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Encyclopedia > Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel

Incumbent
Assumed office 
22 November 2005
President Horst Köhler
Deputy Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Preceded by Gerhard Schröder

Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety Minister
In office
17 November 1994 – 26 October 1998
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Preceded by Klaus Töpfer
Succeeded by Jürgen Trittin

In office
18 January 1991 – 17 November 1994
Preceded by Hannelore Rönsch
Succeeded by Claudia Nolte

Born 17 July 1954 (1954-07-17) (age 53)
Hamburg, West Germany
Political party CDU
Spouse Ulrich Merkel (div.)
Joachim Sauer
Alma mater University of Leipzig
Profession Physicist
Religion Lutheran

Angela Dorothea Merkel  (IPA: [ˈaŋɡela doʁoˈteːa ˈmɛɐ̯kəl]) (born Angela Dorothea Kasner, 17 July 1954, in Hamburg, Germany), is the Chancellor of Germany. Merkel, elected to the German Parliament from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, has been the chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union CDU since 9 April 2000, and Chairwoman of the CDU-CSU parliamentary party group from 2002 to 2005. She leads a Grand coalition with its sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), and with the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), formed after the 2005 federal election on 22 November 2005. Health care reform and problems concerning future energy development have thus far been the major issues of her tenure. The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Horst Köhler ( , born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... Steinmeier and Condoleezza Rice in Berlin Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier (born 5 January 1956 in Detmold, Germany) is a German politician and, since November 22, 2005, Foreign Minister of Germany in the Grand Coalition of Angela Merkel. ...   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, known by the initials BMU from the German name, Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, is a ministry of the German federal government. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... Klaus Toepfer Klaus Toepfer is the United Nations Environmental Programmes (UNEPs) executive director. ... Green politician Jürgen Trittin is Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in Germany. ... The Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (German: Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend) is a Ministry of Germany. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Hannelore Rönsch (born December 12, 1942 in Wiesbaden-Schierstein) is a German conservative politician. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ... Joachim Sauer (born April 19, 1949) is a German quantum chemist, full professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin. ... Alma mater is Latin for nourishing mother. It was used in ancient Rome as a title for the mother goddess, and in Medieval Christianity for the Virgin Mary. ... The University of Leipzig (German Universität Leipzig), located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony (former Kingdom of Saxony), Germany, is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Image File history File links De-Angela_Dorothea_Merkel. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226) Social Democratic Party of Germany (222) Free Democratic Party (61) The Left. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... A grand coalition is a coalition government in a parliamentary system where political parties representing a vast majority of the parliament unite in a coalition. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... German federal elections took place on September 18, 2005 to elect the members of the 16th German Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... (This article is about political movements affecting the delivery of health care and health care systems. ... Higher electricity use per capita correlates with a higher score on the Human Development Index(1997). ...


Merkel is the first woman to assume the chancellery of reunited Germany and the first woman to lead Germany since it became a modern nation-state in 1871. She is also, as of 2007, the youngest person to be German chancellor since the Second World War. Merkel, considered by Forbes Magazine to be the most powerful woman in the world at present, is only the third woman to serve on the G8 after Margaret Thatcher and Kim Campbell, and in 2007 became the second woman to chair a G8 summit after Margaret Thatcher. She is, as of 2008, one current female heads of a European government, others include Tarja Halonen of Finland and Yulia Tymoshenko of Ukraine. Kanzleramt, view from the Reichstag Kanzleramt Kanzleramt Former Federal Chancellery, Bonn, 1976-99 The Chancellors Office (Chancellery) (in German, Bundeskanzleramt, or more commonly Kanzleramt) is the office of the Chancellor, the head of the German federal government (Bundesregierung). ... This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ... The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this list may require cleanup. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Alternate meaning: For the Boston Brahmin family associated with John Forbes Kerry, see Forbes family. ... Group of Eight redirects here. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... This article is about the former Canadian Prime Minster. ... {{Infobox President|name= Tarja Halonen |order=11th President of Finland |image=Finland. ... Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko[1] (Ukrainian: ) (born 27 November 1960) is a Ukrainian politician and former Prime Minister of Ukraine (from 24 January to 8 September 2005). ...


In her function as Chancellor of Germany, Merkel was (rotative, 1st term 2007) also president of the European Council. The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... This article deals with the meeting of European Union leaders. ...


In 2007, Merkel became a Member of the Council of Women World Leaders, a group of women heads of state and government. The Council of Women World Leaders was created at a 1996 summit meeting of 11 of the worlds then-current and former presidents and prime ministers. ...

