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Encyclopedia > Animated cartoon

An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). This article is not about animated films in general, but only about ones which follow the above definition. Although cartoons can use many different types of animation, they all fall under the traditional animation category.' Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of animation

Early examples of attempts to capture the phenomenon of motion into a still drawing can be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple legs in superimposed positions, clearly attempting to convey the perception of motion. // The Magic Lantern was classed as the ancestor of the modern day projector. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... {Cave or Rock Paintings are paintings on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. ...


The phenakistoscope, zoetrope and praxinoscope, as well as the common flip book, were early animation devices to produce movement from sequential drawings using technological means, but animation did not really develop much further until the advent of motion picture film. A phenakistoscope disc by Eadweard Muybridge (1893). ... A modern replica of a Victorian zoetrope. ... The Praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope. ... A flip book is a book with a series of pictures varying gradually from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appear to animate, simulating motion or some other change. ... This article is about motion pictures. ...


The first animated cartoon (in the traditional sense, i.e. on film) was "Fantasmagorie" by the French director Émile Cohl. Released in 1908. Émile Cohl (January 4, 1857 - January 20, 1938), born Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, was a French caricaturist of the largely-forgotten Incoherent movement, cartoonist, and animator, called The Father of the Animated Cartoon and The Oldest Parisian. The Courtet family has been traced back to the 10th century...


One of the very first successful animated cartoons was "Gertie the Dinosaur" by Winsor McCay. It is considered the first example of true character animation. Gertie the Dinosaur is a 1914 short animated film by Winsor McCay that inspired many generations of animators to bring their cartoons to life. ... Winsor McCay Winsor McCay (September 26, 1867(?) – July 26, 1934) was a prolific artist and pioneer in the art of comic strips and animation. ... Character animation is a special aspect of the animation process, in which life is breathed into an artificial character. ...

Further information: Animation in the United States during the silent era

In the 1930s to 1960s, theatrical cartoons were produced in huge numbers, and usually shown before a feature film in a movie theater. MGM, Disney, Paramount and Warner Brothers were the largest studios producing these 5 to 10-minute "shorts". Felix the Cat in Felix Woos Whoopee (1930). ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States). ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Old logo from 1985-2006 Walt Disney Pictures refers to several different entities associated with The Walt Disney Company: Walt Disney Pictures, the film banner, was established as a designation in 1983, prior to which Disney films since the death of Walt Disney were released under the name of the... Look up Paramount on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Paramount can refer to: Paramount, California, a city in Los Angeles County Paramount Pictures, a motion picture company Paramount Records, a record label United Paramount Network (UPN), a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc. ... Warner Bros. ...

Further information: Hollywood Animation: The Golden Age

Competition from television drew audiences away from movie theaters in the late 1950s, and the theatrical cartoon began its decline. Today, animated cartoons are produced mostly for television. The 1930s and 1940s During the Great Depression of the 1930s in America, the popularity of the cinema led to a corresponding rise in popularity of animated shorts. ...


Technologies

A horse animated by rotoscoping from Edweard Muybridge's 19th century photos. The animation consists of 8 drawings, which are "looped", i.e. repeated over and over.

The advent of film technology opened opportunities to develop the art of animation. The basic animation process is described in the article Animation, and the classic, hand-drawn technology in Traditional animation. Image File history File links Animhorse. ... Image File history File links Animhorse. ... Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which animators trace over live-action film movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... The Horse in Motion Eadweard Muybridge (April 9, 1830 – May 8, 1904) was a British-born photographer, known primarily for his early use of multiple cameras to capture motion. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ...


At first, animated cartoons were black-and-white and silent. Felix the cat is a notable example. Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... The famous Felix pace as seen in Oceantics (1930) Felix the Cat is a cartoon character from the silent-film era. ...


The first cartoon with synchronized sound is often identified as Walt Disney's Steamboat Willie, starring Mickey Mouse in 1928, but Max Fleischer's 1926 My Old Kentucky Home is less popularly but more correctly credited with this innovation. Fleischer also patented rotoscoping, whereby animation could be traced from a live action film. 1902 poster advertising Gaumonts sound films, depicting an optimistically vast auditorium A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Steamboat Willie (1928) is an animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ... Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883–September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... My Old Kentucky Home, originally released on April 13, 1926, by Max Fleischers Out of the Inkwell Films company, was one of the Song Car-Tunes series. ... Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which animators trace over live-action film movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ...


