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Encyclopedia > Angel (TV series)
Angel
Format Supernatural Fantasy Horror Action Drama
Created by Joss Whedon
David Greenwalt
Starring David Boreanaz
Charisma Carpenter
James Marsters
Glenn Quinn
Alexis Denisof
J. August Richards
Amy Acker
Vincent Kartheiser
Andy Hallett
Mercedes McNab
Theme music composer Darling Violetta
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes 110 (List of episodes)
Production
Running time approx. 42 minutes
Broadcast
Original channel The WB
Original run October 5, 1999May 19, 2004
Chronology
Related shows Buffy the Vampire Slayer
External links
Official website
IMDb profile
TV.com summary

Angel is a spin-off of the American television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The atmosphere of the show was darker, and at times it performed better in the U.S. Nielsen Ratings than its parent series.[1] Angel is a TV drama series produced by Korea Pictures International, Inc. ... Image File history File links Angellogo. ... For other uses, see Supernatural (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... “Horror story” redirects here. ... The action genre is a class of creative works characterised by a greater emphasis on exciting action sequences than on character development or story-telling. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... David Greenwalt is an American screenwriter. ... David Paul Boreanaz (born May 16, 1969) is an American film and television actor. ... Charisma Lee Carpenter (born July 23, 1970) is an American actress. ... James Wesley Marsters (born August 20, 1962) is an American actor and musician, best known for playing the popular platinum-blond character Spike, an English of a vampire, in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel. ... Glenn Quinn (Irish: Gleann Ó Cuinn) (May 28, 1970 - December 3, 2002) was an Irish actor in television and film. ... Alexis Denisof (b. ... J. August Richards was born on August 28, 1973 in Washington D.C. He plays the street-wise member of the Angel investigation team. ... Amy Acker at the Serenity premiere, 2005 Amy Louise Acker (born December 5, 1976) is an American actress. ... Vincent Paul Kartheiser (born May 5, 1979) is an American actor. ... Andy Hallett (born August 4, 1975) is from the tiny Cape Cod village of Osterville, part of the town of Barnstable. ... Mercedes Alicia McNab (born March 14, 1980) is a Canadian-born actress perhaps known for playing the role of Harmony Kendall on Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff Angel. ... Darling Violetta is a dark pop band based in Hollywood, California. ... The following is a list of episodes for the American cult television series, Angel. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... This article is about the year. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ...


The series was created by Buffy's creator, Joss Whedon in collaboration with David Greenwalt, and first aired on October 5, 1999. Like Buffy, it was produced by Whedon's production company, Mutant Enemy. Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... David Greenwalt is an American screenwriter. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... This article is about the year. ... Mutant Enemy is the name of the television production company set up by Joss Whedon to oversee production of his television shows Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and later Firefly. ...


The show details the ongoing trials of the vampire, Angel, who has his human soul restored to him by gypsies as a punishment after more than a century of murder and torture of innocents, leaving him tormented by guilt and remorse. During the first four seasons of the show, he works as a private detective in a fictionalized version of Los Angeles, California, where he and a variety of associates work to "help the helpless" and to restore the faith and save the souls of those who have lost their way.[2] Typically, this involves doing battle with evil demons or demonically-allied humans, primarily related to the law firm, Wolfram & Hart. He also has to battle his own violent nature. In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... A private investigator, or PI, is a person who undertakes investigations. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Spoiler warning: Wolfram and Hart is an international and inter-dimensional fictional law firm in the television series Angel, its principal human faces being Holland Manners, Lilah Morgan, and Lindsey McDonald. ...

Contents

Production

Origins

Co-producer Greenwalt points out "there's no denying that Angel grew out of Buffy." Several years before Angel debuted, Joss Whedon developed the concept behind Buffy the Vampire Slayer to invert the Hollywood formula of "the little blonde girl who goes into a dark alley and gets killed in every horror movie."[3] The character Angel was first seen in the first episode and became a regular, appearing in the opening credits during the second and third seasons. According to the fictional universe first established by Slayer, the 'Buffyverse,'[4] Angel was born in 18th century Ireland. After being turned into a soulless, immortal vampire, he became legendary for his evil acts, until a band of wronged Gypsies punished him by restoring his soul, overwhelming him with guilt. Angel eventually set out on a path of redemption, hoping that he could make up for his past through good deeds. In Buffy's third season finale, the character leaves Sunnydale for L.A. to continue his atonement without Buffy. Whedon believed that "Angel was the one character who was bigger than life in the same way that Buffy was, a kind of superhero."[5] Whedon has compared the series to its parent, "It's a little bit more straightforward action show and a little bit more of a guys' show."[6] ... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Welcome to the Hellmouth (Welcome for short) is the very first episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Opening credits, in a television program, motion picture or videogame, are shown at the beginning of a show and list the most important members of the production. ... Buffyverse is a term coined by fans of Joss Whedons first two television shows to refer to the shared fictional universe in which they are set. ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Graduation Day, Part Two is the 22nd episode of season 3 of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Sunnydale Sunnydale, California, is the fictional setting for the U.S. television drama Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


While the central concept behind Buffy was "High school as a horror movie" in small-town America,[7] Co-creators David Greenwalt and Whedon were looking to make Angel into a different "gritty, urban show."[8] Whedon explains "we wanted a much darker show, darker in tone. It is set in Los Angeles because there are a lot of demons in L.A. and a wealth of stories to be told. We also wanted to take the show a little older and have the characters deal with demons in a much different way. Buffy is always the underdog trying to save the world, but Angel is looking for redemption. It's those two things that creatively make the shows different."[9] For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


Whedon and Greenwalt prepared a six-minute promotional video pitch, often called the "Unaired Angel pilot" for the WB Network.[10] Some shots from this short were later used in the opening credits.[10] The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ...

Angel screenshot featuring the title character, Angel, from the premiere episode, "City of."
Angel screenshot featuring the title character, Angel, from the premiere episode, "City of."

Early during the life of the series, some effort was made to slightly soften the original concept. For example, scenes were cut from the pilot episode, "City of," in which Angel tasted the blood of a murder victim.[11] The episode that was originally written to be the second episode, "Corrupt" was abandoned altogether. Writer David Fury explains, "The Network was shocked. They said 'We can't shoot this. This is way too dark.' We were able to break a new idea, we had to turn it over in three days."[12] Instead the tone was lightened, and the opening episodes established Angel Investigations as an idealistic shoestring operation. Image File history File linksMetadata Angel101. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Angel101. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... City of is the series premiere of the television show Angel. ... David Fury is an acclaimed American writer. ... Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about Buffy, Angel up until their final episodes follow. ...


A first draft script reveals that Angel was originally intended to include the character Whistler, played by Max Perlich, who had already featured in two Buffy episodes, "Becoming, Part One" and "Part Two".[13] In an interview, Perlich said, "I never got called again. If they had called I would have probably accepted because it was a great experience and I think Joss is very original and talented."[14] Instead, the producers created the Whistler-like character, Doyle. Cordelia Chase, also from the original Sunnydale crew, joined Angel and Doyle. Whistler was a demon in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Max Perlich at the Hollywood premiere of New Lines Blow Character actor Max Perlich spent many years playing bit parts on television and in teen films such as Cant Buy Me Love (1987) and Lost Angels (1989); his roles usually were of the slacker or juvenile delinquent variety. ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... Becoming, Part One is episode 21 of season 2 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Becoming, Part Two is episode 22 of season 2 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Allen Francis Doyle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Angel. ... Cordelia Chase (born December 1980[1], in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel, portrayed by Charisma Carpenter. ...