Contents

Early life

Angela Merkel was born as Angela Dorothea Kasner in Hamburg, as the daughter of Horst Kasner (b. 6 August 1926 in Berlin-Pankow), a Lutheran pastor and his wife, Herlind (b. 8 July 1928 in Elbing as Herlind Jentzsch), a teacher of English and Latin. Her mother is a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Her grandparents on her mother's side lived in Elbing in East Prussia. She has a brother, Marcus (born 7 July 1957), and a sister, Irene (b. 19 August 1964). For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The location of Pankow in Berlin. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      A pastor is an... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia-Masuria Municipal government Rada Miejska w Elblągu Mayor Henryk Słonina Area 83,32 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 130. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... SPD redirects here. ... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia-Masuria Municipal government Rada Miejska w Elblągu Mayor Henryk Słonina Area 83,32 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 130. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


Merkel's father studied Theology in Heidelberg and, afterwards, in Hamburg. In 1954 her father received a pastorship at the church in Quitzow near Perleberg in Brandenburg, and the family moved to Templin. Thus Merkel grew up in the countryside 80 km (50 miles) north of Berlin, in the socialist German Democratic Republic (GDR). Gerd Langguth, a former senior member of Merkel's Christian Democratic Union states in a book[1] that the family's ability to travel freely from East to West Germany, as well as their possession of two automobiles, leads to the conclusion that Merkel's father had a 'sympathetic' relationship with the communist regime, since such freedom and perquisites for a Christian pastor and his family would have been otherwise impossible in East Germany.[2] Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... For other uses, see Heidelberg (disambiguation). ... Perleberg is the capital of the district Prignitz, which is located in the north-west of the German state Brandenburg. ... For the similarly spelled Brandenberg, see Brandenberg (Austria) or Brandenburg (disambiguation) Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE4 Capital Potsdam Minister-President Matthias Platzeck (SPD) Governing parties SPD / CDU Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69) Basic statistics Area  29,479 km² (11,382... Templin city hall Templin is a small city in the Uckermark district, in Brandenburg, Germany, with a population of 17,535 (2004). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The term socialist state (or socialist republic, or workers state) can carry one of several different (but related) meanings: Strictly speaking, any real or hypothetical state organized along the principles of socialism may be called a socialist state. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ...


Like most pupils, Merkel was a member of the official, socialist-led youth movement Free German Youth (FDJ). Later she became a member of the district board and secretary for "Agitprop" (agitation and propaganda) at the Academy of Sciences in that organisation. However, she did not take part in the secular coming of age ceremony Jugendweihe, which was common in East Germany, and was confirmed instead. The Free German Youth (Freie Deutsche Jugend or FDJ) was the official youth movement of the government of the German Democratic Republic. ... Agitprop poster by Vladimir Mayakovsky. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... For other uses, see Coming of Age (disambiguation). ... Yes, we pledge!; 1984 invitation card to a Jugendweihe from the GDR. Jugendweihe (youth consecration) is a secular coming of age ceremony practiced by German 14 year olds. ... Confirmation is a rite used in many Christian Churches. ...


Merkel was educated in Templin and at the University of Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978. Merkel worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof from 1978 to 1990. Angela Merkel speaks Russian fluently, and even earned a statewise prize for her proficiency. After being awarded a doctorate (Dr. rer. nat.) based on a doctoral thesis on quantum chemistry[3] she worked in research. The University of Leipzig (German Universität Leipzig), located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony (former Kingdom of Saxony), Germany, is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Physical chemistry is the application of physics to macroscopic, microscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems[1]within the field of chemistry traditionally using the principles, practices and concepts of thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics and kinetics. ... District Adlershof in borough Treptow-Köpenick of Berlin Adlershof is a district in the borough Treptow-Köpenick of Berlin, Germany. ... Quantum chemistry is a branch of theoretical chemistry, which applies quantum mechanics and quantum field theory to address issues and problems in chemistry. ...


In 1989, Merkel got involved in the growing democracy movement after the fall of the Berlin Wall, joining the new party Demokratischer Aufbruch. Following the first (and only) democratic election of the East German state, she became the deputy spokesperson of the new pre-unification caretaker government under Lothar de Maizière.[4] Berlin Wall on November 16, 1989 The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a long barrier separating West Berlin from East Berlin and the surrounding territory of East Germany. ... Democratic Awakening (German: Demokratischer Aufbruch) was an East German opposition political movement. ... Lothar de Maizière [] (born 2 March 1940) is a German conservative politician who served as the last and only democratically elected Prime Minister of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1990. ...


