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Encyclopedia > Anise
Anise

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Pimpinella
Species: P. anisum
Binomial name
Pimpinella anisum
L.

Anise or Aniseed, less commonly anís (stressed on the second syllable) (Pimpinella anisum), is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the eastern Mediterranean region and southwest Asia. It is a herbaceous annual plant growing to 1m tall. The leaves at the base of the plant are simple, 2-5 cm long and shallowly lobed, while leaves higher on the stems are feathery pinnate, divided into numerous leaflets. The flowers are white, 3 mm diameter, produced in dense umbels. The fruit is an oblong dry schizocarp, 3-5 mm long. Binomial name Foeniculum vulgare Mill. ... Image File history File links Koehler1887-PimpinellaAnisum. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Apiaceae (carrot family) Araliaceae (ginseng family) Pittosporaceae Griseliniaceae Torriceliaceae The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. ... Genera See text Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 The Apiaceae, the carrot or parsley family, are a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, including parsley, carrot, and other relatives. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Genera See text Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 The Apiaceae, the carrot or parsley family, are a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, including parsley, carrot, and other relatives. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the plants used in cooking and medicine. ... Peas are an annual plant. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... Umbels on Wild Carrot (Daucus carota) An umbel is an inflorescence which consists of a number of short flower stalks (called pedicels) which are equal in length and spread from a common point, somewhat like umbrella ribs. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... A schizocarp is a dry fruit that develops from multiple carpels. ...


Pimpinella species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the lime-speck pug and wormwood pug. A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... The order Lepidoptera is the second most speciose order in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, moths and skippers. ... Binomial name Eupithecia centaureata Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 The Lime-speck Pug (Eupithecia centaureata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Eupithecia absinthiata Clerck, 1759 The Wormwood Pug (Eupithecia absinthiata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ...

Contents

Uses

Culinary

  • Sweet and very aromatic. Anise contains liquorice-like components. [1]
  • Aniseed is used to make the British confectionery Aniseed balls and the old fashioned New Zealand confectionery, Aniseed wheels.
  • Aniseed is also used to make the Mexican drink atole called champurrado (similar to hot chocolate).
  • Anise oil is used to make Italian cookies called pizzelles, and used in the frosting of yellow Italian cake-like cookies called "Drops" or "Anise Drops."
  • Anise flavouring is used in the Norwegian candy pills "Knott", produced by Nidar.
  • Anise toast is a dry bread popular in Italy.
  • Anise (Saunf,Badi-Sheb) is used in India as a digestive after meals.

Binomial name Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Liquorice or licorice (see spelling differences) (pronounced IPA: licorish) is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. ... Aniseed balls (next to a ruler for scale). ... Traditional cornstarch-based Mexican hot drink. ... Champurrado, strictly speaking, is atole mixed with alcohol and is intoxicating. ... A pizzelle is a traditional Italian cookie made from flour, eggs, sugar, butter (or vegetable oil), and flavoring (often vanilla, anise, or lemon zest). ... Nidar is a Norwegian producer of sweets, established in 1912 and still based out of Trondheim, Norway. ...

Medicinal uses

  • Anise leaves are used to treat digestive problems, to relieve toothache, and its essential oil is used to treat lice and scabies.

An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. ... Suborders Anoplura (sucking lice) Rhyncophthirina Ischnocera (avian lice) Amblycera (chewing lice) Lice (singular: louse) (order Phthiraptera) are an order of over 3000 species of wingless parasitic insects. ...

Other uses

  • In aromatherapy, aniseed essential oil is used to treat colds and flu.
  • In India, aniseed (Saunf in Hindi) is also used as mouth freshener. It is also used for flavouring some foods.
  • According to Pliny the Elder, anise was used as a cure for sleeplessness, chewed with alexanders and a little honey in the morning to freshen the breath, and when mixed with wine as a remedy for scorpion stings (N.H. 20.72).
  • In the Middle East, aniseed is used in producing alcoholic beverages, such as Arak (Morocco) and Ouzo (Greece).
  • In Thailand it is used to flavor tea.

