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Encyclopedia > Ankara
Ankara
View of Atakule Tower and Ankara's city center
View of Atakule Tower and Ankara's city center
Ankara (Turkey )
Ankara
Location of Ankara
Coordinates: 39°52′N 32°52′E / 39.867, 32.867
Country Flag of Turkey Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Province Ankara
Government
 - Mayor İbrahim Melih Gökçek (AKP)
 - Governor Kemal Önal
Area
 - Total 2,516.00 km² (971.4 sq mi)
Elevation 850 m (2,789 ft)
Population (2007)[1]
 - Total 3,901,201, of which 3,763,591 urban
 - Density 1,551.00/km² (4,017.1/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 06x xx
Area code(s) 0312
Licence plate 06
Website: http://www.ankara.bel.tr/

Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after İstanbul. The city has a mean elevation of 850 m (2800 ft), and as of 2007 the city had a population of 3,901,201, which includes eight districts under the city's administration. Ankara also serves as the capital of the Province of Ankara, whose population stood at 4,466,756 in 2007. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Atakule Tower, Ankara, Turkey Atakule Tower is a 125 m. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (3323 × 1331 pixel, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/png) Карта Турции в нужной проекции для Шаблон:ПозКарта, обрезанная ровно по линиям градусов (25° - 45° в.д., 43° - 35° с.ш.). Map of Turkey, in the equirectangular projection (equidistant cylindrical projection, or plate carrée). ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Below each region you will find associated Cities with the region. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Ä°brahim Melih Gökçek (born on October 20, 1948, in Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish politician and a former MP. He has been the mayor of Ankara since 1994. ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: or AK Parti, or AKP[1]) is a Turkish political party that describes itself as centre-right and Islamist. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... This is a list of cities in Turkey by population (according to the 2000 census). ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) (the former Constantinople, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ankara Ankara Province is a province located in central Turkey. ...


As with many ancient cities, Ankara has gone by several names over the ages: The Hittites gave it the name Ankuwash before 1200 BC.[2][3] The Galatians and Romans called it Ancyra. In the classical, Hellenistic, and Byzantine periods it was known as Ἄγκυρα Ánkyra. It was also known as Angora after it fell to the Seljuks in 1073, and was so known up until 1930.[4] Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article describes the ancient classical period: for the classical period in music (second half of the 18th century): see Classical music era. ... The Hellenistic period (4th - 1st c. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that occupied parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. ...


Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city. It is the center of the Turkish Government, and houses all foreign embassies. It is an important crossroads of trade, strategically located at the center of Turkey's highway and railway networks, and serves as the marketing center for the surrounding agricultural area. The city was famous for its long-haired Angora goat and its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed of cat (Angora cat), white rabbits and their prized wool (Angora wool), pears, honey, and the region's muscat grapes. This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... The angora goat is a goat from the Angora region in Asia Minor, near present-day Ankara. ... Not to be confused with Mohair (band). ... The Turkish Angora (Turkish: Ankara Kedisi) is a breed of domestic cat. ... The Angora rabbit is a variety of domestic rabbit bred for its long, soft hair. ... Angora wool or Angora fiber refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit. ... Species About 30 species; see text For other uses, see Pear (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... The muscat family of grapes of the species Vitis vinifera are widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes. ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis tiliifolia Vitis...


Ankara is situated upon a steep and rocky hill, which rises 150 m above the plain on the left bank of the Enguri Su, a tributary of the Sakarya (Sangarius) river. The city is located at 39°52'30" North, 32°52' East (39.875° N 32.8333° E). Ankara is one of the driest places in Turkey and is surrounded by a barren steppe vegetation, with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. It has a harsh, dry continental climate with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn. The Sakarya (Greek Σαγγάριος, Latinized as Sangarius) is a river in Asia Minor. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... Phrygian can refer to: A person from Phrygia The Phrygian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine redirects here. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been investigated using the discipline of archaeology. ... Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...


The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view, but only a few historic structures surrounding the old citadel have survived to our date. There are, however, many finely preserved remains of Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine architecture, the most remarkable being the Temple of Augustus and Rome (20 BC) which is also known as the Monumentum Ancyranum.[1] The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Palatine Chapel of the Norman Kings of Sicily. ... The famous statue of Octavian at the Prima Porta Caesar Augustus (Latin:IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS) ¹ (23 September 63 BC–19 August AD 14), known to modern historians as Octavian for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, is considered the first and one of the most... A recent view of the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ankara. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Ankara
Hittite artifacts on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
Hittite artifacts on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations

The region's vibrant history can be traced back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, in the 10th century BC by the Phrygians, and later by the Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, and Turks (Seljuk Empire then Ottoman Empire and then Turkey). Ankara Bazaar in 1920s. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 171 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 171 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... Anatolian Civilizations Museum of Ankara, has been elected as the European Museum of the Year in 1997. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... The Hattians were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in Asia Minor in the 3rd to 2nd millennia BC. They spoke a non-Indo-European language of uncertain affiliation called Hattic (now believed by some to be related to the Northwest Caucasian language group). ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... In antiquity, Phrygia was a kingdom in the west central part of the Anatolian highlands, part of modern Turkey. ... Lydia (Greek ) is a historic region of western Anatolia, congruent with Turkeys modern provinces of Ä°zmir and Manisa. ... Persia is the historical and alternative name for the state of Iran in the European languages. ... Macedons regions and towns Macedon or Macedonia (from Greek ; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was the name of an ancient kingdom in the northern-most part of ancient Greece, bordering the kingdom of Epirus on the west and the region of Thrace to the east[1... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine redirects here. ... The Turkic people are any of various peoples whose members speak languages in the Turkic family of languages. ... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that occupied parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320...


The oldest settlements in and around the city center of Ankara belong to the Hatti civilization which lived during the Bronze Age. Artifacts discovered in the city have revealed that the Hittites called Ankara with the name Ankuwash prior to 1200 BC.[5][6] The city significantly grew in size and importance under the Phrygians starting from around 1000 BC, experiencing a large expansion following the mass migration from Gordion, the capital of Phrygia, after an earthquake which severely damaged that city in antiquity. In Phrygian tradition, King Midas was venerated as the founder of Ancyra, but Pausanias mentions that the city was actually far older, in line with the present-day knowledge that we have on its history.[7] Hatti is the reconstructed ancient name of a region in Anatolia inhabited by the Hattians between the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, and later by the Hittites, who were at the height of their power ca 1400 BC–1200 BC. The capital city of both peoples was Hattusa (modern Bogazköy... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... Phrygian can refer to: A person from Phrygia The Phrygian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Gordium was the capital of ancient Phrygia, modern Yassihüyük. ... In antiquity, Phrygia (Greek: ) was a kingdom in the west central part of the Anatolia. ... For other uses, see Midas (disambiguation). ... Pausanias (Greek: ) was a Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ...


Phrygian rule was succeeded first by Lydian and later by Persian rule, though the strongly Phrygian character of the peasantry remained, as evidenced by the gravestones of the much later Roman period. Persian sovereignty lasted until the Persians' defeat at the hands of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great who conquered the city in 333 BC. Alexander came from Gordion to Ankara and stayed in the city for a short period. After his death at Babylon in 323 BC and the subsequent division of his empire amongst his generals, Ankara and its environs fell into the share of Antigonus. Apart from the Phrygian period in which the city experienced its largest expansion in the ancient times, another important expansion took place under the Greeks of Pontos who came there and developed the city as a trading center for the commerce of goods between the Black Sea ports and Crimea to the north; Assyria, Cyprus, and Lebanon to the south; and Georgia, Armenia and Persia to the east. By that time the city also took its name Áγκυρα - Ànkyra (meaning anchor in Greek) which is still used by the Turks with the slightly modified form of Ankara. Lydia (Greek ) is a historic region of western Anatolia, congruent with Turkeys modern provinces of Ä°zmir and Manisa. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... Gordium was the capital of ancient Phrygia, modern Yassihüyük. ... For other uses, see Babylon (disambiguation). ... Antigonus I Cyclops or Monophthalmos (the One-eyed, so called from his having lost an eye) (382 BC - 301 BC) was a Macedonian nobleman, general, and satrap under Alexander the Great. ... Pontus was a name applied in ancient times to extensive tracts of country in the northeast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) bordering on the Euxine (Black Sea), which was often called simply Pontos (the Main), by the Greeks. ... For other uses, see Anchor (disambiguation). ...

