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Encyclopedia > Anhui
安徽省
Ānhuī Shěng
Abbreviation(s): 皖 (pinyin: Wǎn)
Anhui is highlighted on this map
Origin of name 安 ān - Anqing
徽 huī - Huizhou (now Huangshan city)
Administration type Province
Capital and
Largest City
Hefei
CPC Anhui Committee Secretary Guo Jinlong 郭金龙
Governor Wang Jinshan 王金山
Area 139,400 km² (22nd)
Population (2004)
 - Density
64,610,000 (8th)
463/km² (9th)
GDP (2004)
 - per capita
CNY 481.3 billion (14th)
CNY 7450 (27th)
Major nationalities (2000) Han - 99%
Hui - 0.6%
Prefecture-level divisions 17
County-level divisions 105
Township-level divisions
(December 31, 2004)
1845
ISO 3166-2 CN-34
Official website:
http://www.ah.gov.cn/
(Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》/ China Statistical Yearbook 2005 ISBN 7503747382

Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》/ Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China ISBN 7105054255

Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: Ānhuī; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the People's Republic of China. It is located in east China, across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River. It borders Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a tiny section in the north. It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... Hanyu pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... Made by uploader based on a large scale map of China by woodhome and hunry of the XZQH forums. ... Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Huangshan (黄山市; pinyin: Huángshān Shì) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... -1... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total areas. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total populations in 2003. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total population density in 2003. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally peoples currency) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product in 2003. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally peoples currency) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product per capita in 2003. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multi-ethnic unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Hanyu Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia Website. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... In the early twentieth century, China (starting with the dying Qing Empire) used Postal (Office) System Pinyin (Traditional Chinese:郵政式拼音 Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì PÄ«nyÄ«n) (unrelated to the modern Hanyu Pinyin), based on Wade-Giles (in particularly, Herbert Giless A Chinese-English Dictionary) for postal purposes, especially for... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. ... Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangxi (Chinese: 江西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsi) is a southern province of the Peoples Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ...


The name "Anhui" derives from the names of two cities in south Anhui, Anqing and Huizhou (now Huangshan City). The abbreviation for Anhui is "Wan", because there were historically a State of Wan, a Mount Wan, and a Wan river in the province. Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Huizhou (Simplified Chinese: 惠州; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Huangshan (黄山市; pinyin: Huángshān Shì) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Contents


History

The province of Anhui was formed in the 17th century. Before then, there was no coherent concept of "Anhui". Northern Anhui was firmly a part of the North China Plain in terms of culture, together with modern-day Henan province. Central Anhui constituted most of the fertile and densely-populated Huai He River watershed. Southern Anhui, along the Yangtze, was closer to Hubei and southern Jiangsu provinces in culture. Finally, the hills of southeastern Anhui formed a unique and distinct cultural sphere of its own. The creation of the province of Anhui has not eroded these distinctions. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The North China Plain (Chinese: 华北平原; pinyin: ) also called the Middle Plain (Chinese: 中原; pinyin: ), is made of the deposits of the Huang He (Yellow River) and is the largest alluvial plain of eastern Asia. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ...


During the Shang Dynasty (16th century BC - 11th century BC) most of Anhui was populated by non-Sinitic peoples known collectively as the Dongyi. King Tang of Shang, the legendary founder of the Shang Dynasty, was said to have put his capital at Bo (亳), in the vicinities of Bozhou in modern northern Anhui. Shang Dynasty (Chinese: 商朝) or Yin Dynasty (殷代) (1600 BC - 1046 BC) is the first historic Chinese dynasty and ruled in the northeastern region of China proper. ... (17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC - other centuries) (1600s BC - 1590s BC - 1580s BC - 1570s BC - 1560s BC - 1550s BC - 1540s BC - 1530s BC - 1520s BC - 1510s BC - 1500s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1700 - 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests... Events 1006 BC - David succeeds Saul the King. ... Han chauvinism (大汉族主义) or Hanism (汉本位) is a highly pejorative term which is used in the Peoples Republic of China to refer to policies and viewpoints which favor the Han Chinese majority ethnic group in China at the expense of the other minority ethnic groups. ... Bozhou (亳州; pinyin: Bózhōu) is a city in northwestern Anhui, China (Bozhou_shi). ...


