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Encyclopedia > Animated feature

First example in a series of three about animation. I, branko, made these and declare them to be in the public domain. The other two are: Image:Animexample2.gif Image:Animexample3.png This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or... Image:Animexample.gif
This animation moves at 10 frames per second.
Second in a series of three about animation. I, branko, made these and declare them to be in the public domain. The other two are: Image:Animexample.gif Image:Animexample3.png This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it... Image:Animexample2.gif
This animation moves at 2 frames per second. At this rate, the individual frames should be discernible.

Animation refers to the technique in which each frame of a For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model (see Claymation is a moviemaking technique created by taking pictures of a clay object. In each picture (frame), the clay object is slightly moved. When the frames are played in succession at a frame rate greater than 16 frames per second, a fairly convincing illusion of smooth movement is created. The... claymation and Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. It requires a motion picture camera that can expose single frames. It works by shooting a single frame, stopping the camera to move the object a little bit, and then taking another photograph. When... stop motion), and then photographing the result. When the frames are strung together and the resulting film is viewed at a speed of 16 or more frames per second, there is an illusion of continuous movement (due to the According to the theory of persistence of vision, the perceptual processes of the brain or the retina of the human eye retains an image for a split second. This theory supposedly accounts for the fact that when a motion picture flashes a series of progressive images, instead of the mind... persistence of vision). Generating such a film is very labour intensive and tedious, though the development of Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. It is a subfield of computer graphics and animation. Increasingly it is created by means of 3D computer graphics, though 2D computer graphics are still widely used. Sometimes the target of the animation is the computer... computer animation has greatly sped up the process.


See also Category:Graphics file formats Here is a summary of the most common graphics file formats: Some file formats, e.g. PDF, allow both raster and vector graphics. This is because the underlying PostScript system of the Portable Document Format is designed to handle both methods of creating graphics... Graphics file formats like GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is a bitmap image format that is widely used on the World Wide Web, both for still images and for animations. The format was introduced in 1987 by CompuServe in order to provide a color image format for their file downloading areas, replacing their earlier RLE... GIF, MNG (pronounced ming) is a public file format for animated images. The name stands for Multiple-image Network Graphics. MNG is closely related to the PNG image format. When PNG development started in early 1995, developers decided not to incorporate support for animation, not least of all because this feature... MNG and Macromedia Flash or Flash is a graphics animation program, written and marketed by Macromedia, that uses vector graphics. The resulting files, called SWF (said like swiff) files, may appear in a web page to view in a web browser, or standalone Flash players may play them. Flash files occur most... Flash allow animation to be viewed on a computer or over the Internet.

