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Encyclopedia > Anne Bonny
Anne Bonny
c. 1698 - ?

Anne Bonny from a Dutch version of Charles Johnson's book of pirates. The image does not conform to contemporary descriptions and instead plays up the sexual aspects of her story.
Type: Pirate
Place of birth: Flag of Ireland County Cork, Ireland
Years of service:  ? - April 25, 1720
Base of Operations: Caribbean
Commands: None
Pirates and privateers

PiratesPrivateers
BuccaneersCorsairs
Barbary piratesWokou
The designation C: (sometimes C: ) is the drive letter that refers to the main partition (or portion of an hard drive) on an MS-DOS or Windows personal computer. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... Image File history File links Bonny, Anne, Female Pirate in the Caribbean, 18th century lithography. ... Author of A General History of the Robberies and Murders Of the most notorious Pyrates (1724), his true identity remains a mystery. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... This article is about maritime piracy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Edward_England. ... This article is about maritime piracy. ... A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government by letters of marque to attack foreign shipping. ... This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Look up corsair in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Moorish ambassador of the Barbary States to the Court of Queen Elizabeth I of England. ... Sixteenth century Japanese pirate raids. ...

Jolly Roger
Golden Age of Piracy
Timeline of piracy
List of pirate films
Places:

Piracy in the Caribbean
Piracy in the Strait of Malacca
Port RoyalTortugaSaint-Malo
LibertatiaBarbary Coast
Wingdings version of the Jolly Roger (character N). Many pirates created their own individualized versions. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... This is a timeline of the history of piracy. ... List of pirate films is is an alphabetical list of films dealing with piracy, primarily during the Golden Age of Piracy in the Caribbean Sea in the 16th century to 18th century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Piracy in the Strait of Malacca was common in the past, and is currently on the rise again in recent years possibly for terrorism-related reasons. ... Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ... For other uses, see Tortuga (disambiguation). ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Ille-et-Vilaine ... Libertatia (also known as Libertalia) was a legendary country, or free colony, forged by pirates, under the leadership of Captain Misson in the late 1600s. ... The Barbary Coast, or Barbary, was the term used by Europeans till the 19th century to refer to the coastal regions of what is now Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. ...

Famous Pirates and Privateers:

Sir Francis Drake • Sir Henry Morgan
Bartholomew RobertsGrace O'Malley
Blackbeard • Redbeard
Anne BonnyMary Read
Robert Surcouf • René Duguay-Trouin
Stede BonnetJean Bart
François l'OllonaisWilliam Kidd
Calico Jack RackhamHenry Every
List of pirates This article is about the Elizabethan naval commander. ... Sir Henry Morgan (Hari Morgan in Welsh), (ca. ... Born John Roberts (May 17, 1682 - February 10, 1722), Bartholomew Roberts, also known as Bart Roberts, was a Welsh pirate who raided shipping off the Americas and West Africa between 1719 and 1722. ... The meeting of Grace OMalley and Queen Elizabeth I Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Oruç Reis captures a galley Aruj or Oruc Reis (Turkish: Oruç Reis) (c. ... For Mary Karen Read, see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre#Students killed in Room 211 Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ... Statue of Robert Surcouf in Saint-Malo. ... Statue in St Malo René Trouin, Sieur du Gué, usually called Réné Duguay-Trouin, (Saint Malo, 10 June 1673 -- 1736) was a famous French privateer, Lieutenant-Général des armées navales du roi (admiral) and Commander in the Order of Saint-Louis. ... Stede Bonnet (1688?-December 10, 1718)[1] was a pirate captain from the English colony of Barbados. ... Jean Bart (October 21, 1651 - April 27, 1702) was a French naval commander of the 17th century. ... An illustration of François lOllonais from a 1684 edition of The History of the Bucaniers of America Jean-David Nau (c. ... William Captain Kidd (c. ... John Rackham (died November 17, 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. ... Henry Every or Avery (born c. ... This is a list of known pirates, buccaneers, corsairs, privateers, and others involved in piracy. ...

Naval officers:

Robert MaynardCaptain Ogle
William Rhett Blackbeards severed head hanging from Maynards bow Robert Maynard was a lieutenant in the British Royal Navy, captain of HMS Pearl, and is most famous for defeating the infamous pirate Blackbeard in battle. ... Sir Chalonor Ogle (1681-1750) was an Admiral of the Fleet in the British navy. ... Colonel William Rhett moved to South Carolina in 1698. ...

 v  d  e 

Anne Bonny (c. Born on 1700-1705 Died on April 25, 1782) was an Irish pirate who plied her trade in the Caribbean. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ...