The Dying Gaul was a famous statue commissioned in some time between 230 BC and 220 BC by King Attalos I of Pergamon to honor his victory over the Celtic Galatians in Anatolia. Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic work of the late third century BCE. Capitoline Museums, Rome.
The Dying Gaul was a famous statue commissioned in some time between 230 BC and 220 BC by King Attalos I of Pergamon to honor his victory over the Celtic Galatians in Anatolia. Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic work of the late third century BCE. Capitoline Museums, Rome.

In 278 BC, the city, along with the rest of central Anatolia, was occupied by the Celtic race of Galatians, who were the first to make Ankara one of their main tribal centres, the headquarters of the Tectosages tribe. Other centres were Pessinos, today's Balhisar, for the Trocmi tribe; and Tavium, to the east of Ankara, for the Tolstibogii tribe. The city was then known as Ancyra. The Celtic element was probably relatively small in numbers; a warrior aristocracy which ruled over Phrygian-speaking peasants. However, the Celtic language continued to be spoken in Galatia for many centuries. At the end of the 4th century AD, St. Jerome, a native of Galatia, observed that the language spoken around Ankara was very similar to that being spoken in the northwest of the Roman world near Trier. Image:Dying gaul. ... Image:Dying gaul. ... The Dying Gaul The Dying Gaul is an ancient Roman marble copy of a lost ancient Greek statue, thought to have been executed in bronze, that was commissioned some time between 230 BC-220 BC by Attalos I of Pergamon to honor his victory over the Galatians. ... Coin of Attalus I (269 BC–197 BC), with Athena, Greek goddess of war and wisdom. ... View of the reconstructed Temple of Trajan at Pergamon Sketched reconstruction of ancient Pergamon Pergamon or Pergamum (Greek: Πέργαμος, modern day Bergama in Turkey, ) was an ancient Greek city, in Mysia, north-western Anatolia, 16 miles from the Aegean Sea, located on a promontory on the north side of the river... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... Michelangelos design for Capitoline Hill, now home to the Capitoline Museums. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European people. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Map showing the relative position of the Volcae The Volcae in the second century BC were a large and powerful nation of southern Gaul. ... The Trocmi were one of the three ancient Celtic tribes of Galatia in central Asia Minor, together with the Tolistobogii and Tectosages. ... For other uses, see Jerome (disambiguation). ... Trier (French: ; Luxembourgish Tréier) is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. ...

Ancyra was the capital of the Celtic kingdom of Galatia, and later of the Roman province with the same name, after its conquest by Augustus in 25 BC
Ancyra was the capital of the Celtic kingdom of Galatia, and later of the Roman province with the same name, after its conquest by Augustus in 25 BC

The city was subsequently conquered by Augustus in 25 BC and passed under the control of the Roman Empire. Now the capital city of the Roman province of Galatia, Ancyra continued to be a center of great commercial importance. Ankara is also famous for the Monumentum Ancyranum (Temple of Augustus and Rome) which contains the official record of the Acts of Augustus, known as the Res Gestae Divi Augusti, an inscription cut in marble on the walls of this temple. The ruins of Ancyra still furnish today valuable bas-reliefs, inscriptions and other architectural fragments. Image File history File links en: A modest modification of http://commons. ... Image File history File links en: A modest modification of http://commons. ... This article is about the European people. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... A recent view of the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ankara. ... Res Gestae Divi Augusti, (Latin: The Deeds of the Divine Augustus) is the funerary inscription of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, giving a first-person record of his life and accomplishments. ... Bas relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching away the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal. ...


Augustus decided to make Ancyra one of three main administrative centres in central Anatolia. The town was then populated by Phrygians and Celts—the Galatians who spoke a language closely related to Welsh and Gaelic. Ancyra was the center of a tribe known as the Tectosages, and Augustus upgraded it into a major provincial capital for his empire. Two other Galatian tribal centres, Tavium near Yozgat, and Pessinus (Balhisar) to the west, near Sivrihisar, continued to be reasonably important settlements in the Roman period, but it was Ancyra that grew into a grand metropolis. Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Goidelic is one of two major divisions of modern-day Celtic languages (the other being Brythonic). ... Tavium, or Tavia, was the chief city of the Galatian tribe of Trocmi, one of the three Celtic tribes which migrated from the Danube Valley to Galatia in the 3rd century BCE. Owing to its position on the high roads of commerce was an important trading post. ... Yozgat is a city in Central Turkey in the Yozgat province. ... Pessinus was the city in Asia Minor (presently Anatolia, the Asian part of Turkey) on the upper course of the river Sangarios (modern day Sakarya River), 120 SW of Akara, from which the mythological King Midas is said to have ruled a greater Phrygian realm. ...

Ankara seen from the SPOT satellite
Ankara seen from the SPOT satellite

An estimated 200,000 people lived in Ancyra in good times during the Roman Empire, a far greater number than was to be the case after the fall of the Roman Empire until the early twentieth century. A small river, the Ankara Çayı, ran through the centre of the Roman town. It has now been covered over and diverted, but it formed the northern boundary of the old town during the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods. Çankaya, the rim of the majestic hill to the south of the present city center, stood well outside the Roman city, but may have been a summer resort. In the 19th century, the remains of at least one Roman villa or large house were still standing not far from where the Çankaya Presidential Residence stands today. To the west, the Roman city extended until the area of the Gençlik Park and Railway Station, while on the southern side of the hill, it may have extended downwards as far as the site presently occupied by Hacettepe University. It was thus a sizeable city by any standards and much larger than the Roman towns of Gaul or Britannia. Ankara River, (Turkish: ) is a small river that runs through the city of Ankara, Turkey. ... Hacettepe University is a university in Ankara, Turkey. ... Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given, in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... For other uses, see Britannia (disambiguation). ...


Ancyra's importance rested on the fact was that it was the junction point where the roads in northern Anatolia running north-south and east-west intersected. The great imperial road running east passed through Ankara and a succession of emperors and their armies came this way. They were not the only ones to use the Roman highway network, which was equally convenient for invaders. In the second half of the 3rd century, Ancyra was invaded in rapid succession by the Goths coming from the west (who rode far into the heart of Cappadocia, taking slaves and pillaging) and later by the Arabs. For about a decade, the town was one of the western outposts of one of the most brilliant queens of the ancient world, the Arab empress Zenobia from Palmyra in the Syrian desert, who took advantage of a period of weakness and disorder in the Roman Empire to set up a short-lived state of her own. This article is about the Germanic tribes. ... For other uses, see Cappadocia (disambiguation). ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... This article is about the Queen of the Palmyrene Empire who conquered Egypt. ... Early morning panorama of Palmyra. ...

In the Temple of Augustus and Rome (commonly known as Monumentum Ancyranum) in Ulus, the primary intact copy of Res Gestae written by the first Roman Emperor Augustus survives
In the Temple of Augustus and Rome (commonly known as Monumentum Ancyranum) in Ulus, the primary intact copy of Res Gestae written by the first Roman Emperor Augustus survives

The town was reincorporated into the Roman Empire under the Emperor Aurelian in 272. The tetrarchy, a system of multiple (up to four) emperors introduced by Diocletian (284-305), seems to have engaged in a substantial programme of rebuilding and of road construction from Ankara westwards to Germe and Dorylaeum (now Eskişehir). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 560 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (690 × 739 pixel, file size: 183 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A view of the remnants of the Temple of Augustus in Ankara, Turkey (Monumentum Ancyranum). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 560 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (690 × 739 pixel, file size: 183 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A view of the remnants of the Temple of Augustus in Ankara, Turkey (Monumentum Ancyranum). ... A recent view of the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ankara. ... Res Gestae Divi Augusti, (Latin: The Deeds of the Divine Augustus) is the funerary inscription of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, giving a first-person record of his life and accomplishments. ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus[1] (September 9, 214–September 275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Dorylaeum was an ancient city in Anatolia. ... EskiÅŸehir (eskÄ“shehÄ“r, Latin: Dorylaeum, Greek: Δορύλαιον, Dorylaion) is a city in northwest Turkey and the capital of EskiÅŸehir Province. ...


In its heyday, Roman Ankara was a large market and trading center but it also functioned as a major administrative capital, where a high official ruled from the city's Praetorium, a large administrative palace or office. During the 3rd century, life in Ancyra, as in other Anatolian towns, seems to have become somewhat militarised in response to the invasions and instability of the town. In this period, like other cities of central Anatolia, Ankara was also undergoing Christianisation.