Contents

Overview

Animation studios

Animation studios of the past

  • Bray Productions was the dominant animated series studio in the years before World War I. History The studio was founded in December of 1914 by J. R. Bray, perhaps the first first studio entirely devoted to animation, and series animation at that (he was probably beaten a few months earlier... Bray Productions
  • DePatie-Freleng Enterprises (sometimes abbreviated to DFE) was a Hollywood-based animation production company, active from 1963 to 1981. DFE was founded just after the closure of Warner Bros. famed Termite Terrace animation department, by animation veteran Friz Freleng and partner David H. DePatie. Many of the animators who had... DePatie-Freleng Enterprises
  • Filmation was also the name of a technique for isometric graphics in 8-bits video games by Ultimate Play The Game. Filmation Associates was a company that produced cartoons for television during the later half of the 20th century. During a period lasting from the 1960s through the 1980s, the... Filmation
  • Fleischer Studios is an American New York animation company founded by the brothers, Max Fleischer and Dave Fleischer who ran the company from 1921-1942. In its prime, it was the most significant competitor to The Walt Disney Company. Silent Films The company had its start when Max Fleischer invented... Fleischer Studio
  • Grantray-Lawrence Animation was a Canadian animation studio active from 1954 to 1967 and founded by Grant Simmons, Ray Patterson, and Robert Lawrence. This animation company produced numerous low budget television animation productions until it went bankrupt in 1967. Its productions included: Max the 2000-Year-Old Mouse Marvel Super... Grantray-Lawrence Animation
  • Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. is a cartoon animation studio founded by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera that has produced television cartoons for over forty years. Founding Hanna and Barbera were first teamed together while working at the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer animation studio in 1939... Hanna-Barbera Productions (now Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna_Barbera Cartoons, Inc. is a cartoon animation studio founded by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera that has produced television cartoons for over forty years. Founding Hanna and Barbera were first teamed together while working at the Metro_Goldwyn_Mayer animation studio in 1939. Their first directorial... Cartoon Network Studios)
  • For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. Its principal subsidiaries are MGM (Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios), United Artists Corporation, and Orion Pictures Corporation. It was... Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
  • Rankin-Bass (aka Videocraft International) is an American production company known for its seasonal television specials. The company origins The company was founded by Arthur Rankin Jr. and Jules Bass in the early 1960s as Videocraft International. One of R/Bs first projects was an independently produced series based... Rankin-Bass
  • The Studio Soyuzmultfilm is the most important Soviet animation film studio, founded in 1935 under the name of Soyuzdetmultfilm. Since 1936, it is called by its present name. It was the home to many famous animation directors and artists of the Soviet Union, such as: Aleksandr Ptushko Ivan Ivanov-Vano... Soyuzmultfilm
  • Termite Terrace is the nickname for the old building in Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA where Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies were first created. It also became a metonym for the classic Warner Bros. animation department in general, even for years after the building was abandoned, condemned and... Termite Terrace, a/k/a Warner Bros. Cartoons (now known as Warner Brothers Animation)
  • The legacy of the United Productions of America animation studio, better known as UPA, has largely been forgotten in the wake of the animation renaissance of the 1990s; it has been overshadowed by the commercialization of Warner Bros. and Disneys vast cartoon libraries. But the effect of UPA upon... UPA
  • Van Beuren Studios was an animation studio that produced theatrical cartoons from 1930-1936. Popular cartoon series from Van Beuren were: Cubby Bear Tom & Jerry (later renamed Dick & Larry in the 1950s) External links Full list of Van Beuren cartoons from the Big Cartoon Database Categories: Stub | Animation... Van Beuren Studios
  • Walter Lantz Studio was an American animation studio. It was in operation in from 1929 to 1972 and was the principal supplier of animation for Universal Studios, now part of the media conglomerate NBC Universal. The studio was formed originally as Universal Studio Cartoons on the initative of Universal movie... Walter Lantz Studio

