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Encyclopedia > Andronikov Monastery
Saviour Cathedral of the Andronikov Monastery.
Saviour Cathedral of the Andronikov Monastery.

St. Andronik Monastery, often transliterated as Andronikov Monastery (Андроников монастырь, Спасо-Андроников монастырь, Андроников Нерукотворного Спаса монастырь in Russian) is a male monastery on the left bank of the Yauza River in Moscow, consecrated to the Holy Image of Saviour Not Made by Hands and containing the oldest extant cathedral in Moscow. Andronnikov Minster in Moscow, now the Andrei Rublev Museum of Old Russian Art (early 15th century) The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Andronnikov Minster in Moscow, now the Andrei Rublev Museum of Old Russian Art (early 15th century) The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ... Yauza River is a confluent of the Moskva River, the second in size river in Moscow (after the Moskva River). ... Saint Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin at Red Square. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Lutheran or Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ...

Contents


Muscovite and Imperial period

The monastery was established in 1357 by Metropolitan Alexis as a thanksiving for his survival in a storm. Its first hegumen was Saint Andronik, one of Sergii Radonezhsky's disciples. The extant 4-pillared Saviour Cathedral was built in 1420-1427. The great medieval painter Andrei Rublev spent the last years of his life at the monastery and was buried there. Actually, one of the biggest mass graves for lay brothers (called скудельница, or skudelnitsa) was located on the cloister's premises. [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... Hegumen, hegumenos, or ihumen (Greek: ἡγούμενος , Russian: игумен) is the title for the head of a monastery of the Eastern Orthodox Church, similar to the one of abbot. ... Venerable Sergii Radonezhsky (Сергий Радонежский) (born Varfolomei – Варфоломей, corresponds to Bartholomew), also translated as Sergey Radonezhsky and Sergius of Radonezh (1322 – 1392), was the greatest spiritual leader and monastic reformer of medieval Russia. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... Events Lincoln College in Oxford is founded. ... Andrei Rublev (Andrey Rublev, Andrey Roublyov, Russian: Андре́й Рублёв) (1360? – 1430?) is considered to be the greatest Russian icon painter, or iconographer. ... A mass grave is a grave containing more than one human corpse. ... Lay brothers are Catholic religious occupied solely with manual labour and with the secular affairs of a monastery or friary. ...


In the second half of the 14th century, a monastic quarter formed outside the walls of the Andronikov Monastery, where they started producing bricks for the ongoing construction of the Moscow Kremlin (1475). From its beginning, Andronikov Monastery was one of the centers of book copying in Muscovy. Manuscript collection of the cloister included most of the works by Maksim Grek. In August of 1653, archpriest Avvakum was held under arrest at this monastery. (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... A weathered brick wall. ... The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is the best known kremlin (Russian citadel). ... Events August 29 - Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between France and England. ... Book - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus, written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... Avvakum Petrovich (1621-1682) was a Russian archpriest of the Kazan Cathedral on the Red Square who led the opposition to Patriarch Nikons reforms of the Russian Orthodox Church. ...


Andronikov Monastery has been ransacked on numerous occassions (1571, 1611, 1812). In 1748 and 1812, its archive was lost in the fire. In the 19th century, there were a theological seminary and a library on the cloiser's premises. By 1917, there had been 17 monks and one novice in the monastery. Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... Events November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... An archive is a collection of documents, and in some senses, the building(s) its kept in. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A seminary is a specialised university-like institution for the purpose of training candidates for positions within a religious context. ... Modern-style library In its traditional sense, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ... For the city in Texas, see Novice, Texas. ...


Soviet period and beyond

Andronikov Belfry used to be 72,5 meters high, only 8,5 meters lower than the tallest structure in Moscow, Ivan the Great Belltower.
Enlarge
Andronikov Belfry used to be 72,5 meters high, only 8,5 meters lower than the tallest structure in Moscow, Ivan the Great Belltower.

