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Anime (アニメ?) pronounced [anime] listen  in Japanese, but typically pronounced /ˈænɪmeɪ/ or /ˈænɪmə/ in English is an abbreviation of the word "animation". Outside Japan, the term most popularly refers to cartoons originating from Japan; and from the Occidental point of view, not all cartoons are considered anime. Anime is therefore usually considered to be a subset of animation. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 715 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (917 × 769 pixel, file size: 154 KB, MIME type: image/png) A variant of the image Image:Wikipe-tan. ... Anim is an ole-resi (said to be so calledbecausen its natural state it is infested with insects) which is discharsed from the locustree, Hymenaea coumaril, and other species of Hymnaea growing in tropical South America. ... Image File history File links Anime. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Occident has a number of meanings. ...


Anime is traditionally hand drawn, but like in most animation computer assisted animation techniques have become quite common in recent years. The story-lines of anime represent most major genres of fiction and most motion-picture media (television broadcast, DVD and VHS distribution, and full length motion pictures). See also: Computer-generated imagery Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... This article is about motion pictures. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of anime
Screenshot from Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors, the first feature-length anime film.

The history of anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques that were being explored in France, Germany, the United States, and Russia.[1] The oldest known anime is in 1907, a three second clip of a sailor boy.[2] The history of anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques that were being explored in the West. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The database did not find the text of a page that it should have found, named Momotaros Divine Sea Warriors. If it is a recently changed page, trying again in a minute or two will usually work. ... A feature-length is a movie/film term meaning full-length or uncut. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ...


By the 1930s, animation became an alternative format of storytelling compared to the underdeveloped live-action industry in Japan. Unlike America, the live-action industry in Japan remained a small market and suffered from budgeting, location, and casting restrictions. The lack of Western-looking actors, for example, made it next to impossible to shoot films set in Europe, America, or fantasy worlds that do not naturally involve Japan. The varied use of animation allowed artists to create any characters and settings.[3]


Starting with Snow White, Walt Disney demonstrated animation's potential as a medium. The success of Disney's works influenced Japanese animators.[4] Osamu Tezuka adapted and simplified many Disney animation precepts to reduce the budget costs and number of frames in the production. This was intended to be a temporary measure to allow him to produce one episode every week with an inexperienced animation staff. Some animators in Japan overcome production budgets by utilizing different techniques than the Disney or the old Tezuka/Otsuka methods of animating anime.[citation needed] Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 animated feature, the first produced by Walt Disney. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Tezuka redirects here. ...


During the 1970s, there was a surge of growth in the popularity of manga—which were often later animated—especially those of Osamu Tezuka, who has been called a "legend"[5] and the "god of manga".[6][7] As a result of his work and that of other pioneers in the field, anime developed characteristics and genres that are fundamental elements of the art today. The giant robot genre (known as "mecha" outside Japan), for instance, took shape under Tezuka, developed under Go Nagai and others, and was revolutionized at the end of the decade by Yoshiyuki Tomino. Robot anime like Gundam and Macross became instant classics in the 80s, and the robot genre of anime is still one of the most heard of in Japan and worldwide today. In the 1980s, anime was accepted in the mainstream in Japan, and experienced a boom in production (it should be noticed that manga has significantly more mainstream exposure than anime in Japan). The mid-to-late '90s, on into the 2000s, saw an increased acceptance of anime in overseas markets. This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Tezuka redirects here. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term used in science fiction, anime, and manga. ... Go Nagai , born September 6, 1945) is a Japanese mangaka and an important innovator of several genres within anime and manga. ... Yoshiyuki Tomino , born November 5, 1941) is a Japanese anime creator, director, screenwriter and novelist. ... This article is about the anime series. ... The Super Dimension Fortress Macross ) is an anime television series. ... Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Terminology

In Japanese, the English term animation is written in katakana as アニメーション (animēshon, pronounced [ɑnimeːɕoɴ]). The shortened term, anime (アニメ), emerged in the 1970s.[8] Animation, as well as anime, come from the Latin, "animare" meaning "to breathe life into" thus "animated" means to be full of activity, or moving pictures.[9][10] Both the original and abbreviated forms are valid and interchangeable in Japanese, but as could be expected the shorter form is more commonly used. Katakana ) is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin alphabet. ...


The pronunciation of anime in Japanese, [ɑnime], differs significantly from English IPA: /ˈænɨmeɪ/, which has different vowels and stress. (In Japanese each mora carries equal stress.) As with a few other Japanese words such as saké, Pokémon, and Kobo Abé, anime is sometimes spelled animé in English, with an acute accent over the final e, to cue the reader that the letter is pronounced, not silent as would be expected for English. However, this accent does not appear in any commonly used system of romanized Japanese. In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word. ... Mora (plural moras or morae) is a unit of sound used in phonology that determines syllable weight (which in turn determines stress or timing) in some languages. ... Sake barrels at Itsukushima Shrine Sake (Japanese: é…’; pronounced IPA: ) is a Japanese word meaning alcoholic beverage, which in English has come to refer to a specific alcoholic beverage brewed mainly from rice, and known in Japan as nihonshu (日本酒 Japanese alcohol). This article uses the word sake as it is used... The official Pokémon logo. ... Kobo Abe (安部公房 Abe Kōbō, pseudonym of Kimifusa Abe (Abe Kimifusa, born March 7, 1924 - January 22, 1993) was a Japanese writer. ... The acute accent (   ) is a diacritic mark used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin and Greek scripts. ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Romaji ローマ字 The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...


Word usage

Linguistically, the anime definition is subject to interpretation. In Japan, the term does not specify an animation's nation of origin or style; instead, it is used as a blanket term to refer to all forms of animation from around the world.[11][12] In English, main dictionary sources define anime as "a Japanese style of motion-picture animation" or "a style of animation developed in Japan".[13] Common uses of the term is Japanese explicit, among Western audiences.[citation needed] Furthermore, the terms "cartoon" or "animated series" used for most other visual styles, particulary for French, Korean, and American animation.[citation needed] Any non-Japanese works are called anime-influenced animation, if they borrow any stylization from Japanese animation. Even so, some anime are co-productions with non-Japanese companies, like the Cartoon Network and Production IG series IGPX. Yet, a French-Japanese co-production such as Ōban Star-Racers is not considered anime. Broadly conceived, linguistics is the study of human language, and a linguist is someone who engages in this study. ... A blanket term is a word or phrase that is used to describe multiple groups of related things. ... For other uses, see Cartoon (disambiguation). ... An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... Production I.G logo. ... IGPX Immortal Grand Prix refers to two anime series produced by Cartoon Network and Production I.G.. The first is a Micro-series consisting of five five-minute episodes. ... ÅŒban Star-Racers is a French/Japanese animated television series created by Savin Yeatman-Eiffel of Sav! The World Productions. ...