Executive producers

Joss Whedon is credited as executive producer throughout the run of the series,[15] Alongside Angel, he was also working on a series of other projects such as Buffy, Fray, Firefly, Astonishing X-Men, and Serenity.[15] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fray is an eight-issue comic book limited series about Melaka Fray, a Slayer in the future, written by Buffy the Vampire Slayer creator Joss Whedon and drawn by Karl Moline (pencils) and Andy Owens (inks). ... Firefly is an American science fiction television series created by writer/director Joss Whedon, creator of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, under his Mutant Enemy Productions. ... Astonishing X-Men is the name of three X-Men books, the first two were limited series and the third an ongoing series. ... Serenity is a 2005 science fiction space western/epic film written and directed by Joss Whedon. ...


For the first three seasons, David Greenwalt, who co-created the series with Whedon, was also credited as executive producer.[16] During this time, Greenwalt took on the role of show runner. He left to oversee Miracles, but continued to work on Angel as a consulting producer. At the start of the fourth season, David Simkins was made show runner and executive producer, but after three months he left the show due to "creative differences."[17] Established Angel writer Tim Minear took his position for the fourth season before moving to Whedon's Firefly. Jeffrey Bell acted as show runner and executive producer for the fifth season. Show runner (alternatively showrunner,[1] or show-runner)[2] is a term used in the United States television industry referring to the person who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of a television series, in other words, the person who runs the show. ... Miracles was an American drama television series starring Skeet Ulrich and Angus MacFadyen as part of a team investigating miracles, trying to determine their authenticity. ... Tim Minear (born October 29, 1963) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Jeffrey Jackson Bell is a television script-writer best known for working on X-Files, Angel, and Alias. ...


Fran Rubel Kuzui and her husband, Kaz Kuzui, were also credited as executive producers throughout Angel,[18] but were not involved in any writing or production for the show. Jeffrey Bell mentions in his DVD commentary during the closing credits of the Angel series finale "Not Fade Away" that two people were credited and paid for Angel without needing to ever step on the set.[19] Angel crew member Dan Kerns also revealed in an essay, that two executive producers "received credit and sizeable checks for the duration of Buffy and Angel for doing absolutely nothing".[20] Their credit, rights and royalties over the whole Buffy franchise which includes spin-off Angel relate to their funding, producing and directing of the original movie version of Buffy.[21] Fran Rubel Kuzui is an American movie director and producer. ... Kaz Kuzui is an American producer. ... List of Angel episodes Not Fade Away is the 22nd episode of season 5, and the final episode of the series, of the television show Angel. ...


Writing

Script-writing was done by Mutant Enemy, a production company created by Joss Whedon in 1997. The writers with the most writing credits for the series include: David Greenwalt, Tim Minear, David Fury, Mere Smith, Steven S. DeKnight, and Jeffrey Bell.[22] Grrr. ... Mere Smith is a television script-writer best known for working on Angel Angel episodes Main article: List of Angel (series) episodes 2. ... Steven S. DeKnight is a television script-writer best known for working on Smallville, Buffy, and Angel Buffy episodes Main article: List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Seeing Red (2002) TV Episode (writer) Dead Things (2002) TV Episode (writer) All the Way (2001) TV Episode (writer) Spiral (2001) TV...


Jane Espenson has explained how scripts came together for Mutant Enemy Productions series; Buffy, Angel, and Firefly.[23] A meeting is held and an idea is floated, generally by Whedon, and the writers brainstorm to develop the central theme of the episode and the character development. Next, the staff meets in the anteroom to Whedon's office to begin "breaking" the story into acts and scenes. The only one absent is the writer working on the previous week's episode. For the team, one of the key components to devising acts is deciding where to break for commercial and ensuring the viewer returns. "Finding these moments in the story help give it shape: think of them as tent poles that support the structure," wrote Espenson. Jane Espenson is an American writer who has worked on several television series and comic books, as well as on a variety of other projects. ...


Next, the writers develop the scenes onto a marker-filled whiteboard, featuring a "brief ordered description of each scene."[23] A writer is selected to create an outline of the episode's concept — occasionally with some dialogue and jokes — in one day. The outline is given to the show runner, who revises it within a day. The writer uses the revised outline to write the first draft of the script while the other writers work on developing the next. This first draft is usually submitted for revision within three to fourteen days; afterward, a second and sometimes third draft is written. After all revisions were made, the final draft would be produced as the "shooting draft."


Music

Main articles: Music in Buffy and Angel

Angel features a mix of original, indie, rock and pop music. The use of music was a key component in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy and Angel. ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ... In popular music, indie music (from independent) is any of a number of genres, scenes, subcultures and stylistic and cultural attributes, characterised by perceived independence from commercial pop music and mainstream culture and an autonomous, do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ...


The opening theme was composed by Darling Violetta, an alternative rock group that performed two songs during the third season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The next year, Angel invited bands to submit demos for the theme music to the show. They asked bands to use "dark superhero ideas" and "Cello-rock".[24] Darling Violetta watched pivotal Angel-related episodes of Buffy like "Passion" and "Becoming, Part One" and "Two" for inspiration. Eventually Joss Whedon accepted Darling Violetta's interpretation of an Angel theme as that most suitable to the show. The theme has a slower tempo than the Buffy theme. It has heavier use of acoustic instruments such as cello. This is perhaps more appropriate for a show about a vampire from 18th century Ireland on a long journey of redemption. In 2005, the band composed an extended version of the Angel theme called "The Sanctuary Extended Remix", which featured on the soundtrack of the series Angel: Live Fast, Die Never. Darling Violetta is a dark pop band based in Hollywood, California. ... Passion is episode 17 of season 2 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Becoming, Part One is episode 21 of season 2 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Becoming, Part Two is episode 22 of season 2 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ...


The demon karaoke bar, Caritas, is frequently used to spotlight pop hits. There has also been a soundtrack album, Angel: Live Fast, Die Never. The soundtrack mostly consists of scores created for the show by Robert J. Kral along with a remixed theme, and four other songs from the show. Douglas Romayne scored 33 episodes of "Angel" in seasons 4 and 5 along with series lead composer, Rob Kral. Caritas was a fictional demon-friendly karaoke bar in the U.S. television series Angel. ... Robert J. Kral is a composer who works on TV and film scores. ... This article is about Douglas Romayne the composer. ...


Cancellation

On February 14, 2004, the WB Network announced that Angel would not be brought back for a sixth season. The one-paragraph statement indicated the news, which had been reported by an Internet site the previous day, had been leaked well before the network intended to make its announcement.[25] Joss Whedon posted a message on a popular fan site, The Bronze: Beta, in which he expressed his dismay and surprise, saying he was "heartbroken"[26] and compared it to a "healthy guy falling dead from a heart attack."[27] Fan reaction was to organize letter-writing campaigns, online petitions, blood and food drives, advertisements in trade magazines and via mobile billboards, and attempts to lobby other networks. UPN was a particular target, as it had already picked up Buffy. Outrage for the cancellation focused on Jordan Levin, the WB's Head of Entertainment. It is firmly believed that Angel was canceled to make room for a primetime remake of Dark Shadows[citation needed], which has its own vampire, Barnabas Collins. However the pilot was rejected, by the WB Television Network. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... A website, Web site or WWW site (often shortened to just site) is a collection of webpages, that is, HTML/XHTML documents accessible via HTTP on the Internet; all publicly accessible websites in existence comprise the World Wide Web. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... Dark Shadows is a Gothic soap opera that originally aired weekdays on the ABC television network, from June 27, 1966 to April 2, 1971. ... Barnabas Collins was one of the feature characters in the ABC soap opera serial Dark Shadows. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, or sometimes as The Frog (referring to the networks former mascot, the animated character Michigan J. Frog), is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ...


Angel's final episode, "Not Fade Away," aired on the WB on May 19, 2004. The ambiguous final moments left some fans hoping for the continuation of Angel and the Buffyverse in the future, hopes that came to fruition in November of 2007, with the publication of the first issue of Angel: After the Fall. The comic book series is Joss Whedon's official, "canon" continuation of Angel's story. The comic series follows in the footsteps of Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight, whose first episode was published in March, 2007. List of Angel episodes Not Fade Away is the 22nd episode of season 5, and the final episode of the series, of the television show Angel. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight is a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics. ...