With the advent of sound film, musical themes were often used. Animated characters usually performed the action in "loops", i.e., drawings were repeated over and over, synchronized with the music. Synchronization is coordination with respect to time. ...


Disney also produced the first full-color cartoon in Technicolor, "Flowers and Trees", in 1931, although other producers had earlier made films using inferior, 2-color processes instead of the 3-color process offered by Technicolor. Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... Flowers and Trees was the first animated cartoon to be produced in the full-color three-strip Technicolor process. ...


Later, other movie technologies were adapted for use in animation, such as multiplane cameras, stereophonic sound in Disney's Fantasia in 1941, and later, widescreen processes (e.g. CinemaScope), and even 3D. A multiplane camera built by an animation hobbyist in 1972. ... Label for 2. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, produced by Walt Disney and first released on November 13, 1940 in the United States. ... A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... In film, the term 3-D (or 3D) is used to describe any visual presentation system that attempts to maintain or recreate moving images of the third dimension, the illusion of depth as seen by the viewer. ...


Today, animation is commonly produced with computers, giving the animator new tools not available in hand-drawn traditional animation. See Computer animation for further information of the specific technologies. However, many types of animation cannot be called "cartoons", which implies something that resembles drawings. Most forms of 3D computer animation, as well as clay animation and other forms of stop motion filming, are not cartoons in the strict sense of the word. This article is about the machine. ... An animator is an artist who creates multiple images called frames that form an illusion of movement called animation when rapidly displayed. ... Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ... 3D computer graphics (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that utilize a three-dimensional representation of geometric data that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images. ... Clay animation is one of many forms of stop motion animation; specifically, it is the form where each animated piece, either character or background, is deformable, i. ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ...


An animated cartoon created using Adobe Flash is sometimes called a webtoon. Adobe Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both the Adobe Flash Player, and to the Adobe Flash Professional multimedia authoring program. ... A webtoon is an online cartoon, often in a series. ...


Feature films

The name "animated cartoon" is generally not used when referring to full-length animated productions, since the term more or less implies a "short". This section will focus on traditionally-animated feature films which would have been called cartoons had they had a shorter running time. Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ...


The first feature-length animated film (of any type) was Quirino Cristiani's traditionally-animated El Apóstol, made in 1917 in Argentina to resounding critical acclaim and popular success.[1] That film is now lost, as is Cristiani's Sin dejar rastros, released a year later. The earliest surviving animated feature film is Lotte Reiniger's The Adventures of Prince Achmed, made in the Weimar Republic in 1926. It used intricate black paper cut-outs and scenes were tinted in various colours. However, it cannot be called a "cartoon" because it used a type of 2D stop motion animation. The first animated feature film with synchronized sound was Cristiani's 1931 traditionally-animated Peludòpolis, which is also lost. A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Quirino Cristiani (July 2, 1896 - August 2, 1984) was an Argentine animation director and cartoonist, responsible for the worlds first two animated feature films as well as the first animated feature film with sound. ... See also: 1916 in film 1917 1918 in film years in film film Events Technicolor is introduced Top grossing films Cleopatra Movies released Movies released in 1917 include: The Adventurer, a Charlie Chaplin short. ... Charlotte Reiniger (June 2, 1899 - June 19, 1981) was a German and later British silhouette animator. ... The Adventures of Prince Achmed (German: ) (Arabic: ‎) is a 1926 feature-length animated film by the German animator Lotte Reiniger. ... Anthem Das Lied der Deutschen Germany during the Weimar period, with the Free State of Prussia (in blue) as the largest state Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1918-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann(first)  - 1933 Kurt von Schleicher (last) Legislature... // August - Warner Brothers debuts the first Vitaphone film, Don Juan. ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ... // Frankenstein, starring Boris Karloff Ingagi, starring Sir Hubert Winstead Mata Hari, starring Greta Garbo and Lionel Barrymore City Lights starring Charles Chaplin Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde starring Fredric March Best Picture: Cimarron - MGM Best Actor: Lionel Barrymore - A Free Soul Best Actor: Wallace Beery - The Champ Best Actor: Fredric...


Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (released in 1937) is the first animated feature film to use a Technicolor process and the first to go into worldwide release. To date, Disney has produced 44 "Classic" hand-drawn animated features. For a while it appeared that no more would be produced, since the studio had closed all its facilities for this type of animation (choosing instead to make only computer-animated features). However, there have been recent news that John Lasseter, the new head of Disney (who was formerly head of Pixar) is attempting to revive the studio's 2-D wing, and has approved to upcoming feature The Frog Princess to be made using traditional animation. [1] Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 animated feature, the first produced by Walt Disney. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... This is a list of theatrical animated feature films produced and/or released by Walt Disney Productions/The Walt Disney Company: // The following is a list of the forty-nine feature films that are part of the Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) canon, also known as the Walt Disney Animated... John A. Lasseter (born January 12, 1957 in Hollywood, California) is an Academy Award-winning American animator and the chief creative officer at Pixar Animation Studios and Walt Disney Feature Animation. ... Pixars studio lot in Emeryville Pixar Animation Studios is an American computer animation studio based in Emeryville, California (USA) notable for its seven Academy Awards. ...


Other studios also produced huge numbers of animated features; a list of those released in the United States can be found here.

See also: List of animated feature films

This is a list of animated feature-length films from around the world organised chronologically by year; theatrical releases as well as made-for-TV and direct-to-video movies. ...

Notable artists and producers

Further information: Animation

Frederick Bean Fred/Tex Avery (February 26, 1908 – August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. ... Ralph Bakshi (October 29, 1938) is an American director of animated and occasionally live-action films. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Quirino Cristiani (July 2, 1896 - August 2, 1984) was an Argentine animation director and cartoonist, responsible for the worlds first two animated feature films as well as the first animated feature film with sound. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883–September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... Paul Grimault was one of the most important French animators. ... Ivan Ivanov-Vano (January 27, 1900, Moscow – March 25, 1987, Moscow) was a Soviet animator and Russian animation director, sometimes called the Patriarch of Soviet animation. Ivanov-Vano was a laureate of numerous festivals, and a professor at VGIK. Categories: | | | | | | | | ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... Walter Lantz in 1983, with painting of Woody Woodpecker Walter Lantz (April 27, 1900 – March 22, 1994) was an American cartoonist and animator, best known for founding the Walter Lantz Studio and creating Woody Woodpecker. ... Hayao Miyazaki ) (born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is the prominent director of many popular animated feature films. ... Robert Emerson Bob Clampett (May 8, 1913–May 4, 1984) was an American animator, producer, director, and puppeteer best known for his work on the Looney Tunes series of cartoons from Warner Bros. ... John Kricfalusi (born Michael John Kricfalusi on September 9, 1955 in Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada) is an Emmy-nominated Canadian animator, better known as John K. He is creator of The Ren & Stimpy Show and The Ripping Friends animated series, The Goddamn George Liquor Program, the first animated series made using... Joe Murray (born May 3, 1961 in San Jose, California) is an Emmy-nominated animator, best known as the creator of Rockos Modern Life and Camp Lazlo // As a young adult, Joe Murray was a was hired as a designer at an agency. ... J. Troplong Jay Ward (September 20, 1920–October 12, 1989) was a creator and producer of animated television cartoons. ... Frederick C. Quimby (November 14, 1883 - September 16, 1965) was the producer of the MGM animated cartoon division, which most notably included the Tom and Jerry team of William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ...