Early martyrs, about whom little is known, included Proklos and Hilarios who were natives of the otherwise unknown village of Kallippi, near Ancyra, and suffered repression under the emperor Trajan (98-117). In the 280s AD we hear of Philumenos, a Christian corn merchant from southern Anatolia, being captured and martyred in Ankara, and Eustathius. Ankara from the Atakule Tower, looking N-NE Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Istanbul. ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ...


Like in other Roman towns, the reign of Diocletian marked the culmination point of repression against Christians. In 303, Ancyra was one of the towns where the co-Emperors Diocletian and his deputy Galerius launched their anti-Christian persecution. In Ancyra, their first target was the 38-year-old Bishop of the town, whose name was Clement. Clement's life describes how he was taken to Rome, then sent back, and forced to undergo many interrogations and hardship before he, and his brother, and various companions were put to death. The remains of the church of St. Clement can be found today in a building just off Işıklar Caddesi in the Ulus district. Quite possibly this marks the site where Clement was originally buried. Four years later, a doctor of the town named Plato and his brother Antiochus also became celebrated martyrs under Galerius. Theodotus of Ancyra is also venerated as a saint. Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Galerius Maximianus (c. ... Galerius Maximianus (c. ... Saint Theodotus of Ancyra was a Christian martyr venerated as the patron saint of innkeepers. ...

The Column of Julianus, now in the Ulus district, was erected in honor of the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate's visit to Ancyra in 362
The Column of Julianus, now in the Ulus district, was erected in honor of the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate's visit to Ancyra in 362

However, the persecution proved unsuccessful and in 314 Ancyra was the center of an important council of the early church; which considered ecclesiastical policy for the reconstruction of the Christian church after the persecutions, and in particular the treatment of 'lapsi'—Christians who had given in and conformed to paganism during these persecutions. Three councils were held in the former capital of Galatia in Asia Minor, during the 4th century. The first, an orthodox plenary synod, was held in 314, and its 25 disciplinary canons constitute one of the most important documents in the early history of the administration of the Sacrament of Penance. Nine of them deal with conditions for the reconciliation of the lapsi; the others, with marriage, alienations of church property, etc. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus (331–June 26, 363), was a Roman Emperor (361–363) of the Constantinian dynasty. ...


Though paganism was probably tottering in Ancyra in Clement's day, it may still have been the majority religion. Twenty years later, Christianity and monotheism had taken its place. Ancyra quickly turned into a Christian city, with a life dominated by monks and priests and theological disputes. The town council or senate gave way to the bishop as the main local figurehead. During the middle of the 4th century, Ancyra was involved in the complex theological disputes over the nature of Christ, and a form of Arianism seems to have originated there. For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album) In theology, monotheism (from Greek one and god) is the belief in the existence of one deity, or in the oneness of God. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Athanasius · Augustine · Constantine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Arminius · Calvin · Luther · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box...


The synod of 358 was a Semi-Arian conciliabulum, presided over by Basil of Ancyra. It condemned the grosser Arian blasphemies, but set forth an equally heretical doctrine in the proposition that the Son was in all things similar to the Father, but not identical in substance. Conciliabulum (English synonyms conciliable, conciliabule) is a Latin word meaning a place of assembly. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Aerial view of the current Turkish Parliament building, designed in 1938 by the renowned Austrian architect Clemens Holzmeister

In 362-363, the Emperor Julian the Apostate passed through Ancyra on his way to an ill-fated campaign against the Persians, and according to Christian sources, engaged in a persecution of various holy men. The stone base for a statue, with an inscription describing Julian as "Lord of the whole world from the British Ocean to the barbarian nations", can still be seen, built into the eastern side of the inner circuit of the walls of Ankara Castle. The Column of Julian which was erected in honor of the emperor's visit to the city in 362 still stands today. In 375, Arian bishops met at Ancyra and deposed several bishops, among them St. Gregory of Nyssa. The modern Ankara, also known in some Western texts as Angora, remains a Roman Catholic titular see in the former Roman province of Galatia in Asia Minor, suffragan of Laodicea. Its episcopal list is given in Gams, "Series episc. Eccl. cath."; also that of another Ancyra in Phrygia Pacatiana. The Grand National Assembly (Turkish: Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi - TBMM, usually referred to simply as Meclis) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Clemens Holtzmeister (March 27, 1886–June 12, 1983) was an Austrian architect of the early 20th century. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus (331–June 26, 363), was a Roman Emperor (361–363) of the Constantinian dynasty. ... saint Gregory of Nyssa Gregory of Nyssa ( 335 – after 394) was a Christian bishop and saint. ... When first appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Honolulu in Hawaii, Joseph Anthony Ferrario became a titular bishop of the titular see of the ancient Egyptian city of Cusae. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey. ... A bishop is an ordained person who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... Laodicea is a Hellenistic name that can apply to at least six cities named for a Seleucid queen of the 3rd century BCE. They include: Laodicea ad Mare modern Latakia, Syria Laodicea ad Lycum near modern Denizli, Turkey was the metropolis of Phrygia Pacatiana. ... Location of Phrygia - traditional region (yellow) - expanded kingdom (orange line) In antiquity, Phrygia (Greek: ) was a kingdom in the west central part of the Anatolian Highland, part of modern Turkey. ...


In the later 4th century Ancyra became something of an imperial holiday resort. After Constantinople became the East Roman capital, emperors in the 4th and 5th centuries would retire from the humid summer weather on the Bosphorus to the drier mountain atmosphere of Ancyra. Theodosius II (408-450) kept his court in Ancyra in the summers. Laws issued in Ancyra testify to the time they spent there. The city's military as well as logistical significance lasted well into the long Byzantine reign. Although Ancyra fell into the hands of several Arab armies numerous times after the 6th century, it remained an important crossroads polis within the Byzantine Empire until the late 11th century. This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Bosphorus - photo taken from International Space Station. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... Byzantine redirects here. ...


In 1071, the Seljuk Sultan Alparslan opened the gates of Anatolia for the Turks with his victory at the Battle of Manzikert (Malazgirt). He then annexed Ankara, an important location for military transportation and natural resources, to his territory in 1073. Orhan I, second Bey of the Ottoman Empire, captured the city in 1356. Another Turkic ruler, Timur, defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Ankara in 1402 and captured the city, but in 1403 Ankara was again under Ottoman control. The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Muhammed ben Daud (1029 – December 15, 1072), the second sultan of the dynasty of Seljuk Turks, in Persia, and great-grandson of Seljuk, the founder of the dynasty. ... This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... Combatants Byzantine Empire Great Seljuk Sultanate Commanders Romanus IV #, Nikephoros Bryennios, Theodore Alyates, Andronikos Doukas Alp Arslan Strength ~ 20,000 [1] (40,000 initial) ~ 20,000 [2] - 70,000[1] Casualties ~ 8,000 [3] Unknown The Battle of Manzikert, or Malazgirt was fought between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuk Turkic... Malazgirt (formerly also called Manzikert) is a town in MuÅŸ in eastern Turkey, with a population of 23 697 (year 2000) (??of 68 990). ... Orhan (Turkish: also Orhan Gazi or Orkhan) (1284–1359), was the second bey (chief) of the newborn Ottoman Empire (at the time known as the Osmanli tribe) from 1326 to 1359. ... Bey is originally a Turkish[1][2] word for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders of small tribal groups. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... For the similar-sounding word Timor, see Timor (disambiguation). ... // Combatants Timurid Empire Ottoman Empire Commanders Timur Beyazid I Strength 140,000 men 85,000 men [1] Casualties 15,000-25,000 killed and wounded[] 15,000-40,000 killed and wounded[] The Battle of Ankara or Battle of Angora, fought on July 20, 1402, took place at the field...

