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Encyclopedia > Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda

Andrzej Wajda, Warsaw (Poland), May 2006
Born March 6, 1926 (1926-03-06) (age 81)
Suwałki, Poland

Andrzej Wajda (born March 6, 1926 in Suwałki) is a Polish film director. Recipient of an honorary Oscar, he is one of the most prominent members of the Polish Film School. Image File history File linksMetadata Andrzej_Wajda_by_Kubik. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: none Voivodship Podlaskie Municipal government Rada miejska w SuwaÅ‚kach Mayor Józef Gajewski Area 65. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... This page lists the winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language and Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film for each year, in addition to the retired earlier versions of those awards. ... Danton is a 1983 French language film about the last months of Georges Danton, starring Gérard Depardieu in the title role and Anne Alvaro, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... The César Award is the national film award of France first given out in 1975. ... Winners of the César Award in French film for best director: 1976 : Bertrand Tavernier  : (Que la fête commence) 1977 : Joseph Losey  : () 1978 : Alain Resnais  : (Providence) 1979 : Christian de Chalonge  : (LArgent des autres) 1980 : Roman Polanski  : (Tess) 1981 : François Truffaut  : (Le Dernier métro) 1982 : Jean-Jacques... Danton is a 1983 French language film about the last months of Georges Danton, starring Gérard Depardieu in the title role and Anne Alvaro, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: none Voivodship Podlaskie Municipal government Rada miejska w SuwaÅ‚kach Mayor Józef Gajewski Area 65. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Polish Film School (Polish Polska SzkoÅ‚a Filmowa) refers to an informal group of Polish film directors and screenplay writers active between 1955 and approximately 1963. ...

Contents

Life and work

A major figure of world and Central European cinema after World War II, Wajda has made his reputation as a sensitive and uncompromising chronicler of his country's political and social evolution. Once dubbed a symbol for a besieged country, Wajda is known for drawing from Poland's history to suit his tragic sensibility—crafting an oeuvre of work that devastates even as it informs. Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The people of Poland took pride in their long history, filled with the struggle to get, keep, and regain freedom—the main value for Poles. ...


The son of a Polish cavalry officer murdered by the Soviets in 1940 in what became to be known as the Katyn massacre. After the war, he studied to be a painter at Kraków's Academy of Fine Arts before entering the Łódź Film School. Not to be confused with Golgotha, which was called Calvary. ... Photo taken in 1943, during the Nazi German exhumations of the Polish dead from the Katyn forest sites. ... Katyn and KatyÅ„ redirect here. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... The Leon Schillers National Higher School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź is the most notable academy for future actors, directors, photographers, camera operators and TV staff in Poland. ...


On the heels of his apprenticeship to director Aleksander Ford, Wajda was given the opportunity to direct his own film. With A Generation (1955), the first-time director poured out his disillusionment over jingoism, using as his alter ego a young, James Dean-style antihero played by [[Zbigniew Cybulski], there was also 20 year old Roman Polanski, starring. A new generation was about to take over polish cinematography and polish film school was ready to begin. At the same time Andrzej Wajda began his work as a director in theatre. he showed some fantastic spectecles like Michael V. Gazzo's "Hatful of rain" (1959), "Hamlet" (1960), "Two On a Seasaw" by William Gibson (1963). Wajda went on to make two more increasingly accomplished films, which further developed the antiwar theme of A Generation: Kanal (1956)[ Silver Palm at Cannes Festival in 1957, ex equo with Bergman's "Seventh seal"] and Ashes and Diamonds (1958), with legendary role of Cybulski. The polish film school became famous Aleksander Ford (born November 24, 1908; died April 4, 1980) was a Polish film director. ... A Generation (Polish: Pokolenie) is a Polish film released in 1955, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip, an 1898 political cartoon depicting the extension of the United States dominion Jingoism is chauvinistic patriotism, usually associated with a War Hawk political stance. ... For the film, see James Dean (film). ... Kanał (English title Kanal) is a 1956 film by Andrzej Wajda. ... Popiół i diament (English: Ashes and Diamonds) is a 1958 film directed by Polish film director, Andrzej Wajda, based on the novel by Polish writer Jerzy Andrzejewski. ...


While capable of turning out mainstream commercial fare (often dismissed as "trivial" by his critics), Wajda was more interested in works of allegory and symbolism, and certain symbols (such as setting fire to a glass of liquor, representing the flame of youthful idealism that was extinguished by the war) recur often in his films, the very charcteristic of wajda's symbolism is film 'Lotna".[citation needed].But he managed to explore some other field of existence making french new wave style "The Innocent sorceres" with music by Krzysztof Komeda, starring Roman Polański in one of the episodes. Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ...