Anime can be used as a common noun, "Do you watch anime?" or as a suppletive adjective, "The anime Guyver is different from the movie Guyver." It may also be used as a mass noun, as in "How much anime have you collected?" and therefore is never pluralized "animes" (nouns are never pluralized in Japanese). However, in other languages where anime has been adopted as a loan word, it is sometimes used as a count noun in singular and in plural as in Danish "Jeg tror, jeg vil se en anime" ("I think I'll watch an anime") and "Hvor mange anime'er har du nu?" ("How many animes do you have now?"). In linguistics, a noun or noun substantive is a lexical category which is defined in terms of how its members combine with other grammatical kinds of expressions. ... In linguistics and etymology, suppletion is the use as an inflected form of a word of an entirely different word that is not cognate to the uninflected form. ... In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun (called the adjectives subject), giving more information about what the noun or pronoun refers to. ... Bio-Booster Armor Guyver or Guyver: The Bio-Boosted Armor ) is a long-running (over 140 chapters) manga series written by Yoshiki Takaya. ... It has been suggested that Count noun be merged into this article or section. ... A loanword (or a borrowing) is a word taken in by one language from another. ... A count noun is a noun which is itself counted, or the units which are used to count it. ...


Synonyms

Anime is sometimes referred to as Japanimation, but this term has fallen into disuse.[14] Japanimation saw the most usage during the 1970s and 1980s and had continued use up until before the mid-1990s anime resurgence. In general, the term now only appears in nostalgic contexts. The term is much more commonly used within Japan to refer to domestic animation. Since anime or animēshon is used to describe all forms of animation, Japanimation is used to distinguish Japanese work from that of the rest of the world.


In more recent years, anime has also frequently been referred to as "manga" in European countries[citations needed], a practice that may stem from the Japanese usage: In Japan, manga can refer to both animation and comics (although the use of manga to refer to animation is mostly restricted to non-fans). Among English speakers, manga usually has the stricter meaning of "Japanese comics". An alternate explanation is that it is due to the prominence of Manga Entertainment, a distributor of anime to the US and UK markets. Because Manga Entertainment originated in the UK the use of the term is common outside of Japan. The portmanteau "animanga" has been used to collectively refer to anime and manga, though it is also a term used to describe comics produced from animation cels. This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Manga Entertainment is a licensor and distributor of Japanese animation (anime) in the United States and United Kingdom. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Animanga, sometimes spelt AniManga or ani-manga, is a less used word blend can refer to several things: a form of graphic novel (manga) where the images are taken drectly from the movie (anime), thereby giving you an ani-manga anime and manga, and things based on or influenced by...


Visual characteristics


This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. It will be deleted after Thursday, 29 November 2007.

As an art form, anime places a large emphasis towards visual styles. They can vary from artist to artist or by studio to studio. Some titles make extensive use of common stylization: FLCL, for example, is known for its wild, exaggerated stylization. In contrast, titles such as Only Yesterday or Jin-Roh take much more realistic approaches, featuring few stylistic exaggerations. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 472 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (769 × 976 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A much-needed visual aid for the visual characteristics section of the Anime entry. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 472 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (769 × 976 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A much-needed visual aid for the visual characteristics section of the Anime entry. ... Serialized in Magazine Z Original run October 23, 2000 – August 23, 2001 No. ... Only Yesterday , meaning Memories Like Falling Teardrops (more literally, Memories Like Falling Rain Drops) is sixth film by critically acclaimed director Isao Takahata (Grave of the Fireflies) and produced by Studio Ghibli. ... Jin-Roh ) (Japanese for man-wolf), taglined The Wolf Brigade in the English speaking release, is a 1999 anime feature film directed by Hiroyuki Okiura. ...


While different titles and different artists have their own artistic styles, many stylistic elements have become so common such that they are described as being definitive of anime in general. Another stylistic element is that use of lines. In anime the lines are often influenced more from a stylistic look from brush work, rather than that of the calligrapher's pen.[1] This may be due to the fact that Japanese was traditionally written with a brush and has had a large influence on Japanese art, thus how the lines are treated tend to be different from the Western art. Western lettering was done with a calligrapher's pen. the influences of these things can most influentially be seen in the amount of tapering and thickness of the lines involved.


Anime also tends to borrow many elements from manga including text in the background, and borrowing panel layouts from the manga as well. For example, an opening may employ manga panels to tell the story, or to dramatize a point for humorous effect. This is best demonstrated in the anime Kare Kano. This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Serialized in LaLa Magazine Daisuki Magnolia Original run December 1995 – April 2005 No. ...


Character design

Body proportions emulated in anime come from proportions of the human body. The height of the head is considered as the base unit of proportion. Head heights can vary as long as the remainder of the body remain proportional. Most anime characters are about seven to eight heads tall, and extreme heights are set around nine heads tall.[15] In comparison, Marvel characters are proportional by eight heads.[citation needed]


With regard to the limbs, both the arms and legs have their joints, the elbows and knees respectively, at the midpoint of their total lengths.[citation needed] The arms range from the shoulders to the midpoint of the thigh. Leg lengths are at least the same as from head to hips. Naturally, the lengths and proportions remain consistent regardless of a characters position and orientation.[citation needed]


Variations to proportion can be modded. Chibi or super deformed characters feature a non-proportionally small body compared to the head. Sometimes specific body parts, like legs, are shortened or elongated for added emphasis. Mostly chibi are three or four heads tall. Some anime works like Crayon Shin-chan completely disregard these proportions. It is enough such that it resembles a Western cartoon. Then, early anime works did not have guidelines on body proportions at all. At the time, the main frame of reference were American cartoons, particularly Disney.[citation needed] For exaggeration, certain body features are increased in proportion.[15] It is realy supposed to be spelled chibbie and it means awesom This article is about the Japanese word Chibi. ... Ryu drawn in a super deformed style, from the arcade game Pocket Fighter, known as Super Gem Fighter: Mini Mix in the United States. ... Serialized in Weekly Manga Action Manga Town Original run 1990 – No. ...

Example of an Anime Eye
Example of an Anime Eye

A common approach is the large eyes style drawn on many anime and manga characters. Osamu Tezuka was inspired by the exaggerated features of American cartoon characters such as Betty Boop, Mickey Mouse, and Disney's Bambi.[1] [16] Tezuka found that large eyes style allowed his characters to show emotions distinctly. When Tezuka began drawing Ribbon no Kishi, the first manga specifically targeted at young girls, Tezuka further exaggerated the size of the characters' eyes. Indeed, through Ribbon no Kishi, Tezuka set a stylistic template that later shōjo artists tended to follow. Image File history File links Anime_eye. ... Image File history File links Anime_eye. ... For other uses, see Eye (disambiguation). ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Tezuka redirects here. ... Betty Boop from the opening title sequence of the earliest entries in the Betty Boop Cartoons Betty Boop is an animated cartoon character appearing in the Talkartoon and Betty Boop series of films produced by Max Fleischer and released by Paramount Pictures. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ... Bambi is a 1942 animated feature produced by Walt Disney and originally released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on August 13, 1942. ... Serialized in Shoujo Club Original run January, 1953 – January, 1956 No. ...