Dikmen Valley Towers
Dikmen Valley Towers
Armada Tower in the center and Halkbank Tower in the background
Armada Tower in the center and Halkbank Tower in the background

Following the Ottoman defeat at World War I, the Ottoman capital Istanbul and much of Anatolia were occupied by the Allies, who planned to share these lands between the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Greece, leaving the Turks only a small piece of land in central Asia Minor. In response, the leader of the Turkish nationalist movement, Kemal Atatürk, established the headquarters of his resistance movement in Ankara in 1920 (see Treaty of Sèvres and Turkish War of Independence). After the War of Independence was won, the Turkish nationalists replaced the Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. A few days earlier, Ankara had replaced İstanbul (formerly Constantinople) as the new Turkish capital city, on October 13, 1923. Image File history File links Dikmen_Valley_in_Ankara. ... Image File history File links Dikmen_Valley_in_Ankara. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 787 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 780 pixel, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Armada Tower & Shopping Center in Ankara File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 787 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 780 pixel, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Armada Tower & Shopping Center in Ankara File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–10 November 1938), until 1934 Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, Turkish army officer and revolutionist statesman, was the founder and the first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... The Treaty of Sèvres is a peace treaty that the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire signed on 10 August 1920 after World War I. Representatives from the governments of the parties involved signed the treaty in Sèvres, France. ... Combatants   Turkish Revolutionaries United Kingdom Greece France Italy Armenia Ottoman Empire Georgia Commanders Mustafa Kemal Ä°smet Ä°nönü Kazım Karabekir Ali Fuat Cebesoy Fevzi Çakmak George Milne Henri Gouraud Papoulas Georgios Hatzianestis Drastamat Kanayan Movses Silikyan Süleyman Åžefik Pasha The Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: KurtuluÅŸ Savaşı or... The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) (the former Constantinople, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After Ankara became the capital of the newly founded Republic of Turkey, new development divided the city into an old section, called Ulus, and a new section, called Yenişehir. Ancient buildings reflecting Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman history and narrow winding streets mark the old section. The new section, now centered around Kızılay, has the trappings of a more modern city: wide streets, hotels, theaters, shopping malls, and high-rises. Government offices and foreign embassies are also located in the new section. The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. ...


Ankara has experienced a phenomenal growth since it was made Turkey's capital. It was "a small town of no importance"[8] when it was made the capital of Turkey. In 1924, the year after the government had moved there, Ankara had about 35,000 residents. By 1927 there were 44,553 residents and by 1950 the population had grown to 286,781. By 2007 its population was well over five million.

Panoramic view of Ankara, with Atakule Tower seen at left
Panoramic view of Ankara, with Atakule Tower seen at left

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 173 pixelsFull resolution (1406 × 304 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panoramic view of Ankara, with Atakule Tower seen at left File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that... Atakule Tower, Ankara, Turkey Atakule Tower is a 125 m. ...

Population

Ankara has a population of 3,763,591 (2007 census) of which 1,870,831 are men and 1,892,760 are women.


Ankara is the capital city of Ankara Province, which has a population of 4,466,756 (2007 census). Shows the Location of the Province Ankara Ankara Province is a province located in central Turkey. ...

Population of Ankara
Year Population
2007 3,763,591
2000 3,203,362
1990 2,583,963
1985 2,251,533
1970 1,209,000
1965 906,000
1960 646,000
1955 453,000
1950 287,000
1927 75,000

Attractions

Museums

Anıtkabir, Atatürk's mausoleum
Anıtkabir, Atatürk's mausoleum
A Hattian artifact, from the 3rd millennium BC, in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
A Hattian artifact, from the 3rd millennium BC, in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
  • Anıtkabir is located on an imposing hill, Anıttepe quarter of the city, where the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, stands. Completed in 1953, it is an impressive fusion of ancient and modern architectural styles. An adjacent museum houses a wax statue of Atatürk, his writings, letters and personal items, as well as an exhibition of photographs recording important moments in his life and during the establishment of the Republic. Anıtkabir is open every day, while the adjacent museum is open every day except Mondays.
  • Ankara Ethnography Museum (Etnoğrafya Müzesi): This museum is opposite the Opera House on Talat Paşa Boulevard, in the Ulus district. There is a fine collection of folkloric as well as Seljuk- and Ottoman-era artifacts.
  • State Art and Sculpture Museum (Resim-Heykel Müzesi): This museum is close to the Ethnography Museum and houses a rich collection of Turkish art from the late 19th century to the present day. There are also galleries which host guest exhibitions.
  • War of Independence Museum (Kurtuluş Savaşı Müzesi): This building, located on Ulus Square, was originally the first Parliament building (TBMM) of the Republic of Turkey. The War of Independence was planned and directed here as recorded in various photographs and items presently on exhibition. In another display, wax figures of former presidents of the Republic of Turkey are on exhibit.
  • TCDD Locomotive Museum: An open-air museum near the railway station on Celal Bayar Boulevard which traces the history of steam locomotion through the locomotives and artifacts on display.
  • Turkish Air Force Aviation Museum: Museum is near the İstanbul Road, Etimesgut. The museum is home to various aircraft which are or have served in Turkish Air Force (Jets like F-86, F-100, F-102, F-104, F-5, F-4 and cargo planes like C-160 transtall). Also a Hungarian Mig-21, a Pakistani Mig-19 and a Bulgarian Mig-17 are on display in the museum.

Image File history File links Anitkabir. ... Image File history File links Anitkabir. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–November 10, 1938), Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and anti-imperialist statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... Image:AnatolianCivMuseum. ... Image:AnatolianCivMuseum. ... The word Hattian may refer to: An ancient people of Anatolia, the Hattians. ... Anatolian Civilizations Museum of Ankara, has been elected as the European Museum of the Year in 1997. ... Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk, in Ankara, Turkey Anıtkabir is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the leader of Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. ... “Mustafa Kemal” redirects here. ... Ethnography Museum, Ankara Ethnography Museum of Ankara was established on the hill being Muslim cemetery located in location known as Namazgah of Ankara. ... Anatolian Civilizations Museum of Ankara, has been elected as the European Museum of the Year in 1997. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Hatti is the reconstructed ancient name of a region in Anatolia inhabited by the Hattians between the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, and later by the Hittites, who were at the height of their power ca 1400 BC–1200 BC. The capital city of both peoples was Hattusa (modern Bogazköy... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... In antiquity, Phrygia (Greek: ) was a kingdom in the west central part of the Anatolia. ... Urartu at its greatest extent 743 BC Urartu (Biainili in Urartian) was an ancient kingdom in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Lydia (Greek ) is a historic region of western Anatolia, congruent with Turkeys modern provinces of Ä°zmir and Manisa. ... State Art and Scrulpture Museum, Ankara-Turkey State Art and Sculpture Museum (State Museum of Painting and Sculpture) (Turkish: Ankara Resim ve Heykel Müzesi) was build in 1927, by architect Arif Hikmet KoyunoÄŸlu, upon the direction of Atatürk in Ankara. ...

Archeological sites

  • Ankara Citadel: The foundations of the citadel were laid by the Galatians on a prominent lava outcrop, and the rest was completed by the Romans. The Byzantines and Seljuks further made restorations and additions. The area around and inside the citadel, being the oldest part of Ankara, contains many fine examples of traditional architecture. There are also recreational areas to relax. Many restored traditional Turkish houses inside the citadel area have found new life as restaurants, serving local cuisine, music and of course, Rakı.
  • Roman Theatre: The remains, the stage, and the backstage can be seen outside the castle. Roman statues that were found here are exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (see above). The seating area is still under excavation.
  • Temple of Augustus and Rome: The temple, also known as the Monumentum Ancyranum, was built between 25 BC - 20 BC following the conquest of Central Anatolia by the Roman Empire and the formation of the Roman province of Galatia, with Ancyra (modern Ankara) as its administrative capital. After the death of Augustus in 14 AD, a copy of the text of Res Gestae Divi Augusti was inscribed on the interior of the pronaos in Latin, whereas a Greek translation is also present on an exterior wall of the cella. The temple, on the ancient Acropolis of Ancyra, was enlarged by the Romans in the 2nd century. In the 5th century it was converted into a church by the Byzantines. It is located in the Ulus quarter of the city.
  • Roman Bath: This bath has all the typical features of a classical Roman bath: a frigidarium (cold room), tepidarium (cool room) and caldarium (hot room). The bath was built during the reign of Emperor Caracalla in the 3rd century AD to honour Asclepios, the God of Medicine. Today, only the basement and first floors remain. It is situated in the Ulus quarter.
  • Column of Julian: This column, in Ulus, was erected in 362 to commemorate a visit by the Roman Emperor Julian. It stands fifteen meters high and has a typical leaf decoration on the capital.

Look up lava, Aa, pahoehoe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Raki is: An alternate name for Rangi, the sky father in the South Island dialect of Māori. ... A recent view of the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ankara. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Res Gestae Divi Augusti, (Latin: The Deeds of the Divine Augustus) is the funerary inscription of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, giving a first-person record of his life and accomplishments. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... The term thermae was the word the Ancient Romans used for the buildings housing their public baths. ... Caracalla (April 4, 186 – April 8, 217) was Roman Emperor from 211 – 217. ... Asclepius Asclepius (Greek also rendered Aesculapius in Latin and transliterated Asklepios) was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek mythology, according to which he was born a mortal but was given immortality as the constellation Ophiuchus after his death. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus (331–June 26, 363), was a Roman Emperor (361–363) of the Constantinian dynasty. ...