Television

American television animation of the 1950s featured quite limited animation styles, highlighted by the work of Jay Ward on Crusader Rabbit. Chuck Jones coined the term "illustrated radio" to refer to the shoddy style of most television cartoons that depended more on their soundtracks than visuals. Other notable 1950s programs include UPA's Gerald McBoing Boing, Hanna-Barbera's Huckleberry Hound and Quick Draw McGraw, and rebroadcast of many classic theatrical cartoons from Warner Brothers, MGM, and Disney Limited animation is a process of making animated cartoons that does not follow a realistic approach. ... J. Troplong Jay Ward (September 20, 1920–October 12, 1989) was a creator and producer of animated television cartoons. ... Crusader Rabbit and his friend, Rags the Tiger Crusader Rabbit was the first animated series produced especially for television. ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... The abbreviation UPA has several meanings: United Productions of America, USA-based animation studio Ukrayinska Povstanska Armia (Ukrainian Insurgent Army), a Ukrainian nationalist partisan organization during and after the World War II Uralic Phonetic Alphabet United Progressive Alliance A political coalition ruling India, as of 2005 University Preparatory Academy of... Gerald McBoing-Boing is a 1951 animated short film about a little boy who can only speak in sound effects. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... Huckleberry Hound Huckleberry Huck Hound is a fictional cartoon character created by Hanna-Barbera, and the star of the late 1950s animated series The Huckleberry Hound Show, Hanna-Barberas second series made for television after The Ruff & Reddy Show. ... El Kabong redirects here. ... Warner Bros. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ...


Hanna-Barbera's show, The Flintstones was the first successful primetime animated series in the United States, running from 1960-66 (and in reruns since). While many networks followed the show's success by scheduling other primetime cartoons in the early 1960s, including The Jetsons, Top Cat, and The Alvin Show, none of these programs survived more than a year in primetime. However, networks found success by running these failed shows as Saturday morning cartoons, reaching smaller audiences with more demographic unity among children. Television animation for children flourished on Saturday morning, on cable channels like Nickelodeon and Cartoon Network, and in syndicated afternoon timeslots. Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... The Flintstones is an American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ... PrimeTime is a television newsmagazine from ABC News. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ... The Jetsons is an animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ... Top Cat (also known for several decades as Boss Cat in the United Kingdom) was a Hanna-Barbera prime-time American animated television series which ran from September 27, 1961 to April 18, 1962 for two series of 30 episodes on the ABC network on Wednesdays and continues to be... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Saturday morning cartoon is the colloquial term for the typical television animation programming that was typically scheduled on Saturday mornings on the major American television networks since the mid 1960s. ... This article is about the TV channel. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ...


Primetime cartoons were virtually non-existent until 1990s hit The Simpsons ushered in a new era of adult animation. Simpsons redirects here. ... Adult animation is animation that is targeted at adults. ...


Commercial animation

A frame from an animated cartoon, a Finnish TV commercial for Raid
A frame from an animated cartoon, a Finnish TV commercial for Raid

Animation has been very popular in television commercials, both due to its graphic appeal, and the humor it can provide. Some animated characters in commercials have survived for decades, such as Snap, Crackle and Pop in advertisements for Kellogg's cereals. Image File history File links Raidcartoon. ... Image File history File links Raidcartoon. ... Image:RAID ant and roach. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Snap, Crackle and Pop as they are portrayed in Australia and New Zealand today Snap, Crackle and Pop! are the cartoon mascots of Kelloggs breakfast cereal Rice Krispies (Rice Bubbles in Australia). ... For other things with Kellogg in the name, see Kellogg (disambiguation). ...


The legendary animation director Tex Avery was the producer of the first Raid "Kills Bugs Dead" commercials in 1966, which were very successful for the company. The concept has been used in many countries since. Frederick Bean Fred/Tex Avery (February 26, 1908 – August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. ... Image:RAID ant and roach. ... Raid is a brand name insecticide produced by SC Johnson, first launched in 1956. ...


Genres of animated cartoons

Funny animals

The first animated cartoons often depicted funny animals in various adventures. This was the mainstream genre in the United States from the early 1900s until the 1940s, and the backbone of Disney's series of cartoons. Funny animal is a slang term used to describe a genre of cartoons and comics in which the main characters are anthropomorphic animals. ... Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ...


Zany humor

Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck of Warner Brothers, and the various films of Tex Avery at MGM introduced this popular form of animated cartoons. It usually involves surreal acts such as characters being crushed by massive boulders or going over the edge of a cliff but floating in mid air for a few seconds. The Road Runner cartoons are great examples of these actions. The article Cartoon physics describes typical antics of zany cartoon characters. Bugs Bunny is an Academy Award-winning animated rabbit who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Brothers Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. ... Warner Bros. ... Frederick Bean Fred/Tex Avery (February 26, 1908 – August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... A cow standing on a pole. ... “Road Runner” redirects here. ... Cartoon physics is a joking reference to the fact that animation allows regular laws of physics to be ignored in humorous ways for dramatic effects. ...