Animation studios of the present era

  • Aardman Animations is a British stop motion animation studio founded by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972. Nick Park joined Aardman in 1986, bringing his creations Wallace and Gromit with him. The company is based in Bristol and is the centre of a sizeable animation and film special effects... Aardman Animation
  • To banjax something means to break, damage or ruin it (Irish derivation) To be banjaxed is to be totally defeated or broken (Irish usage, mainly, popularised by Terry Wogan) Banjax was established by Darryl Collins, Richard Morss and Alastair McIlwain in December 2001. The Banjax group is registered in the... Banjax
  • Cinar
  • DiC Entertainment (pronounced deek) is a film production company which was created in 1971 by Jean Chalopin in Paris, France. DiC is known for animated programmes such as: Action Man Captain Planet and the Planeteers (co-produced with Ted Turners TBS Productions) Dennis The Menace Gadget Boy & Heather... DiC Entertainment
  • DreamWorks Animation - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ DreamWorks Animation From Wikipedia DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. ( NASDAQ: DWA) is an American producer of animated films and television series, previously its division of DreamWorks SKG. It was spun-off into a... DreamWorks Animation SKG
  • DPS Film Roman is an independent animation company based in Los Angeles, California. In addition to its own productions, it currently produces the animation for the animated series The Simpsons and King of the Hill. Film Roman has also produced visual effects for many feature films. The company was founded... DPS Film Roman
  • Folimage is a French animation company, based in Valence, France. Their best-known films are: Short length: Le moine et le poisson (The Monk and the Fish, 1994), directed by Michaël Dudok De Wit. IMDB Na kraju zemli (Au bout du monde in French, At the Ends of the... Folimage
  • Gainax (pronounced guy-nax) is a Japanese anime studio most famous for the television series Neon Genesis Evangelion. Gainax is known for its commitment to experimental anime and twisting the conventions of typical anime genres. At the same time, Gainax has become infamous for some significant production and budget problems... Gainax
  • For the Muppet, see Gonzo (muppet). For the Japanese animation studio, see GONZO. The Gonzo Brand logo. The Gonzo hand is a two-thumbed fist clutching a peyote button. Gonzo is a style of reportage or film making where the reporter or filmmaker is intrinsically enmeshed with the action (rather... GONZO
  • Klasky Csupo Inc. is a multimedia entertainment production company located in Los Angeles, California, founded by artist/producer Arlene Klasky and master animator Gabor Csupo. Although the company is most famous for its animated cartoons for Nickelodeon, such as Rugrats, Rocket Power, and The Wild Thornberrys, Klasky Csupo also produced... Klasky Csupo Inc.
  • Madhouse Production is a Japanese animation studio. It has created and helped to produce many well known shows, including Trigun and the film Perfect Blue. The studio is also known/credited as Madhouse Studios or Studios Madhouse. Productions They have produced/co-produced: Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi Ace wo Nerae... Madhouse Production
  • Mainframe Entertainment is a Canadian computer animation and design company based in Vancouver, Canada and Los Angeles, California. It produces childrens computer generated animation series. Productions include: ReBoot Transformers Beast Wars Shadow Raiders/War Planets Weird-Ohs Transformers Beast Machines Spider-man Action Man Heavy Gear Max Steel... Mainframe Entertainment
  • Marathon Studios
  • Toronto offices for the National Film Board of Canada The National Film Board of Canada (or NFB) is a Canadian public film-making organization organized to both fund and produce films that educate Canadians and promote Canada around the world. Its French-language wing is known as the Office national... National Film Board of Canada
  • Nelvana is a Canadian company that produces childrens animation and other series. It is named after a Canadian superheroine. It is now part of Corus Entertainment. List of TV Shows & Specials Ace Ventura Anatole The Ark Babar The Backyardigans Beetlejuice The Berenstein Bears Beyblade Birdz Blake & Mortimer... Nelvana
  • PannóniaFilm
  • Pixars logo and mascot Luxo, Jr., part of the animated opening logo sequence of Pixar movies. Pixar Animation Studios (NASDAQ: PIXR) is an award-winning computer generated imagery (CGI) animation firm based in Emeryville, California (USA). Specializing in high-end computer graphics technology, Pixar is the developer of the... Pixar
  • Rhythm and Hues
  • Smallfilms was a partnership between Oliver Postgate (writer and narrator) and Peter Firmin (modelmaker and animator). As Smallfilms they made a number of classic British animated childrens television programmes, including: Noggin the Nog Pogles Wood The Clangers Bagpuss Ivor the Engine Pingwings The name Smallfilms is appropriate in a... Smallfilms
  • SAF could mean Service Availability Forum in computing (External link) Singapore Armed Forces Slovenian Armed Forces South Asian Federation Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen (Swedish Employers Association), a former Swedish organization, now part of Confederation of Swedish Enterprise (Svenskt Näringsliv) ŠAF or Škola Animiranog Filma, school of animation in... ŠAF
  • Spümcø International is a U.S. cartoon animation studio based in North Hollywood, California. It was founded in 1991 by Canadian animator John Kricfalusi and partner Jim Smith. The Ren and Stimpy cartoons claim that Spümcø (or spum) is the Danish word for quality, but no such word... Spumco
  • Sony Pictures Animation
  • Studio 4°C is a Japanese animation studio founded by Koji Morimoto, Eiko Tanaka, and Yoshiharu Sato in 1986. The name comes from the temperature at which water is at its most dense. They are known marrying the spirit of independent festival animation with a more mainstream anime aesthetic... Studio 4°C
  • A life-size model of a robot from the animation Laputa on top of the Ghibli Museum in Mitaka, Tokyo Studio Ghibli (スタジオジブリ) is a Japanese animation film studio. Its anime films have been provocative, imaginative and emotional and largely praised all over the... Studio Ghibli
  • Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) is the animation studio that makes up a key element of The Walt Disney Company. The Feature Animation studio was an integrated part of Walt Disney Productions from 1934 (the start of production on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs) until 1986, when, during the... Walt Disney Feature Animation
  • Williams Street Studios produces the animated series Aqua Teen Hunger Force, The Brak Show, Harvey Birdman, Attorney At Law, Sealab 2021 and Space Ghost: Coast to Coast. These shows air on Cartoon Network as part of the Adult Swim block of programming. The studio is a division of Cartoon Network... Williams Street Studios
  • Zagreb Film is a Croatian film-producing company from Zagreb, founded in 1953. They have produced hundreds of animated films, documentaries, television commercials, educational films and several feature films. Their probably most famous product was the cartoon series Professor Balthazar (Profesor Baltazar) about an amusing professor who solved various imaginative... Zagreb Film