Member of Bundestag

At the first post-reunification general election in December 1990, she was elected to the Bundestag from a constituency which includes the districts of Nordvorpommern and Rügen, as well as the city of Stralsund. This has remained her electoral district until today. Her party merged with the west German CDU and she became Minister for Women and Youth in Helmut Kohl's 3rd cabinet. In 1994, she was made Minister for the Environment and Reactor Safety, which gave her greater political visibility and a platform on which to build her political career. As one of Kohl's protégées and his youngest cabinet minister, she was referred to by Kohl as "das Mädchen" ("the girl"). A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... Nordvorpommern (North Western Pomerania) is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Map of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania highlighting the district Rügen Rügen (Polish: Rugia) is an island located off the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Baltic Sea. ... Stralsund is a city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ...


From 1977 until their divorce in 1982, Merkel was married to physicist Ulrich Merkel. Since 1998, she has been married to Berlin chemistry professor Joachim Sauer. She has no children, but Sauer has two adult sons. Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... Joachim Sauer (born April 19, 1949) is a German quantum chemist, full professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin. ...


Leader of the Opposition

When the Kohl government was defeated in the 1998 general election, Merkel was named Secretary-General of the CDU. In this position, Merkel oversaw a string of Christian Democrat election victories in six out of seven regional elections in 1999 alone, breaking the SPD-Green coalition's hold on the Bundesrat, the legislative body representing the states. Following a party financing scandal, which compromised many leading figures of the CDU (most notably Kohl himself, who refused to reveal the donor of DM 2,000,000 because he had given his word of honour and the then party chairman Wolfgang Schäuble, Kohl's hand-picked successor, who wasn't cooperative either), Merkel criticized her former mentor, Kohl, and advocated a fresh start for the party without him. She was elected to replace Schäuble, becoming the first female chair of her party, on 10 April 2000. Her election surprised many observers, as her personality offered a contrast to the party she had been chosen to lead; Merkel is a Protestant, originating from predominantly Protestant northern Germany, while the CDU is a male-dominated, socially conservative party with deep Catholic roots, and has its strongholds in western and southern Germany. The 36th German federal election, 1998 was conducted on September 27, 1998, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... A scandal is a widely publicized incident involving allegations of wrong-doing, disgrace, or moral outrage. ... Wolfgang Schäuble Wolfgang Schäuble (born September 18, 1942 in Freiburg im Breisgau as the son of a tax finance advisor) is a German politician. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Social conservatism is a belief in traditional morality and social mores and the desire to preserve these in present day society, often through civil law or regulation. ...


Following Merkel's election as CDU leader, she enjoyed considerable popularity among the German population and was favoured by many Germans to become Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's challenger in the 2002 election. However, she did not receive enough support in her own party and particularly its sister party (the Bavarian Christian Social Union, or CSU), and was subsequently out-manoeuvred politically by CSU leader Edmund Stoiber, who had had the privilege of challenging Schröder but squandered a large lead in the opinion polls to lose the election by a razor-thin margin. After Stoiber's defeat in 2002, in addition to her role as CDU chairwoman, Merkel became leader of the conservative opposition in the lower house of the German parliament, the Bundestag. Her rival, Friedrich Merz, who had held the post of parliamentary leader prior to the 2002 election, was eased out to make way for Merkel.   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... The 15th German federal election, 2002 was conducted on September 22, 2002, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative political party in Germany. ... Edmund Stoiber in Würzburg Edmund Stoiber [IPA: ˈɛtmÊŠnt ˈʃtɔʏbɐ] (born September 28, 1941) is a German politician, currently minister-president of the state of Bavaria and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU). ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226) Social Democratic Party of Germany (222) Free Democratic Party (61) The Left. ... Friedrich Merz Friedrich Merz (born 11th November 1955 in Brilon) is a German politician (CDU). ...


Merkel supported a substantial reform agenda concerning Germany's economic and social system and was considered to be more pro-market (and pro-deregulation) than her own party (the CDU); she advocated changes to German labour law, specifically, removing barriers to laying off employees and increasing the allowed number of work hours in a week, arguing that existing laws made the country less competitive because companies cannot easily control labour costs at times when business is slow (see [1]). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Deregulation is the process by which governments remove, reduce, or simplify restrictions on business and individuals in order to (in theory) encourage the efficient operation of markets. ...


Merkel argued for Germany's nuclear power to be phased out less quickly than the Schröder administration had planned. This article is about applications of nuclear fission reactors as power sources. ...