In 1967, Cybulski was killed in a train accident, whereupon the director articulated his grief with what is considered his most personal film, which turned out to be a touching story about film maker's work on movie Everything for Sale (1969)


The 70's were the most lucrative artistic period for Wajda,who has made over ten films, some of them became one of his finest works like " Pilatus and others" (1971), "The Wedding" (1973)- the film version of polish most famous poetic drama by Stanisław Wyspiański, The Promised Land" (1974), "The Man of marble"(1976)- film taking place in two time periods, the first film showing the episodes of a stalinism in Poland, "Rough treatment" (1978), "The Orchestra conductor" (1980), starring John Gielgud; or two, very touching,psychological and existencial films based upon novels by polish famous writer Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz -The Birchwood (1970) and "The Maids of wilko" (1979). Wajda continued his works in theatre where he has made one of his best spectacles, including "Play Strindberg"Dostoyevsky's "The Possessed" and "Nastasja Filippovna" -the Wajda's version of "Idiot", "November night" by Wyspiański,"The Immigrants" by Sławomir Mrożek or "The Danton affair" or "The Dreams of Reason" Wajda's later devotion to Poland's burgeoning Solidarity movement was manifested in Man of Iron (1981), sort of continuation of "The man of marble", with Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa appearing as himself in the latter film. The director's involvement in this movement would prompt the Polish government to force Wajda's production company out of business. For the film, Wajda wins the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1983 he directed Danton, starring Gerard Depardieu in a title role , a film set in 1794 (Year Two) dealing with the Post-Revolutionary Terror. Wajda showed how easy revolution can change into terror and start to "eat its own tail". In the 80's he also made some important films like "Love in Germany", The chronicle of amorous incidents" or "The Possesed: based upon Dostojevsky's novel, in which the director showed how the terrorism begins. In theatre he prepared third very famous interpretation of Dostojevsky's "The Crime and punishment" (1984)and other unique spectacles among others "Antygone" 91984) or his sequential Hamlet" versions. Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny SamorzÄ…dny ZwiÄ…zek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa. ... Man of Iron (Polish: CzÅ‚owiek z żelaza) is a 1981 film directed by Andrzej Wajda about the Solidarity labor movements first success in getting the Polish government to recognize the workers right to an independent union. ... “WaÅ‚Ä™sa” redirects here. ... Capital Warsaw Language(s) Polish Government Socialist republic Leaders  - 1948–1956 BolesÅ‚aw Bierut (First)  - 1981-1989 Wojciech Jaruzelski (Last) Prime minister  - 1944-1947 E. Osóbka-Morawski  - 1947-1952 and 1954-1970 Józef Cyrankiewicz  - 1952-1954 BolesÅ‚aw Bierut  - 1970-1980 Piotr Jaroszewicz  - 1980 Edward Babiuch  - 1980-1981... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Danton is a 1983 French language film about the last months of Georges Danton, starring Gérard Depardieu in the title role and Anne Alvaro, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ...


In the early 1990s, he was elected a senator and also appointed artistic director of Warsaw's Teatr Powszechny. He continued to make films, he made another masterpiece "Korczak", a story about Jewish-Polish doctor who takes care of orphan children during the 2nd World Word and addressing the topic of World War II in 1993's The Crowned-Eagle Ring and 1995's Holy Week, film about Jewish -Polish realtionships during the war. Holy Week (Latin: ) in Christianity is the last week of Lent. ...


In 1996, the director went in a different direction with Miss Nobody, a coming-of-age drama that explored the darker and more spiritual aspects of a relationship between three high-school girls. In 1999 Wajda presented a great epic film "Pan Tadeusz, based on the art of polish XIX th romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz.


One year later, at the 2000 Academy Awards, Wajda was presented with an honorary Oscar for his contributions to the world cinema; he subsequently donated the award to Kraków's Jagiellonian University. in 2002 Wajda directed comedy "Zemsta" ["Revenge", a film version of a theatre comedy which he showed on stage in the 80's, starring Roma Polański in one of the main roles. In February 2006, Wajda received an honorary Golden Bear for lifetime achievement at the Berlin International Film Festival. Andrzej Wajda is also famous of his visual sides of his films, he sometimes made his own versions of polish and european paintings and he also thinks by the images. He tries to give the right mood and atmosphere of times in which he settles the action and he refers to the paintings of that time as well. Andrzej Wajda has been married four times. His third wife was popular actress Beata Tyszkiewicz with whom he has a daughter Karolina (born 1967). His fourth and current wife is theatre costume designer, and actress Krystyna Zachwatowicz. Wajda has just releasedKatyń, a very important film about the Katyn massacre, in which his father was murdered but the director also shows the dramatic situation of those who await for their relatives (mothers, wives and children). Andrzej Wajda founded The Japanese Centre of Art and Technology "Manggha" in Cracow (1994) and also leads his own film school [wajdaschool.pl] in which students take part in different 1 year film courses led by famous european film makers. The 73rd Academy Awards ceremony was the last to take place at the Los Angeles Shrine Auditorium. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... For several academies alternatively called Krakow Academy, see Education in Kraków The Jagiellonian University (Polish: , often shortened to UJ) is located in Kraków, Poland. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130-700 kg (300 to 1500 pounds). ... The Berlin International Film Festival, also called the Berlinale, is one of the most important film festivals in Europe and the world. ... Andrzej Wajda on the set of the film. ... Katyn and KatyÅ„ redirect here. ...