Coloring is added to give eyes, particularly the cornea, some depth. The depth is accomplished by applying variable color shading. Generally, a mixture of a light shade, the tone color, and a dark shade is used.[17][18]


Cultural anthropologist Matt Thorn argues that Japanese animators and audiences do not perceive such stylized eyes as inherently more or less foreign.[3] Matt Thorn is a cultural anthropologist and an Associate Professor in the School of Cartoon & Comic Art at Kyoto Seika University in Japan. ...


However, not all anime have large eyes. For example Hayao Miyazaki is known for not having large eyes and having realistic hair colors on his characters.[19] In addition many other productions also have been known to use smaller eyes. This design tends to have more resemblance to traditional Japanese art. Some characters have even smaller eyes, where simple black dots are used. Hayao Miyazaki ) (born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is the prominent director of many popular animated feature films. ...


A wide variety of facial expressions are used by characters to denote moods and thoughts.[20] Anime uses a different set of facial expressions in comparison to western animation.


Other stylistic elements are common as well; often in comedic anime, characters that are shocked or surprised will perform a "face fault", in which they display an extremely exaggerated expression. Angry characters may exhibit a "vein" or "stressmark" effect, where lines representing bulging veins will appear on their forehead. Angry women will sometimes summon a mallet from nowhere and strike someone with it, leading to the concept of Hammerspace and cartoon physics. Male characters will develop a bloody nose around their female love interests (typically to indicate arousal, based on an old wives' tale).[21] Embarrassed characters either produce a massive sweat-drop (which has become one of the most widely recognized stereotype motifs of anime) or produce a visibly red blush beneath the eyes, especially as a manifestation of repressed romantic feelings. While common, the use of face faults is optional. Some anime, usually with political plots and other more serious subject matters, have abandoned the use of face faults such as Gundam Wing and Teknoman. A face fault is an anime-specific property of cartoon physics, usually limited to comedy anime. ... Examples of Hammerspace pictured in a WikiWorld cartoon Hammerspace is a fan-envisioned extradimensional, instantly accessible storage area in fiction, which is used to explain how animated, comic and game characters can produce objects out of thin air. ... Cartoon physics is a joking reference to the fact that animation allows regular laws of physics to be ignored in humorous ways for dramatic effects. ... Nosebleed as a result of fracture through a rugby impact. ... This article is about a manga convention. ... New Mobile Report Gundam W (also known as Mobile Suit Gundam Wing) is a televised Anime series, which ran for 49 episodes beginning in 1995. ... Teknoman is the English-dubbed version of the Japanese anime Uchuu no Kishi Tekkaman Blade (宇宙の騎士テッカマンブレード Star Knight Tekkaman Blade). This series was intended to be a revamp of the original Tekkaman: The Space Knight anime, though these shows ultimately shared little in common besides the armoured hero concept The original...


Some non-human characters further diversify the array of characters. Some include robots, animals, spirits, and demons. Also, hybrid beings such as catgirls or hanyō are also created. Non-humanoid characters have a very wide variety of shapes and sizes, which can range from miniature characters to those the size of skyscrapers. The use of size proportions will vary. Wikipe-tan as a catgirl. ... A hanyō ), appearing in modern Japanese manga and anime, is the product of a union between a supernatural being (commonly a yōkai) and a human. ...


The typical style for non-humans is a dramatization of size for most, or a drastic shrinkage for others. Typical spirits and demons as well as robots and some animals will be shown out of proportion and sometimes the size of skyscrapers and buildings. Often for the purpose of giving the impression of great power or often synched with mecha-anime series in which the main character uses a giant robot to defeat another giant robot or creature. Some robots and animals though are shown to be accurate sized or even miniature for the sake of comical or story important reasons.


Animation technique

Main article: Animation

The basics of anime is based on traditional animation. While anime is considered separate from cartoons, anime still uses multiple still images in rapid succession to produce the animated visual effect. Like all animation, the production processes of storyboarding, voice acting, character design, cel production, etc. still apply. With improvements in computer technology, computer animation increased the efficiency of the whole production process. The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Cartoons started in the 1930s and 40s. ... Storyboards are graphic organizers such as a series of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of previsualizing a motion graphic or interactive media sequence, including website interactivity. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... See also: Computer-generated imagery Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ...


Anime is often considered a form of limited animation. That means that stylistically, even in bigger productions the conventions of limited animation are used to fool the eye into thinking there is more movement than there is.[1] Many of the techniques used a comprised with cost-cutting measures while working under a set budget. Limited animation is a process of making animated cartoons that does not follow a realistic approach. ...


Anime scenes place emphasis on achieving three-dimensional views. Backgrounds depict the scenes' atmosphere.[1] For example, anime often puts emphasis on changing seasons, as can be seen in numerous anime, such as Tenchi Muyo. Sometimes actual settings have been duplicated into an anime. The backgrounds for the Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya are based on various locations within the suburb of Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.[22] Ryoko, Tenchi and Ayeka Tenchi Muyo! (天地無用! Tenchi Muyō!), is an anime and manga series about a boy named Tenchi Masaki and the alien women that love him. ... For other uses, see Haruhi Suzumiya (disambiguation) The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya redirects here. ... Nishinomiya (西宮市; Nishinomiya-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo, Japan, between the cities of ÅŒsaka and Kōbe. ...


Camera angles, camera movement, and lighting play an important role in scenes. Directors often have the discretion of determining viewing angles for scenes, particularly regarding backgrounds. In addition, camera angles show perspective. [23] Directors can also choose camera effects within cinematography, such as panning, zooming, facial closeup, and panoramic.[24] Lighting effects are used in conjunction with camera effects. For additional three-dimensional effects, various shades of lighting are used.[citation needed] A cube in two-point perspective. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ...


Genres

Dragon Ball Z (1989) is a popular shōnen anime based on the original manga series which spanned 291 episodes and 13 movies.

Anime has many genres typically found in any mass media form. Such genres include action, adventure, children's stories, comedy, drama, erotica (more specifically ecchi or hentai), medieval fantasy, occult/horror, romance, and science fiction. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “DBZ” redirects here. ... Bleach , a well-known example of Shōnen manga This article is about the shōnen style of anime and manga. ... Son Goku Dragon Ball (ドラゴンボール) is a Japanese manga by Akira Toriyama serialized in the weekly anthology magazine, Weekly Shonen Jump, from 1984 to 1995 and originally collected into 42 individual books called Tankôbon. ... Look up Action film in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up adventure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ecchi (from the Japanese エッチ etchi) is an English word deriving from a Japanese word meaning lewd or naughty when used as an adjective, and can refer to a pervert or sexual intercourse when used as a noun. ... Hentai tankōbon on display in Japan Hentai )   is a Japanese word that can be used to mean metamorphosis or abnormality. In Japan hentai has a strong negative connotation, and is commonly used to mean sexually perverted. In the West the term is used as slang for sexually explicit or... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... As a literary genre, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...