Merkel advocated a strong transatlantic partnership and German-American friendship. In the spring of 2003, defying strong public opposition, Merkel came out in favour of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, describing it as "unavoidable" and accusing Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of anti-Americanism. This led some critics to characterize her as an American lackey. She criticised the government's support for the accession of Turkey to the European Union and favoured a "privileged partnership" instead. In doing so, she was seen as being in unison with many Germans in rejecting Turkish membership of the European Union. This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ...   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... Anti-Americanism, often Anti-American sentiment, is defined as being opposed or hostile to the United States of America, its people, its principles, or its policies. ... A lackey is a manservant, in its original meaning (attested 1529, according to the OED), which derived from Medieval French laquais foot soldier, footman, servant. ... One of a number of posters created to promote the Marshall Plan in Europe, featuring Turkey Turkeys formal application to join the European Community—the organization that has since developed into the European Union—was made on April 14th, 1987. ... A privileged partnership between Turkey and the European Union is an idea lanched by Angela Merkel in february 2004, which has gained momentum since then and now is widely discussed in Europe. ...


Comparisons

As a female politician from a centre right party, and a scientist, Merkel has been compared by many in the English language press as well as the German press to former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Some have referred to her as "Iron Lady", "Iron Girl" and even "The Iron Frau" (alluding to Thatcher, whose nickname was "The Iron Lady" -- Thatcher has an undergraduate degree in chemistry). Political commentators have debated the precise extent to which their agendas are similar (see [2]). The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organizations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... Iron Lady is a nickname that has frequently been used to describe female heads of government around the world. ...


In addition to being the first female German chancellor and the youngest German chancellor after the War, Merkel is also the first from East Germany (although born in Hamburg), the first born after World War II, and the first with a background in natural sciences. She studied physics; her predecessors law, business and history.


Merkel topped Forbes magazine's list of "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women" in 2006 and 2007. [5] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 2004-05: Condoleezza Rice 2006: Angela Merkel Starting in 2004, Forbes magazine has made a list of the 100 most powerful women in the world. ...


On 30 May 2005, Merkel won the CDU/CSU nomination as challenger to Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of the SPD in the 2005 national elections. Her party began the campaign with a 21% lead over the SPD in national opinion polls, although her personal popularity lagged behind that of the incumbent. However, the CDU/CSU campaign suffered when Merkel, having made economic competence central to the CDU's platform, confused gross and net income twice during a televised debate. She regained some momentum after she announced that she would appoint Paul Kirchhof, a former judge at the German Constitutional Court and leading fiscal policy expert, as Minister of Finance. is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... SPD redirects here. ... German federal elections took place on September 18, 2005 to elect the members of the 16th German Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... An opinion poll is a survey of opinion from a particular sample. ... Open seat redirects here. ... Gross income is commonly defined as the amount of a companys or a persons income before all deductions or any taxpayer’s income, except that which is specifically excluded by the Internal Revenue Code, before taking deductions or taxes into account. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Paul Kirchhof (* February 21, 1943 in Osnabrück) is a German expert in law and finance. ...


Merkel and the CDU lost ground after Kirchhof proposed the introduction of a flat tax in Germany, again undermining the party's credibility on economic affairs and convincing many voters that the CDU's platform of deregulation was designed to benefit only the rich. This was compounded by Merkel proposing to increase VAT to reduce Germany's deficit and fill the gap in revenue from a flat tax. The SPD were able to increase their support simply by pledging not to introduce flat taxes or increase VAT. Although Merkel's standing recovered after she distanced herself from Kirchhof's proposals, she remained considerably less popular than Schröder, and the CDU's lead was down to 9% on the eve of the election. Merkel was also criticized for plagiarizing a passage from a speech used by President Ronald Reagan in a 1980 US presidential debate for her own television election duel with Gerhard Schröder, the Social Democratic chancellor. A flat tax, also called a proportional tax, is a system that taxes all entities in a class (typically either citizens or corporations) at the same rate (as a proportion on income), as opposed to a graduated, or progressive, scheme. ... vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Reagan redirects here. ...