Styles of animation

  • Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. In a traditionally-animated cartoon, each frame is drawn by hand. The traditional animation process Storyboards Traditionally-animated productions, just like other forms of animation, usually begin life... Traditional animation
  • A rotoscope is a device that enables animators to trace live action movement, frame by frame, for use in animation. It might be called a clumsy forerunner to digital motion capture. The device was invented by Max Fleischer, who used it in his series Out of the Inkwell starting around... Rotoscoping
  • Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. It is a subfield of computer graphics and animation. Increasingly it is created by means of 3D computer graphics, though 2D computer graphics are still widely used. Sometimes the target of the animation is the computer... Computer animation
  • Cutout animation is a technique for producing animations using flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from materials such as paper, card, stiff fabric or even photographs. Today, cutout-style animation is often produced using computers, with scanned images or vector graphics taking the place of physically cut materials. Animated shows... Cutout animation
  • Scanimate is the name for an analog computer animation system developed from the late 1960s to the early 1980s. The Scanimate systems were used to produce much of the video-based animation seen on television between the late 1970s and early 1980s in commercials, promotions, and show openings. It also... Analog computer animation
  • Motion capture, or mocap, is a technique of digitally recording the movements of real things — usually humans — it originally developed as an analysis tool in biomechanics research, but has grown increasingly important as a source of motion data for computer animation. In this application, it has been widely... Motion capture
  • Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. It requires a motion picture camera that can expose single frames. It works by shooting a single frame, stopping the camera to move the object a little bit, and then taking another photograph. When... Stop-motion animation
    • Claymation is a moviemaking technique created by taking pictures of a clay object. In each picture (frame), the clay object is slightly moved. When the frames are played in succession at a frame rate greater than 16 frames per second, a fairly convincing illusion of smooth movement is created. The... claymation
    • Pixilation (from pixilated) is a technique where real actors are used in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. Thus the actor becomes a kind of living stop motion puppet. The first film to... Pixilation
    • Puppet animation
  • Limited animation is a process of making animated cartoons that does not follow a realistic approach. The short cartoons and feature films of Walt Disney from the 1930s and 1940s are widely acclaimed for depicting animated simulations of reality, with exquisite detail in every frame. However, this style of animation... Limited animation
  • Pinscreen animation makes use of a screen filled with movable pins, which can be moved in or out by pressing an object onto the screen.The screen is lit from the side so that the pins cast shadows. The technique has been used to create animated films with a range... Pinscreen animation
  • Drawn on film animation is an animation technique where footage is produced by creating the images directly on filmstock, as opposed to cel animation where the images are created on separate sheets of plastic before being photographed onto filmstock. The most famous practictioner of drawn on film animation is Norman... Drawn on film animation