Characters

Main characters

The principal Angel actors portraying their characters, from left to right: Gunn, Cordelia, Angel, Wesley and Fred
The principal Angel actors portraying their characters, from left to right: Gunn, Cordelia, Angel, Wesley and Fred

The series focuses around Angel (David Boreanaz), a vampire over two hundred years old. Known as Angelus during his rampages across Europe, he was cursed with a soul, which gave him a conscience and guilt for centuries of murder and torture. He left Buffy the Vampire Slayer at the end of the third season to move to Los Angeles in search of redemption. This article lists the major and recurring fictional characters created by Joss Whedon for the cult television programs, Angel. ... Image File history File links Angel_cast_(Angel_casefiles). ... Image File history File links Angel_cast_(Angel_casefiles). ... Charles Gunn (born 1978 in Los Angeles, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Garry Campbell for the cult television program, Angel. ... Cordelia Chase (born December 1980[1], in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel, portrayed by Charisma Carpenter. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Wesley Wyndam-Pryce is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Douglas Petrie for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Winifred Fred Burkle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Shawn Ryan for the cult television series, Angel. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... David Paul Boreanaz (born May 16, 1969) is an American film and television actor. ... In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


He soon finds himself assisted by Allen Francis Doyle (Glenn Quinn), an Irish half-human, half-demon. Although he comes across as a ne'er-do-well hustler, he has a heroic side. He serves to pass along the cryptic visions from The Powers That Be to Angel. They are joined by Cordelia Chase (Charisma Carpenter), also an old cast member of Buffy. Formerly a popular high school cheerleader, Cordelia starts her tenure on the show as a vapid and shallow personality, but grows over the course of the series into a hero. Allen Francis Doyle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Angel. ... Glenn Quinn (Irish: Gleann Ó Cuinn) (May 28, 1970 - December 3, 2002) was an Irish actor in television and film. ... The powers that be (TPTB) is a phrase used to refer to any group that holds power over a certain entity: politicians, television and film writers, CEOs, etc. ... Cordelia Chase (born December 1980[1], in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel, portrayed by Charisma Carpenter. ... Charisma Lee Carpenter (born July 23, 1970) is an American actress. ...


With the death of Doyle in the early episodes of the show's first season, another character from the Buffy series makes the jump to its spin-off. Wesley Wyndam-Pryce (Alexis Denisof) joins the team under the brave guise of "rogue demon hunter", acting as comic relief, and is initially not well-accepted. Over the course of the series Wesley grows into a leader and anti-hero. Wesley Wyndam-Pryce is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Douglas Petrie for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Alexis Denisof (b. ... In literature and film, an anti-hero is a central or supporting character that has some of the personality flaws and ultimate fortune traditionally assigned to villains but nonetheless also have enough heroic qualities or intentions to gain the sympathy of readers or viewers. ...


In the show's second season they are joined by Charles Gunn (J. August Richards), a young demon hunter who must initially adjust to working with and for a vampire. At the end of the second season they travel to the world Pylea, where they save Winifred "Fred" Burkle (Amy Acker), a young Texan physicist whose social skills have become stunted due to her captivity. She later grows to become one of the more outspoken members of the team. Charles Gunn (born 1978 in Los Angeles, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Garry Campbell for the cult television program, Angel. ... J. August Richards was born on August 28, 1973 in Washington D.C. He plays the street-wise member of the Angel investigation team. ... Winifred Fred Burkle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Shawn Ryan for the cult television series, Angel. ... Amy Acker at the Serenity premiere, 2005 Amy Louise Acker (born December 5, 1976) is an American actress. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ...


The third season saw the introduction of Connor (Vincent Kartheiser), the "miracle" human child of two vampires, Angel and Darla. Thrown into a Hell dimension as a baby, he is raised by Angel's enemy Daniel Holtz, and only a few months after he left comes back as a teenager. Connor reluctantly comes to accept his lineage. Although introduced during the show's second season, Lorne (Andy Hallett) joins the team during its fourth season. An outgoing and pacifistic demon, Lorne's role is predominantly to support the team. Connor, also known as Connor Angel, Steven Franklin Thomas Holtz and Connor Reilly, is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Angel. ... Vincent Paul Kartheiser (born May 5, 1979) is an American actor. ... Darla is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Daniel Holtz is a fictional character on the television series Angel. ... Krevlornswath Lorne Of The Deathwok Clan (born in Pylea), also known as The Host, is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program, Angel. ... Andy Hallett (born August 4, 1975) is from the tiny Cape Cod village of Osterville, part of the town of Barnstable. ...


The show's fifth and final season introduces several new cast members, chief amongst them Spike (James Marsters), an old vampire companion of Angel's who also starred in Buffy. In that series, Spike turns to good and eventually fights to regain his soul. One of the legendary Old Ones, Illyria (Amy Acker) starts off as an adversary of the team after taking over the body of Fred but comes to join the team as she must learn to cope with the changed world and the new emotions she feels as a result of her taking over Fred. Spike (a. ... James Wesley Marsters (born August 20, 1962) is an American actor and musician, best known for playing the popular platinum-blond character Spike, an English of a vampire, in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel. ... In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... In the Buffyverse, the Old Ones are the extremely powerful, pure-breed demons that once dominated Earth before humankind appeared. ... For the ancient Illyria in the eastern Europe region,see Albania Illyria is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Angel. ... Amy Acker at the Serenity premiere, 2005 Amy Louise Acker (born December 5, 1976) is an American actress. ...


Finally, there is Harmony Kendall (Mercedes McNab), also a Buffy alumna, and former friend of Cordelia who was turned into a vampire. Resembling the old personality of Cordelia, Harmony is grudgingly accepted by Angel as his secretary when he takes over the Los Angeles branch of Wolfram & Hart. Harmony is also the only character (other than Angel) to appear in the first episode of Buffy and the last episode of Angel. Harmony Kendall (born presumably in 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Mercedes Alicia McNab (born March 14, 1980) is a Canadian-born actress perhaps known for playing the role of Harmony Kendall on Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff Angel. ... Spoiler warning: Wolfram and Hart is an international and inter-dimensional fictional law firm in the television series Angel, its principal human faces being Holland Manners, Lilah Morgan, and Lindsey McDonald. ...


Recurring characters

See also: List of minor Angel characters

Many characters on Angel made recurring appearances. The two longest running recurring characters besides Lorne, who was later added to the main cast, are Lilah Morgan (season 1 through 4) and Lindsey McDonald (season 1, 2, and 5) appearing in 35 and 21 episodes respectively. Lindsey is also the only character besides Angel to appear in both the first and last episode of the series. Throughout the series, there were also guest appearances from Buffy characters, which include main cast members Buffy Summers and Willow Rosenberg. The character of Faith Lehane played an important part in stories from the first and fourth season. One such other character from Buffy made the jump from that series to become a recurring character on Angel; Anne Steele. This article features (recurring) fictional characters who appear as guest stars on the cult television program Angel. ... Lilah Morgan first appeared in the episode The Ring of the Angel Series in season one, and would appear regularly in the seasons one and two. ... Lindsey McDonald was a fictional character on the WB Network television series Angel. ... This article lists the major and recurring fictional characters created by Joss Whedon for the cult television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Buffy Anne Summers is the eponymous fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the television program of the same name and its numerous spin-offs, such as novels, comic books, and video games. ... Willow Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Faith Lehane (known in the TV series only as Faith)[2] is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, portrayed by Eliza Dushku. ... Joan Appleby (born in 1981), also known as Sister Sunshine, Chantarelle, Lily Houston and Anne Steele, is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television shows Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


Plot synopsis

See also List of Angel episodes

The following is a list of episodes for the American cult television series, Angel. ...