Sophistication

As the medium matured, more sophistication was introduced, albeit keeping the humorous touch. Classical music was often spoofed, a notable example is "What's Opera, Doc" by Chuck Jones. European animation sometimes followed a very different path from American animation. In the Soviet Union, the late 1930s saw the enforcement of socialist realism in animation, a style which lasted throughout the Stalinist era. The animations themselves were mostly for kids, and based on traditional fairy tales. Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... A still from Whats Opera, Doc?. Whats Opera, Doc? is a 1957 short animated film directed by Chuck Jones in which Elmer Fudd chases Bugs Bunny through a six-minute operatic production of Wagners Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung). ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314...


Limited animation

In the 1950s, UPA and other studios refined the art aspects of animation, by using extremely limited animation as a means of expression. United Productions of America, better known as UPA, was an animation studio of the 1940s through 1970s, and a distributor of Japanese films from Toho Studios from the 1970s onward. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Limited animation is a process of making animated cartoons that does not follow a realistic approach. ...


Modernism

Graphic styles continued to change in the late 1950s and 1960s. At this point, the design of the characters became more angular, while the quality of the character animation declined. Character animation is a special aspect of the animation process, in which life is breathed into an artificial character. ...


Animated music videos

Popular with the advent of MTV and similar music channels, music videos often contain animation, sometimes rotoscoped (see: Take on Me), i.e., based on live action performers. Cartoons animated to music go at least as far back as Disney's 1929 The Skeleton Dance. These are now popular with the animated band Gorillaz. This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which animators trace over live-action film movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... Take on Me is a song by the Norwegian band a-ha. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... See also: 1928 in film 1929 1930 in film 1920s in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events The days of the silent film were numbered. ... The Skeleton Dance is a 1929 Silly Symphonies cartoon produced and directed by Walt Disney and animated by Ub Iwerks. ... For the Gorillazs self-titled debut album, see Gorillaz (album). ...


Trivia

  • An episode of Disney Cartoon series hero Bonkers has Bonkers and Friends saving an old fashioned hand-drawn cartoon studio. Ironically about 10 years after this episode, Disney changed from hand drawn to computer animation.

It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Bonkers (character), accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ...

See also

The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... For the band, see Cartoons (band). ... A hand-drawn sketch created using a Tablet PC or digitizing tablet like Wacom to create improvised progressive line sketches which are captured to video. ... Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ... Pinscreen animation makes use of a screen filled with movable pins, which can be moved in or out by pressing an object onto the screen. ...

References

  1. ^ Quirino Cristiani, The Untold Story of Argentina's Pioneer Animator. AWN Magazine Article. Retrieved on April 27, 2006.

Further reading

  • Barrier, J. Michael. Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-19-503759-6
  • Bendazzi, Giannalberto. Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-253-20937-4
  • Stabile, Carol, and Mark Harrison, eds. Prime Time Animation: Television Animation and American Culture. London: Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415-28326-4

External links

  • The making of an animated cartoon
  • Chronology of animation
  • Complete list of Soviet animated cartoons (in English, with descriptions. Also includes cartoons from all of the countries that the Soviet Union split up into)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Animated cartoon information - Search.com (1362 words)
An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) moving picture for the cinema, TV or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one).
The phenakistoscope, zoetrope and praxinoscope, as well as the common flip book, were early animation devices to produce movement in drawings using technological means, but animation did not really develop much further until the advent of motion picture film.
The legendary animation director Tex Avery was the producer of the first Raid "Kills Bugs Dead" commercials in 1966, which were very successful for the company.
Animated cartoon Information (1527 words)
An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) moving picture for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one).
Primetime cartoons were virtually non-existent until 1990's hit The Simpsons ushered in a new era of adult animation.
The legendary animation director Tex Avery was the producer of the first Raid "Kills Bugs Dead" commercials in 1966, which were very successful for the company.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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