Modern monuments

Kızılay Square is the heart of Ankara
  • Monument to a Secure, Confident Future: This monument, located in Güven Park near Kızılay Square, was erected in 1935 and bears Atatürk's advice to his people: "Turk! Be proud, work hard, and believe in yourself."
  • Victory Monument (Zafer Anıtı): Erected in 1927 on Zafer Square in the Sıhhiye quarter, it depicts Atatürk in uniform.
  • Hatti Monument: Built in the 1970s on Sıhhiye Square, this impressive monument symbolizes the Hatti gods and commemorates Anatolia's earliest known civilization.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 548 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 701 pixel, file size: 504 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kızılay Square in Ankara File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 548 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 701 pixel, file size: 504 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kızılay Square in Ankara File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Mosques

  • Hacı Bayram Mosque [2]: This mosque, in the Ulus quarter next to the Temple of Augustus, was built in the early 15th century in Seljuk style by an unknown architect. It was subsequently restored by architect Sinan in the 16th century, with Kütahya tiles being added in the 18th century. The mosque was built in honor of Hacı Bayram Veli, whose tomb is next to the mosque, two years before his death (1427-28). The usable space inside this mosque is 437 square meters on the first floor and 263 square meters on the second floor.

A recent view of the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ankara. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... For other uses, see Sinan (disambiguation). ... Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 170,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 930 metres above sea level. ...

Parks

Göksu Park in Eryaman
Göksu Park in Eryaman
Gençlik Park in central Ankara
Gençlik Park in central Ankara

Ankara has many parks and open spaces mainly established in the early years of the Republic and well maintained and expanded thereafter. The most important of these parks are: Gençlik Park (houses an amusement park with a large pond for rowing), the Botanical Garden, Seğmenler Park, Anayasa Park, Kuğulu Park (famous for the swans received as a gift from the Chinese government), Abdi İpekçi Park, Güven Park (see above for the monument), Kurtuluş Park (has an ice-skating rink), Altınpark]link title (also a prominent exposition/fair area), Harikalar Diyarı (claimed to be Biggest Park of Europe inside city borders) and Göksu Park. Image File history File links Goksu_Park_Ankara. ... Image File history File links Goksu_Park_Ankara. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 587 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 751 pixel, file size: 398 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gençlik Park in central Ankara File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 587 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 751 pixel, file size: 398 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gençlik Park in central Ankara File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Abdi Ä°pekçi (August 9, 1929 – February 1, 1979) was a Turkish journalist, intellectual and an activist for human rights. ...


Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo (Atatürk Orman Çiftliği) is an expansive recreational farming area which houses a zoo, several small agricultural farms, greenhouses, restaurants, a dairy farm and a brewery. It is a pleasant place to spend a day with family, be it for having picnics, hiking, biking or simply enjoying good food and nature. There is also an exact replica of the house where Atatürk was born in 1881, in Thessaloniki, Greece. Visitors to the "Çiftlik" (farm) as it is affectionately called by Ankarans, can sample such famous products of the farm such as old-fashioned beer and ice cream, fresh dairy products and meat rolls/kebaps made on charcoal, at a traditional restaurant (Merkez Lokantası, Central Restaurant), cafés and other establishments scattered around the farm. For other uses, see Zoo (disambiguation). ... The Royal Greenhouses of Laeken. ... Dairy farm redirects here. ... Kettles in a modern Trappist brewery A brewery can be a building or place that produces beer, or a business (brewing company) whose trade is the production and sale of beer. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ...


Shopping

Interior view of Karum Shopping & Business Center
Interior view of Karum Shopping & Business Center
Armada Tower and Shopping Center in Ankara won "Europe's Best Shopping Mall" award by ICSC in 2003, becoming the second mall in Turkey after Akmerkez in Istanbul (Europe's Best 1995, World's Best 1996) to win this prestigious award
Armada Tower and Shopping Center in Ankara won "Europe's Best Shopping Mall" award by ICSC in 2003, becoming the second mall in Turkey after Akmerkez in Istanbul (Europe's Best 1995, World's Best 1996) to win this prestigious award

Foreign visitors to Ankara usually like to visit the old shops in Çıkrıkçılar Yokuşu (Weavers' Road) near Ulus, where myriad things ranging from traditional fabrics, hand-woven carpets and leather products can be found at bargain prices. Bakırcılar Çarşısı (Bazaar of Coppersmiths) is particularly popular, and many interesting items, not just of copper, can be found here like jewelry, carpets, costumes, antiques and embroidery. Up the hill to the castle gate, there are many shops selling a huge and fresh collection of spices, dried fruits, nuts, and other produce. Image:Karum Inside. ... Image:Karum Inside. ... Kültepe is the modern Turkish name for an ancient city in central eastern Anatolia, which was also called Kârum Kanesh merchant-colony city of Kanes in Assyrian (rendered Karum Kaniş in Turkish). ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... ICSC can refer to: In Chemistry, the International Chemical Safety Card In retail, the International Council of Shopping Centers In Indian education, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education Category: ... View of the dome Akmerkez is an elegant shopping mall located in the Etiler quarter of Istanbul, Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Dried fruit is fruit that has been dried, either naturally or through use of a machine, such as a dehydrator. ...


Modern shopping areas are mostly found in Kızılay, or on Tunalı Hilmi Avenue, including the modern mall of Karum which is located towards the end of the Avenue; and in the Atakule Tower at Çankaya, the quarter with the highest elevation in the city, which commands a magnificent view over the whole city and also has a revolving restaurant at the top where the complete panorama can be enjoyed in a more leisurely fashion. Atakule Tower, Ankara, Turkey Atakule Tower is a 125 m. ... Prima Tower (Singapore) dining area showing an example of a revolving restaurant. ...


As Ankara started expanding westward in the 1970s, there are several modern, suburbia-style developments and mini-cities along the western highway, also known as the Eskişehir Road. The Armada and CEPA malls on the highway, the Galleria in Ümitköy, and a huge mall in Bilkent Center offer North American and European style shopping opportunities (these places can be reached following the Eskişehir Highway). There is also the newly expanded Ankamall at the outskirts, on the Istanbul Highway, which houses most of the well-known European brands. This mall is the largest throughout the Ankara region. EskiÅŸehir (eskÄ“shehÄ“r, Latin: Dorylaeum, Greek: Δορύλαιον, Dorylaion) is a city in northwest Turkey and the capital of EskiÅŸehir Province. ...


Culture and education

The historical Evkaf Apartmanı in which the Head Office of the Turkish State Theaters is situated. The building also houses the Küçük Tiyatro and Oda Tiyatrosu
The historical Evkaf Apartmanı in which the Head Office of the Turkish State Theaters is situated. The building also houses the Küçük Tiyatro and Oda Tiyatrosu

Turkish State Opera and Ballet, the national directorate of opera and ballet companies of Turkey, has its headquarters in Ankara, and serves the city with three venues: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 389 pixelsFull resolution (1688 × 820 pixel, file size: 433 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 389 pixelsFull resolution (1688 × 820 pixel, file size: 433 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Statue of Cüneyt Gökçer in front of Ankara Opera House Main entrance to the opera house Ankara Opera House (Turkish: Opera Sahnesi) of the Turkish State Opera and Ballet is the largest of the three venues for opera and ballet in Ankara, Turkey, the other two being... Ankara Opera House (Opera Sahnesi) is the first among three opera and ballet venues in Ankara The State Opera and Ballet (Turkish: Devlet Opera ve Balesi) is the national directorate of opera and ballet companies of Turkey, with venues in Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, Mersin, and Antalya. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 950 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 950 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Ankara Opera House (Opera Sahnesi) is the first among three opera and ballet venues in Ankara The State Opera and Ballet (Turkish: Devlet Opera ve Balesi) is the national directorate of opera and ballet companies of Turkey, with venues in Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, Mersin, and Antalya. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ...

  • Ankara Opera House (Opera Sahnesi, also known as Büyük Tiyatro)
  • Leyla Gencer Sahnesi (named after world-famous soprano Leyla Gencer)
  • Operet Sahnesi (also known as the Türkocağı Binası)

The Turkish State Theatres also has its head office in Ankara and runs the following stages in the city: Statue of Cüneyt Gökçer in front of Ankara Opera House Main entrance to the opera house Ankara Opera House (Turkish: Opera Sahnesi) of the Turkish State Opera and Ballet is the largest of the three venues for opera and ballet in Ankara, Turkey, the other two being... Leyla Gencer Leyla Gencer (born October 10, 1928 in Istanbul, Turkey) is a world-renowned Turkish soprano opera singer. ... The head office of Turkish State Theatres in Ankara. ...

