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Encyclopedia > Annapurna
Annapurna

Annapurna I and South from Poon Hill
Elevation 8,091 metres (26,545 feet)
Ranked 10th
Location Central Nepal
Range Himalaya
Prominence 2,894 metres
Coordinates 28°35′43″N, 83°49′11″ECoordinates: 28°35′43″N, 83°49′11″E
First ascent 1950 by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal
Easiest route snow/ice climb

Annapurna (Sanskrit, Nepali, Nepal Bhasa: अन्नपूर्ण) is a series of peaks in the Himalaya, a 55-km-long massif whose highest point, Annapurna I, stands at 8,091 m (26,538 ft), making it the 10th-highest summit in the world and one of the 14 "eight-thousanders". It is located east of a great gorge cut through the Himalaya by the Kali Gandaki River, which separates it from the Dhaulagiri massif. (Dhaulagiri I lies 34km (21 mi) west of Annapurna I.) Annapurna is a Sanskrit name which is translated as Goddess of the Harvests. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma). ... “Newari” redirects here. ... Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... In geology, a massif is a section of a planets crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... The Kali Gandaki Gorge is located in Nepal, and is the deepest-known gorge in the world. ... Kali Gandaki River, Nepal The Gandaki River, also known as the Kali Gandaki and the Gandak, is a tributary of the Ganges River. ... Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world and is located in the Annapurna mountain range of the Himalaya of north central Nepal. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...

Contents

Geography

The Annapurna massif contains six major peaks over 7,200 m:

Annapurna I 8,091 m (26,545 ft.) Ranked 10th; Prominence=2,894 m 28.595° N 83.819° E
Annapurna II 7,937 m (26,040 ft.) Ranked 16th; Prominence=2,437 m 28.539° N 84.137° E
Annapurna III 7,555 m (24,786 ft.) Ranked 42nd; Prominence=703 m 28.585° N 84.000° E
Annapurna IV 7,525 m (24,688 ft.) (not a separate mountain) 28.539° N 84.087° E
Gangapurna 7,455 m (24,457 ft.) Ranked 59th; Prominence=563 m 28.606° N 83.965° E
Annapurna South 7,219 m (23,684 ft.) Ranked 101st; Prominence=775 m 28.518° N 83.806° E

Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 109 highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 109 highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 109 highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 109 highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 109 highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ...

Climbing expeditions

Annapurna I

Annapurna I was the first 8,000 metre peak to be climbed. Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal, of a French expedition (including Lionel Terray, Gaston Rébuffat, Marcel Ichac, Jean Couzy, Marcel Schatz, Jacques Oudot, Francis de Noyelle), reached the summit on June 3, 1950. (See the documentary of the expedition "Victoire sur l'Annapurna" by Marcel Ichac). Maurice Herzog (born 15 January 1919 in Lyon) is a French climber and politician. ... Louis Lachenal (17 July 1921–25 November 1955), a French climber born in Annecy, was one of the first to climb a summit of more than 8,000 metres. ... Lionel Terray (born July 25, 1921 in Grenoble) is a French climber who did many first ascents, including the first ascent of Makalu with Jean Couzy on 15 May 1955 and the first ascent of the Fitz-Roy in the Andes. ... Gaston Rébuffat (7 May 1921, Marseille – 31 May 1985, Paris) was a famous French alpinist. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jean Couzy was a French mountaineer. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The south face of Annapurna was first climbed in 1970 by Don Whillans and Dougal Haston, members of a British expedition led by Chris Bonington which included the alpinist Ian Clough, who was killed by a falling ice-pillar during the descent. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Don Whillans (18 May 1933 - 4 August 1985) was an English rock-climber and mountaineer. ... Dougal Haston (1940-1977) was a Scottish mountaineer born in Currie, Edinburgh. ... Sir Christian John Storey Bonington, CBE (born 6 August 1934 in Hampstead, London) is an English mountaineer. ... ALP may mean: ALP (automobile). ... Ian Clough (1939-1970) was a British mountaineer who was killed on an expedition to climb the south face of the Himalayan massif Annapurna. ... Snowflakes by Wilson Bentley, 1902 Ice is the name given to any one of the 14 known solid phases of water. ...


In 1978 an expedition led by Arlene Blum became the first American team to climb Annapurna I. The expedition was also remarkable for being composed entirely of women. Sadly, Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Vera Watson died during this climb. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Arlene Blum is an American mountaineer. ...