On 18 September Merkel's CDU/CSU and Schröder's SPD went head-to-head in the national elections, with the CDU/CSU winning 35.3% (CDU 27.8%/CSU 7.5%) of the second votes to the SPD's 34.2%. Neither the SPD-Green coalition nor the CDU/CSU and its preferred coalition partners, the Free Democratic Party, held enough seats to form a majority in the Bundestag, and both Schröder and Merkel claimed victory. A Grand Coalition between the CDU/CSU and SPD faced the challenge that both parties demanded the chancellorship. However, after three weeks of negotiations, the two parties reached a deal whereby Merkel would become Chancellor and the SPD would hold 8 of the 16 seats in the cabinet (see [3] and [4]). The coalition deal was approved by both parties at party conferences on November 14 (see [5]). Merkel was elected Chancellor by the majority of delegates (397 to 217) in the newly assembled Bundestag on 22 November but 51 members of the governing coalition voted against her (see [6]). is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Free Democratic Party (German: Freie Demokratische Partei; FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ... A grand coalition is a coalition government in a parliamentary system where political parties representing a vast majority of the parliament unite in a coalition. ... “Negotiation” redirects here. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Reports had indicated that the Grand Coalition would pursue a mix of policies, some of which differ from Merkel's political platform as leader of the opposition and candidate for Chancellor. The coalitions intent was to cut public spending whilst increasing VAT (from 16 to 19%), social insurance contributions and the top rate of income tax.[6] Employment protection will no longer cover employees during their first two years in a job, pensions will be frozen and subsidies for first-time home buyers will be scrapped. On foreign policy, Germany would maintain its strong ties with France and eastern European states, particularly Russia, and support Turkey for one day joining the European Union.[citation needed] vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ... For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security refers to a variety of government programs providing for social welfare and social protection and the alleviation of poverty among senior citizens and the disabled. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income...


Merkel had stated that the main aim of her government would be to reduce unemployment, and that it is this issue on which her government will be judged.[7]


Chancellor of Germany

Merkel at the European Parliament in Strasbourg (17 January 2007).[8]
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Merkel's first foreign trip took place on the day she was sworn in as Chancellor, and went to Paris for a meeting with the then French president, Jacques Chirac. In his speech, Chirac emphasized the importance of the Franco-German Companionship for Europe. After the meeting with Chirac, she travelled to Brussels for talks with EU leaders and the Secretary-General of NATO, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer. She then traveled to London where she met with the then British Prime Minister, Tony Blair. On November 28 she received her first state guest: President Pohamba of Namibia, a former colony of Germany. In her first government address on 30 November 2005 she announced her objective of improving the German Economy and reducing unemployment. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... For other uses, see Strasburg. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... This article is about the military alliance. ... Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (right) and Jan Peter Balkenende Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (left) and Colin Powell Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (legally Jakob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer) (born April 3, 1948) is a Dutch politician who is the 11th NATO Secretary General. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... Hifikepunye Pohamba Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba (born August 18, 1935) is the second and current President of Namibia. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Merkel made her first visit to the Middle East as President-in-office of the European Council on 1 April 2007. She offered Europe's help to get Israel and the Palestinians back to the negotiating table, and tried to restart international efforts for renewed peace talks.[9] A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The European Council, sometimes informally called the European Summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission (not to be confused with the Council of the European Union, or the Council of Europe). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ...


On September 25, 2007, Chancellor Angela Merkel met the Dalai Lama for "private and informal talks" in Berlin in the Chancellery amid protest from China. China afterwards cancelled separate talks with German officials, including talks with Justice Minister Brigitte Zypries.[10] is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Tenzin Gyatso (born 6 July 1935) is the fourteenth and current Dalai Lama. ... Kanzleramt, view from the Reichstag Kanzleramt Kanzleramt Former Federal Chancellery, Bonn, 1976-99 The Chancellors Office (Chancellery) (in German, Bundeskanzleramt, or more commonly Kanzleramt) is the office of the Chancellor, the head of the German federal government (Bundesregierung). ... Federal Minister of Justice Brigitte Zypries at the Wikipedia booth at LinuxTag 2006 Brigitte Zypries (born November 16, 1953, in Kassel, Germany) is a German politician. ...


Chancellor Merkel told Israel of Germany's "Holocaust shame," and asserted its support for the Jewish state during a speech to the Knesset on March 18, 2008.[11] For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cabinet

See also Cabinet Merkel

The cabinet of Angela Merkel was sworn in at 16:00 CET, November 22, 2005. The Cabinet Merkel The cabinet of Angela Merkel is the current government of Germany since November 22, 2005, during the 16th legislature of the Bundestag. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