  • 125. Yıl Çayyolu Sahnesi
  • Büyük Tiyatro (also doubling as the Ankara Opera House)
  • Küçük Tiyatro,
  • Şinasi Sahnesi,
  • Akün Sahnesi,
  • Altındağ Tiyatrosu,
  • İrfan Şahinbaş Atölye Sahnesi,
  • Oda Tiyatrosu,
  • Mahir Canova Sahnesi,
  • Muhsin Ertuğrul Sahnesi.

In addition the city is served by several private theatre companies among which Ankara Sanat Tiyatrosu who have their own stage in the city centre is a notable example.



Ankara is host to five classical music orchestras:

There are four concert halls in the city: Cumhurbaskanligi Senfoni Orkestrasi (in Turkish) is the presidential symphony orchestra of Turkey located in capital Ankara. ... Bilkent Symphony Orchestra founded in 1993 by Bilkent University. ...

  • CSO Konser Salonu
  • Bilkent Konser Salonu
  • MEB Şura Salonu (also known as the Festival Hall)
  • Çankaya Çağdaş Sanatlar Merkezi Konser Salonu

The city has been host to several well-established, annual theatre, music, film festivals:

  • Ankara Film Festivali
  • Ankara Uluslararası Müzik Festivali (International Ankara Music Festival)
  • Ankara Tiyatro Festivali
  • Ankara Caz Festivali

Universities

Part of the METU campus, as seen from its MM Building
Part of the METU campus, as seen from its MM Building

Ankara is noted, within Turkey, for the multitude of universities it is home to. These include the following, several of them being among the most reputable in the country: ImageMetadata File history File links MiddleEastTechnicalUniversityCampus800x470. ... ImageMetadata File history File links MiddleEastTechnicalUniversityCampus800x470. ... Metu is a market town in western Ethiopia, lying on the Sor River. ...

Ankara University is a public university in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. ... Atılım University (Turkish: Atılım Üniversitesi) is a private university founded in 1996. ... Category: ... Bilkent University (In Turkish: Bilkent Üniversitesi) was founded on October 20, 1984 by İhsan Doğramacı through the resolution of the foundations which had earlier been established by him. ... Çankaya Üniversitesi is a university owned by a private foundation in Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey. ... Gazi University (turkish: Gazi Üniversitesi) is a public university primarily located in Ankara, Turkey. ... Hacettepe University is a university in Ankara, Turkey. ... Middle East Technical University (METU; in Turkish, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, commonly referred to as ODTÜ) is a public research university in Ankara, Turkey. ... TOBB University of Economics and Technology (In Turkish: TOBB Ekonomi ve Teknoloji Üniversitesi) has been founded by The Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB) on July 1, 2003. ... Ufuk University, located in Ankara, was established by the Turkish Foundation of Traffic Accidents in 1999. ... Turkish Military Academy, (Turkish: ), is a four year co-educational military academy located in the center of Ankara. ...

Transportation

Ankara rapid transit network
Ankara rapid transit network

Esenboğa International Airport, located in the north-east of the city, is the main airport of Ankara. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Esenboga International Airport http://www. ...


Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal (Turkish: Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi, AŞTİ) is an important part of the bus network which covers every neighbourhood in the city.


The central train station, "Ankara Garı" of the Turkish State Railways (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları, TCDD), is an important hub connecting the western and eastern parts of the country. High-speed rail services are to be operated between Ankara and Istanbul, beginning in 2009. Turkish Public Railways Logo Turkish Republic Railways (TCDD, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları) is the state corporation that operates the public railway system in Turkey. ... Turkish State Railways network - High speed tracks under construction and in plan Turkey has started building high-speed rail lines in 2003. ...


The Electricity, Gas, Bus General Directorate (EGO)[4] operates the Ankara Metro and other forms of public transportation. Ankara is currently served by suburban rail and two subway lines with about 300,000 total daily commuters, and three additional subway lines are under construction. Map of the 2006 Metro and Ankaray // The Ankara Metro (turk. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Sports

Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium
Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium

Like in all the other cities of Turkey, football is the most popular sport in Ankara. The city has four football clubs currently competing in the Turkcell Super League: Gençlerbirliği (finished 5th in the league on the 2006-07 season), Büyükşehir Belediye Ankaraspor (finished 7th in the league on the 2006-07 season), and Ankaragücü (finished 13th in the league on the 2006/2007 season). The fourth club, Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ has moved to participate in the Turkcell Super League during the 2007-08 season which started on August 10, 2007. Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium is the venue for football games and has a capacity of 21,250 (all-seater).[9] Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium (Turkish: Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadyumu) is the home ground for Ankaras football clubs: GençlerbirliÄŸi, Ankaragücü and Ankaraspor. ... A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it American football, Association football (soccer), Australian rules football, Canadian football, Brazilian football, Gaelic football, Rugby league, Rugby union, or other version of football. ... The Turkcell Super League (formerly National League, First Football League and First Super League respectively, Turkish: Turkcell Süper Lig) is the top-flight league in Turkish nationwide football, and the most popular sporting competition in the country. ... GençlerbirliÄŸi Spor Kulübü is a Turkish football club from the capital, Ankara, playing in the Turkish Superlig. ... Ankaraspor or BüyükÅŸehir Belediye Ankaraspor (often abbreviated B.B. Ankaraspor) is a Turkish football club based in the Turkish capital Ankara. ... Ankaragücü is a Turkish sports club based in the Turkish capital Ankara. ... Gençlerbirliğı OFTAÅž are a Turkish football club located in Ankara, Turkey. ... The Turkcell Super League (formerly National League, First Football League and First Super League respectively, Turkish: Turkcell Süper Lig) is the top-flight league in Turkish nationwide football, and the most popular sporting competition in the country. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium (Turkish: Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadyumu) is the home ground for Ankaras football clubs: GençlerbirliÄŸi, Ankaragücü and Ankaraspor. ...


In the Turkish Basketball League, Ankara is represented by Türk Telekom and CASA TED Ankara Kolejliler. Türk Telekom is the state owned Turkish telecommunications company. ...


Ankara Buz Pateni Sarayı is where the ice skating and ice hockey competitions take place in the city. Ankara Ice Palace (Turkish: , formerly Belpa Buz Pateni Sarayı) is an indoor ice skating and ice hockey arena located in the Bahçelievler neighborhood of Ankara, Turkey. ... Outdoor ice skating in Austria Ice skating is travelling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ...


There are many popular spots for skateboarding which is active in the city since the 1980s. Skaters in Ankara usually meet in the park near the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Skateboarders Skateboarding is the act of riding on and performing tricks with a skateboard. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ...


Other

Turkish Angora

Ankara is also home to a world famous cat breed — the Turkish Angora, called Ankara Kedisi in Turkish. They are medium to small in size, longhaired, long-bodied, relatively fine-boned. Besides their beauty and athletic grace, Turkish Angora cats are also well known for their intelligence. For instance, it is not uncommon for an Angora cat to play fetch or to open doors. The Turkish Angora (Turkish: Ankara Kedisi) is a breed of domestic cat. ...


Ankara image gallery

Town twinning

The following is a list of Ankara's sister cities: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

For other uses, see Eurasia (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... AÅŸgabat AÅŸgabat AÅŸgabat AÅŸgabat (Turkmen: ; Persian: , UniPers: EÅ¡q-âbâd; Russian: - Ashkhabád) also spelled as Ashgabat, Ashkabat, Ashkhabad, Ashgabad, is the capital city of Turkmenistan, a former Soviet republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Askar Mamin Population (estimated)  - City 600,000 Time zone BTT (UTC+6) This article is about the capital of Kazakhstan; for the article on the palace in Sarawak, see Astana (Sarawak); for the professional road-cycling team see Astana Team; for the Iranian city, see Astaneh-e... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Location in Azerbaijan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - Total 260 km² (100. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan. ... Bishkek cityscape Bishkek (Бишкек) is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Location of ChiÅŸinău in Moldova Coordinates: , Country Founded 1436 Government  - Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, since 2007 Area  - City 120 km²  (46. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... Location of Dushanbe in Tajikistan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Mahmadsaid Ubaydulloyev Area  - Total 100 km² (38. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location within Pakistan Coordinates: , Country Pakistan Province Constructed 1960s Union Council 40 UC (District Govt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Kuwait City Kuwait City (also Al-Kuwait - الكويت), population 32,403 (2005 Census), is the capital of the emirate of Kuwait and part of the Al-Asimah governorate. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain. ... Bahrain from space, June 1996 Manama (Arabic: المنامة Al-Manāmah) is the capital city of Bahrain and is the countrys largest city with a population of approximately 155,000, roughly a quarter of countrys entire population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... Anthem: Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia (LefkoÅŸa in Turkish) Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Independence from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition By Turkey only  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (167th ranked together with Cyprus... The Palace of Youth building The building of the former Rilindja newspaper, also the tallest in Prishtina. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in Macedonia Country Macedonia Municipality Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - Total 1,854 km² (715. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Established c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bashkortostan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Republic of Bashkortostan, or Bashkiria (Russian: or ; Bashkir: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... For other uses, see Santo Domingo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...