Most anime includes content from several different genres, as well as a variety of thematic elements. Thus, some series may be categorized under multiple genres. For example, Neon Genesis Evangelion might be considered to fall into the genres of post-apocalyptic, science fiction, mecha, and drama. A show may have a seemingly simple surface plot, but at the same time may feature a far more complex, deeper storyline and character development. It is not uncommon for an action themed anime to also involve humor, romance, and even social commentary. The same can be applied to a romance themed anime in that it may involve an action element, or in some cases brutal violence. Original run October 4, 1995 – March 27, 1996 No. ... Social commentary is the act of expressing an opinion on the nature of society. ...


The following is a list of the major genres and designations that are specific to anime and manga.[25]

Action-adventure games are video games that combine elements of the adventure game genre with various action elements. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Weekly Comic Original run November 1999 – Ongoing No. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump Original run August 4, 1996 – (ongoing) Volumes 47 volumes with 479 chapters TV anime Director Konosuke Uda Munehisa Sakai Studio Toei Animation Network Fuji TV GMA 7 Original run October 20, 1999 – (ongoing) Episodes Japanese: 332 of 334 (current) English: 112 of 113... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... Character development refers to, in video games, the concept of a player earning experience and developing skills for a character through the environment of the game world in which the character exists. ... Serialized in Shōjo Comic Animerica Extra Original run May 1992 – July 1996 Volumes 18 TV anime Director Hajime Kamegaki Studio Studio Pierrot Licensor Odex Geneon Network Animax, TV Tokyo Original run 6 April 1995 – 28 March 1996 Episodes 52 OVA: 1 Director Hajime Kamegaki Studio Studio Pierrot Episodes 3... Inuyasha redirects here. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Comics House Original run 1996 – March 2004 Volumes 38 volumes, with 343 total chapters TV anime: Yu-Gi-Oh! Director Various Studio Toei Animation Network TV Asahi Original run April 4, 1998 – October 10, 1998 Episodes 27 TV anime: Yu... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Original run 1998 – September 2003 No. ... “Horror story” redirects here. ... Vampire Hunter D ) is the title character of a series of novels by Japanese horror and pulp author Hideyuki Kikuchi. ... Serialized in Comic Dragon, Dragon Age Original run November 1998 – 2004 No. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Hard science fiction is a category of science fiction characterized by an emphasis on scientific or technical detail, or on scientific accuracy, or on both. ... Soft science fiction, or soft SF, like its complementary opposite hard science fiction, is a descriptive term that points to the role and nature of the science content in a science fiction story. ... Motoko Kusanagi from the manga Ghost in the Shell. ... Royal Space Force 王立宇宙軍 (retitled The Wings of Honneamise オネアミスの翼 by its distributor on its initial release) is a feature-length anime movie produced by Gainax and directed by Hiroyuki Yamaga. ... Sayonara Zetsubō Sensei lit. ... Byōsoku 5 Centimetre lit. ... In film theory, genre refers to the primary method of film categorization. ...

Demographic

Demographic describes the intended target audience.

Shōjo or shoujo (少女 lit. ... This article is about the manga and anime franchise. ... Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch ) is a shōjo manga and anime series created by Michiko Yokote ) with artwork by Pink Hanamori ). The manga was originally published in the monthly shōjo manga anthology Nakayoshi. ... Bleach , a well-known example of Shōnen manga This article is about the shōnen style of anime and manga. ... “DBZ” redirects here. ... Digimon , short for デジタルモンスター dejitaru monsutā, Digital Monster) is a popular Japanese series of media and merchandise, including anime, manga, toys, video games, trading card games and other media. ... Seinen not to be confused with adult )) is a subset of manga that is generally targeted at an 18–30 year old male audience, but the audience can be much older with some comics aimed at businessmen well into their 40s. ... For other uses, see Oh My Goddess. ... Original run April 3, 1998 – April 23, 1999 Episodes 26 Movie: Knockin on Heavens Door (天国の扉) Director Shinichiro Watanabe Writer Keiko Nobumoto Studio Sunrise BONES Bandai Visual[2] Released September 1, 2001 Runtime 115 min. ... Josei manga (Japanese: , lit. ... Gokusen ) is a Japanese manga by Kozueko Morimoto. ... Serialized in CUTiEcomic (ch. ... Kodomo (子供) is a Japanese word that means child. ... Hello Kitty by Sanrio. ...

Thematic

  • Bishōjo is Japanese for "beautiful girl". A blanket term that features pretty girl characters. Sometimes conflated with Moè. Examples: Magic Knight Rayearth or Negima.
  • Bishōnen is Japanese for "beautiful boy". A blanket term that can be used to describe any anime that features "pretty" and elegant boys and men. Examples: Fushigi Yūgi or most CLAMP shows.
  • Sentai is literally a "fighting team" in Japanese. It refers to any show that involves a superhero team. Examples: Cyborg 009 or Voltron.
  • Robot/Mecha features super robots. Examples: Mobile Suit Gundam or Mazinger Z.
  • Post-Apocalyptic simply deals with a post-apocalyptic world. Examples: Fist of the North Star or Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind.
  • Mahō shōjo is a subgenre of shōjo known for "Magical Girl" stories. Examples: Sailor Moon or Cardcaptor Sakura.
  • Mahō shōnen is a male equivalent of Mahō Shōjo. Examples: D.N.Angel.
  • Moé features characters with perky, cute, weak, or naivè behaviors. In some way, they are not overly independent.[26] Examples: A Little Snow Fairy Sugar.
  • Expertise specializes with a specific topic in depth. Topics range from sports, the arts, and cooking. Examples: Eyeshield 21 with football, or Yakitate! Japan with bread-making.
  • Lolicon ("Lolita Complex") is the sexualization of under-aged female characters, the name coming from the titular character of Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita. Example: Kodomo no Jikan
  • Shotacon ("Shōtarō Complex") is the sexualization of under-aged male characters, the name coming from the lead child actor from Tetsujin-nijūhachi-gō. Example: Papa to Kiss in the Dark
  • Harem is a genre which focuses on a male character surrounded by the romance of multiple female characters. Typically, the male cohabits with at least one female.[27] It is usually marketed as a Shōnen or Seinen.[28] Examples: Ranma ½ or Love Hina.
  • Reverse Harem reverses the gender balance in harem, where a female character is romantically involved with many male characters. It is more often than not a Shōjo or Josei Anime. Examples: Ouran High School Host Club or Fruits Basket.
  • Magical Girlfriend is more accurately termed Exotic Girlfriend. This genre focuses on the romantic relationship (and cohabitation) between a man and at least one woman of extraordinary origins such as alien (Tenchi Muyo!, Urusei Yatsura), supernatural (Oh My Goddess!), or technological (Chobits). Often considered a subgenre of Harem.[29][30]
  • Ecchi is Japanese for "indecent sexuality", derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the letter "H", (the origin of the term is not well known, even in Japan. See main article for more information.) Sexual humor and fan service are prevalent. Examples: Oruchuban Ebichu or He Is My Master.
  • Hentai is Japanese for "abnormal" or "perverted". This term is synonymous to pornography or erotica, as hentai content specifically consists of such. Examples: La Blue Girl or Bible Black.
  • Shōjo-ai or Yuri is Japanese for "girl-love". These focus on love and romance between female characters. It is often being replaced by the term "Girls Love" (GL). Yuri is like Shōjo-ai, but sometimes involves older characters or explicit sexual activity. Examples: Revolutionary Girl Utena or Kannazuki no Miko.
  • Shōnen-ai is Japanese for 'boy-love'. These focus on love and romance between male characters. The term "Shōnen-ai" is being phased out in Japan due to its other meaning of pederasty, and is being replaced by the term "Boys Love" (BL). Examples: Loveless or Gravitation
  • Yaoi is like "Shōnen-ai" but often involving older characters and explicit sexual activity. Examples: Sensitive Pornograph