First season

At the start of the series, Angel has just moved to Los Angeles in an effort to earn redemption for the evil deeds he committed as an un-souled vampire. He is soon visited by Doyle, a messenger sent to him on behalf of The Powers That Be. Doyle receives visions that can guide Angel on his mission. Angel also bumps into Cordelia Chase, who is trying to break into stardom. The three group together to form Angel Investigations, a detective agency that hopes to "help the helpless." When Doyle dies, he passes on his 'visions' to Cordelia. Shortly thereafter, the ex-Watcher, Wesley Wyndam-Pryce, joins the group. Meanwhile, the evil law firm, Wolfram & Hart pay increasing attention to Angel. They tempt him toward darkness when they resurrect Darla, Angel's ex-lover and sire — killed by Angel in the first season of Buffy in the episode "Angel." The Powers That Be is a euphemism for the enigmatic and ancient forces that assist the side of good in the WB television series Angel. ... Two Watchers: Wesley and Giles In the fictional Buffyverse established by the television series Buffy and Angel, a Watcher is a member of a secret organization, the Watchers Council, which seeks to prepare the Slayer to fight demonic forces. ... Spoiler warning: Wolfram and Hart is an international and inter-dimensional fictional law firm in the television series Angel, its principal human faces being Holland Manners, Lilah Morgan, and Lindsey McDonald. ... Darla is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... Angel is the seventh episode in the first season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Second season

Charles Gunn, a street tough who leads a gang of vampire hunters, is initially determined to kill Angel, but slowly comes to accept him and join his cause. Wolfram & Hart's star lawyer Lindsey McDonald primes Darla as its weapon to bring down Angel. However, Darla is brought back as a human, not a vampire. But as a human, she suffers from a terminal case of syphilis — which she had contracted in her original life before being sired. Lindsey brings in Drusilla, a vampire originally sired by Angelus, to restore Darla to the cause of evil. Enraged by this, Angel begins to grow darker. He cuts himself off from his staff and attempts to go after the pair himself. In despair, Angel sleeps with Darla (cf. "Reprise"), but the next morning, he has an epiphany; seeing the error of his ways, he banishes Darla and reunites with his group. Lorne, the flamboyant demon owner of Caritas, reluctantly takes Angel and his crew to his home dimension, Pylea, to rescue Cordelia. They return with Winifred "Fred" Burkle, a former physics student who has been trapped in the dimension for five long years. Charles Gunn (born 1978 in Los Angeles, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Garry Campbell for the cult television program, Angel. ... Lindsey McDonald was a fictional character on the WB Network television series Angel. ... Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete. ... Drusilla (born circa 1840 in London, England) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Reprise is episode 15 of season 2 in the television show Angel. ... Krevlornswath Lorne Of The Deathwok Clan (born in Pylea), also known as The Host, is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program, Angel. ... Caritas was a fictional demon-friendly karaoke bar in the U.S. television series Angel. ... The two Suns of Pylea. ... Winifred Fred Burkle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Shawn Ryan for the cult television series, Angel. ...


Third season

To get over news of the death of his ex-girlfriend, Buffy, Angel spends three months in a Sri Lankan monastery, where he encounters some demon monks and goes home frustrated. He returns to Los Angeles, as does Darla — now bearing his child. The group is puzzled by what might be the first vampire birth. Darla sacrifices her life to save the life of her child, Connor. The gang is eager to care for the infant, but Wesley soon learns of a frightening prophecy that suggests that Angel will murder his son. Feeling disconnected from the group, Wesley does not share this information, and quietly kidnaps Connor. This backfires as he is attacked and the child is seized by an old enemy, Daniel Holtz, whose family Angelus and Darla slaughtered two hundred years ago. Holtz escapes through a portal to a Hell dimension, and raises the boy as his own. Angel feels that his son is lost forever, and tries to murder Wesley. Though he survives, Wesley is banished from the group. Weeks later, Connor returns, but because time moves differently where he has been, he is now a teenage boy, having been raised by Holtz. When Holtz stages his own murder to frame Angel, Connor imprisons his birth father in a casket and drops it to the bottom of the ocean. Monastery of St. ... Connor, also known as Connor Angel, Steven Franklin Thomas Holtz and Connor Reilly, is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Angel. ... Daniel Holtz is a fictional character on the television series Angel. ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ...


Fourth season

Despite his exile from his old friends, Wesley locates and frees Angel. A hellish Beast emerges and blocks out the sun over L.A. Although the city survives, the sunlight seems to be blotted out permanently. In a desperate attempt to confront the Beast, the team removes Angel's soul, releasing Angelus, but manage to restore it. Their efforts, however, do not prevent the coming of Jasmine, who was indirectly responsible for the work of the Beast. Jasmine, it turns out, was one of the Powers That Be and plans to solve all the world's problems by giving humanity total happiness through spiritual enslavement to her. Fred is accidentally inoculated against Jasmine's spell by contact with her blood and frees the rest of the gang though they remain hopelessly outnumbered by thousands already entranced by Jasmine. By revealing her true name, they are able to break Jasmine's spell over everyone. In the season finale, they are met by Lilah Morgan, the resurrected Head of Wolfram & Hart's Special Project Division, who congratulates them on preventing world peace, and says that as a token of their appreciation, Wolfram & Hart would like to give them the Los Angeles branch. To help save Cordelia and Connor, Angel reluctantly agrees. The Beast is a fictional demon on the television series Angel. ... Jasmine is a fictional character on the television series Angel. ... Lilah Morgan first appeared in the episode The Ring of the Angel Series in season one, and would appear regularly in the seasons one and two. ... World peace is an ideal of freedom, peace, and happiness among and within all nations. ...


Fifth season

Angel and his team in the final moments of the series finale; "Not Fade Away".
Angel and his team in the final moments of the series finale; "Not Fade Away".

The gang begins to settle into their new lives at Wolfram & Hart. Gunn undergoes a special cognitive procedure that transforms him into a brilliant lawyer. The group receives an amulet that resurrects a past companion of Angelus, the souled vampire Spike. Fred finally declares her affections to Wesley, but shortly after is possessed by an ancient and powerful demon called Illyria. Wesley is devastated by the loss of Fred, but agrees to help Illyria adjust to her new form and the unfamiliar world she's in. Angel infiltrates the Circle of the Black Thorn, a secret society responsible for engineering the Apocalypse, and plans to take them all out in a simultaneous, hard-hitting strike. Because this is probably a suicide mission, he tells each of his friends to spend the day as if it were their last. That night, the team launches its attack on the Circle, dividing up their targets. When Wesley is fatally stabbed, Illyria, concerned for his safety, arrives at his side after killing her targets but is powerless to help him; she grieves for Wesley. Lorne leaves and disappears into the night, his innocence destroyed, after fulfilling Angel's last order to kill Lindsey, the former Wolfram & Hart lawyer who had turned his back on the firm. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... List of Angel episodes Not Fade Away is the 22nd episode of season 5, and the final episode of the series, of the television show Angel. ... Spike (a. ... For the ancient Illyria in the eastern Europe region,see Albania Illyria is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Angel. ... The Circle of the Black Thorn is a fictional secret society in the television show, Angel. ... For the Europe album, see Secret Society (Europe album). ... Look up Apocalypse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Once the Circle has been dismantled, Angel and the surviving members of his gang rendezvous in the alley behind the Hyperion Hotel. Illyria arrives with news of Wesley's death and Gunn emerges, staggering from a serious stomach wound. The survivors wait as the Senior Partners' army of warriors, giants, and a dragon approaches. The series ends with Angel and his crew preparing for battle, saying, "Let's go to work." The Senior Partners are fictional characters in the television series Angel. ...


