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Encyclopedia > Anna Comnena

Anna Comnena or better Komnene (Greek: Άννα Κομνηνή, Anna Komnēnē) (December 1, 10831153). Byzantine princess and scholar, daughter of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. She is one of the first known female historians. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... Byzantine Greek is an archaic variant of Greek language derived from Koine which was used by the administration of the Byzantine Empire from 395 until the fall of Constantinople in 1453. ... Byzantine Empire (Greek: Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus Alexius I (1048–August 15, 1118), Byzantine emperor (1081–1118), was the third son of John Comnenus, the nephew of Isaac I Comnenus (emperor 1057–1059). ... Irene Ducaena (1066 – February 19, 1133) was the wife of Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus, and the mother of the emperor John II Comnenus and the historian Anna Comnena. ... A historian is a person who studies history. ...


Life

She was her father's favourite and eldest child and was carefully trained in the study of poetry, science and Greek philosophy. But, though learned and studious, she was intriguing and ambitious, and ready to go to any lengths to gratify her longing for power. At a very early age she was engaged to marry Constantine Doukas, the son of Emperor Michael VII, who was proclaimed co-emperor first with his own father, and then with Alexios I. After the birth of Alexios' own son John, the sickly Constantine Doukas lost his imperial position. Anna was eventually married to an accomplished young nobleman, the kaisar (Caesar) Nikephoros Bryennios, who belonged to one of the aristocratic families that had contested the throne before Alexios' accession. She united with her mother, Irene Doukaina, in a vain attempt to prevail upon her father during his last illness to disinherit his son John and give the crown to Anna's husband. Still undeterred, she entered into a conspiracy in 1118 to depose her brother John II Komnenos after his accession; and when her husband refused to join in the enterprise, she exclaimed that "nature had mistaken their sexes, for he ought to have been the woman." Poetry (from Ancient Greek: (poiéo/poió) = I create / I make / I do / I cause) is traditionally a written art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... The scope of this article is limited to the empirical sciences. ... Philosopher in Meditation (detail), by Rembrandt Philosophy is a field of study that includes diverse subfields such as aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics, in which people ask questions such as whether God exists, whether knowledge is possible, and what makes actions right or wrong. ... Michael VII Ducas or Parapinakes, was the eldest son of Constantine X Ducas and Eudocia Macrembolitissa. ... Nicephorus Bryennius (1062-1137), Byzantine soldier, statesman and historian, was born at Orestias (Adrianople). ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... Mosaic of John II John II Comnenus (September 13, 1087 - April 8, 1143) was Byzantine emperor from 1118 to 1143. ...


The plot being discovered, Anna forfeited her property and imperial family status, though, by the cliemency of her brother, she escaped with her life. She was dispatched to a convent. They'd been married for 40 years,not rounding off, and had four children. Anna employed her leisure in writing the Alexiad--a history in Greek of her father's life and reign (10811118), supplementing the historical work of her husband. A determined opponent of the Latin church and an enthusiastic admirer of the Byzantine Empire, Anna Komnene regards the Crusades as a danger both political and religious. Her models are Thucydides, Polybius and Xenophon, and her style exhibits the striving after the Atticism characteristic of the period, with the result that the language is highly artificial. Her chronology is generally sound when recounting events that occurred before her enforced status as a nun, but becomes especially defective afterwards, as she was obviously isolated from her Palace sources. Nevertheless, her history meets the standards of her time and place (Catholic Encyclopedia). This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... The Alexiad is a book written around the year 1148 by the Byzantine historian Anna Comnena, the daughter of Emperor Alexius I. In it, she describes the political and military history of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of her father (1081-1118), making it one of the most important... Events Corfu taken from Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, Italy Byzantine emperor Nicephorus III is overthrown by Alexius I Comnenus, ending the Middle Byzantine period and beginning the Comnenan dynasty Alexius I helps defend Albania from the Normans (the first recorded mention of Albania), but is defeated at the Battle... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... Bust of Thucydides residing in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto Thucydides (between 460 and 455 BC–circa 400 BC, Greek Θουκυδίδης, Thoukudídês) was an ancient Greek historian, and the author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens. ... Polybius (ca 203 BC - 120 BC, Greek Πολυβιος) was a Greek historian of the Mediterranean world famous for his book called The Histories or The Rise of the Roman Empire, covering the period of 220 BC to 146 BC. // Personal experiences As the former tutor of Scipio Aemilianus , the famous adopted... Xenophon, Greek historian Xenophon (In Greek , c. ... Attic Greek is the ancient dialect of the Greek language that was spoken in Attica, which includes Athens. ...


A fictional account of Anna Komnene's life is given in the 1999 novel Anna of Byzantium by Tracy Barrett. 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Anna of Byzantium is a historical novel by Tracy Barrett originally published in 1999. ...


Family

By the kaisar Nikephoros Bryennios, Anna Komnene had several children, including:

  1. Alexios Komnenos, megas doux, c. 1102–c. 1161/1167
  2. John Doukas, c. 1103–after 1173
  3. Eirene Doukaina, c. 1105–?
  4. Maria Bryennaina Komnene, c. 1107–?

Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Events Bartholomew Iscanus becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events Taira no Kiyomori becomes the first samurai to be appointed Daijo Daijin, chief minister of the government of Japan Peter of Blois becomes the tutor of William II of Sicily Absalon, archbishop of Denmark, leads the first Danish synod at Lund Absalon fortifies Copenhagen William Marshal, the greatest knight... Events April 27 - Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, goes into exile after falling out with Henry I of England Amadeus III becomes Count of Savoy Bohemund I of Antioch is released from imprisonment among the Turks The Scandinavian city of Lund becomes a see within the Roman Catholic Church Births February... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas a Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Events Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor deposed by his son, Henry V Tamna kingdom annexed by Korean Goryeo Dynasty. ... Events William Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ...

References

  • The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • K. Varzos, Ē genealogia tōn Komnēnōn, Thessalonikē, 1984.
  • Anna Comnena, The Alexiad, translated by Elizabeth A. Dawes in 1928
  • Anna Comnena, The Alexiad, edited and translated by E.R.A. Sewter. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969. (This print version uses more idiomatic English and has more extensive notes)
  • John France, "Anna Comnena, the Alexiad and the First Crusade", Reading Medieval Studies v.9 (1983)
  • Paul Stephenson, "Anna Comnena's Alexiad as a source for the Second Crusade?", Journal of Medieval History v. 29 (2003)
  • "Anna Comnena" in the Catholic Encyclopedia.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Anna Comnena - LoveToKnow 1911 (324 words)
ANNA' 'COMNENA, daughter of the emperor Alexius I. Comnenus, the first woman historian, was born on the 1st of December 1083.
A determined opponent of the Latin church and an enthusiastic admirer of the Byzantine empire, Anna Comnena regards the Crusades as a danger both political and religious.
Her models are Thucydides, Polybius and Xenophon, and her style exhibits the striving after Atticism characteristic of the period, with the result that the language is highly artificial.
The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Middle Ages: Topic 3: Texts and Contexts (3326 words)
Anna Comnena's biography of her father the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus (reigned 1081–1118) is an important historical and literary document of the period that includes the First Crusade.
I, Anna, daughter of the Emperor Alexius and the Empress Irene, born and bred in the Purple,
Anna Comnena provides portraits of the Crusaders, whom she refers to disparagingly as "Latins," "Kelts," "Franks," and "barbarians" (the Greek word for all non-Greek speakers but with its modern connotations).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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