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Encyclopedia > Anna Christie

Anna Christie is a play in four acts by Eugene O'Neill. It tells the story of a former prostitute who falls in love, but runs into difficulty in turning her life around. The play won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1922. Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel- and four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... The Pulitzer Prize for Drama was first awarded in 1918. ... See also: 1921 in literature, other events of 1922, 1923 in literature, list of years in literature. ...

Contents

Plot

Act I takes place in the bar, owned by Johnny the Priest and tended by Larry. Old Chris, a coal barge captain, receives a letter from his daughter, a young woman whom he has not seen since she was a baby. They meet at the bar and she agrees to go on the coal barge with him. The rest of the play takes place on the barge.


In Act II, the barge crew rescues Mat Burke and four other men, who were in an open boat after a shipwreck. After not getting along at first, Mat and Anna fall in love.


Act III is a confrontation between Anna, Chris and Mat. Mat wants to marry Anna, Chris does not want them to get married because he doesn't want her to marry a sailor, and Anna is upset with both of them for trying to be in charge of her. Anna tells them the truth about her life, that she was raped while living with her mother's relatives on a Minnesota farm, and then became a prostitute after her time as a nurse's aide. Mat gets very angry, and Mat and Chris both leave.


In Act IV, Mat and Chris return. Anna forgives Chris for not being part of her childhood, and after a dramatic confrontation, Mat forgives Anna for being a prostitute after she promises never to be one again, and Chris agrees to them getting married. It turns out that Chris and Mat have both signed up for the same ship going to South Africa, and they are about to leave the next day, but promise to come home to Anna after the voyage. The play ends there, with a rather unresolved ending.


Premiere

O'Neill's first version of the play, begun in January 1919, was entitled Chris Christopherson (but performed as Chris). It had out-of-town tryouts but was deemed inadequate for Broadway. O’Neill revised it radically, changing the barge captain’s daughter Anna from a pure woman needing to be protected into a prostitute who finds reformation and love from life on the sea. The new play, now entitled Anna Christie received its premiere on Broadway at the Vanderbilt Theatre on 2 November 1921, in a production staged by Arthur Hopkins and starring Pauline Lord. It ran for 177 performances. Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Pauline Lord (13 August 1890 – 11 October 1950) American actress was born in Hanford, California to Edward Lord and Sara Foster. ...


Alexander Woollcott in the New York Times called it "a singularly engrossing play",[1] and advised that "all grown-up playgoers should jot down in their notebooks the name of Anna Christie as that of a play they really ought to see."[2] Alexander Woollcott, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Alexander Humphreys Woollcott (January 19, 1887 – January 23, 1943) was a critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine, and a member of the Algonquin Round Table. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


Revivals

1952

The play was revived at the Lyceum Theatre on 23 January 1952 in a production staged by Michael Gordon and designed by Emeline C. Roche with Celeste Holm as Anna, Kevin McCarthy and Arthur O'Connell. It ran for only 8 performances. The Lyceum Theatre is a Broadway theatre, located at 149 West 45th Street. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Michael Gordon (September 6, 1909 — April 29, 1993) was an American stage actor and stage and film director. ... Holm, circa 1950 Celeste Holm (born April 29, 1919, but some sources indicate 1917) is an American stage, film, and television actress. ... Kevin McCarthy has been a radio-tv personality in north Texas since Gordon McLendon brought him to Dallas as part of the original staff of KNUS/99 in 1972. ... Arthur OConnell ( March 29, 1908 – May 18, 1981) was an American actor. ...


1977

The play was revived at the Imperial Theatre on 14 April , 1977 in a production directed by José Quintero and designed by Ben Edwards. It starred Liv Ullmann as Anna, Robert Donley, John Lithgow and Mary McCarty. It received Tony nominations for Liv Ullman as Best Actress and for Mary McCarty as Best Featured Actress. It ran for 124 performances. The Imperial Theater can also refer to the Imperial Garden Theater in Tokyo, Japan The Imperial Theater was the Schubert brothers fiftieth theater in New York City. ... (Redirected from 14 April) April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... José Benjamin Quintero, born (October 15, 1924, Panama City, Panama - February 26, 1999, New York, USA) was a theatre director and teacher, best known for his interpretations of the works of Eugene ONeill. ... Liv Johanne Ullmann (born December 16, 1938) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning Norwegian actress, author and film director. ... John Arthur Lithgow (IPA: [ʤɔn lɪˌθ.ĝo]) (born October 19, 1945) is an American actor perhaps best-known for his starring role as Dick Solomon in the NBC sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun. ... Mary McCarty is a county commissioner in Palm Beach County, Florida. ...