Angel: After The Fall

The story will be continued in a canonical Season Six as a 12-issue mini-series (a comic book, not TV series), subtitled After the Fall. The series will be written by Brian Lynch (Spike: Asylum) and is plotted by both Lynch and Joss Whedon.[28][29] Brian Lynch is an American writer, best known for writing and directing the movie Big Helium Dog. ...


Setting and themes

Setting

The Angel intertitle showing the show's setting, the city of Los Angeles.
The Angel intertitle showing the show's setting, the city of Los Angeles.

Much of Angel was shot on location in Los Angeles, California.[30] The show is set in the city of Los Angeles. "Los Angeles" are the first words spoken in the premiere episode,[31] and the cityscape is the first image seen in the opening credits. Joss Whedon said that "It is set in Los Angeles because there are a lot of demons in L.A. and a wealth of stories to be told."[32] Producer Marti Noxon has expanded on this explanation: "Los Angeles was the place that Joss Whedon picked for very specific reasons. There's a lot of preconceptions about what the place is, but there are a lot of truths. It's a pretty competitive, intense town, where a lot of lonely isolated, and desperate people end up. It's a good place for monsters."[33] Many episodes feature references to the city, and the opening episode of the second season features the character Lorne offering this observation of the city: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Buffyverse is a term coined by fans of Joss Whedons first two television shows to refer to the shared fictional universe in which they are set. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Outside view of the property. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Marti Noxon is a television and film writer perhaps best known for her work as a writer and executive producer on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...

In this city you better learn to get along. Because L.A.'s got it all: The glamour and the grit, the big breaks and the heartaches, the sweet young lovers and the nasty, ugly, hairy fiends that suck out your brain through your face. It's all part of the big wacky variety show we call Los Angeles.

In the essay collection, Reading Angel: The TV Spin-off With a Soul, Benjamin Jacob writes the essay, "Los Angelus: The City of Angel." He explores why Los Angeles in particular should be important to the series. Jacob suggests several explanations. First, the name connection ('City of Angels'). Second, the double-sided nature, the "other side of the stereotypical sunshine city, Beach Boys and Walt Disney", "the place of pain, anonymity, alienation and broken dreams".[34] Third American noir was originally a "Los Angelian genre".[34] Angel was originally conceived as supernatural noir. Noir had continued investigation of the "dark city, a place of regression and darkness as a counterpoint to the city's promise of progress and civilization" that had begun under William Blake and Charles Dickens.[34] Noir could refer to: Noir is the French language word for black. Film noir is a genre of movie. ... William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. ... Dickens redirects here. ...


During the first season, Angel Investigations is based in Angel's apartment. Actor Alexis Denisof, who played Wesley Wyndam-Pryce, said "Angel had this dark, foreboding, underground cellar apartment with columns, with this antique furniture all around, and this pokey little office upstairs"[35] These offices were blown up in the story at the climax of the first season, and Angel Investigations found a new base in the episode, "Are You Now or Have You Ever Been". Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about Buffy, Angel up until their final episodes follow. ... Alexis Denisof (b. ... Wesley Wyndam-Pryce is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Douglas Petrie for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... List of Angel episodes Are You Now or Have You Ever Been is episode 2 of season 2 in the television show Angel, originally broadcast on the WB network. ...


Production designer Stuart Blatt outlined the new base: "An old hotel, something [the writers] could use to evoke the past of Los Angeles and some of Angel's history, something kind of creepy and spooky but not too dark because they didn't want something depressing, it's called the Hyperion Hotel. It's based on many hotels in Los Angeles...Angel lived in a larger suite in the hotel, like a honeymoon suite, the producers wanted Angel to have enough room to relax and get away from it all, do a little pondering, a little brooding, and a little research. Every once in a while someone will come up to have a little conversation."[36] During the final season, the team moves to the evil law firm, Wolfram & Hart. Outside view of the property. ... Spoiler warning: Wolfram and Hart is an international and inter-dimensional fictional law firm in the television series Angel, its principal human faces being Holland Manners, Lilah Morgan, and Lindsey McDonald. ...


Format

Angel was initially told in an anthology format, with each episode creating a self-contained story that took place around the title character. Later episodes began to increasingly contribute to a larger storyline, which was broken down into complex narratives that unfolded over many episodes. The most extreme example of this was season four, in which almost every episode contributed to the main storyline. The show blends different genres, including horror, martial arts, romance, melodrama, farce, and comedy. An anthology, literally a garland or collection of flowers, is a collection of literary works, originally of poems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... While most films have some aspect of romance between characters (at least as a subplot) a romance film can be loosely defined as any film in which the central plot (the premise of the story) revolves around the romantic involvement of the storys protagonists. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... Look up farce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The screwball comedy has proven to be one of the most elusive of the film genres. ...


The series' narrative revolves around Angel and his colleagues, collectively making up the detective agency Angel Investigations, who fight against supernatural evils and work to "Help the helpless".[37] A typical episode contains one or more villains, or supernatural phenomena that is thwarted or defeated, and one or more people in need of help. Though elements and relationships are explored and ongoing subplots are included, the show focuses centrally on Angel and his road to redemption. For other uses, see Supernatural (disambiguation). ...


The most prominent monsters in the Angel bestiary are vampires, which are based on traditional myths, lore, and literary conventions. Angel and his companions fight a wide variety of demons, as well as ghosts, werewolves, zombies, and ethically unsound humans. They sometimes even save the world from annihilation by a combination of physical combat, magic, and detective-style investigation, and are guided by an extensive collection of ancient and mystical reference books. Visions from higher powers guide the group, and are received by Doyle and later Cordelia. Hand-to-hand combat is chiefly undertaken by Angel and later Gunn. Lorne is able to read peoples' destinies and intentions. Fred uses her scientific knowledge to contribute whilst Wesley contributes his extensive knowledge of demonology and supernatural lore. The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about some or all of information gradually revealed in Buffyverse productions: (Buffy, Angel, Fray. ... The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... A Werewolf is a human who tranforms into a wolf-like figure on nights of the full moon in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... Not to be confused with Magic (illusion). ... Episode no. ... Charles Gunn (born 1978 in Los Angeles, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Garry Campbell for the cult television program, Angel. ... Winifred Fred Burkle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Shawn Ryan for the cult television series, Angel. ... Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. ...


Themes

While Buffy the Vampire Slayer was built around the angst of adolescence, Angel chronicles the different stages of adulthood. The character of Cordelia Chase, who had been the most popular and superficial girl in Sunnydale High on Buffy, develops over the course of the series from an insecure young woman struggling in a daunting real world into an unexpectedly mature woman. Similarly, Wesley, the once uptight and bookish Watcher, becomes a man of quiet confidence and often ruthless action. Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about some or all of the Whedonverse productions (Buffy, Angel, Fray, etc. ... Two Watchers: Wesley and Giles In the fictional Buffyverse established by the television series Buffy and Angel, a Watcher is a member of a secret organization, the Watchers Council, which seeks to prepare the Slayer to fight demonic forces. ...

Angel screenshot from the opening credits. Taking place in a dark metropolis, Angel often alluded to the noir detective genre that influenced the show.
Angel screenshot from the opening credits. Taking place in a dark metropolis, Angel often alluded to the noir detective genre that influenced the show.

In much the same way as Buffy had been both an homage and parody of traditional horror films, Angel gave the same treatment to the classical film noir. Producer Kelly Manners said "Angel is a dark show about a man looking for redemption... We have an alcoholic metaphor with Angel. Angel is a guy who is one drink away from going back to his evil roots"[38] He attempts to find redemption through helping the helpless of Los Angeles in a fashion similar to that of noir detectives. The first episode even included a Phillip Marlowe-style voiceover. The character of Angel filled the role of the reluctant, streetwise detective who has dealings with a variety of underworld characters. In this case, the "underworld" is a literal underworld of demons and supernatural beings. In one instance, Angel is explicitly compared with fictional noir private-detective Marlowe.[39] Many traditional noir stories and characters were explored in earlier episodes, including the ditzy but attractive secretary, the cagey but well-informed partner, and clashes with crooked lawyers and meddlesome, too-good-for-their-own-good cops. These were usually given a modern or supernatural twist. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 65 KB) Screenshot from the opening credits of Angel. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 65 KB) Screenshot from the opening credits of Angel. ... Noir could refer to: Noir is the French language word for black. Film noir is a genre of movie. ... DVD cover showing horror characters as depicted by Universal Studios. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... Ed Bishop had the title role in BBC Radios The Adventures of Philip Marlowe. ...