Contents

Early life

Much of what is known about Anne Bonny is based on Captain Charles Johnson's A General History of the Pyrates. Official records and contemporary letters dealing with her life are scarce. Various sources disagree about her birth year, but it was probably between 1697 and 1705.[1] Author of A General History of the Robberies and Murders Of the most notorious Pyrates (1724), his true identity remains a mystery. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Anne Bonny, born in County Cork, Ireland, was a daughter of attorney William Cormac and his maidservant. Her mother was named either Mary or Peg Brennan. When the affair became public, Cormac, with his new wife and newborn child, left Ireland for Charleston, South Carolina, where he made a fortune and bought a large plantation. Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... // This article is about crop plantations. ...


Marriage and later affair with a pirate

The few records of Bonny which exist seem to reflect that she was intelligent, attractive, and quick-tempered. When she was 13, she supposedly stabbed a servant girl in the belly with a table knife, although it is unclear whether this is fact or purely legend. At 16, she married a sailor and small-time pirate named James Bonny. James Bonny hoped to win possession of his wife's family estate, but she was disowned by her father.


According to legend, Anne Bonny started a fire on the plantation in retaliation. James Bonny then took his new bride to New Providence (modern-day Nassau), Bahamas, a pirate hub and base for many pirate operations, where he became an informant for Governor Woodes Rogers. (This article is about the island in the Bahamas. ... For other uses of Nassau, see Nassau (disambiguation). ... An old engraving of Capt. ...


While in the Bahamas, Anne Bonny began mingling with pirates at the local drinking establishments, and met the pirate John "Calico Jack" Rackham, with whom she shortly thereafter had an affair. Rackham offered to buy her from her husband in a divorce-by-purchase, but James Bonny refused. He complained to the governor, who brought her before the court, naked, and sentenced her to be flogged and to return to her legal husband. Anne Bonny and Rackham instead eloped. John Rackham (died November 17, 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. ... For the record label, see Divorce Records. ... Whipping on a post Flagellation is the act of whipping (Latin flagellum, whip) the human body. ...


Life as a pirate

She disguised herself as a man in order to join Rackham's crew aboard the Revenge. (Pirate articles often barred women from the ship.) The couple stole a sloop at anchor in the harbor and set off to sea, putting together a crew and taking several prizes. She took part in combat alongside the males, and the accounts describing her exploits present her as competent, effective in combat, and someone who gained the respect of her fellow pirates. The Pirate Code of the Bretheren is a loose Code of Conduct common with Piracy in the Caribbean during the classic age of Piracy set down by the Pirates Henry Morgan and Bartholomew Roberts. ... A sloop-rigged J-24 sailboat A sloop (From Dutch sloep) in sailing, is a vessel with a fore-and-aft rig. ...


Over the next several years, she and Rackham saw quite a few successes as pirates, capturing many ships, and bringing in an abundance of treasure. According to legend, she stabbed a fellow pirate through the heart when he discovered her gender.


Although Bonny is one of the best-known pirates in history, she never commanded a ship of her own. Her renown derives from the fact that she was a remarkable rarity: a female pirate. Although pirates have been overwhelmingly male throughout history and fiction, there are a few notable female pirates: // Charlotte Badgerhumper, widely considered to be the first Australian female pirate Anne Boner, lover of Calico Jack Rackham Ching Shih (also: Cheng I Sao) Mary Crickett Charlotte de Berry Jaquotte Delahaye Anne Dieu...


Meeting Mary Read

Bonny was not to be the only female pirate on Rackham's ship. A woman by the name of Mary Read also disguised herself as a man to join the crew, after her ship was taken during a raid. Bonny and Read became close companions to one another, and when Bonny walked in on Read undressing one day, she discovered her secret. The two women agreed to keep this from everyone, and Bonny swore not to reveal that Read was really a woman. It was indicated in the writings of author and Captain Charles Johnson that, at least at first, their attraction to one another was of a romantic nature, but that is not known beyond a doubt.[1] For Mary Karen Read, see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre#Students killed in Room 211 Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ...


However, Read's true identity would not remain secret for long. Rackham became suspicious of Bonny's close relationship with the new sailor, and demanded an explanation. When Read confessed that she was actually a woman, Rackham allowed her to stay on as a member of his crew, eventually revealing her secret to the other crew members. However, this had no effect on her service, and she was accepted on board the ship as Bonny had been.[1]


Capture and imprisonment

In October 1720, Rackham and his crew were attacked by a sloop captained by Jonathan Barnet, who was working for the governor of Jamaica. Most of Rackham's pirates did not put up much resistance as many of them were too drunk to fight. However, Read and Bonny, who were sober, fought fiercely and managed to hold off Barnet's troops for a short time. After their capture, Rackham and his crew were sentenced by the Governor of Jamaica to be hanged. Jack hid while the pregnant (and recently proved) ladies dealt with a great number of captors. Bonny is reported to have chastised the imprisoned Rackham (who wanted to see her one last time) by saying, "I am sorry to see you here Jack, but if you had fought like a man, you need not be hanged like a dog." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Hanging is the suspension of a person by a ligature, usually a cord wrapped around the neck, causing death. ... A pregnant woman Pregnancy is the process by which a mammalian female carries a live offspring from conception until it develops to the point where the offspring is capable of living outside the womb. ...