The bishōjo style of drawing uses large, limpid eyes for increased cuteness, as in the character of NyÅ« from Elfen Lied. ... The properties that make a character moe are often difficult to define but easy to recognize. ... “MKR” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Serialized in Shōjo Comic Animerica Extra Original run May 1992 – July 1996 Volumes 18 TV anime Director Hajime Kamegaki Studio Studio Pierrot Licensor Odex Geneon Network Animax, TV Tokyo Original run 6 April 1995 – 28 March 1996 Episodes 52 OVA: 1 Director Hajime Kamegaki Studio Studio Pierrot Episodes 3... Clamp (or CLAMP) is an all-female Japanese mangaka group. ... Sentai is a Japanese word which roughly translates to task force. It is often use to refer to a specific type of fictional story, which stars a specially organized group of heroes; good examples of Sentai is the various Super Sentai live-action Japanese television programs which the American Power... Cyborg 009 (サイボーグ009 Saibōgu Zero-Zero-Nain) is a manga created by Shotaro Ishinomori and serialized in the manga magazine Shonen Magazine and Shōjo Comic in Japan. ... Original run 10 September 1984 – 18 November 1985 Episodes 123, plus a one-hour Fleet of Doom special Voltron is a giant mecha robot first featured in the 1980s animated television series Voltron: Defender of the Universe. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term used in science fiction, anime, and manga. ... The Super Robot Mazinger Z. Super Robot ) is a term used in manga and anime to describe a giant robot or mecha, with an arsenal of fantastic super-powered weapons, sometimes transformable or combined from two or more robots and/or vehicles usually piloted by young, daring heroes, and often... Mobile Suit Gundam ) is a televised anime series, created by Sunrise. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Original run October 2, 1972 – August 13, 1973 No. ... Apocalyptic fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction (or, in some cases, the more general category speculative fiction) that is concerned with the end of civilization through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster. ... This article is about the manga and anime franchise. ... Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind ) is a 1984 film by Japanese writer, illustrator, and filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki, based on his manga of the same name. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the title character, see Sailor Moon (character) and for the first story arc, see Sailor Moon (arc). ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 Volumes 12 TV anime Director Morio Asaka Studio Madhouse Licensor Bandai Visual Geneon Nelvana Network NHK, Animax Original run April 7, 1998 – March 21, 2000 Episodes 70 Movie: Cardcaptor Sakura the Movie Director Morio Asaka Composer Takayuki Negishi Studio Madhouse Licensor Bandai Visual... Magical boy or Mahō shōnen (魔法少年, Japanese for magical boy) is used to refer to anime and manga that have magical boys in them. ... Serialized in Monthly Asuka Arena Komik Original run November 1997 – Volumes 11 (currently)[1] TV anime Director Koji Yoshikawa, Nobuyoshi Habara Studio Dentsu ADV Films Network TV Tokyo Original run 3 April 2003 – 25 September 2003 Episodes 26 Game: Publisher TAKARA Genre Fantasy, Romance Platform PlayStation 2 Released September 25... The properties that make a character moe are often difficult to define but easy to recognize. ... Example of several Japan Post mascot characters on official postage stamps. ... Original run 2 October 2001 – 26 March 2002 Episodes 24 + 2[1] A Little Snow Fairy Sugar ) is a manga and an anime series with character designs by Koge-Donbo. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump Original run 2002 – Volumes 26 volumes (and counting) Movie: Eyeshield 21 (Jump Festa) Director Tamaki Nakatsu Studio Production I.G. Released 2004 Runtime 30 min TV anime Director Masayoshi Nishida Studio NAS, Studio Gallop Network Animax, TV Tokyo Original run 6 April 2005... Yakitate!! Japan ) is a manga serialised in Shogakukans Shōnen Sunday, by Takashi Hashiguchi. ... Lolicon art often depicts childlike characteristics with likely double meanings. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Lolita (1955) is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov. ... Kodomo no Jikan literal translation: A Childs Time) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by manga author Kaworu Watashiya. ... Shotacon ), sometimes shortened to shota ), is a Japanese term for a sexual complex where an adult is attracted to an underage boy, or in which two underage boys are attracted to one another. ... Gigantor (originally Tetsujin-nijÅ«hachi-gō 鉄人28号, literally Iron Man #28) was a manga by Mitsuteru Yokoyama published in 1958 which was later made into several anime series, the first in 1963. ... Papa to Kiss in the Dark ) is a light novel series by Nambara Ken with shotacon themes. ... Harem is a term used to describe Japanese works wherein a single average male character is surrounded by numerous (usually 3 to 7)[1] attractive females, most of whom are romantically interested in the main character, usually depicted as a lovable loser. ... Ranma redirects here. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Magazine Original run October 21, 1998 – October 31, 2001 Volumes 14 (28 volumes in Brazil and Mexico) TV anime Director Yoshiaki Iwasaki Studio XEBEC Licensor King Records Madman Entertainment Bandai Entertainment (original), Funimation (new) Network TV Tokyo Original run April 19, 2000 – September 27, 2000 Episodes... Serialized in LaLa Original run August 5, 2003 – Ongoing Volumes 11 (ongoing) TV anime Director Takuya Igarashi Studio Bones Licensor VAP FUNimation Entertainment OnMedia Network Animax, NTV Tooniverse Original run April 5, 2006 – September 26, 2006 Episodes 26 Ouran High School Host Club ) is a manga series by Bisco Hatori... This article is about the manga and anime franchise. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Original run 2 April 1995 – 24 December 1995 No. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Sunday Original run 1978 – 1987 No. ... For other uses, see Oh My Goddess. ... Serialized in Young Magazine Original run 2001 – 2002 No. ... Ecchi (from the Japanese エッチ etchi) is an English word deriving from a Japanese word meaning lewd or naughty when used as an adjective, and can refer to a pervert or sexual intercourse when used as a noun. ... Fan service ), sometimes written as a single word, fanservice, is a vaguely defined term chiefly used for Japanese visual media—particularly in anime fandom—to refer to elements in a story that are unnecessary to a storyline, but designed to amuse or sexually excite the audience[1][2]. It is... Oruchuban Ebichu (or Ebichu Minds the House, in Japanese: おるちゅばんエビちゅ) is an anime produced by Gainax (the studio responsible for Neon Genesis Evangelion) and directed by Hideaki Anno—also director and creator of Neon Genesis Evangelion—and is based on the manga by Risa Ito that was published by Futabasha Publishers. ... He Is My Master ) is a gag comedy manga which ran in Monthly Shonen Gangan, later spun off into a television anime series. ... Hentai tankōbon on display in Japan Hentai )   is a Japanese word that can be used to mean metamorphosis or abnormality. In Japan hentai has a strong negative connotation, and is commonly used to mean sexually perverted. In the West the term is used as slang for sexually explicit or... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... La Blue Girl (淫獣学園La☆Blue Girl) is a hentai anime and manga series. ... Bible Black ) is an eroge created by ActiveSoft in 2000 , and was adapted into an anime by Milky Studio. ... Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya from Revolutionary Girl Utena, a popular yuri couple. ... Serialized in Ciao Original run 1996 – 1997 Volumes 5 TV anime Director Kunihiko Ikuhara Studio J.C.Staff Network TV Tokyo Original run April 2, 1997 – December 24, 1997 Episodes 39 Movie: The Adolescence of Utena Director Kunihiko Ikuhara Studio J.C.Staff Released 1999 Runtime 80 min. ... Kannazuki no Miko ) is a series created by Kaishaku centering around two girls and the yuri relationship they share. ... “Boys Love” redirects here. ... Pederasty or paederasty (literally boy-love, see Etymology below) refers to an intimate or erotic relationship between an adolescent boy and an adult male outside his immediate family. ... This page is about the manga. ... Serialized in Original run 1996 – 2002 No. ... Cover of Selfish Love by Naduki Koujima. ... Sensitive Pornograph ) is a yaoi anime. ...