See also: An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. A note on usage: The duration of an individual episode varies from series to series. While some series may be produced as complete half hour programs, many cartoons are produced as short subjects of 15... Animated series, Still from the movie Ghost in the Shell (1995) This article is about Japanese animation. For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). Anime (アニメ) is Japanese animation, often characterized by stylized colorful images depicting vibrant characters in a variety of different settings and storylines, aimed at a... Anime (Japanese animation), A film genre is a rough categorization of films into genres, which describe the typical subject matter—what the film is about: Western films are about the American West, love stories are about love, and so on. This is distinct from film styles, which describe filmic conventions which can... List of movie genres


Techniques

  • Character animation - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Character animation From Wikipedia Character animation is a special aspect of the animation process, in which life is breathed into an artificial character. One of the most difficult aspects of both the... Character animation
  • Special effects animation (or simply effects animation) is a specialization of the traditional animation and computer animation processes. Anything that moves in an animated film and is not a character (who are handeled by character animators) is considered a special effect, and is left up to the special effects animators... Special effects animation
  • Onion skinning is a 2D computer graphics term for a technique used in creating animated cartoons and editing movies to see several frames at once. This way, the animator or editor can take decisions on how to create or change an image based on the previous image in the sequence... Onion skinning
  • Categories: Computer and video game stubs | Computer graphics ... Cel shading

External links

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. Start the Commons-trans 135px ohne text.png article. Search for Commons-trans 135px ohne text.png in other articles. Look for Commons-trans 135px ohne text.png in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project. Look for Commons-trans 135px ohne... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Files uploaded to this repository can be used as local files by other projects on the Wikimedia servers, including Wikipedia, Wikibooks and Wikinews... Wikimedia Commons has more images and possibly other types of media related to: Animation
  • The Animation Department of the National Film and Television School UK  (http://www.nftsanimation.org)
  • Animation Nation - a forum for professional animators (http://www.animationnation.com)
  • Chronology of Animation (http://www.public.iastate.edu/~rllew/chronint.html)
  • Animation links collection (http://www.public.iastate.edu/~rllew/animelinks.html)
  • Zagreb Film (http://www.fh-wuerzburg.de/petzke/zagreb.html)
  • SAF (http://www.safcakovec.com/), The town of Čakovec, (Hungarian: Csáktornya), Croatia, (latitude 46.38 N, longitude 16.43 E, altitude 164m) is the seat of Medjimurje (Medjimurska zupanija), located near the Trnava river in a region well known for its vineyards, agriculture, and hunting grounds, between the rivers Mura and Drava. The... Čakovec school of animation
  • Animation Directory (http://www.dmoz.org/Arts/Animation/)
  • Don Markenstein's Toonopedia (http://www.toonopedia.com)
  • Big Cartoon Database (http://www.bcdb.com/)
  • Golden Age of Cartoons (http://www.goldenagecartoons.com/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Animated cartoon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1553 words)
An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one).
The earliest surviving animated feature film is Lotte Reiniger's The Adventures of Prince Achmed, made in the Weimar Republic in 1926.
The legendary animation director Tex Avery was the producer of the first Raid "Kills Bugs Dead" commercials in 1966, which were very successful for the company.
Encyclopedia4U - Academy Award for Best Animated Feature - Encyclopedia Article (417 words)
The Academy Awards are the oldest awards given to achievements in film; the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was given the first time for the 2001 film year.
The rules say that the award will only be awarded to one of three nominees in a year that has 8 or more animated features opening theatrically in Los Angeles.
People in the Animation industry and fandom expressed hope that the prestige from this award and the resulting boost to the box office will encourage the increased production of animated features.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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