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Encyclopedia > Animal glue

An animal glue is an adhesive that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue. These protein colloid glues are formed through hydrolysis of the collagen from skins, bones, tendons, and other tissues, similar to gelatin. The word "collagen" itself derives from Greek kolla, glue. An adhesive is a compound that adheres or bonds two items together. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anenomes) Placozoa (trichoplax) Subregnum Bilateria (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Connective tissue is any type of biological tissue with an extensive extracellular matrix and often serves to support, bind together, and protect organs. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... In general, a colloid or colloidal dispersion is a two-phase system of matter; a type of mixture intermediate between homogeneous mixtures and heterogeneous mixtures. ... Hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a molecule is cleaved into two parts by the addition of a molecule of water. ... Collagen triple helix. ... Gelatin (also gelatine) is a translucent brittle solid substance, colorless or slightly yellow, nearly tasteless and odorless, which is created by prolonged boiling of animal skin and connective tissue. ...


Stereotypically, the animal in question is a horse, and horses that are euthanized are often said to have been sent to the glue factory. In fact, animal glue is produced from a variety of different animal species besides Equus caballus. Stereotypes are considered to be a group concept, held by one social group about another. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the seven modern species of the genus Equus. ...

Contents


Types

Specific types include hide glue, bone glue, fish glue, rabbit skin glue.


Hide glue was the most common woodworking glue for thousands of years until the advent of synthetic glues such as PVA and other resin glues in the 20th century. Hide glue needs to be melted and applied warm, heated in a glue pot. It is still extensively used in lutherie and antique restoration. A version that does not need to be heated, known as liquid hide glue, is also available. Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures. ... Polyvinyl acetate or PVA is a rubbery synthetic polymer. ... A luthier is someone who is capable of crafting and repairing all types of stringed instruments. ...


History

Nearly 5,000 years ago, the Egyptians were using hide glue for their furniture adhesive. This is proven by hairs found in Pharaoh's tombs and by stone carvings depicting the process of gluing different woods. Evidence exists that the Sumerians also used glue before the Egyptians did. Furniture is the collective term for the movable objects which support the human body (seating furniture and beds), provide storage, and hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. ... Pharaoh (Hebrew פַּרְעֹה (without niqqud: פרעה), Standard Hebrew Parʿo, Tiberian Hebrew Parʿōh, Arabic فرعون) is a title used to refer to the kings (of godly status) in ancient Egypt. ... A tomb is a small building (or vault) for the remains of the dead, with walls, a roof, and (if it is to be used for more than one corpse) a door. ... Sumer (or Shumer, Sumeria, Shinar, native ki-en-gir) formed the southern part of Mesopotamia from the time of settlement by the Sumerians until the time of Babylonia. ...


See also

An adhesive is a compound that adheres or bonds two items together. ...

References

  • Patrick Spielman (1986). Gluing and Clamping: A Woodworkers's Handbook. Sterling Publishing. ISBN 0-8069-6274-7


 
 

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