On October 31, after the defeat of his favoured candidate for the position of Secretary General of the SPD, Franz Müntefering indicated that he would resign as Chairman of the party in November, which he did. Ostensibly responding to this, Edmund Stoiber (CSU), who was originally nominated for the Economics and Technology post, announced his withdrawal on November 1. While this was initially seen as a blow to Merkel's attempt at forming a viable coalition and cabinet, the manner in which Stoiber withdrew earned him much ridicule and severely undermined his position as a Merkel rival. Separate conferences of the CDU, CSU and SPD approved the proposed Cabinet on November 14. Steinmeier and Condoleezza Rice in Berlin Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier (born 5 January 1956 in Detmold, Germany) is a German politician and, since November 22, 2005, Foreign Minister of Germany in the Grand Coalition of Angela Merkel. ... Wolfgang Schäuble Wolfgang Schäuble (born September 18, 1942 in Freiburg im Breisgau as the son of a tax finance advisor) is a German politician. ... Federal Minister of Justice Brigitte Zypries at the Wikipedia booth at LinuxTag 2006 Brigitte Zypries (born November 16, 1953, in Kassel, Germany) is a German politician. ... Peer Steinbrück Peer Steinbrück (born 10 January 1947 in Hamburg) is a German SPD politician. ... Michael Glos (born December 14, 1944 in Brünnau) is a German politician (CSU) and Minister for Economics and Technology since November 22, 2005. ... Olaf Scholz (pronounced IPA: ; born June 14, 1958) in Osnabrück) is a German politician from the Social Democratic Party of Germany. ... Horst Lorenz Seehofer (born July 4, 1949 in Ingolstadt) is a German politician (CSU). ... Franz Josef Jung (born 5 March 1949) is a German politician (CDU). ... Image:Ursula von der Leyen. ... Ursula Ulla Schmidt (born June 13, 1949 in Aachen) is a German politician. ... Wolfgang Tiefensee (born January 4, 1955 in Gera) is a German SPD politician. ... Sigmar Gabriel, February 2, 2003 in Hanover (Landtag of Lower Saxony) Sigmar Gabriel (born September 12, 1959 in Goslar) is a German politician (SPD). ... Annette Schavan   (born June 10, 1955 in Jüchen) is a German politician (CDU). ... Federal Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (SPD) Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (born November 21, 1942 in Frankfurt am Main) is a German politician and a member of the Social Democratic Party since 1965. ... Thomas de Maizière [] (born January 21, 1954 in Bonn) is a German conservative politician (CDU). ... Bundeskanzleramt, Berlin, Germany The Bundeskanzleramt (federal chancellory), or more common: Kanzleramt, is the administrative body of the Chancellor of Germany. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Franz Müntefering, 2005. ... Edmund Stoiber in Würzburg Edmund Stoiber [IPA: ˈɛtmÊŠnt ˈʃtɔʏbɐ] (born September 28, 1941) is a German politician, currently minister-president of the state of Bavaria and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Personal life

In 1977, Angela Kasner married the physics student Ulrich Merkel. The marriage ended in divorce in 1982.[12] Her second husband is the quantum chemist and professor Joachim Sauer. He stays out of the spotlight.[13]


Selected published works

  • Der, R.; A. Merkel, H.-J. Czerwon (1980). "On the influence of spatial correlations on the rate of chemical reactions in dense gases. I. Quantum statistical theory". Chemical Physics 53 (3): 427-435. doi:10.1016/0301-0104(80)85131-7. 
  • Der, R.; R. Haberlandt, A. Merkel (1980). "On the influence of spatial correlations on the rate of chemical reactions in dense systems. II. Numerical results". Chemical Physics 53: 437-442. doi:10.1016/0301-0104(80)85132-9. 
  • Boeger, I.; A. Merkel, J. Lachmann, H.-J. Spangenberg, T. Turanyi (1982). "An Extended Kinetic Model and its Reduction by Sensitivity Analysis for the Methanol/Oxygen Gas-Phase Thermolysis". Acta Chim. Hung. 129 (6): 855-864. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Ilka Böger, Hans Joachim Spangenberg, Lutz Zülicke (1982). "Berechnung von Hochdruck-Geschwindigkeitskonstanten für Zerfalls- und Rekombinationsreaktionen einfacher Kohlenwasserstoffmoleküle und -radikale (Calculation of High Pressure Velocity Constants for Reactions of Decay and Recombinations of simple Hydrocarbon Molecules and Radicals)". Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 263 (3): 449-460. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Lutz Zülicke (1985). "Berechnung von Geschwindigkeitskonstanten für den C-H-Bindungsbruch im Methylradikal (Calculation of Velocity Constants for the Break of the Carbon-Hydrogen-Bond in the Methyl Radical)". Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 266 (2): 353-361. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Lutz Zülicke (1987). "Nonempirical parameter estimate for the statistical adiabatic theory of unimolecular fragmentation carbon-hydrogen bond breaking in methyl". Molecular Physics 60 (6): 1379-1393. doi:10.1080/00268978700100901. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Zdenek Havlas, Rudolf Zahradník (1988). "Evaluation of the rate constant for the SN2 reaction fluoromethane + hydride: methane + fluoride in the gas phase". Journal of American Chemical Society 110 (25): 8355-8359. doi:10.1021/ja00233a012. 
  • Mix, H.; J. Sauer, K.-P. Schröder, A. Merkel (1988). "Vibrational Properties of Surface Hydroxyls: Nonempirical Model Calculations Including Anharmonicities". Coll. Czechoslov. Chem. Commun. 53 (10): 2191-2202. 
  • Schneider, F.; A. Merkel (1989). "The lowest bound states of triplet (BH2)+". Chemical Physics Letters 161 (6): 527-531. doi:10.1016/0009-2614(89)87033-2. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Lutz Zülicke (1990). "Theoretical approach to reactions of polyatomic molecules". International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 36: 191–208. doi:10.1002/qua.560380214. 
  • Merkel, Angela (1998). "The role of science in sustainable development". Science 281 (5375): 336-337. doi:10.1126/science.281.5375.336. 