The style and focus of the show changed considerably over its run, and the original noir idea was mostly discarded in favor of more large scale fantasy-themed conflicts. In later seasons, the mythology and stories became increasingly complex; in Season Four, one of the characters on the show itself described the storyline as "a turgid supernatural soap-opera."[40] Whereas the show initially dealt with the difficulty of being kind to people on a personal basis, the show ultimately focused on Angel's status as an archetypal Champion for humanity, and explored ideas such as moral ambiguity, the spiritual cost of violence, and the nature of free will. The enduring theme throughout the series was the struggle for redemption. For other uses, see Archetype (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Champion (disambiguation). ... Free-Will is a Japanese independent record label founded in 1986. ... For other uses of the word, see Redemption Redemption is a religious concept referring to forgiveness or absolution for past sins and protection from eternal damnation. ...


Angel explored trust motifs as an increasingly central focus of the show. In the first two seasons, there were sprinklings of deceit and treachery, but in the last three seasons duplicity began to pervade the thematic structure, culminating in the fifth season when almost every episode included some kind of double-cross, trickery, or illusion. An idea presented in the third season was that even prophecy can betray, as they are often deceiving if not plain lies. In the fifth season, it is repeatedly emphasized that the characters can trust no one in their new situation. The series is also notable for harsh betrayals within the cast of main characters; such events often having lethal consequences. For other uses, see Prophecy (disambiguation). ...


Angel depicted the feelings of loneliness, danger, and callousness often attributed to the urban Los Angeles megalopolis. The divisions between the ordered world of the day and the chaotic world of the night have been trademark themes of noir and by depicting a protagonist who literally has no daytime life, the series was able to explore these same themes in more dramatic, metaphorical ways. As the series progressed, the creators were able to explore darker aspects of the characters, particularly Angel, who commits a number of morally questionable actions, and periodically reverts to his evil persona Angelus. Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


Reception

Critical reviews

During the course of the series, Angel has been subject to both critique and praise. These critiques are often put into the context of it being a spin-off to popular show Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and will at times refer to it being "better than" or "lesser than" its parent show.

""Angel" may improve with age. Heaven knows, it has a built-in "Buffy" fan base. For now, however, there's not enough to sink your teeth into."
—Phil Rosenthal, Chicago Sun-Times, October 5, 1999[41]
"Some weeks, the series works beautifully, moving along like the otherworldly detective show it's meant to be. The Oct. 26 edition, in which a baddie could detach various body parts and send them off to do naughty things (an eyeball is sent to spy on a girl he likes, for instance), was full of crackerjack wit, as was the Nov. 16 show, in which Doyle's brains are nearly eaten by his ex-wife's new in-laws (Whedon and company excel at gruesome variations on the hellishness of family life).
But other times Angel can tip too far into jokiness -- or, worse, come off like a supernatural version of hollow USA Network shows such as Silk Stalkings. Angel's weaknesses were highlighted in the Nov. 23 Buffy/Angel crossover, in which Angel briefly regained his soul and, in the words of Cordelia, got groiny with Buffy, alternating kitchen-table-clearing make-out scenes with dueling-demon tableaux; it was like Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein for a Last Tango in Paris, yet fully satisfying across a whole range of emotions. Angel's uneven writing and production values need that kind of oomph every week."
—Ken Tucker, Entertainment Weekly, posted December 3, 1999[42]
"The care with which Joss Whedon created his fantastic universe of vampires, demons, and heroes is evident when watching the first 22 episodes of Angel, his Buffy the Vampire Slayer spin-off."
—Marc Benardin, Entertainment Weekly, posted February 11, 2003[43]
"If, perchance, the WB doesn't bring Angel back for a fifth season, it will drive a stake through my heart. And there aren't a lot of shows I can say that about these days.
This show has, in its fourth season, surpassed the show from which it was spun off. Which is not to say that Buffy the Vampire Slayer isn't good in this, it's[sic] seventh and final season -- it's very good. But Angel is better."
—Scott D. Pierce, Deseret Morning News (Salt Lake City), March 18, 2003[44]
"But Whedon and his team have done it. Tonight's season premiere (8 p.m., Ch. 30), written and directed by Whedon, and next week's second episode are great -- action-packed, exciting, extremely funny and fully accessible to anyone who pays attention for a minute."
—Scott D. Pierce, Deseret Morning News (Salt Lake City), October 1, 2003[45]
"But it's an uphill climb, and those ambitious newcomers who might hope to come in cold and make sense of all (or any) of what's going on are bound to be frustrated. That's why it's a cult show, no matter how well it's made and how universal its overriding theme of dealing with the hard choices one has made in life."
—Phil Rosenthal, Chicago Sun-Times, February 4, 2004[46]
"Angel is wildly uneven: Sometimes it's an absolute blast (James Marsters' gleeful guffaw as Spike, 'You're a wee little puppet man!' was priceless); sometimes it's a dead-end street (the whole Connor, grown-son-of-Angel subplot was where I exited the series for a spell). For a show with such superb acting -- all honor to Boreanaz, who's got macho vulnerability down to a smooth essence not achieved since James Garner in his Rockford Files days, and to Amy Acker, who has gone from victim to sexpot to villain without ever hitting a false note -- Angel is surprisingly rife with leaden lines like 'Rules can be broken; all you have to do is push hard enough.'"
—Ken Tucker, Entertainment Weekly, posted April 23, 2004[47]

The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... This article is about the year. ... Silk Stalkings logo using Mistral typeface. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see SIC. Sic is a Latin word, originally sicut [1] meaning thus, so, or just as that. In writing, it is placed within square brackets and usually italicized — [sic] — to indicate that an incorrect or unusual spelling, phrase, punctuation, and/or other preceding quoted material has been... The Deseret Morning News is a newspaper published in Salt Lake City, Utah, and Utahs oldest continually published daily newspaper. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deseret Morning News is a newspaper published in Salt Lake City, Utah, and Utahs oldest continually published daily newspaper. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see James Garner (disambiguation). ... The Rockford Files was an American detective television drama that had its first run on the NBC television network between 1974 and 1980. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Spin-offs

Despite being a spin-off in itself, Angel has inspired a whole "industry" of books, comics, and merchandise.


Expanded Universe

Outside of the TV series, Angel has been officially expanded and elaborated on by authors and artists in the so-called "Buffyverse Expanded Universe". The creators of these works may or may not keep to established continuity. Similarly, writers for the TV series were under no obligation to use information which had been established by the Expanded Universe, and sometimes contradicted such continuity. Buffyverse is a term coined by fans of Joss Whedons first two television shows to refer to the shared fictional universe in which they are set. ... Expanded Universe material (e. ... Expanded Universe material (e. ...


Many of these works are set at particular times within the Buffyverse. For example, Joss Whedon has written an Angel mini-series of comics, Long Night's Journey, which was specifically set in early Angel Season 2. Angel comics were originally published by Dark Horse Comics, which published them from 2000 until 2002. IDW Publishing obtained rights to publish Angel comics in 2000 and has been releasing them since. Most recent releases include Spike vs. Dracula, Asylum, and Auld Lang Syne. Spinning off of the Angel comics comes an entire series of Spike comics, using the Angel logo's typeface in its depiction of the name "Spike", among these are the comics Spike vs. Dracula, Spike: Asylum and Spike: Shadow Puppets. Canonical warning: The followings canonical status in the Buffyverse is unclear: Long Nights Journey is a trade paperback collecting comic stories based on the Angel television series. ... // Introduction Dark Horse published 2 Angel comic series. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... IDW Publishing (a division of Idea and Design Works) is an American comic book company. ... Spike vs Dracula is a comic book limited series based on the Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel television series. ... Auld Lang Syne is a comic based on the Angel television series. ... Spike vs Dracula is a comic book limited series based on the Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel television series. ...