During the Warring States Period, Shouchun (modern Shou County) in central Anhui became a refugee capital for the state of Chu after its heartlands in modern Hubei province was overrun by the powerful state of Qin in the west, in 278 BC. Qin nevertheless managed to conquer all of China in 221 BC, creating the Qin Dynasty. Alternative meaning: Warring States Period (Japan) The Warring States Period (traditional Chinese: 戰國時代, simplified Chinese: 战国时代 pinyin Zhànguó Shídài) takes place from sometime in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by Qin in 221 BC. It is nominally considered to be the second part of the... State of Chu (small seal script, 220 BC) Chu (楚), originally known as Jing (荆) and then Jingchu (荆楚), was an independent state that existed during Chinas Spring and Autumn period and, subsequently, the Warring States period. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... State of Qin (small seal script, 220 BC) Qin or Chin (Wade-Giles) (秦) (778 BC-207 BC) was a state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods of China. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC - 270s BC - 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 283 BC 282 BC 281 BC 280 BC 279 BC - 278 BC - 277 BC 276 BC 275... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC - 220s BC - 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 226 BC 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC 222 BC - 221 BC - 220 BC 219 BC... The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: 秦朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 207 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ...


Anhui was administered under several different commanderies during the Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty. Near the end of the Han Dynasty Shouchun became the base for the warlord Yuan Shu, who declared himself emperor at one point, but soon succumbed to illness, allowing his small realm to come under the powerful warlord Cao Cao, founder of the Wei Kingdom, one of the Three Kingdoms. Commandry (British English), or commandery (American English), was the smallest division of the European landed estate or manor under the control of a commendator, or commander, of an order of knights. ... The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: 秦朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 207 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝; Simplified Chinese: 汉朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Han Chau; 206 BC–AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝; Simplified Chinese: 汉朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Han Chau; 206 BC–AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... Warlord is a term that refers to one who has de facto (complete) military control of a subnational area, due to a military force which is personally obedient to that warlord. ... Yuan Shu (袁术; style name Gonglu 公路) (?? - 199) was a major warlord of the Later Han Dynasty who rose to prominence following the collapse of the Han court in 189. ... Cao Cao (155 – 220), whose name is also often transliterated and should be correctly pronounced as Tsao Tsao, was a regional warlord and the last Chancellor of Eastern Han Dynasty who rose to great power during the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty in ancient China. ... The Kingdom of Wei (ch. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Simplified Chinese: 三国; Traditional Chinese: 三國; Pinyin Sānguó) is a period in the history of China. ...


The 4th century saw the influx of nomadic tribes from Central Asia into North China. This began several centuries of political division of northern and southern China. Being at the juncture of north and south, the lands conprising modern Anhui changed hands frequently and was usually bisected through the middle politically. The Battle of Feishui, between the Former Qin of the north and the Eastern Jin Dynasty of the south, took place in 383 AD in modern Anhui. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... North China (北方 Hanyu pinyin: Běifāng) and South China (南方 Hanyu pinyin: Nánfāng) are two approximate regions within China. ... Alternative meaning: In geology, North China (continent) and South China (continent) were two ancient landmasses that correspond to modern northern and southern China. ... The Battle of Fei River or Feishui (Traditional Chinese: 淝水之戰; Hanyu Pinyin Féishŭi zhī zhàn) was a battle in 383, where Fu Jian (苻堅) of the Former Qin was decisively defeated by the numerically inferior army of Eastern Jin. ... The Former Qin (Chinese character: 前秦, Hanyu pinyin Qiánqín) (351-394) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Jin Dynasty (晉 pinyin jìn, 265-420) followed the Three Kingdoms and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ... Events January 19 - Arcadius is elevated as Roman Emperor. ...


The Sui Dynasty (581-618) and the Tang Dynasty (618-907) oversaw several centuries of relative peace and unity in China. During this period Anhui was once again ruled under several different jurisdictions. The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: suí cháo, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Events The Sui Dynasty replaces the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the last of the Northern Dynasties in China. ... Events End of the Sui Dynasty and beginning of the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Also the name of a rock band. ... Events End of the Sui Dynasty and beginning of the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ...


During the division of China between the Jin Dynasty in the north and the Southern Song Dynasty in the south, Anhui was once again bisected, this time along the Huai He River. This lasted until Mongol reunification of China in 1279. The Jin Dynasty (金 pinyin: Jīn 1115-1234; Anchu in Jurchen), also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the Wanyan (完顏 Wányán) clan of the Jurchen, the ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing Dynasty some 500 years later. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ...


The Ming Dynasty drove out the Mongols in 1368. Due to a short stint as the capital of China by the city of Nanjing in nearby Jiangsu province, the entirety of Jiangsu and Anhui kept their special status as territory-governed directly by the central government, and were called Nanzhili (南直隸 "Southern directly-governed"). Ming redirects here – for other uses of this term see Ming (disambiguation) The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... Nanjing (Chinese: 南京; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Nan-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Nanking), is the capital of Chinas Jiangsu Province and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ...