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the measure of the force that acts on a unit area. ... In chemical kinetics a reaction rate constant quantifies the speed of a chemical reaction. ... For other uses, see Chemical reaction (disambiguation). ... Chemical decomposition or analysis is the fragmentation of a chemical compound into elements or smaller compounds. ... Look up Hydrocarbon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 3D (left and center) and 2D (right) representations of the terpenoid molecule atisane. ... In chemistry, radicals (often referred to as free radicals) are atomic or molecular species with unpaired electrons on an otherwise open shell configuration. ... For other uses, see Carbon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the chemistry of hydrogen. ... A chemical bond is the physical process responsible for the attractive interactions between atoms and molecules, and that which confers stability to diatomic and polyatomic chemical compounds. ... In chemistry a methyl-group is a hydrophobic Alkyl functional group which is derived from methane (CH4). ... Statistical mechanics is the application of probability theory, which includes mathematical tools for dealing with large populations, to the field of mechanics, which is concerned with the motion of particles or objects when subjected to a force. ... This article covers adiabatic processes in thermodynamics. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Rudolf Zahradník (born October 20, 1928 in Bratislava, then Czechoslovakia, now Slovakia) is a Czech chemist. ... Fluoromethane, also known as methyl fluoride, Freon 41 and HFC-41, is a toxic, liquefiable, and flammable gas at standard temperature and pressure. ... Hydride is the name given to the negative ion of hydrogen, H−. Although this ion does not exist except in extraordinary conditions, the term hydride is widely applied to describe compounds of hydrogen with other elements, particularly those of groups 1–16. ... Methane is a chemical compound with the molecular formula . ... Fluoride is the ionic form of fluorine. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Sustainable development is a socio-ecological process characterized by the fulfilment of human needs while maintaining the quality of the natural environment indefinitely. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ...

References

  1. ^ Langguth, Gerd [August 2005]. Angela Merkel (in German). Munich: dtv. ISBN 3-423-24485-2. 
  2. ^ Luke Harding: East German past of iron lady unveiled. The Observer, 26 June 2005
  3. ^ Merkel, Angela (1986). Untersuchung des Mechanismus von Zerfallsreaktionen mit einfachem Bindungsbruch und Berechnung ihrer Geschwindigkeitskonstanten auf der Grundlage quantenchemischer und statistischer Methoden (Investigation of the mechanism of decay reactions with single bond breaking and calculation of their velocity constants on the basis of quantum chemical and statistical methods) (in German). Berlin: Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic (dissertation).  cited in Langguth, Gerd (August 2005). Angela Merkel (in German). Munich: DTV, p 109. ISBN 3-423-24495-2.  and listed in the Catalogue of the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek under subject code 30 (Chemistry)
  4. ^ Langguth, Gerd [August 2005]. Angela Merkel (in German). Munich: dtv, pp 112-137. ISBN 3-423-24485-2. 
  5. ^ The World's 100 Most Powerful Women.
  6. ^ BBC NEWS | World | Europe | German coalition poised for power
  7. ^ BBC NEWS | World | Europe | Merkel defends German reform plan
  8. ^ Speech by Merkel, to the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Wednesday, 17 January 2007.
  9. ^ "Merkel visits Mideast as EU president", International Herald Tribune, 2007-04-01. Retrieved on 2007-04-01. 
  10. ^ Euronews.net, Merkel meets with the Dalai Lama
  11. ^ cnn.com, Merkel admits Germany's 'Holocaust shame'
  12. ^ Biographie: Angela Merkel, geb. 1954
  13. ^ Germany's First Fella, Angela Merkel Is Germany's Chancellor; But Her Husband Stays Out Of The Spotlight - CBS News