1993

The play was most recently revived on Broadway on 14 January 1993 in a production by The Roundabout Theatre Company at the Criterion Center Stage Right. It was directed by David Leveaux and designed by John Lee Beatty. It starred Natasha Richardson, Liam Neeson, Anne Meara, and Rip Torn. It received Tony nominations for Best Actress (Natasha Richardson), Best Actor (Liam Neeson), Best Featured Actress (Anne Meara), Best Direction (David Leveaux) and won the award for Best Revival. The production also received the Theatre World Award for Neeson and Richardson and won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Play and for Outstanding Actress in a Play (Richardson). It ran for 54 performances. January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Roundabout Theatre Company is a non-profit, subscription based theatre company, based in New York City. ... Natasha Jane Richardson (born May 11, 1963 in London), is a Tony Award-winning English actress and member of the Redgrave family, an enduring theatrical dynasty. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Oscar-nominated Irish actor. ... Anne Meara (born September 20, 1929) is an American comedian and actress. ... Rip Torn as Chief Zed in the film Men in Black. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ...


London

1923

The original London production was staged at the Strand Theatre (now the Novello) in 1923. This was the first time an O'Neill play was seen in the West End. The play starred Pauline Lord, who had been the original Anna Christie on Broadway. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Novello Theatre is a theatre on Aldwych in the West End of London. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in...


The play had a great reception. TIME Magazine wrote, "In London, the first night of Eugene O'Neill's Anna Christie, with Pauline Lord in the title role, received a tremendous ovation. After the first act the curtain was rung up a dozen times during the applause.[3]. The Daily Telegraph's critic wrote: (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... Pauline Lord (13 August 1890 – 11 October 1950) American actress was born in Hanford, California to Edward Lord and Sara Foster. ... This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ...

Every now and then in a theatrical season, sandwiched in between the first nights of plays that are, generally speaking, either ordinarily good or extraordinarily bad, there comes a production which strikes you as being of outstanding importance and interest, such an event occurred last night at the Strand Theatre... [4]

1936

In 1936, a revival at the Westminster Theatre starred Flora Robson with Mark Dignam, Alexander Knox, Anthony Howard, Edward Rigby, Philip King and Niall MacGinnis also in the cast. The play was directed by Michael MacOwen. Flora Robson (March 28, 1902 - July 7, 1984) was a British actress renowned as one of the great character players and one of Britains theatrical grandes dames. ... Mark Dignam (20 March 1909 - 29 September 1989) was a prolific English actor. ... Alexander Knox (January 16, 1907 _ April 25, 1995) was a Canadian actor. ... Anthony Bourne Howard (b. ... Niall MacGinnis was an Irish actor who made 80 screen appearances. ...


1979

In 1979, the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), under the direction of Jonathan Lynn, mounted a new production in Stratford and London. The title role was played by Susan Tracy and others in the cast included Gareth Thomas, Fulton MacKay, Ian McNeice and Lila Kaye. Royal Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon The Royal Shakespeare Company is a British theatre company. ... Jonathan Lynn (born April 3, 1943), is a British actor and comedy writer. ... Stratford-upon-Avon Stratford-upon-Avon is a town in Warwickshire, England. ... Gareth Thomas could be Gareth Thomas who played the part of Blake in Blakes 7 Gareth Thomas who plays Rugby Union for Wales Gareth Thomas the member of Parliament for Clwyd West Gareth Thomas the member of Parliament for Harrow West This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... McNeice as Vladimir Harkonnen in the Sci-Fi Channels Dune miniseries Ian McNeice (born October 2, 1950 in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England, UK) is an internationally known English television and movie actor. ...


1992

In 1992, the Young Vic mounted a revival with Natasha Richardson in the title role with John Woodvine. This won Richardson the London Drama Critics Poll for Best Actress and was instrumental in the 1993 Broadway revival. The Young Vic is a theatre in the South Bank area of central London, which specialises in giving opportunities to young actors and directors. ... John Woodvine in the Doctor Who serial The Armageddon Factor John Woodvine (born 21 July 1929 in Tyne Dock, County Durham) is a British actor who has appeared in over sixty film and television roles. ...


Notable productions internationally

Sweden

The 1923 production at Helsingborg City Theatre, directed by Gerda Lundequist. Helsingborg City Theatre (in Swedish: Helsingborgs stadsteater) is the city theatre of Helsingborg in south of Sweden. ... Gerda Lundequist, private portrait, probably 1920s Gerda Carola Cecilia Lundequist (February 14, 1871 – October 23, 1959) was a legendary Swedish stage actress, an Ibsen and Strindberg-thespian that in her time was known throughout Scandinavia as The Swedish Sarah Bernhardt. // Lundequist was considered one of Scandinavias leading tragediennes and...


Characters

  • “Johnny the Priest”
  • Two longshoremen
  • A postman
  • Larry - bartender
  • Chris C. Christopherson - captain of the barge “Simeon Winthrop”
  • Marthy Owen
  • Anna Christopherson - Chris’s daughter
  • Mat Burke - a stoker
  • Johnson - deckhand on barge

Film Adaptations

  • Main article: Anna Christie (1931 film)
    • Anna Christie (1931 film) - A German language production was released in early 1931. It starred Greta Garbo, Theo Shall, Hans Junkermann and Salka Viertel. This version was adapted by Frances Marion and the dialogue written in German by Walter Hasenclever. It was directed by Jacques Feyder. This version was shot simultaneously with the English-language version, but with a different crew; Garbo was the only actor in both versions and noticeably differs in her appearance between the two versions. According to the 2005 DVD release of the film -- which included both the English and German versions -- Garbo much preferred the German version.

