666. This event itself inspired a poem entitled "Upon the Burning of Our House July 10th, 1666", wherein Bradstreet rejects the anger and grief that this worldly tragedy has caused her and instead looks toward God and afterlife as consolation, saying: is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ...

"And when I could no longer look,
I blest his grace that gave and took,
That laid my goods now in the dust.
Yea, so it was, and so 'twas just.
It was his own; it was not mine.
Far be it that I should repine."

Anne Bradstreet died on September 16, 1672, in Andover, Massachusetts, at the age 60. The precise location of her grave is uncertain as she may either have been buried next to her husband in "the Old Burying Point" in Salem, Massachusetts, or in "the Old Burying Ground" on Academy Road in North Andover, Massachusetts. Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex County Settled 1642 Incorporated 1646 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Town Manager Reginald Buzz Stapczynski  - Board of    Selectmen Ted Teichert (2009) Mary Lyman (2008) Alexander Vispoli (2010) Jerry Stabile (2010) Brian Major (2009) Area  - Town  32. ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex County Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 A City 1836 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - City  18. ... North Andover is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Works

Much of Bradstreet's poetry is based on observation of the world around her, focusing heavily on domestic and religious themes. Long considered primarily of historical interest, she won critical acceptance in the 20th century as a writer of enduring verse, particularly for her sequence of religious poems "Contemplations", which was written for her family and not published until the mid-19th century.[3] Bradstreet's work was deeply influenced by poet Guillaume du Bartas, who was favoured by 17th-century readers. Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas (1544–1590) was a French poet. ...


One of the most interesting aspects of her work is the context in which she wrote: an atmosphere in which women were relegated to traditional roles. Yet we cannot help but feel the love and intense devotion she had for both God and her husband, as well as for her family. Despite the traditional attitude toward women of the time, she clearly valued knowledge and intellect; she was a free thinker and can be considered an early feminist.



In 1647 Bradstreet's brother-in-law, Rev. John Woodbridge, sailed to England, carrying her manuscript of poetry without her knowledge. Anne's first work was published in London as "The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, by a Gentlewoman in such Parts".[2] The purpose of the publication appears to have been an attempt by devout Puritan men (i.e. Thomas Dudley, Simon Bradstreet, John Woodbridge) to show that a godly and educated woman could elevate the position held by a wife and mother, without necessarily placing her in competition with men. This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ...


In 1678 her self-revised "Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning" was posthumously published in America, and included one of her most famous poems, "To My Dear and Loving Husband".[4]


Descendants

Descendants of Simon Bradstreet and Anne, daughter of Thomas Dudley: Simon Bradstreet (March 18, 1603–March 27, 1697) was a colonial magistrate, businessman and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... Thomas Dudley (October 12, 1576–July 31, 1653) was a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ...

Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Wendell Phillips Wendell Phillips (29 November 1811 – 2 February 1884) was an American abolitionist, advocate for Native Americans, and orator. ... Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. ... Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. ... Dr. William Ellery Channing (April 7, 1780 – October 2, 1842) was the foremost Unitarian preacher in the United States in the early nineteenth century and, along with Andrews Norton, one of Unitarianisms leading theologians. ... Richard Henry Dana Richard Henry Dana Jr. ... The Reverend Elisha Williams (26 August 1694-22 October 1755) was a Congregational minister, legislator, jurist, and rector of Yale College from 1726 to 1739. ... Seamount Family, 1958, Eagle Rock, California. ... David Hackett Souter (born September 17, 1939) has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1990. ... Juliet Winters Carpenter is an award-winning translator of modern Japanese literature into English. ... Steve Young can refer to: Steve Young (athlete), Hall of Fame quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers Steve Young (musician), country music singer, songwriter and guitarist Steve Young (politics), candidate for United States House of Representatives Steve Young (guitarist), industrial rock music songwriter and guitarist Steve Young (writer), a television... John Arthur Lithgow (IPA: [ˈʤɔn ˈlɪθɡaʊ]) (born October 19, 1945) is an American actor perhaps best-known for his starring role as Dick Solomon in the NBC sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun. ...

Works

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Anne Bradstreet
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Anne Bradstreet
  • Before the Birth of One of Her Children
  • A Dialogue between Old England and New
  • A Letter to Her Husband, Absent upon Public Employment
  • Another
  • Another (II)
  • For Deliverance From A Fever
  • Contemplations
  • In Honour of that High and Mighty Princess, Queen Elizabeth
  • In Reference to her Children, 23 June 1659
  • The Author to Her Book
  • The Flesh and the Spirit
  • The Four Ages of Man
  • The Prologue
  • To Her Father with Some Verses
  • To My Dear and Loving Husband
  • Upon a Fit of Sickness, Anno 1632 Aetatis Suae, 19
  • Upon Some Distemper of Body
  • Verses upon the Burning of our House, July 10th, 1666

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

References

  1. ^ Anne Bradstreet biography. annebradstreet.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-25.
  2. ^ a b Woodlief, A. (n.d.). Biography of Anne Bradstreet. Retrieved September 1, 2006.
  3. ^ n. a. (2000). Anne (Dudley) Bradstreet. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Retrieved Septermber 1, 2006.
  4. ^ Ellis, J. H. (1867). The Works of Anne Bradstreet in Prose and Verse.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h New England Ancestors.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Several Poems of Ann Bradstreet A Celebration of Women Writers

  Results from FactBites:
 
Anne Bradstreet - MSN Encarta (259 words)
Bradstreet's most deeply felt poetry concerns the arduous life of the early settlers, and her work provides an excellent view of the difficulties she and her fellow colonists encountered.
Bradstreet also used her poetry to examine her religious struggles; she was unable to embrace Calvinism completely.
Although Bradstreet addressed broad and universal themes, she is remembered best for her body of evocative poems that provide intimate glimpses into the home life of inhabitants of colonial New England.
Outpost 10F - Poetry Guild - Anne Bradstreet (693 words)
Anne Dudley Bradstreet was born in Northampton, England, to Thomas Dudley and Dorothy Yorke Dudley.
This did not prevent Anne Bradstreet from writing love sonnets, one of them being the romantic poem, "To My Dear and Loving Husband." Despite her modesty, Bradstreet still managed to fluently express her emotions in her works, which is undoubtedly the reason for their being accepted into the world.
Anne Bradstreet died in 1672, and in 1678, after six years, a second volume of her book appeared.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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