A major street in the city of Huainan in northern Anhui.
A major street in the city of Huainan in northern Anhui.

The Manchu Qing Dynasty, which conquered China in 1644, changed this situation by establishing Nanzhili as Jiangnan province; in 1666 Jiangsu and Anhui were split apart as separate provinces. This was the beginning of the contemporary Anhui province, which has since kept almost the same borders as today. The one significant change that occurred was the move of the provincial capital from Anqing to Hefei in 1946. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 402 KB) Street scene from the city of Huainan in Chinas Anhui Province. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 402 KB) Street scene from the city of Huainan in Chinas Anhui Province. ... Huainan (Chinese: 淮南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group who originated in the dong bei or North East region consisting of Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing... Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ...


When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, Anhui was briefly split into two separate administrative regions: Wanbei (North Anhui) and Wannan (South Anhui). They were merged into a province in 1952.


Geography

Anhui is quite diverse topographically. The north of the province is part of the North China Plain while the north-central areas are part of the Huai He River watershed. Both of these regions are very flat and densely populated. The land becomes more uneven further south, with the Dabie Mountains occupying much of southwestern Anhui and a series of hills and ranges cutting through southeastern Anhui. The Yangtze River finds its way through south Anhui in between these two mountainous regions. The highest peak in Anhui is Lotus Peak, part of the Huangshan Mountains in southeastern Anhui. It has an altitude of 1873 m. The North China Plain (Chinese: 华北平原; pinyin: ) also called the Middle Plain (Chinese: 中原; pinyin: ), is made of the deposits of the Huang He (Yellow River) and is the largest alluvial plain of eastern Asia. ... Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. ... position in China The Huang Shan (Chinese: 黄山; pinyin: , literally Yellow Mountain) is a mountain range in southern Anhui province in eastern China. ... The metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ...


Major rivers include the Huai He in the north and the Yangtze in the south. The largest lake is Lake Chaohu in the center of the province, with an area of about 800 km². The southeastern part of the province near the Yangtze River has many lakes as well. Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. ... Lake Chaohu is located in Anhui Province in China. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


As with topography, the province differs in climate from north to south. The north is more temperate and has more clearcut seasons. January temperatures average at around -1 to 2 °C north of the Huai He, and 0 to 3 °C south of the Huai He; in July temperatures average at 27 °C or above. Plum rains occur in June and July and may cause flooding. A degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... A degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Look up July in Wiktionary, the free dictionary July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... A degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Look up June in Wiktionary, the free dictionary June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with a length of 30 days The month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera. ... Look up July in Wiktionary, the free dictionary July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...


Major cities:

Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Huangshan (黄山市; pinyin: Huángshān Shì) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Cities on the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Shanghair Tongling (Simplified Chinese: 铜陵; Traditional Chinese: 銅陵; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tung2-ling2) is a city in Anhui province of China. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: ) is an industrial city on the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ... Huainan (Chinese: 淮南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Bengbu (蚌埠; pinyin: Bàngbù) (Bangbu, Pang-pu or Peng-pu; meaning Clam Wharf or Oyster Quay) is a city in the Anhui Province of China. ... Bozhou (亳州; pinyin: Bózhōu) is a city in northwestern Anhui, China (Bozhou_shi). ...

Administrative divisions

A street in Yaodu, a small town and county seat of Dongzhi County, Chizhou prefecture-level city, southern Anhui Province
A street in Yaodu, a small town and county seat of Dongzhi County, Chizhou prefecture-level city, southern Anhui Province

Anhui is divided into 17 prefecture-level divisions, all of them prefecture-level cities: A street in Yaodu, Dongzhi County in Chinas Anhui Province. ... A street in Yaodu, Dongzhi County in Chinas Anhui Province. ... Dongzhi County is a county in Anhui under the jurisdiction of Chizhou. ... Chizhou (Simplified Chinese: æ± å·ž; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