Anna Christie is a 1923 silent film adaptation of the play by Eugene ONeill, made by First National Pictures. ... Anna Christie is a 1923 silent film adaptation of the play by Eugene ONeill, made by First National Pictures. ... Blanche Sweet Blanche Sweet (June 18, 1895 - September 6, 1986) was a silent film actress who began her career in the earliest days of the Hollywood motion picture film industry. ... William Russell William Russell (12 April 1884, The Bronx, New York - 18 February 1929, Beverly Hills, California) was an American silent film actor. ... Eugenie Besserer (December 25, 1868-May 28, 1934) was an actress from Paris, France who starred in silent films and features of the early sound motion picture era, beginning in 1910. ... Thomas Harper Ince (November 6, 1882–November 20, 1924) was an American film director. ... Anna Christie is a 1930 MGM drama film adaptation of the 1922 play by Eugene ONeill. ... Anna Christie is a 1930 MGM drama film adaptation of the 1922 play by Eugene ONeill. ... Greta Garbo (September 18, 1905 – April 15, 1990) was a Swedish-born actress during Hollywoods silent film period and part of its Golden Age. ... Charles Bickford in Tarzans New York Adventure Charles Bickford (January 1, 1891–November 9, 1967) was an American actor. ... Marie Dressler (born November 9, 1868; died July 28, 1934) was an Academy Award-winning Canadian actress. ... Frances Marion Frances Marion (November 18, 1888 - May 12, 1973) was an American journalist, author, and screenwriter often cited as the most renowned female screenwriter of the twentieth century. ... Clarence Brown (May 10, 1890 – August 17, 1987) was an American film director. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... The Academy Award for Directing is an accolade given to the person that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences feels was best director of the past year. ... A shot from the revue sequence of Glorifying the American Girl (1929) shows a seemingly nude woman, which would no longer be allowed after the Code went into effect. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Anna Christie was a 1931 German language film version of the 1930 film starring Greta Garbo, based on the play by Eugene ONeill. ... Anna Christie was a 1931 German language film version of the 1930 film starring Greta Garbo, based on the play by Eugene ONeill. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hans Junkermann, (properly Hennes Jünkermann) was a German professional cyclist who had 35 road victories in a career that lasted for 18 seasons from 1956 to 1973. ... Salka Viertel [1] (born Salomea Salka Steuermann on June 15, 1889, in Sambir, Ukraine) was an actress and screenplay writer. ... Walter Hasenclever, b. ... Jacques Feyder Jacques Feyder (July 21, 1885 - May 24, 1948) was a Belgian screenwriter and international film director who was one of the founders of poetic realism in French cinema. ...

Other adaptations

George Abbott (June 25, 1887 - January 31, 1995) was a theatre producer and director, playwright, screenwriter, and film director and producer whose career spanned more than seven decades. ... Bob (Robert) Merrill (born Henry Lavan May 17, 1921? or ? 1923?- February 17, 1998) was a Jewish-American composer and lyricist. ... A New Girl in Town (Musical) A New Girl in Town was a musical from a book by George Abbott, which was based on Eugene ONeills play Anna Christie. The music was written by Bob Merrill. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is an Academy Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema. ... Diane Cilento (born October 5, 1933 in Brisbane, Australia), is a theater and film actress. ... Lautaro Murúa (29 December 1926 Tacna, Chile - 3 December 1995 in Madrid) was a Chilean born Argentine actor, film director, and screenwriter. ...

See also

The period of the Weimar Republic (1919-1933) between the fall of the German Empire and the rise of the Third Reich is considered an early renaissance in world cinema, with many influential and important films being made. ...

References

  1. ^ NY Times
  2. ^ NY Times
  3. ^ TIME
  4. ^ Novello

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Anna Christie - Synopsis - Moviefone (175 words)
In this silent drama based on the play by Eugene O'Neill, Blanche Sweet plays Anna Christie, a young woman whose father Chris (George F. Marion) is a sailor and knows enough of the life of seafaring men to be certain that he doesn't want his daughter to become involved with one.
Anna finds it difficult to hide her shameful past from her father and the man she loves, and eventually she is forced to confess to them both.
Anna Christie was remade in 1930 in a version that gained instant fame as Greta Garbo's first talking picture.
Pasco: 'Anna Christie' bridges troubled waters (396 words)
Anna Christie was ground breaking for the early 1920s, with its realistic depiction of lower-class people caught up in tormenting relationships.
Anna and Chris go to his barge, which, like her life, is shrouded in fog.
He soon learns Anna is Chris' daughter, much to his chagrin, and he immediately sees her as a potential wife, never realizing her sordid past.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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