On 3 February 1987, Polish climbers Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer made the first winter ascent of Annapurna I. February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Climbers on Valkyrie at the Roaches. ... Jerzy Kukuczka Jerzy Kukuczka(March 24, 1948 - October 24, 1989)- born in Katowice, Poland - Polish alpine and high - altitude climber. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


The Annapurna peaks are among the world's most dangerous mountains to climb, with a fatality rate of 40%.[1] As of 2005, only 103 successful summits have been made, for the loss of 56 lives, many to the avalanches for which the mountain is known. Climbers killed on the peak include famed Russian climber Anatoli Boukreev in 1997 and Christian Kuntner in 2005. Anatoli Nikoliavich Boukreev (January 16, 1958 - December 25, 1997) was a Russian climber who made seven ascents of 8,000 metre peaks without supplemental oxygen. ...

The south face of Annapurna I, as rendered by Google Earth, simulating the view from near Base Camp

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 542 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 694 pixel, file size: 137 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Annapurna File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 542 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 694 pixel, file size: 137 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Annapurna File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ...

The other peaks

Annapurna II, the eastern anchor of the range, was first climbed in 1960 by a British/Indian/Nepalese team led by Jimmy Roberts, via the West Ridge, approached from the north. The summit party comprised Richard Grant, Chris Bonington, and Sherpa Ang Nyima. In terms of elevation, isolation (distance to a higher summit, namely Annapurna I, 30.5 km) and prominence (2,437 m), Annapurna II does not rank far behind Annapurna I. It is a fully independent peak, despite the close association with Annapurna I which its name seems to imply. In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ...


Annapurna III was first climbed in 1961 by an Indian expedition led by Mohan Kohli, via the Northeast Face. The summit party comprised Mohan Kohli, Sonam Gyatso, and Sonam Girmi. Captain Mohan Singh Kohli (b. ...


Annapurna IV, near Annapurna II, was first climbed in 1955 by a German expedition led by Heinz Steinmetz, via the North Face and Northwest Ridge. The summit party comprised Steinmetz, Harald Biller, and Jürgen Wellenkamp.


Gangapurna was first climbed in 1965 by a German expedition led by Günther Hauser, via the East Ridge. The summit party comprised 11 members of the expedition.


Annapurna South (also known as Annapurna Dakshin, or Moditse) was first climbed in 1964 by a Japanese expedition, via the North Ridge. The summit party comprised S. Uyeo and Mingma Tsering.


Machapuchare (6993m) is another important peak of the Annapurna Himal, though it just misses the 7000m mark. Machapuchare or Machhaphuchhare is a mountain in the Annapurna Himal of north central Nepal. ...


Trekking

The area of Annapurna is famous for its possibilities of trekking.

  • A short film with pictures of a trekking expedition on the Annapurna (Photography by Ori Liber)

There are three major trekking routes in Annapurna Region: to Jomsom Muktinath , to Annapurna Sanctuary ( Annapurna Base Camp), and a circuit of the Annapurna Himal itself. Pokhara is also a good starting place for short treks of one to four days, such as Ghorepani Trekking, Ghandruk Trekking and others. Mustang is also geographically a part of the Annapurna region, but because treks to Mustang are subject to special restrictions. About two-thirds of the trekkers in Nepal visit the Annapurna region. The area is easily accessible, hotels in the hills are plentiful, and treks here offer good scenery of both high mountains and lowland villages.

See also

Other articles

Tilicho Lake Tilicho lake is one of the highest lakes in the world. ...

Sources

  • Koichiro Ohmori, Over the Himalaya, 1998, Cloudcap Press, ISBN 0-938567-37-3
  • Jill Neate, High Asia: An Illustrated History of the 7000 Metre Peaks, Mountaineers Books, ISBN 0-89886-238-8

References

  1. ^ mounteverest.net 2006-09-28

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

In Hinduism, Annapurna is a goddess of fertility and agriculture and an avatar of Durga. Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... The ten avatars of Lord Vishnu, copyright BBT In Hindu philosophy, an avatar, avatara or avataram (Sanskrit: , IAST: ), most commonly refers to the incarnation (bodily manifestation) of a higher being (deva), or the Supreme Being (God) onto planet Earth. ... In Hinduism, Durga (Sanskrit: , Bengali: ) is a form of Devi, the supreme goddess. ...


Annapurna also refers to some breath-oriented techniques of meditation. A large statue in Bangalore depicting Shiva meditating Meditation describes a state of concentrated attention on some object of thought or awareness. ...


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