The 17 prefecture-level divisions of Anhui are subdivided into 105 county-level divisions (44 districts, 5 county-level cities, and 56 counties). Those are in turn divided into 1845 township-level divisions (972 towns, 634 townships, 9 ethnic townships, and 230 subdistricts). Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Suzhou (Simplified Chinese: 宿州; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in northern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Fuyang (阜阳; pinyin: Fǔyáng) is a prefecture-level city of more than 100,000 inhabitants in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Bozhou (亳州; pinyin: Bózhōu) is a city in northwestern Anhui, China (Bozhou_shi). ... Bengbu (蚌埠; pinyin: Bàngbù) (Bangbu, Pang-pu or Peng-pu; meaning Clam Wharf or Oyster Quay) is a city in the Anhui Province of China. ... Huainan (Chinese: 淮南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Chuzhou (滁州) is a city with more 228,000 inhabitants (2004) Chuzhou prefecture in the East of Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: ) is an industrial city on the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ... The business district of Wuhu seen at night from across the Mirror Lake. ... Cities on the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Shanghair Tongling (Simplified Chinese: 铜陵; Traditional Chinese: 銅陵; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tung2-ling2) is a city in Anhui province of China. ... Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Huangshan (黄山市; pinyin: Huángshān Shì) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Liuan (Simplified Chinese: 六安; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Chaohu (巢湖) is a city with several 100,000 inhabitants in Chaohu prefecture in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Chizhou (Simplified Chinese: æ± å·ž; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Xuancheng is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants in Eastern Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ...


See List of administrative divisions of Anhui for a complete list of county-level divisions. Anhui, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 17 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 105 county-level divisions 5 county-level cities 56 counties 44 districts 1936 township-level divisions 997 towns... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


Economy

Agriculture in Anhui varies according to the climate zones that the province crosses. North of the Huai He river wheat and sweet potatoes are grown, while south of the Huai He it is rice and wheat instead. Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Species T. boeoticum T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... Binomial name Ipomoea batatas Linnaeus The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet-tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. ... Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans. ... Species T. boeoticum T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ...


Natural resources of Anhui include iron in Ma'anshan, coal in Huainan, and copper in Tongling. There are industries related to these natural resources (e.g. steel industry at Ma'anshan). General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: ) is an industrial city on the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (strip mining). ... Huainan (Chinese: 淮南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic brown Atomic mass 63. ... Cities on the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Shanghair Tongling (Simplified Chinese: 铜陵; Traditional Chinese: 銅陵; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tung2-ling2) is a city in Anhui province of China. ... Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: ) is an industrial city on the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ...


Compared to its more successful neighbours to the east, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, Anhui has lagged markedly behind in economic development, with a GDP per capita around one third the level of those two provinces. There is great regional disparity as well, and most of the wealth is concentrated in industrial regions close to the Yangtze River, such as Hefei, Wuhu, and Ma'anshan. Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... The business district of Wuhu seen at night from across the Mirror Lake. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: ) is an industrial city on the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ...


Anhui's nominal GDP for 2004 was approximately 481.3 billion yuan (59.71 billion USD) and a per capita of 6200 RMB (748 USD). It is considered a mid-size economy in terms of economic output.


Demographics

Han Chinese make up the vast majority of the population. The She and Hui nationalities are the two largest minorities. Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The She (畲) people are an ethnic group. ... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (徽) dialects. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ...


Culture

Anhui spans many geographical and cultural regions. The northern, flatter parts of the province, along the river Huai He and further north, are most akin to neighbouring provinces like Henan and Shandong. In contrast, the southern, hilly parts of the province are more similar in culture and dialect to other southern, hilly provinces, like Zhejiang and Jiangxi. Huai He Huai River (Huaihe) is about mid-way between Yellow River (Huanghe) and Yangzi River. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangxi (Chinese: 江西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsi) is a southern province of the Peoples Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south. ...


Mandarin dialects are spoken over the northern and central parts of the province. Dialects to the north (e.g. Bengbu dialect) are classified as Zhongyuan Mandarin, together with dialects in provinces such as Henan and Shandong; dialects in the central parts (e.g. Hefei dialect) are classfied as Jianghuai Mandarin, together with dialects in the central parts of neighbouring Jiangsu province. Non-Mandarin dialects are spoken in the south: dialects of Wu are spoken in Xuancheng prefecture-level city, though these are rapidly being replaced by Jianghuai Mandarin; dialects of Gan are spoken in a few counties in the southwest bordering Jiangxi province; and the Hui dialects are spoken in about ten counties in the far south, a small but highly diverse and unique group of Chinese dialects. Mandarin, or Guanhua (Traditional Chinese: 官話; Simplified Chinese: 官话; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally official speech), or Beifanghua (Chinese: 北方方言; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Northern Dialect(s)) is a category of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Wu (吳方言 pinyin wú fāng yán; 吳語 pinyin wú yÇ” lumazi wu niu(nyu)) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language; linguistically, it is better classified as a Sinitic language. ... Xuancheng is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants in Eastern Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Gan (赣) is one of the major divisions of spoken Chinese, concentrated in and typical of Jiangxi Province. ... Jiangxi (Chinese: 江西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsi) is a southern province of the Peoples Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south. ... The Hui (徽) dialects are unrelated to the Hui (回) ethnic group of China. ...


