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Encyclopedia > Angora wool

Angora wool or Angora fiber refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit. While their names are similar, Angora fiber is distinct from mohair, which comes from the Angora goat. Angora is known for its softness, low micron count (i.e. thin fibers), and what knitters refer to as a halo (fluffiness). It is also known for its silky texture. The Angora rabbit is a variety of domestic rabbit bred for its long, soft hair. ... Not to be confused with Mohair (band). ... The angora goat is a goat from the Angora region in Asia Minor, near present-day Ankara. ... A micron (micrometre) is the measurement used in wool classing to measure the actual diameter of a wool fibre. ...


Angora rabbits produce coats in a variety of colors, from white to black. Good quality angora fiber is around 12-16 microns in diameter, and can cost around 6 dollars per ounce. It felts very easily, even on the animal itself if the animal is not groomed frequently. Alternate uses: Dollar (disambiguation) The dollar is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies and other regions (see list below). ... The ounce (abbreviation: oz) is the name of a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of mass that form part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A selection of 4 different felt cloths. ...


The fiber is normally blended with wool to give the yarn elasticity, as angora fiber is not naturally elastic. The blend decreases the softness and halo as well as the price of the finished object.


The fibers are hollow which gives them their characteristic floating feel.[citation needed]

Contents

The Angora rabbit

Main article: Angora rabbit

There are four different ARBA recognized types of Angora rabbit: English, French, Satin and German. There are many other breeds, one of the more common being German. Each breed produces different quality and quantity of fiber, and has a different range of colors. The Angora rabbit is a variety of domestic rabbit bred for its long, soft hair. ... The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) is a national club for domestic rabbit and cavy breeders. ...


Fur production

Angora fur is produced in Europe, Chile, China and the United States. Harvesting occurs up to four times a year (about every 4 months) and is collected by plucking, shearing, or collection of the molting fur. Look up Pluck on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Pluck is a software company based in Austin, Texas. ... Medium fine Merino shearing Lismore, Victoria Sheep shearing, typically just called shearing, is the process by which the woolen fleece of a sheep is removed. ...


Most breeds of Angora rabbits molt with their natural growth cycle about every four months. Many producers of the fiber pluck the fur of these breeds. Plucking is, in effect, pulling out the loose fur. Plucking also ensures a minimum of guard hair. The fur is also not as matted as when it is collected from the rabbit's cage. However, plucking a rabbit is time consuming, so some producers shear the rabbit. While this results in slightly lower quality fleece as the guard hairs are included, it does take less time and results in more fleece. Also, not all breeds of angora molt, and if the rabbit does not naturally molt, it cannot be plucked. German angoras do not molt. Look up Pluck on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Pluck is a software company based in Austin, Texas. ... Guard hairs are the longest, thickest hairs in a mammals coat, forming the topcoat (or outer coat). ...


The rabbits must be groomed at least once or twice a week to prevent the fur from matting and felting. There is also a danger that a rabbit will ingest its own molted fur; unlike a cat, a rabbit cannot easily be rid of the build up. [citation needed]


Quality of Wool

The premium 1st quality wool is taken from the back and upper sides of the rabbit. This is usually the longest and cleanest fiber on the rabbit. There should not be hay or vegetable matter in the fiber. Second quality is from the neck and lower sides and may have some vegetable matter. Third quality is the buttocks and legs and any other areas that easily felt and are of shorter length. Fourth quality is totally unsalvageable and consists of the larger felted bits or stained fiber. Third and fourth quality are perfect for cutting up for the birds to use in lining their nests. With daily brushing felting of the fiber can be avoided, increasing the usable portion of fiber.


Angora wool in popular culture

The director, writer, and actor Ed Wood, Jr. was known to have a fetish for angora wool sweaters, referenced in his film "Glen or Glenda?". Also, in the film "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory", directed by Ed Wood fan Tim Burton, there is a scene in Willy Wonka's factory where pink Angora sheep are being shorn. Wonka (here played by Johnny Depp) says "I'd rather not talk about this one", which is a reference to Depp's role as Wood in a previous Burton film. Edward D. Wood, Jr. ... A fetish (from French fétiche; from Portuguese feitiço; from Latin facticius, artificial and facere, to make) is an object believed to have supernatural powers, or in particular a man-made object that has power over others. ... Glen or Glenda? is a movie made in 1953, starring its director Ed Wood, Bela Lugosi, and Woods then-girlfriend Dolores Fuller. ... For other uses, see Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (disambiguation). ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Willy Wonka is a character in the classic Roald Dahl childrens book Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and its sequel Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II[2] on June 9, 1963, in Owensboro, Kentucky) is an Academy Award-nominated and SAG Awards-winning American actor and for his performances in the films Nightmare on Elm Street (1984), Edward Scissorhands (1990), Whats Eating Gilbert Grape (1993), Ed Wood (1994...


Uses

Angora wool can be used in all sorts of ways. It is commonly used in apparel such as sweaters and suitings, knitting yarn, and felting. Felting is the process by which wool fiber is matted into a fabric. ...


See also

For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ...

External links

  • National Angora Rabbit Breeders Club official site
  • International Association of German Angora Rabbit Breeders official site
  • Home of Grand Champions contains information on breeding, caring for, and showing Angora rabbits, as well as an extensive photo gallery.
  • Pictures of the different Angora Rabbit breeds, care.
  • Pictures of German angoras and German colored crosses with links to sites in Germany

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wool - definition of Wool - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (1071 words)
The spinning capacity of wool is determined by the technique known as wool classing, whereby a qualified woolclasser might group wools of similar gradings together to maximise the return for a farmer wishing to yield the most from the sheep's fleeces.
Wool felt covers piano hammers and it is used to absorb odors and noise in heavy machinery and stereo speakers.
The recycled wool may be mixed with raw wool, wool noil, or another fiber such as cotton to increase the average fiber length.
Wool - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1825 words)
Wool is the fibre derived from the fur of animals of the of the Caprinae family, principally sheep and goats, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as alpacas and rabbits may also be called wool.
The quality of fleece is determined by a technique known as wool classing, whereby a qualified woolclasser tries to group wools of similar gradings together to maximise the return for the farmer or sheep owner.
The recycled wool may be mixed with raw wool, wool noil, or another fibre such as cotton to increase the average fibre length.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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