Anise can be made into a liquid scent and is used for both hunting and fishing. Anise smells similar to liquorice and is put on fishing lures to attract fish. Anethole, the principal component of anise oil is a precursor that can eventually produce 2,5-dimethoxybenzaldehyde which is used in the clandestine synthesis of psychedelic drugs such as 2C-B, 2C-I and DOB.[2] Anise is also the main flavor of Absinthe as well as being used as a flavoring for pastis, ouzo, pernod, sambuca, rakı, Becherovka, anice tutone, Chartreuse and other liqueurs. Anise has a particular effect on some dogs that parallels the effect of catnip on house cats. Some cats as well seem attracted to anise. Anise is perfectly safe for cats and dogs alike to ingest. However, like anything, not in excess. It has been suggested that Aromatherapy Candles be merged into this article or section. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the two central official languages of India, the other being English. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Binomial name Smyrnium olusatrum L. Alexanders is a commonly cultivated flowering plant, Smyrnium olusatrum, belonging to the family Umbelliferae. ... Naturalis Historia, 1669 edition, title page. ... Arak may refer to: Arak, a city in centeral Iran Arak, an alcoholic beverage made from grapes and anise This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A small souvenir bottle of ouzo Ouzo (ούζο) is a Greek anise-flavored liqueur that is widely consumed in Greece. ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Binomial name Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Liquorice or licorice (see spelling differences) (pronounced IPA: licorish) is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. ... Spinner lure with ring, dish, body/weight and hook In terms of sport fishing, a lure is an object, often designed to resemble fish prey, equipped with one or many hooks that is used to catch fish. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Anethole Anethole (or trans-anethole) is an aromatic compound that accounts for the distinctive licorice flavor of anise, fennel, and star anise. ... Chemical structure of 2,5-dimethoxybenzaldehyde 2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde is an organic compound and a benzaldehyde derviative. ... This entry pertains to the word psychedelic, its origin and uses. ... 2C-B, or 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxybenzeneethanamine) is a class of phenethylamine, a lesser-known psychedelic drug of the 2C family, an entactogen. ... 2C-I is a psychedelic drug and phenethylamine that was developed and popularized by Alexander Shulgin. ... DOB (Brolamfetamine, Dr. Bob, Bob or Bromo-DMA) is a psychedelic hallucinogenic drug and a substituted amphetamine of the phenethylamine class of compounds, which can be used as an entheogen. ... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally colored verte next to an absinthe spoon. ... A glass of diluted pastis French pastis Pastis is an anise-flavored liqueur and apéritif from France, typically containing 40-45% alcohol by volume, although there exist alcohol-free varieties. ... A small souvenir bottle of ouzo Ouzo (ούζο) is a Greek anise-flavored liqueur that is widely consumed in Greece. ... Pernod Ricard is a French company producing alcoholic beverages. ... Sambuca is an Italian aniseed-flavored, usually colorless liqueur. ... Rakı becomes cloudy white when mixed with water. ... Becherovka bottle Becherovka   is a herbal bitter liqueur made in Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic, flavored with anise seeds, cinnamon, and approximately 32 other herbs, first sold in 1807. ... Bottle of Green Chartreuse Chartreuse is a French liqueur composed of distilled wine alcohol flavored with 130 herbal extracts. ... This article is about the domestic dog. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Nepeta. ... Cats may refer to: Felines, members of the animal family Felidae The domesticated animal, cat The musical, yeah right, I bet that this was really dumb. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Pimp_ani.html
  2. ^ "Anise Oil as a Precursor for 2-Alkoxy-5-methoxybenzaldehydes". DEA Microgram Journal 2 (1). Retrieved on 2006-12-09. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Anise - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (560 words)
Anise or Aniseed, less commonly anís (stressed on the second syllable) (Pimpinella anisum) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the eastern Mediterranean region and southwest Asia.
Anise is also used in anise-flavored liqueurs (such as raki, arak and ouzo) and is the dominant ingredient used in the infamous and sometimes-banned liquor absinthe.
Aniseed is also purported to be useful in throwing animals that track by scent (such as hunting dogs) off the trail, the strong odor of the aniseed supposedly overpowering the scent of the intended target.
Anise: Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine (1092 words)
Anise, Pimpinella anisum, is a slow-growing annual herb of the parsley family (Apiaceae, formerly Umbelliferae).
As a medicinal plant, anise has been used as an antibacterial, an antimicrobial, an antiseptic, an antispasmodic, a breath freshener, a carminative, a diaphoretic, a digestive aid, a diuretic, an expectorant, a mild estrogenic, a mild muscle relaxant, a parasiticide, a stimulant, and a stomachic.
Aniseed may be used as an expectorant and essential oil of anise may be inhaled through the nose to help ease breathing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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