See also

An important ecclesiastical synod was held at Ancyra, the seat of the Roman administration for the province of Galatia, in 314. ... State Art and Scrulpture Museum, Ankara-Turkey State Art and Sculpture Museum (State Museum of Painting and Sculpture) (Turkish: Ankara Resim ve Heykel Müzesi) was build in 1927, by architect Arif Hikmet Koyunoğlu, upon the direction of Atatürk in Ankara. ... Anatolian Civilizations Museum of Ankara, has been elected as the European Museum of the Year in 1997. ... Ethnography Museum, Ankara Ethnography Museum of Ankara was established on the hill being Muslim cemetery located in location known as Namazgah of Ankara. ... The Turkish Angora (Turkish: Ankara Kedisi) is a breed of domestic cat. ...

Notable people from Ankara

  • Banu Can, CEV-Vice-President
  • Filiz Akın, actress
  • Emre Araci, music historian, composer, conductor
  • İdil Biret, concert pianist, recording artist
  • Ekrem Bora, actor
  • Emin Çölaşan, journalist
  • Yasemin Dalkılıç, free diver
  • Vedat Dalokay, architect
  • Ordal Demokan, physicist
  • Can Dündar, journalist
  • Erdal İnönü, politician and physicist
  • Vehbi Koç, pioneer industrialist
  • Fazil Say, concert pianist, composer
  • Kartal Tibet, actor
  • Alican John Gul, University of Minnesota CLA Ambassador

Filiz Akın (born as Suna Akın in 1943, Ankara) is a [Turkish]] actress. ... İdil Biret İdil Biret (born 21 November 1941 in Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish concert pianist, renowned for her outstanding interpretations of the Romantic repertoire. ... Emin Çölaşans daily column in Hürriyet Emin Çölaşan is a Turkish investigative journalist and a daily columnist in the mass-circulation newspaper Hürriyet. ... Yasemin Dalkılıç, born May 2, 1979 in Ankara, is a Turkish free diver. ... Vedat Dalokay (November, 1927 - March 21, 1991) was a renowned Turkish architect. ... Ordal Demokan (January 13, 1946 - October 29, 2004) was a Turkish physicist. ... Can Dündar (Born July 16, 1961, Ankara) is a Turkish journalist, columnist and documentarian. ... Erdal İnönü, born on June 6, 1926 in Ankara, Turkey is a Turkish physicist and politician. ... Vehbi Koç, born on July 20, 1901 in Çoraklı, Ankara, Turkey was a Turkish businessman and philanthropist. ... Fazil Say (born 1970) is a Turkish pianist and composer. ... Kartal Tibet (born 1938 in Ankara) is a Turkish actor. ...

Musicians and music bands

For other persons named Mazhar, see Mazhar (disambiguation). ... Image:FundaArar. ... İdil Biret İdil Biret (born 21 November 1941 in Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish concert pianist, renowned for her outstanding interpretations of the Romantic repertoire. ... Hande Dalkılıç (born in 1974, Ankara) is a Turkish concert pianist. ... Nil Karaibrahimgil (born 1976), also popularly known as simply Nil, is a Turkish singer and composer. ... Photo of Peter Murphy from a 2006 Bauhaus concert. ... Erkan Oğur (born 1954, Ankara) is a Turkish musician. ... Zerrin Özer is a famous Turkish pop music singer. ... Yağmur Sarıgül (pronunciation (IPA): ) (born 26 August 1979; Antalya) is a Turkish songwriter and the electric guitarist of the rock band maNga. ... Fazıl Say (born 1970), son of Ahmet Say, is a Turkish pianist and composer. ... John Graham Mellor (August 21, 1952 – December 22, 2002), better known as Joe Strummer, was the co-founder, lyricist, rhythm guitarist and lead singer of the English punk rock band The Clash. ... Özlem Tekin (born November 18, 1971) is a Turkish singer, TV show host and occasional actress, primarily known for her music. ... Çilekeş (meaning sufferer, in Turkish) is a Turkish rock band active since 2002. ... This article is about the comics created in Japan. ... Pilli Bebek is a Turkish rock band originating from Ankara, formed in 1995 by Cem Kısmet, Cudi Genç, and Gürcan Konanç. [edit] Albums Uyandırmadan (Om Müzik) (1999) Açılsın Gözlerin Hilalin Şarkısı Malabadi Köprüsü Berrak Kara Diller Yoluna Baş Koy Kedi...