Following their success with a series of Buffy novels, Pocket Books purchased the license to produce novels for Angel. Twenty-four Angel novels were published. Jeff Mariotte became the most successful Angel novelist, publishing eleven Angel novels. They also published seven Buffy/Angel crossover books that featured settings and characters from both series. // Introduction A large number of books have been published since 1998 by Pocket Pulse, and Simon Spotlight Entertainment. ... Pocket Books is the name of a subdivision of Simon & Schuster publishers. ... // Introduction These books focus on Angel and his so-called Fang Gang Canonical issues Main article: Buffyverse canon The books featured in this list are not part of Buffyverse canon. ... Jeff Mariotte is an author who currently lives in Arizona. ... Buffy/Angel crossover books involve characters and/or places from both TV shows. ...


Undeveloped spin-offs

The cancellation of Angel despite a fan following, and decision by the writers to end the series without providing narrative closure has contributed toward a desire by fans for further stories spinning off from Buffy and Angel. The popular fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more commerically viable programs set in the fictional Buffyverse. However some of these projects remain undeveloped for various reasons: Sometimes vital cast members may be unavailable. ...


In March 2006, Joss Whedon still talked of the possibility of a TV movie involving Spike to be written and directed by Tim Minear. “Telefilm” redirects here. ...


Merchandise

Angel has inspired magazines and companion books, as well as countless websites, online discussion forums, and works of fan fiction. Eden Studios have published an Angel role-playing game. Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... Mike Gardner and Philip Love in 1967 Eden Studios is a commercial recording facility in West London. ... Role-playing game published by Eden Studios in 2002, based upon the popular television series which ran from 1997 through 2003. ...


Series information

The first season of Angel was introduced in 1999. Each season consisted of 22 episodes. Discounting the Angel pitch tape, the five seasons make up a total of 110 episodes, aired between 1999 and 2004. Canonical warning: The followings canonical status in the Buffyverse is unclear: A six-minute pitch tape produced by Joss Whedon was never intended to air, but used in 1999 to show the WB Network the potential of Angel. ... The following is a list of episodes for the American cult television series, Angel. ...


DVD releases

Main article: Angel DVDs

Angel DVDs were produced by 20th Century Fox and released from 2001-2005. The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ...

DVD Original release date
US UK
The Complete First Season February 11, 2003 December 10, 2001
The Complete Second Season September 2, 2003 April 15, 2002
The Complete Third Season February 10, 2004 March 3, 2003
The Complete Fourth Season September 7, 2004 March 1, 2004
The Complete Fifth Season February 15, 2005 February 21, 2005
Special Collectors Set October 30, 2007 October 30, 2006

The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Awards and nominations

Main article: Buffy and Angel awards & nominations

Angel has gathered a number of awards and nominations. It won Best Television from International Horror Guild in 2001.[48] It has received many important awards and nominations from the Saturn Awards which are presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films: it won Best Network TV Series and Best TV Actor in 2004.[48] Specific episodes, "Waiting in the Wings", "Smile Time," and "Not Fade Away," have won Hugo Awards for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form in 2003 and 2005.[48] This article lists awards and nominations received by the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spin-off, Angel. ... The International Horror Guild (originally the International Horror Critics Guild) was created in 1995 as a way to recognize the achievements of those who create in the field of Horror and Dark Fantasy. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy and horror in film, television and home video. ... Waiting in the Wings is episode 13 of season 3 of the television show Angel. ... Smile Time is episode 14 of season 5 in the television show Angel. ... List of Angel episodes Not Fade Away is the 22nd episode of season 5, and the final episode of the series, of the television show Angel. ... The Hugo Award is given every year for the best science fiction or fantasy stories of the previous year, and for related areas in fandom, art and dramatic presentation. ...


International broadcasting

For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... STAR World is STAR Groups premiere English-language Entertainment TV-channel which is shown in the Asian region. ... The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ... Kanaal Twees logo. ... This article is about the animal. ... Rede Globo (Portuguese: Globe Network) better known as Globo or TV Globo is Latin Americas biggest television network. ... Nova TV is a Croatian commercial television network launched in November 2000. ... TV 2 is a Danish government-owned television station broadcasting from Odense on Funen. ... The logo of TV 2 Zulu. ... TV3 is a private television channel in Estonia. ... Subtv is a popular Finnish TV channel. ... TF1 is a private French TV channel, controlled by TF1 Group, whose major share-holder is Bouygues. ... ProSieben is a commercial television channel in Germany. ... Kabel1 , now Kabel eins, is a commercial television channel in Germany. ... Antenna, better known as ANT1, is a popular television station in Greece. ... MBC 4 is the first free-to-air channel in the Middle East aired specifically for American programs. ... MBC Action is a free-to-air satellite TV channel that screens films and television programs from the action genre. ... STAR World is STAR Groups premiere English-language Entertainment TV-channel which is shown in the Asian region. ... True Performance Index (TPI) is used to measure the performance of central processing unit chips produced by manufacturer AMD. For example, the Athlon 3400+ chip has a TPI rating of 3400, hence the name of the model. ... TV3 Ireland is the sole commercial terrestrial television channel in the Republic of Ireland. ... FOX redirects here. ... TV3 Is a television channel targeted at a Lithuanian language audience owned by Modern Times Group (MTG). ... TV2 or Radio Televisyen Malaysia 2 or RTM2 as of April 3 2006 is a television station in Malaysia that is owned by the Malaysian Government through Radio Televisyen Malaysia. ... Veronica is a commercial TV channel in the Netherlands from the SBS Broadcasting Group. ... NET 5 is a commercial Dutch television channel owned by the SBS Broadcasting Group. ... Veronica is a commercial TV channel in the Netherlands from the SBS Broadcasting Group. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... MBC Action is a free-to-air satellite TV channel that screens films and television programs from the action genre. ... Showtime or Showtime Arabia (Gulf DTH F.Z. L.L.C., the operating company behind digital pay TV broadcaster Showtime) as its called to distinguish itself from its U.S. counterpart, is the dominant subscription television service in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Levant territories. ... TV 2 is Norways most viewed commercial television station. ... Studio 23 is the UHF television network is owned and operated by ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation. ... FOX redirects here. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... This article is about the British television station. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ... Five US is a free-to-view entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by Five, launched on October 16, 2006 It was the second digital channel to be launched by Five as part of their multi-channel strategy, the first being Five Life. ... Sci-fi is the name of a United Kingdom satellite television channel specialising in science fiction, fantasy, and horror shows and movies. ... Kanal A is Slovenias first private television network, commencing broadcasts in November 1990, shortly after the dissolution of Communist-ruled Yugoslavia. ... M-Net (originally an abbreviation for Electronic Media Network) is a subscription-funded television channel in South Africa, established in 1986 by a consortium of newspaper companies, including Naspers. ... FOX redirects here. ... TV4 is the largest commercial television channel in Sweden. ... Not to be confused with Zee TV. ZTV is a commercial television channel broadcast by Viasat in Sweden, Norway and Finland. ... TV6 is a Swedish TV channel broadcast by Viasat. ... SF zwei (formarly known as SF 2) is a Swiss television channel run under the public SRG SSR idée suisse broadcasting group. ... The BAC TSR-2 was an ill-fated cold war project developed by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) in the early 1960s. ... United Broadcasting Corporation, a former company of True Visions, widely known as UBC, is Thailands leading cable satellite television operator. ... STAR World is STAR Groups premiere English-language Entertainment TV-channel which is shown in the Asian region. ... CNBC-e is a hybrid business and financial/entertainment channel operated in Turkey by CNBC Europe and the NTV Group. ... Televen (acronym for Televisión de Venezuela) is a private Venezuelan television channel which has national coverage. ...