Distribution

While anime had entered markets beyond Japan in the 1960s, it grew as a major cultural export during its market expansion during the 1980s and 1990s. The anime market for the United States alone is "worth approximately $4.35 billion, according to the Japan External Trade Organization".[31] Anime has also been a commercial success in Asia, Europe and Latin America, where anime has become even more mainstream than in the United States. For example, the Saint Seiya video game was released in Europe due to the popularity of the show even years after the series has been off-air. Japan External Trade Organization ) (ジェトロ JETRO) is an independent administrative agency established by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in 1958 (later Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry or METI) to consolidate Japans efforts in export promotion. ... Seiya redirects here. ...


Anime distribution companies handled the licensing and distribution of anime beyond Japan. Licensed anime is modified by distributors through dubbing into the language of the country and adding language subtitles to the Japanese language track. Using a similar global distribution pattern as Hollywood, the world is divided into five regions. While Anime has been licensed by its Japanese owners for use outside of Japan since at least the 1960s, the practice became well-established in the United States in the late 1970s/early 1980s, when such TV series as Gatchaman and Captain Harlock were licensed from their Japanese parent companies... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... Regional lockout is the programming practice, code, chip, or physical barrier used to prevent the playing of media designed for a device from the country where it is marketed on the version of the same device marketed in another country. ... ... The anime industry has grown significantly in the last few years, especially outside of Japan. ...


Some editing of cultural references may occur to better follow the references of the non-Japanese culture.[citation needed] Certain companies may remove any objectionable content, complying with domestic law.[citation needed] This editing process was far more prevalent in the past (e.g. Robotech), but its use has declined because of the demand for anime in its original form. This "light touch" approach to localization has favored viewers formerly unfamiliar with anime. The use of such methods is evident by the success of Naruto, and Cartoon Network's Adult Swim programming block, both of which employ minor edits.[citation needed] An edited movie or edited film is a film that has been edited from the original theatrical release. ... Robotech science fiction and anime universe. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Weekly Comic Original run November 1999 – Ongoing No. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... Adult Swim is the name for an adult-oriented television programming network. ...


With the advent of DVD, it was possible to include multiple language tracks into a simple product. This was not the case with VHS cassette, in which separate VHS media were used and with each VHS cassette priced the same as a single DVD. The "light touch" approach also applies to DVD releases as they often include both the dubbed audio and the original Japanese audio with subtitles, typically unedited. Anime edited for television is usually released on DVD "uncut," with all scenes intact. DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... In printed material In printed material, a subtitle is an explanatory or alternate title. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


TV networks regularly broadcast anime programming. In Japan, major national TV networks, such as TV Tokyo broadcast anime regularly. Smaller regional stations broadcast anime under the UHF. In the United States, Cable TV channels such as Cartoon Network, Disney, Sci-Fi, and others dedicate some of their time slots for anime. Then the Anime Network specifically shows anime. Sony based Animax and Disney's Jetix channel broadcast anime within many countries in the world. The logo of TV Tokyo. ... UHF anime ) refers to the anime produced by a cooperative group of independent UHF television stations generally located in the Kantō, Chūkyō and Kansai areas of Japan. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... Sci-fi is an abbreviation for science fiction. ... The Anime Network, a subsidiary of A.D. Vision, Inc. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Animax ) is a Japanese anime satellite television network, established and owned by Sony Corporation, and dedicated to broadcasting anime programming. ... For Jetix in each country, see Jetix around the world. ...


Although it is a violation of copyright laws in many countries, some fans add subtitles to anime on their own. These are distributed as fansubs. The ethical implications of producing, distributing, or watching fansubs are topics of much controversy even when fansub groups do not profit from their activities. Once the series has been licensed outside of Japan, fansub groups often cease distribution of their work. In one case, Media Factory Incorporated requested that no fansubs of their material be made, which was respected by the fansub community.[32] In another instance, Bandai specifically thanked fansubbers for their role in helping to make The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya popular in the English speaking world.[33] Not to be confused with copywriting. ... Fansub - short for fan subtitled; a copy of a foreign movie or television show (most often anime) which has been subtitled by fans into their native language. ... The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya[1] ) is the first Japanese light novel in the Haruhi Suzumiya series written by Japanese author Nagaru Tanigawa and illustrated by Japanese artist Noizi Ito. ...