Filmography

  • The Bad Boy (Zły chłopiec, 1950)
  • The Pottery at Ilza (Ceramika ilzecka, 1951)
  • A Generation (Pokolenie, 1954)
  • Towards the Sun (Idę do słońca, documentary on Xawery Dunikowski, 1955)
  • Kanal (1956)
  • Ashes and Diamonds (Popiół i diament 1958)
  • Lotna (1959)
  • Innocent Sorcerers (Niewinni czarodzieje, 1960)
  • Siberian Lady Macbeth (Powiatowa lady Makbet, 1961)
  • Samson (1961)
  • Love at Twenty (L'amour à vingt ans, 1962)
  • Ashes (Popioły, 1965)
  • Everything For Sale (Wszystko na sprzedaż, 1968)
  • Roly Poly (Przekładaniec, 1968)
  • Gates to Paradise (Bramy Raju, 1968)
  • Hunting Flies (Polowanie na muchy, 1969)
  • The Birch Wood (Brzezina, 1970)
  • Landscape After the Battle (Krajobraz po bitwie, 1970)
  • Pilate and Others (Pilatus und andere, 1971)
  • The Wedding (Wesele, 1972)
  • The Promised Land (Ziemia obiecana, 1974)
  • The Line of Shadow (Smuga cienia, 1976)
  • Man of Marble (Człowiek z marmuru, 1976)
  • Rough Treatment (Bez znieczulenia, 1978)
  • The Maids of Wilko (Panny z Wilka, 1979)
  • The Orchestra Conductor (Dyrygent, 1980)
  • Man of Iron (Człowiek z żelaza, 1981)
  • Danton (1983)
  • Love in Germany (Eine Liebe in Deutschland, 1983)
  • A Chronicle of Amorous Incidents (Kronika wypadków miłosnych, 1985)
  • The French as seen by... (Proust contre la déchéance, 1988)
  • The Possessed (Les possédes, 1988)
  • Korczak (1990)
  • The Crowned-Eagle Ring (Pierścionek z orłem w koronie, 1992)
  • Nastasja (1994)
  • The Holy Week (Wielki Tydzień, 1995)
  • Miss Nobody (Panna Nikt, 1996)
  • Pan Tadeusz (1998)
  • The Condemnation of Franciszek Klos (Wyrok na Franciszka Kłosa, 2000)
  • Broken Silence (Przerwane milczenie, 2002)
  • The Revenge (Zemsta, 2002)
  • Katyń (2007)