Footnotes and references

All links retrieved and checked as of November 2006 or after.
  1. ^ Topping, Keith, Hollywood Vampire, (3rd edition, includes Season 4) Virgin Books (2004), page 360: "During [November-December 2002]., Angel was getting slightly higher ratings than Buffy, aided by a new Sunday-slot and the popular series Charmed as its lead-in show." Also see Wahoske, Matthew J., "Nielsen Ratings For Buffy The Vampire Slayer, Angel, And Firefly", Insightbb.com (2004)
  2. ^ Cordelia: "Angel Investigations, we help the hopeless". Episode "Darla", Angel second season.
  3. ^ Billson, Anne, Buffy the Vampire Slayer (BFI TV Classics S.). British Film Institute (December 5, 2005), pp24–25.
  4. ^ The term 'Buffyverse' is used amongst fans of Buffy/Angel online to describe the fictional universe established by Buffy/Angel. It is also used in published materials such: Walton, Andy, "Slang-age in the Buffyverse", CNN (February 18, 2004 ), and the book, Ouellette, Jennifer, Physics of the Buffyverse, Penguin Books (January 2007).
  5. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p103.
  6. ^ Bassom, David, "Buffy, Angel and Me," from Buffy the Vampire Slayer magazine #12 (UK, September 2000), page 6.
  7. ^ 'Said, SF', "Interview with Joss Whedon by SF Said", Shebytches.com (2005).
  8. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p102 (quote from Greenwalt)
  9. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p101-102.
  10. ^ a b Topping, Keith, Hollywood Vampire, (3rd edition, includes Season 4) Virgin Books (2004).
  11. ^ Hart, Maryelizabeth & Holder, Nancy & Mariotte, Jeff, Casefiles, Pocket Books (May 2002), page 34.
  12. ^ Hart, Maryelizabeth & Holder, Nancy & Mariotte, Jeff, Casefiles, Pocket Books (May 2002), page 43-44.
  13. ^ Topping, Keith, Hollywood Vampire, (3rd edition, includes Season 4) Virgin Books (2004), pages 18-19. Also see: Greenwalt, David & Whedon, Joss, Angel pilot, early draft 20th Century Fox (1999).
  14. ^ Dilullo, Tara, "Where are they now? Max Perlich" in "Buffy the Vampire Slayer Magazine" #62, Titan Magazines (July 2004 issue), pages 30-31.
  15. ^ a b Various authors, "Joss Whedon", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  16. ^ Various authors, "David Greenwalt", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  17. ^ See O'Hare, Kate, "'Angel' Drops New Producer", Zap2It (August 08, 2002) and Various authors, "David Simkins", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  18. ^ Various authors, "Fran Kuzui" and "Kaz Kuzui", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  19. ^ Angel Complete Fifth Series DVD Boxset.
  20. ^ Kerns, Dan, "Angel by the Numbers", from Yeffeth, Gareth (editor), Five Seasons of "Angel", Benbella(October 2004), p25.
  21. ^ See Kerns, Dan, "Angel by the Numbers", from Yeffeth, Gareth (editor), Five Seasons of "Angel", Benbella(October 2004), p25, and Morgan, David, "Wide Angel Closeup: Director, Producer and Film Distributor Fran Rubel Kuzui" Aol.com (June 10, 1992); "Buffy was a film that I owned, this was the first time I owned a film". Also see Golden, Christopher, and Holder, Nancy, Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), "Gail Berman and Fran Kuzui came to [Whedon] to ask if he wanted to do the TV series" (p241). Also see Watcher's Guide Vol. 1, pp246–249.
  22. ^ Various authors, "Full Cast and Crew for Angel", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  23. ^ a b Espenson, Jane, "The Writing Process", Fireflyfans.net (2003).
  24. ^ AngelHART, "Interview - Jymm Thomas of Darling Violetta - interviewed by Angelheart", Watchers Web (1999).
  25. ^ KJB, "Breaking News: Angel to End After 5 Seasons. Whedon talks about cancellation", IGN.com (February 13, 2004).
  26. ^ Whedon, Joss, Online post, Bronzebeta.com (February 14, 2004). Archived version.
  27. ^ Jensen, Jeff The X Factor (May 21, 2004).
  28. ^ IDWEEK: Brian Lynch talks Spike and Angel @ Newsarama.com.
  29. ^ IDWEEK: Joss Whedon talks Angel, After The Fall @ Newsarama.com.
  30. ^ Various authors, "Sets and Locations", The Ultimate Buffy and Angel Trivia Guide (updated 2006).
  31. ^ Episode, "City of", Angel (1999). The character Angel says: "Los Angeles. You see it at night and it shines. Like a beacon. People are drawn to it. People and other things. They come for all sorts of reasons."
  32. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p101-102.
  33. ^ Topping, Keith, Hollywood Vampire, (3rd edition, includes Season 4) Virgin Books (2004), page 1.
  34. ^ a b c Jacob, Benjamin, "Los Angelus: The City of Angel", from Abbot, Stacey (editor), Reading Angel, I. B. Tauris (September 22, 2005), page 77
  35. ^ ""Inside the Agency" featurette Angel Season 2 DVD set, disc 3 (2002).
  36. ^ ""Inside the Agency" featurette Angel Season 2 DVD set, disc 3 (2002).
  37. ^ Cordelia: "Angel Investigations, we help the hopeless". Episode "Darla", Angel second season.
  38. ^ "Season 1 featurette" Angel Season 1 DVD set, disc 3 (2001)
  39. ^ Episode "Dear Boy", Angel (2000). The character says on Angel "Oh he's eccentric, all the great ones are. Sherlock Holmes, Phillip Marlowe.
  40. ^ "Players (Angel episode)", 20th Century Fox (2003).
  41. ^ Little green teens (review of multiple shows). Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  42. ^ EW Buffy/Angel Review. Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  43. ^ EW Season 1 DVD Review. Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  44. ^ 'Angel' is to die for. Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  45. ^ 'Angel' still soars. Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  46. ^ Stumped by an 'Angel,' but entertained anyway. Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  47. ^ EW Angel Review. Retrieved on August 25, 2007.
  48. ^ a b c Various authors, "Awards for Angel", Internet Movie Database (updated 2005).

Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Charm. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer (BFI TV Classics S.) is an academic publication relating to the fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel. ... The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Buffy Magazine Issue 24 (August 2001) Buffy the Vampire Slayer Magazine was first published by Titan Magazines in 1999. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... Buffy Magazine Issue 24 (August 2001) Buffy the Vampire Slayer Magazine was first published by Titan Magazines in 1999. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... Five Seasons of Angel is an academic publication relating to the fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel. ... Five Seasons of Angel is an academic publication relating to the fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... The complete Angel Series 1-5 UK boxset DVDs of the television show Angel were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2001. ... Dear Boy is episode 5 of season 2 in the television show Angel. ... Plot Outline Gwen Raiden returns where she asks Gunn to help her rescue a young woman, named Lisa, from a wealthy and powerful tycoon during a posh party at his high-tech security mansion. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

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Official sites

  • 20th Century Fox — Angel section
  • IDW comics — Angel section

Encyclopedias


  Results from FactBites:
 
BBC - h2g2 - 'Angel' - the TV Series (1481 words)
Angel is the hit spin-off from Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the hugely successful cult TV show, which is set in the fictional town of Sunnydale, California, USA.
Angel himself is a character with endless possibilities, especially as he has a 240-something year history from which to generate stories.
'Buffy the Vampire Slayer' - the TV Series
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