The Internet had played a significant role in the exposure of anime beyond Japan. Prior to the 1990s, anime has had limited exposure beyond Japan's borders. Coincidentally, as the popularity of the Internet grew, so did for anime. Much of the fandom of anime grew through the Internet. The combination of internet communities and increasing amounts of anime material, from video to images, helped spur the growth of fandom.[34] As the Internet gained more widespread use, Internet advertising revenues grew from 1.6 billion yen to over 180 billion yen between 1995 and 2005.[35]


Influence on Western culture

Anime has become commercially profitable in western countries as early commercially successful western adaptations of anime, such as Astro Boy, have revealed.[36] The phenomenal success of Nintendo's multi-billion dollar Pokémon franchise[37] was helped greatly by the spin-off anime series that, first broadcast in the late 1990s, is still running worldwide to this day. In doing so, anime has made significant impacts upon Western culture. Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... USD redirects here. ... The official Pokémon logo. ... Original run Original Series: April 1, 1997 – November 14, 2002 September 8, 1998 – October 25, 2003 Advanced Generation: November 21, 2002 – September 14, 2006 November 1, 2003 – March 3, 2007 Diamond & Pearl: September 28, 2006 – June 4, 2007 – Episodes 509 (currently aired) (Episode list) Original Series: 276 Advanced Generation: 192...


Since the 19th century, many Westerners have expressed a particular interest towards Japan. Anime dramatically exposed more Westerners to the culture of Japan. Aside from anime, other facets of Japanese culture increased in popularity.[38] Worldwide, the number of people studying Japanese increased. In 1984, the Japanese Language Profiency test was devised to meet increasing demand.[39] Lafcadio Hearn, aka Koizumi Yakumo, a notable scholar and author well known for his strong interest in Japanese culture and books on Japan. ... The Japanese Language Proficiency Test (or simply JLPT or the 日本語能力試験 in Japanese), is a standardized test to validate a persons Japanese language proficiency (listening, reading, and writing). ...


Anime-influenced animation refers to non-Japanese works of animation that emulate the visual style of anime.[40] Most of these works are created by studios in the United States, Europe, and non-Japanese Asia; and they generally incorporate stylizations, methods, and gags described in anime physics. In the case of Avatar: The Last Airbender. Often, production crews either are fans of anime or are required to view anime.[41] Some creators cite anime as a source of inspiration with their own series. [42][43] Furthermore, a French production team for Ōban Star-Racers moved to Tokyo to collaborate with a Japanese production team from Hal Film Maker.[44] Critics and the general anime fanbase do not consider them as anime.[45] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anime physics can be considered a subset of cartoon physics - a set of rules used in cartoons to twist or ignore the laws of physics for humorous or dramatic effect. ... ÅŒban Star-Racers is a French/Japanese animated television series created by Savin Yeatman-Eiffel of Sav! The World Productions. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Hal Film Maker is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1993. ...


Some American animated television series have singled out anime styling with satirical intent, for example South Park (with "Chinpokomon" and "Good Times With Weapons"). South Park has a notable drawing style, which was itself parodied in "Brittle Bullet", the fifth episode of the anime FLCL, released several months after "Chinpokomon" aired.[46] This intent on satirizing anime is the springboard for the basic premise of Kappa Mikey, a Nicktoons Network original cartoon. Even cliches normally found in anime are parodied in Perfect Hair Forever. This article is about the TV series. ... Chinpokomon is episode 42 of Comedy Centrals animated series South Park. ... Good Times with Weapons is episode 801 of South Park. ... Brittle Bullet ) is the fifth out of six episodes of the anime FLCL. Spoiler warning: Canti and Kamon the Nazi fight in a duel of honor for Haruko After Haruko rejects Kamons pervasive advances, she proceeds to strongly come onto Naota, much to his embarrassment as Kamon watches in... Serialized in Magazine Z Original run October 23, 2000 – August 23, 2001 No. ... Kappa Mikey is an American Animated Sitcom geared toward families and is created by Larry Schwarz. ... Perfect Hair Forever is an American comedy animated television series produced by Williams Street and airing on the Adult Swim television block. ...


Anime conventions began to appear in the early 1990s, starting with Anime Expo, Animethon, Otakon, and JACON. Currently anime conventions are held annually in various cities across North America, Asia, and Europe.[47] Many attendees participate in cosplay, where they dress up as anime characters. Also, guests from Japan ranging from artists, directors, and music groups are invited. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anime Expo, abbreviated AX, is an anime convention that usually takes place on the July 4th weekend for 4 days each year in Southern California. ... Animethon is an anime convention held annually at MacEwan City Centre Campus in Edmonton, Alberta. ... Otakon is a fan convention focusing on the art of anime and manga, East Asian culture, and its fandom. ... The Japanese Animation Club of Orlando (JACO) serves as the officially sanctioned anime club for the University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, Florida (Union Park campus). ... // The following is a list of articles of anime conventions from around the world. ... Cosplayers Cosplay ), a portmanteau of the English words costume and play, is a Japanese subculture centered on dressing as characters from manga, anime, tokusatsu, and video games, and, less commonly, Japanese live action television shows, fantasy movies, Japanese pop music bands, Visual Kei, fantasy music stories (such as stories by...


See also

Look up anime in
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1910S, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s
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  • List of anime by type
Series, Films, OVAs, By Genre
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Anime Companies
Conventions
List of anime theatrically released in America

An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ... Also known as anime-based games, this is a list of computer and video games that are based on anime or manga, or from which anime or manga have been made. ... An anime music video (abbreviated AMV) is a music video consisting of clips from one or more anime television series or movies set to songs; the term usually refers to fan-made unofficial videos. ... For the book of comics by Daniel Clowes, see Caricature (Daniel Clowes collection). ... Dōjinshi ) are self-published Japanese or English works, usually manga or novels. ... Editing of anime in American distribution describes the process of altering anime to prepare it to be distributed in the United States and forms part of the process of localization. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... J-pop (or Jpop) is an abbreviation of Japanese pop. ... A kaoani Kaoani comes from the japanese kao (face) and ani (animation). ... Late night anime ) is a term for anime television series that airs at late night or early morning in Japan. ... Otaku ) is a derisive Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests in manga, anime or hentai. ... Original Video Animation ), abbreviated OVA ), is a term used for anime titles that are released direct-to-video, without prior showings on TV or in theaters. ... Voice Animage, a magazine about all things about seiyū. For the retail company named Seiyu, see Seiyu Group. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... AnimeNfo. ... AniDB stands for Anime DataBase. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This is a list of companies involved in the production or distribution of anime. ... // The following is a list of articles of anime conventions from around the world. ... Warriors of the Wind, June 1985 [MPAA: PG] New World Pictures, re-released in 1989 by Streamline Pictures Laputa - The Castle in the Sky, 4/1/89 [MPAA: PG-13 (surrendered in 1998 by Disney)] Streamline Pictures Akira, 1989 [MPAA: PG-13 (Streamline dub only)] Orion Pictures Corporation Voices by...