Huangmeixi, which originated in the environs of Anqing in southwestern Anhui, is a form of traditional Chinese opera popular across China. Huiju, a form of traditional opera originating in the Hui-speaking areas of southern Anhui, is one of the major precursors of Beijing Opera; in the 1950s Huiju (which had disappeared) was revived. Luju is a type of traditional opera found across central Anhui, from east to west. Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... The Hui (徽) dialects are unrelated to the Hui (回) ethnic group of China. ... In Beijing, September 2002 Beijing opera or Peking opera (Simplified Chinese: 京剧; Traditional Chinese: 京劇; Pinyin: JÄ«ngjù) is a kind of Chinese opera which arose in the mid-19th century and was extremely popular in the Qing Dynasty court. ... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ...


Anhui cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. Combining elements of cooking from northern Anhui, south-central Anhui, and the Hui-speaking areas of southern Anhui, Anhui cuisine is known for its use of wild game and herbs, both land and sea, and comparatively unelaborate methods of preparation. Anhui cuisine (Chinese: 徽菜) is one the Eight Culinary Traditions of China. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Chinese cuisine Chinese cuisine is widely regarded as representing one of the richest and most diverse culinary heritages in the world. ... The Hui (徽) dialects are unrelated to the Hui (回) ethnic group of China. ...


Anhui has a high concentration of traditional products related to calligraphy: Xuanzhou (today Xuancheng) and Huizhou (today Huangshan City) are revered for producing Xuan Paper and Hui Ink, respectively, which are traditionally considered the best types of paper and ink for Chinese calligraphy. She County is famous for the She Inkstone, one of the most preferred types of inkstones (a required tool in traditional calligraphy). Xuancheng is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants in Eastern Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Huangshan (黄山市; pinyin: Huángshān Shì) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Calligraphy in a Latin Bible of AD 1407 on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England. ... Inkstone is a mill of inkstick and container of ink. ...


Tourism

Xīdì (Chinese: 西递; pinyin: , also Xidi, or Xi Di, literally West Post), is a village in southern Anhui province (Yixian County), in China, which was declared a part of the Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000, along with the village of Hongcun. ... Hongcun (宏村, pinyin: Hóngcūn) is a village in Yixian county, Anhui province (Yixian County), located near the southwest slope of Mount Huangshan, in China. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Huangshan 2002 Mount Huangshan is a mountain range in Anhui province in eastern China. ... Jiuhuashan is one amongst the four holiest mountains of China associated with Buddha. ...

Miscellaneous topics

Colleges and universities

View of Anhui Universitys main campus from inside the South Gate. ... Bengbu (蚌埠; pinyin: Bàngbù) (Bangbu, Pang-pu or Peng-pu; meaning Clam Wharf or Oyster Quay) is a city in the Anhui Province of China. ... The Anhui University of Technology, (安徽工业大学), is a university based in Maanshan Anhui. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: ) is an industrial city on the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ... University of Science & Technology of China (中国科学技术大学) is one of the most prestigious universities in China. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Anhui


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Province-level divisions administered by the People's Republic of China
Provinces: Anhui | Fujian | Gansu | Guangdong | Guizhou | Hainan | Hebei | Heilongjiang | Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangsu | Jiangxi | Jilin | Liaoning | Qinghai | Shaanxi | Shandong | Shanxi | Sichuan | Yunnan | Zhejiang
Autonomous Regions: Guangxi | Inner Mongolia | Ningxia | Tibet | Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing | Chongqing | Shanghai | Tianjin
Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong | Macau

  Results from FactBites:
 
Anhui (165 words)
Anhui is located in the southeast region of China.
Anhui is also the birthplace of the first Ming emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398).
Emperor Zhu was a member of the White Lotus rebels who took the seat of power away from the Mongol Yuan dynasty.
AnHui Agriculture Information Net (1073 words)
With a total land area of 139,000 square kilometers and a population of 62 million, Anhui is the gateway to the central China boasting of dual advantageous conditions of both coastal and inland areas.
Anhui now is becoming the fast economic development area in China and the new ideal place for the foreign investor to turn their hopes into reality.
Anhui is renowned for its beautiful landscape, boasting of Mt. Huangshan, an international tourist attraction, Mt. Jiuhuashan, a sacred Buddhist', and Qiyunshan, the Taoist', and other famous mountains and lakes such as Taiping Lake.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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