After their arrest and trial, Read and Bonny both pleaded their bellies, announcing during the sentencing phase that they were both pregnant. In accordance with English common law, both women received a temporary stay of execution until they gave birth. Mary Read died in prison most likely from a fever; it has been alleged that she died during childbirth. Pleading the belly was a common defence in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... A stay of execution is a court order to temporarily suspend the execution of a court judgement. ... Childbirth (also called labour, birth, partus or parturition) is the culmination of a human pregnancy with the emergence of a newborn infant from its mothers uterus. ...


Disappearance from the record

There is no historical record of Bonney's release or of her execution. This has fed speculation that her father ransomed her; that she might have returned to her husband, or even that she resumed a life of piracy under a new identity.[citation needed] Bold text The term ransom refers to the practice of holding a prisoner to extort money or property extorted to secure their release, or to the sum of money involved. ...


Bold text She actually dissappeard and she was somewhere held in the north part of shore but she returned shortly after her dissapearence


In popular culture

  • A film loosely based on Bonny's story, Anne of the Indies was made in 1951 starring Jean Peters in the title role.
  • Bonny, along with Mary Read, is one of the main characters in the webcomic Sea Monsters by Gwendolyn Meer. The story is a modernized adaptation of the events of their lives.
  • In the comic book Witchblade published by Top Cow Productions, Bonny is portrayed as having once wielded the titular weapon. Calico Jack and Mary Read also appear.
  • Bonny and Mary Read are featured in the 11th movie of the Detective Conan anime series, Detective Conan: Jolly Roger in the Deep Azure, as a crucial plot point.
  • Bonny makes an appearance in Erica Jong's novel Fanny, Being the True History of the Adventures of Fanny Hackabout-Jones.
  • Binnie Barnes plays Bonny in The Spanish Main, a 1945 adventure movie starring Maureen O'Hara and Paul Henreid.
  • Bonny and Read are featured on the wall of Disneyland's "Pirates of the Caribbean" ride. Patrons are given their clearest view of this when their boat makes one of the last turns right before the parrot, or when they first go inside and look around the corner.
  • The 2002 board game Pirate's Cove published by Days of Wonder contains the 6 legendary pirate cards one of which is Anne Bonny & Mary Read.

Anne of the Indies is a 1951 romantic-action-adventure film made by 20th Century Fox. ... Elizabeth Jean Peters (October 15, 1926 – October 13, 2000) was an American actress. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Top Cow Productions (TCP) is a partner studio of Image Comics founded by Marc Silvestri in 1992. ... Poster for Countdown to Heaven, the fifth Detective Conan movie Case Closed, known in Japan as Detective Conan (名探偵コナン, Meitantei Konan), is a detective manga and anime series by Gosho Aoyama (青山 剛昌), published in Weekly Shonen Sunday magazine. ... Erica Jong (née Mann, born March 26, 1942, in New York City, New York) is an American author and educator. ... British-American actress who began her acting career in the 1923 and continued till 1973. ... The Spanish Main is a 1945 adventure film starring Maureen OHara and directed by Frank Borzage. ... Maureen OHara Maureen OHara (born Maureen FitzSimons) on August 17, 1920 is an Irish film actress. ... Henreid in Casablanca Paul Georg Julius Hernreid Ritter von Wassel-Waldingau, (January 10, 1908 - March 29, 1992), known professionally as Paul Henreid, was an actor and film director probably best known for his roles in Casablanca and Now, Voyager. ... For other uses, see Disneyland (disambiguation). ... Pirates of the Caribbean is a multi-billion dollar Walt Disney franchise encompassing a theme park ride, a series of films and spinoff novels as well as numerous video games and other publications. ... A board game is a game played with counters or pieces that are placed on, removed from, or moved across a board (a premarked surface, usually specific to that game). ... Pirates Cove (in German, Piratenbucht) is a German-style board game designed by Paul Randles and Daniel Stahl, and published in Europe in 2002 by Amigo Spiele and in the United States in 2003 by Days of Wonder. ... Days of Wonder logo Days of Wonder is a board game publisher based in the United States and France. ...

See also

For Mary Karen Read, see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre#Students killed in Room 211 Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ... John Rackham (died November 17, 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Pyrates.

Sources

David Cordingly, "Bonny, Anne (1698–1782)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 18 Nov 2006


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Anne Bonny - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1139 words)
Anne Bonny (1697-?) was a pirate of Irish descent who sailed throughout the Caribbean.
Anne Bonny, born in County Cork, Ireland, was a daughter of attorney William Cormac and his maidservant.
While in the Bahamas, Anne Bonny began mingling with pirates at the local drinking establishments, and met the pirate "Calico Jack" Rackham, with whom she shortly thereafter became involved in an affair.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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