References

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  2. ^ A Brief History of Anime. Allen Butler (2007-07-28). Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  3. ^ a b Do Manga Characters Look "White"?. Retrieved on 11 December, 2005.
  4. ^ A Brief History of Anime. Michael O'Connell, Otakon 1999 Program Book (1999). Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  5. ^ Ohara, Atsushi; Asahi Shimbun (May 11, 2006). 5 missing manga pieces by Osamu Tezuka found in U.S. (English). Asahi.com. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  6. ^ Dr. Osamu Tezuka (English). The Anime Encyclopedia. The Anime Café (2000-03-14). Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  7. ^ Gravett, Paul (2003). Osamu Tezuka: The God of Manga. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  8. ^ Etymology Dictionary Reference: Anime. Etymonline. Retrieved on 2007-09-13.
  9. ^ http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/definition/animation "Animation An`i*ma"tion, noun. [Latin expression animatio, from animare.]."
  10. ^ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=animation&searchmode=none "animate (v.) 1538, 'to fill with boldness or courage,'from L. animatus pp. of animare 'give breath to,' from anima 'life, breath' (see animus). The adj. meaning 'alive' is from 1605. Animated 'full of activity' is from 1585. In ref. to 'moving pictures' it dates from 1895; animation in the cinematographic sense is from 1912."
  11. ^ What is Anime?. Lesley Aeschliman. Bellaonline. Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  12. ^ Tezuka: The Marvel of Manga - Education Kit. Art Gallery New South Wales (2007). Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  13. ^ Anime Dictionary Definition. Dictionary.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  14. ^ ANN: Japanimation. Anime News Network. Retrieved on 2007-11-11.
  15. ^ a b Body Proportion. Akemi's Anime World. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.
  16. ^ Schodt, Frederik L. (1996). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1-8806562-3-X. 
  17. ^ Basic Anime Eye Tutorial. Centi, Biorust.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-22.
  18. ^ How to color anime eye (YouTube). Carlus (2007-06-06). Retrieved on 2007-08-22.
  19. ^ Poitras, Gilles (1998). Anime Companion. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN ISBN 1-880656-32-9. 
  20. ^ Manga Tutorials: Emotional Expressions. Rio. Retrieved on 2008-08-22.
  21. ^ The concept of a bloody nose is supposedly due to blood rushing to the face in an exaggerated blush. Sometimes the character will even be propelled up into the air by a fountain of blood.
  22. ^ Reference pictures to actual places. Retrieved on 2007-01-25.
  23. ^ Anime production process - feature film. PRODUCTION I.G (2000). Retrieved on 2007-08-27.
  24. ^ Cinematography: Looping and Animetion Techniques. Understanding Anime (1999). Retrieved on 2007-08-29.
  25. ^ Anime News Network – Lexicon. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  26. ^ "Anime News Network Encyclopedia: Moe". Retrieved on 2007-8-21.
  27. ^ The romantic element is arguable. Happy Lesson., an anime about a boy with five moms is listed as a "harem show" in this review while the Happy Lesson OVA. is listed as a "faúx harem show" in a review from the same source. Retrieved on August 9th, 2007.
  28. ^ Anime News Network Ai Yori Aoshi Manga Review. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. This review suggests that the term Seinen may be used as synonymous with that of Harem or even romantic comedy.
  29. ^ A good example of this treatment is with Oh My Goddess! which is "often called a classic example of a 'harem' anime" despite the short-lived nature of most of the romantic rivalries and the focus on one romantic relationship. Quote from Fujishima, Kosuke. Oh My Goddess! (manga, unflopped) Volume 3. p. 187
  30. ^ Anime News Network review of Ah! My Goddess DVD 1. Retrieved on 2007-08-09.
  31. ^ Manga Mania. Bianca Bosker (Wall Street Journal) (2007-08-31). Retrieved on 2007-08-31.
  32. ^ Anxious times in the cartoon underground. CNet (2005-02-01). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  33. ^ Adventures of the ASOS Brigade Episode 00: Made by Fans for Fans. Retrieved on 2006-12-23.
  34. ^ 100 Questions About Anime & Manga Overseas. Comipress (2006-07-20). Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  35. ^ Free Anime: Providers Bear Losses to Build Business. J-Cast Business News (2005-12-21). Retrieved on 2007-08-27.
  36. ^ Progress Against the Law: Fan Distribution, Copyright, and the Explosive Growth of Japanese Animation. Retrieved on 1 May, 2006.
  37. ^ "Pokemon (sic) Franchise Approaches 150 Million Games Sold", PR Newswire, 2005-10-04. Retrieved on 2006-09-16. 
  38. ^ Faiola, Anthony. "Japan's Empire of Cool", The Washington Post, Washington Post Company, 2003-12-27, pp. A1. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
  39. ^ JLPT Communication Square. Japan Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  40. ^ What is anime?. ANN (2002-07-26). Retrieved on 2007-08-18.
  41. ^ SciFi Channel Anime Review. SciFi. Retrieved on 2006-10-16.
  42. ^ Aaron McGruder - The Boondocks Interview. Troy Rogers. UnderGroundOnline. Retrieved on 2007-10-14.
  43. ^ [1], Ten Minutes with "Megas XLR", October 13, 2004
  44. ^ http://www.savtheworld.com/eng/company.php4 STW company background summary
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  46. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0343314/trivia
  47. ^ Convention Schedule. AnimeCons. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.

The head office of Kodansha Kodansha Limited ) is the largest Japanese publisher of literature and manga, headquartered in (Bunkyo), Tokyo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Asahi-OSAKA office Asahi is a common name in Japan, for other uses see Asahi. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reference. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Oh My Goddess. ... For other uses, see Oh My Goddess. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... The Washington Post Company (NYSE: WPO) is an American media company, best known for owning the newspaper it is named after, The Washington Post, and Newsweek magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Anime News Network (1473 words)
The inaugural New York Anime Fest, which will be held at NYC's Javits Convention Center on the weekend of December 7-9, has released its schedule of anime screenings, panels, and other events.
Anime News Network's staff will participate in several sessions, including a discussion on breaking into anime journalism and a talk on the art of writing anime reviews.
This is one of the most touching and dramatic volumes in the series, taking its characters to a new level of depth that few would have ever expected.
Anime - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3839 words)
Anime can be used as a common noun, "Do you watch anime?" or as a suppletive adjective, "The anime Guyver is different from the movie Guyver." It may also be used as a mass noun, as in "How much anime have you collected?" and therefore is never pluralized "animes" (nouns are never pluralized in Japanese).
Anime features a wide variety of artistic styles which vary from artist to artist and is characterized by detailed backgrounds and stylized characters in a variety of different settings and storylines, aimed at a wide range of audiences.
Most TV series anime episodes will have opening credits, closing credits, and often an "eyecatch", a very short scene, often humorous or silly, that is used to signal the start or end of the commercial break (as "bumpers" in the United States are used in a similar fashion).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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