Man of Iron won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1981. Three of Wajda's works—The Promised Land, The Maids of Wilko, and Man of Iron—have been nominated for an Academy Award for best foreign language film. In 2000, Wajda received an honorary Oscar from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, as the third Pole who received the Award after Warner Brothers and Leopold Stokowski. A Generation (Polish: Pokolenie) is a Polish film released in 1955, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Towards the Sun is the English title for IdÄ™ do sÅ‚oÅ„ca, a documentary film about Xawery Dunikowski released in 1955, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Xawery Dunikowski (December 24, 1875-January 26, 1964) was a Polish sculptor and artist best known for his Neo-Romantic sculptures and Auschwitz inspired art. ... Kanal is a Polish film released in 1956, directed by Andrzej Wajda for P.P. Film Polski at its production unit, Zespol Filmowy Kadr. “Watch them closely, for these are the last hours of their lives,” announces the disembodied voice of a narrator, foreshadowing the tragedy that unravels... Popiół i diament (English: Ashes and Diamonds) is a 1958 film directed by Polish film director, Andrzej Wajda, based on the novel by Polish writer Jerzy Andrzejewski. ... Lotna is a film, released in 1959, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Innocent Sorcerers (Polish: Niewinni czarodzieje) is a 1960 film directed by Polish film director, Andrzej Wajda. ... Sibirska Ledi Magbet, translated as Fury Is a Woman or Siberian Lady Macbeth, is a 1961/1962 film directed by Andrzej Wajda, based on the story Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District by Nikolai Leskov. ... Samson is a 1961 film made by Academy Award winning Polish director Andrzej Wajda that uses art house aesthetics to tell a story about the Holocaust. ... Gates to Paradise is a 1968 movie by Polish director Andrzej Wajda. ... Wesele (The Wedding) is a motion picture made in 1972 in Poland by Andrzej Wajda as an adaptation of a play by the same title written by StanisÅ‚aw WyspiaÅ„ski in 1901. ... The Promised Land (Ziemia Obiecana) is a film made in 1975 by the Polish film director Andrzej Wajda, based on a novel by the writer WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Reymont. ... Man of Marble (Polish: CzÅ‚owiek z marmuru) is a 1976 Polish film by Andrzej Wajda. ... Without Anesthesia (alternative English title: Rough Treatment) is the English-language title for the Polish film Bez znieczulenia, released in 1978, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Man of Iron (Polish: CzÅ‚owiek z żelaza) is a 1981 film directed by Andrzej Wajda about the Solidarity labor movements first success in getting the Polish government to recognize the workers right to an independent union. ... Danton is a 1983 French language film about the last months of Georges Danton, starring Gérard Depardieu in the title role and Anne Alvaro, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Eine Liebe in Deutschland (A Love in Germany) is a 1983 feature film directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Les In 1988, for its tenth anniversary, the magazine Le Figaro asked five famous directors to deliver a short on the theme: The French as seen by. ... Korczak, is a 1990 film by Andrzej Wajda about Polish-Jewish humanitarian Janusz Korczak. ... This film was born of a theatrical production of Nastassya Filipovna, first staged in 1977 at the Stary Teatr in Cracow. ... Zemsta The Revenge is the English title for Zemsta, a film released in 2002, directed by Andrzej Wajda. ... Andrzej Wajda on the set of the film. ... Man of Iron (Polish: CzÅ‚owiek z żelaza) is a 1981 film directed by Andrzej Wajda about the Solidarity labor movements first success in getting the Polish government to recognize the workers right to an independent union. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... The Promised Land (Ziemia Obiecana) is a film made in 1975 by the Polish film director Andrzej Wajda, based on a novel by the writer WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Reymont. ... Man of Iron (Polish: CzÅ‚owiek z żelaza) is a 1981 film directed by Andrzej Wajda about the Solidarity labor movements first success in getting the Polish government to recognize the workers right to an independent union. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... Warner Bros. ... Leopold Stokowski (born Antoni StanisÅ‚aw BolesÅ‚awowicz April 18, 1882 in London, England, died September 13, 1977 in Nether Wallop, England) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra and the Symphony of the Air. ...


See also

// Directors Józef Arkusz Stanisław Bareja Aleksander Ford Wojciech Has Agnieszka Holland Jerzy Hoffman Jerzy Kawalerowicz Krzysztof Kieślowski -- The Three Colors trilogy, The Decalogue Jan Jakub Kolski Kazimierz Kutz Juliusz Machulski Andrzej Munk Marek Piwowski Roman Polański Ladislas Starevich Wladyslaw Starewicz Andrzej Wajda Krzysztof Zanussi Andrzej Zulawski... There are two lists of Polish language films: Organized alphabetically by Polish title Organized alphabetically by title of English release Alphabetical by Polish title Kanał Lotna Pokolenie Zemsta Ziemia Obiecana Alphabetical by title of English release See also Polish film school Categories: Lists of films | Polish films ...

Bibliographies

  • Wajda bibliography (via UC Berkeley)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Andrzej Wajda

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Andrzej Wajda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (643 words)
Andrzej Wajda (born March 6, 1926) is a Polish film director, one of the most prominent members of the Polish Film School.
While capable of turning out mainstream commercial fare (often dismissed as "trivial" by his critics), Wajda was more interested in works of allegory and symbolism, and certain symbols (such as setting fire to a glass of liquor, representing the flame of youthful idealism that was extinguished by the war) recur often in his films.
Wajda's later devotion to Poland's burgeoning Solidarity movement was manifested in Man of Marble (1976) and Man of Iron (1981), with Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa appearing as himself in the latter film.
Andrzej Wajda (1149 words)
Andrzej Wajda creates a fascinating study of political opportunism, character analysis, and the filmmaking process under communism in Man of Marble.
Co-written with Agnieszka Holland, Andrzej Wajda creates a surreal, Kafka-esque, and allegorical portrait of the widespread government intervention, euphemistically called "rough treatment", that occurred during the tenure of the First Party secretary, Edward Gierek, which often led to career and personal ruin.
Using fragmented scenes and unresolved relationships, Wajda provides a subtle reflection of the destructive and arbitrary nature of political suppression: the enigmatic young student, Agata's (Krystyna Janda) unprovoked attachment to Jerzy; Jacek's open hostility and consuming envy towards the prominent journalist; Ewa's determination to continue with the divorce proceedings despite overwhelming personal uncertainty.
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