References and notes

Pausanias (Greek: ) was a Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The European Union (EU) was created by six founding states in 1957 (following the earlier establishment by the same six states of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952) and has grown to 27 member states. ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in Macedonia Country Macedonia Municipality Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - Total 1,854 km² (715. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ankara Ankara Province is a province located in central Turkey. ... Central Anatolia Region Central Anatolia Region (İç Anadolu Bölgesi) // Central Anatolia Region Aksaray Province Ankara Province Çankırı Province EskiÅŸehir Province Karaman Province Kayseri Province Kırıkkale Province KırÅŸehir Province Konya Province NevÅŸehir Province NiÄŸde Province Sivas Province Yozgat Province The best contry is... Akyurt is an urban district of Ankara Province, Turkey, part of the city of Ankara. ... AltındaÄŸ is a metropolitan district of Ankara Province of Turkey, part of the city of Ankara. ... AyaÅŸ is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, 55km from the city of Ankara which is very rich for historical monuments. ... Bala is a district of Ankara Province in Turkey, 67km south-east of the city of Ankara. ... Çankaya is the central district of the city of Ankara, capital of Turkey, and an administrative district of Ankara Province. ... Etimesgut is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey. ... Gölbaşı is a town and a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, 20 km south of the city of Ankara. ... Kalecik is a district of Ankara Province of central Turkey. ... Kazan is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, standıing on the plain of Akıncı to the north west of the city of Ankara. ... Keçiören is a urban district of Ankara Province in Turkey, a crowded district in the northern part of the city of Ankara. ... Mamak is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, part of the city of Ankara. ... Sincan is a district of Ankara Province in central Turkey, a large suburban town 27km from the city of Ankara. ... Image File history File links Turkey_central_anatolia. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 39 KB) Map of the districts of Ankara province of Turkey. ... Panaromic view of Beypazarı from the top of the Hıdırlık Hill located at the middle of the town. ... Çamlıdere is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, 108km north-west of the city of Ankara. ... Evren is a town and a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, 177 km from the city of Ankara. ... Güdül is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey. ... Haymana, Turkey is a town in Ankara Province, 72 km south of the capital, Ankara. ... Kızılcahamam is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey. ... Nallıhan is a rural district of Ankara Province of Turkey 157 km from the city of Ankara. ... Polatlı is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey. ... Åžereflikoçhisar is a district of Ankara Province of Turkey, 150km south of the city of Ankara. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Aegean Region Aegean Region (Ege Bölgesi), is one of the 7 census-defined regions of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Afyon Afyonkarahisar (also called more simply Afyon) is a province in western Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Aydın Aydın is a province of Turkey, and its located in the southwestern Anatolian district, or more specifically in the Aegan region, in Turkish called Ege bölgesi. ... shows the Location of the Province Denizli Denizli is a province of Turkey in Western Anatolia. ... Ä°zmir is a province of Turkey in western Anatolia on the Aegean coast. ... Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 170,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 930 metres above sea level. ... Manisa Province is a Province in western Turkey. ... Shows the Location of MuÄŸla province MuÄŸla province is in southwestern Turkey, along the Aegean Sea. ... Shows the Location of the Province UÅŸak UÅŸak (from UÅŸÅŸak meaning lovers; alternative transliteration: Ushak) is a province in western Turkey. ... Black Sea Region // Black Sea Region Amasya Province Artvin Province Bartın Province Bayburt Province Bolu Province Çorum Province Düzce Province Giresun Province Gümüşhane Province Karabük Province Kastamonu Province Ordu Province Rize Province Samsun Province Sinop Province Tokat Province Trabzon Province Zonguldak Province Provinces of Turkey... shows the Location of the Province Amasya Amasya is a province of Turkey, situated in the Black Sea Region to the north of the country. ... Artvin (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¤Õ¾Õ«Õ¶) is a province in Turkey, on the Black Sea coast in the north-eastern corner of the country, on the border with Georgia (country). ... shows the Location of the Province Bartin Bartin is a small province in northern Turkey on the Black Sea, surrounding the city of Bartin. ... Location of Bayburt Province Bayburt is a province of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Bolu Bolu is a province in north western Turkey, around the ancient city of Bolu. ... External links çankırı haberleri Categories: | ... shows the Location of the Province Düzce Düzce is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Giresun Giresun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Gumushane (Turkish Gümüşhane) is a province in north Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the East, Trabzon, to the North, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. ... Shows the Location of the Province Karabük Karabük is a province in north-central Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Kastamonu Kastamonu is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Black Sea Region, to the north of the country. ... Location of Ordu Province Ordu is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. ... Location of Rize Province Rize is a province of Turkey and is located along the eastern part of the Black Sea coast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Samsun Samsun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast with a population of 1,209,137 (2000). ... Shows the Location of the Province Sinop Sinop is a province of Turkey, along the Black Sea. ... Shows the Location of the Province Tokat Tokat is a province in northern Turkey. ... Trabzon is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Zonguldak Zonguldak is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. ... Central Anatolia Region Central Anatolia Region (İç Anadolu Bölgesi) // Central Anatolia Region Aksaray Province Ankara Province Çankırı Province EskiÅŸehir Province Karaman Province Kayseri Province Kırıkkale Province KırÅŸehir Province Konya Province NevÅŸehir Province NiÄŸde Province Sivas Province Yozgat Province The best contry is... Location of Aksaray Province Aksaray is a province in central Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ankara Ankara Province is a province located in central Turkey. ... Location of Çankırı Province Çankırı is a province of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province EskiÅŸehir EskiÅŸehir (literal meaning: old town) is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Karaman Karaman is a province of central Turkey. ... The Kayseri Province, in central Turkey, is an area that has been linked with mythological stories as well as important figures in Turkish history. ... Location of Kırıkkale Province Kırıkkale is a recently created province of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province KırÅŸehir KırÅŸehir Province is located in southern Turkey, forming part of the central Anatolian region. ... Shows the Location of the Province Konya Konya is a province of Turkey located in central Anatolia. ... Shows the Location of the Province NevÅŸehir NevÅŸehir is a province in central Turkey. ... Location of NiÄŸde Province NiÄŸde is a province in the Central Anatolian Region of Turkey. ... The province of Sivas (Kurdish: Sêwas) is located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolian region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Yozgat Yozgat is a province in central Turkey. ... Eastern Anatolia Region Eastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: DoÄŸu Anadolu Bölgesi) encompasses the eastern provinces of Turkey, and it is one of the 7 non-administrative sub-divisions used for census purposes. ... Location of Province AÄŸrı AÄŸrı (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¡Ö€Õ¡Õ¿Õ«; Kurdish: Agirî [1]) is a province on the eastern borders of Turkey, bordering Iran to the east, Kars to the North, Erzurum to the Northeast, MuÅŸ and Bitlis to the Southeast, Van to the south, and IÄŸdır to the northeast. ... shows the Location of the Province Ardahan Ardahan is a province in the northwestern-most corner of Turkey, along part of the border with Georgia. ... Bingöl Province is a province of Turkey in Eastern Anatolia. ... shows the Location of the Province Bitlis Bitlis is a province of Turkey. ... Location of Elazığ Province Elazığ Province is a province of Turkey with its seat in the city of Elazığ. This province is also the source of the Euphrates river. ... Erzincan Province is a province on the Eastern region of Anatolia, and home to Erzincan, a city which was destroyed and rebuilt after a 7. ... shows the Location of the Province Erzurum Erzurum (or Erzerum, Arzen in antiquity, Karin in ancient Armenian, Theodosiupolis or Theodosiopolis during Byzantine rule) is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Eastern Anatolia Region, to the east of the country. ... Hakkâri is a province in the southeast corner of Turkey, located at the juncture of Iraq and Iran. ... shows the Location of the Province IÄŸdır Igdir is a province in eastern Turkey, located along the border with Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. ... Kars is a province of Turkey, and is located in the northeastern part of the country, next to the border with Armenia. ... Malatya Province is a province in Anatolia (Turkey). ... Shows the Location of the Province MuÅŸ MuÅŸ (alternative transliteration: Mush) is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Siirt is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. ... Tunceli (Zazaki: Dêsim, Kurdish: ) is a province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Van Van is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. ... Marmara Region The Marmara Region (Turkish Marmara), with a surface area of 67. ... shows the Location of the Province Balıkesir Balıkesir is a province in midwestern Turkey, having shorelines on both Marmara and the Aegean seas. ... Location of Bilecik Province Bilecik is a province in midwest Turkey, neighboring Bursa to the east, Kocaeli and Sakarya to the north, Bolu to the west, EskiÅŸehir to the southeast and Kütahya to the south, spanning an area of 4,307 km². Population is 175,500 (1990). ... Bursa is a province in western Turkey, along the Sea of Marmara. ... shows the Location of the Province Canakkale Çanakkale is a province of Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. ... Location of Edirne Province Edirne is the westernmost province of Turkey, located in European Turkey (known in antiquity as Thrace) along the Greek border. ... Istanbul Province is a province located in north-west Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Kırklareli Kırklareli is a province of northwestern Turkey on the west coast of the Black Sea. ... Kocaeli is a province of Turkey. ... Sakarya is a province of Turkey and is located in the Marmara region. ... TekirdaÄŸ province is in Trakya (Thrace), the northwestern part of Turkey. ... Yalova is a province in northwestern Turkey, along the Sea of Marmora. ... Mediterranean Sea Region Mediterranean Region (Akdeniz Bölgesi), // Mediterranean Region Adana Province Antalya Province Burdur Province Hatay Province Isparta Province KahramanmaraÅŸ Province Mersin province Osmaniye Province Provinces of Turkey Category: ... Adana Province is a province with a surface area of 14. ... Antalya Province is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea. ... Categories: Provinces of Turkey | Turkey geography stubs ... Hatay is a province of southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast, with Syria to the south and east. ... Location of Isparta Province Isparta is a province in southwestern Turkey. ... Location of the Province KahramanmaraÅŸ KahramanmaraÅŸ (or simply MaraÅŸ) is a province of Turkey. ... Location of Mersin Province Mersin province is in southern Turkey, along the Mediterranean coast. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Southeastern Anatolia Region Southeastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: GüneydoÄŸu Anadolu Bölgesi) // Southeastern Anatolia Region Adıyaman Province Batman Province Diyarbakır Province Gaziantep Province Kilis Province Mardin Province Åžanlıurfa Province Siirt Province Şırnak Province 85% of the population of the South-eastern Anatolia Region is Kurdish, a... Map showing the location of Adıyaman Province in the Kurdish region of Turkey Adıyaman is a province in south-central Turkey. ... Location of Batman Province Batman is a Turkish province in the predominantly Kurdish[1][2] southeast of Anatolia, with a population of slightly less than 500,000. ... shows the Location of the Province Diyarbakır Diyarbakır is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Gaziantep is a province in south-central Turkey. ... Location of Kilis Province Kilis is a province of Turkey located in the southern central part of the country along the Syrian border. ... Map showing the location of Mardin Province of Turkey Mardin Province is a province of Turkey with a population of 835,173 (2000)[1]. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin. ... Shows the Location of the Province Åžanlıurfa Åžanlıurfa (also called simply, Urfa) is a province in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. ... Şırnak is a Turkish province in the south east of Anatolia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Current local time in Ankara - Turkey (243 words)
Make a Personal World Clock and include Ankara
Show time difference between Ankara time and other time zones
UTC is Coordinated Universal Time, GMT is Greenwich Mean Time.
Ankara - All About Turkey (1036 words)
The city of Ankara lies in the center of Anatolia on the eastern edge of the great, high Anatolian Plateau, at an altitude of 850 meters.
The region's history goes back to the Bronze Age; Hatti Civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, then the Phrygians (10th century BC); Lydians and Persians followed.
The foundations of the citadel were laid by the Galatians on a prominent lava outcrop, and completed by the Romans; the Byzantines and Seljuks made restorations and additions.
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