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Herald Tribune is a widely read English language international newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about Angela Merkel on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Learning resources
  • (German) The Office of the Chancellor
  • (German) Merkel's personal website
  • website of Merkel's party
  • Angela Merkel in the German National Library catalogue
  • Angela Merkel Sworn in as German Chancellor - report from Deutsche Welle
  • Günter Grass, The Guardian, 16 September 2005, "We must not be blackmailed by Merkel's neoliberal gang" German Nobel prize-winning author expresses his view against Merkel and in favour of Schröder
  • (English) "The career of CDU leader Angela Merkel", by Lena Sokoll, 8 July 2005
  • Carnival in Germany : Photos of the Rose Monday Parade, 7 February 2005 [7] Political satire at Carnival Parades is a very old and proud German tradition. Here George W. Bush and Merkel are ridiculed because of their stance on the Iraq war; with "Wiedereröffnung" meaning "Reopening".
  • (German) CDUnion - a weblog for Merkel
  • (German) Stoppt Merkel - a weblog opposing Merkel's candidacy
  • Ruth Elkins, The Independent, 19 June 2005, "Angela Merkel: Iron Mädchen"
  • Clay Risen, Slate, July 5, 2005, "Deutschland's Iron Lady"
  • Severin Weiland, Der Spiegel, 3 June 2005, "Angela Merkel The Underestimated"
  • (German) "Die Zuckerpuppe aus der Schwarzgeldtruppe", Merkel parody from the traditional deriding of politicians at the inauguration of the strong-beer season at the Nockherberg, 2000
  • Ralf Neukirch, Der Spiegel, 11 October 2005, "Germany's New Chancellor: Merkel's Surprising Rise to the Top
  • DW staff, Deutsche Welle, 11 October 2005, "Kohl's Girl" Makes Good
  • Ralf Neukirch, Gabor Steingart and Stefan Aust, Der Spiegel, Interview with Chancellor-designate Angel Merkel, 17 October 2005, "I am immune to the Seduction of Power"
  • Angela Merkel: A 'Continental European Politician in the Making' Knowledge@Wharton, March 9, 2006
  • Merkel's meteoric rise to power 11 October 2005, Profile of Angela Merkel's career from www.expatica.com
  • http://edition.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/europe/01/10/germany.merkel.reut/index.html
Political offices
Preceded by
Hannelore Rönsch
Minister for Women and Youth of Germany
1991 – 1994
Succeeded by
Claudia Nolte
Preceded by
Klaus Töpfer
Minister for the Environment and Reactor Safety
1994 – 1998
Succeeded by
Jürgen Trittin
Preceded by
Gerhard Schröder
Chancellor of Germany
2005 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Russia
Chair of the G8
2007
Succeeded by
Yasuo Fukuda
Japan
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Hintze
Secretary General of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany
1998 – 2000
Succeeded by
Ruprecht Polenz
Preceded by
Wolfgang Schäuble
Chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany
2000 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Friedrich Merz
Chairwoman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group
2002 – 2005
Succeeded by
Volker Kauder
Persondata
NAME Merkel, Angela
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Angela Dorothea Merkel
SHORT DESCRIPTION German politician
DATE OF BIRTH July 17, 1954
PLACE OF BIRTH Hamburg, Germany
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Porträt: Angela Merkel | Politik | Deutsche Welle | 10.10.2005 (760 words)
Angela Merkel, die Kanzlerkandidatin der Christdemokraten wurde von vielen sowohl in der eigenen Partei als auch in der breiteren Öffentlichkeit lange Zeit nicht ganz für voll genommen.
Angela Merkel, die in diesem Jahr 51 Jahre alt wird, wurde zwar in Hamburg geboren, wuchs aber in Templin in der Uckermark nördlich von Berlin und damit in der DDR als Tochter eines evangelischen Pfarrers auf.
Angela Merkel, die in zweiter Ehe mit dem Chemieprofessor Joachim Sauer verheiratet ist, weiß, wie schwer das Erbe ist, das sie nach einem möglichen Wahlsieg der Christdemokraten anzutreten hätte.
Angela Merkel (2655 words)
Merkel was born as Angela Dorothea Kasner in Hamburg, Germany, the daughter of Horst Kasner, a Lutheran pastor, and his wife Herlind (née Jentzsch), a teacher.
Merkel was also criticized for plagiarizing a passage from a speech used by President Ronald Reagan in a 1980 US presidential debate for her own television election duel with Gerhard Schröder, the Social Democratic chancellor.
Merkel was elected Chancellor by the majority of delegates (397 to 217) in the newly assembled Bundestag on November 22, but 51 members of the governing coalition voted against her or abstained (see [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4458430.stm]).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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