After the October Revolution, the Andronikov Monastery was abolished. One of the first Vecheka's penal colonies (mostly, for foreign nationals) was located within the walls of the monastery. In 1928, the Soviets destroyed the necropolis of the Andronikov Monastery, where Andrei Rublev and soldiers of the Great Northern War and Patriotic War had been interred. In 1947, Andronikov Monastery was declared a national monument. In 1985, they opened the Andrei Rublev Central Museum of Ancient Russian Culture and Art on the cloister's premises. In 1993, archaelogical excavations took place in the monastery, during which they found an ancient altar and relics. Ivan the Great Bell Tower, with Assumption Belfry on the left The Ivan the Great Bell Tower is the tallest bell tower of the Kremlin in Moscow, with a total height of 81 meters (266 feet). ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... The Cheka (ЧК in Russian) was the first of many Soviet secret police organizations. ... A Penal Colony is a colony used to house prisoners. ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Soviet redirects here. ... A necropolis (plural: necropolises or necropoleis) is a cemetery or burying-place, literally a city of the dead. Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations. ... A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ... It has been suggested that Great Northern War and Norway be merged into this article or section. ... Napoleons invasion of Russia in 1812, which Napoleon called the Second Polish War and which is known in Russia as the Patriotic War (Отечественная война - Otechestvennaya Voyna in Russian) was one of the turning points of the Napoleonic wars, proving disastrous for France and its allies. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Picture of an altar from the Meyer Encyclopaedia An altar, (Hebrew mizbeah, from a word meaning to slay) is any structure on which sacrifices known as the korbanot as well as incense offerings are offered for religious purposes. ... Relics can be: Relics: the remains of saints (usually bones), honored in the Catholic and Orthodox churches. ...


Monuments

Since the 1930s, when the Communists destroyed the 14th-century Saviour Cathedral in the Wood, the monastery's cathedral (1420-27) has attracted a renewed interest as the oldest preserved in Moscow. Consequently, its present outlook is the result of a controversial Soviet restoration (1959-60), which sought to remove all additions from later periods. Mere traces of the frescoes by Andrei Rublev and Daniil Cherniy remain visible on its walls.


The second oldest monument in the abbey is a spacious refectory (1504-06), actually the third biggest such structure after those in the Palace of Facets and Joseph-Volotsky Monastery. The adjacent baroque church was commissioned by Eudoxia Lopukhina in 1694 to commemorate the birth of her son, Tsarevich Alexis, and contains a burial vault of the Lopukhin family. A refectory is a dining room, especially in monasteries, boarding schools and academic institutions, its use today is considered somewhat pretentious. ... The Palace of the Facets (Грановитая Палата) is part of what is now known as the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia. ... Eudoxia Lopukhina (1669 - 1731) was the Russian first wife of Peter I, they married in 1689 but divorced in 1698. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ...


Massive 17th-century walls and towers remind one of the period when the monastery defended the eastern approaches to the Moscow Kremlin. In 1795, they started a Neoclassical belltower, one of the tallest in Moscow. This astonishing belfry was destroyed in 1929-32 and its bricks were subsequently reused in construction of nearby buildings.
The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is the best known kremlin (Russian citadel). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For information about the economic theory, see neoclassical economics. ...

Monasteries of Moscow Moscow Coat of Arms

Chudov | Bogoyavlensky | Zaikonospassky | Andronikov | Novospassky | Simonov | Danilov | Donskoy | Vysokopetrovsky | Novodevichy | Marfo-Mariinsky | Perervinsky | Ugreshi | Krutitsy Saint Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin at Red Square. ... Download high resolution version (532x631, 153 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Ascension Convent in 1882 The Chudov Monastery (also known as Alexius’ Archangel Michael Monastery) was founded in the Kremlin in 1358 by metropolitan Alexius. ... Saviour Cathedral in 1883. ... The New Saviour Abbey sprawls along the bank of the Moskva River Novospassky monastery (New monastery of the Saviour) is one of the fortified monasteries surrounding Moscow from south-east. ... Simonov monastery in Moscow was established in 1370 by monk Feodor, a nephew and disciple of St Sergius of Radonezh. ... Danilov Monastery, in full Svyato-Danilov Monastery or Holy Danilov Monastery (Данилов монастырь, Свято-Данилов монастырь in Russian), is a male monastery on the right bank of the Moskva River in Moscow, Russia. ... Our Lady of the Don, by Theophanes the Greek. ... Novodevichy convent in summer Novodevichy Convent, also known as Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery (Новодевичий монастырь, Богородице-Смоленский монастырь in Russian) is probably the best-known cloister of Moscow. ... Krutitsy is a former ecclesiastical estate and monastery, situated on the steep left bank of the Moskva River, in the south-east of present-day Moscow. ...

External link

  • Overview of the monastery

  Results from FactBites:
 
Moscow Monasteries (3190 words)
Novospassky monastery (New monastery of the Saviour) is one of the fortified monasteries surrounding Moscow from south-east.
The now-existing Epiphany cathedral was consecrated in 1696.
In 1788, the Epiphany monastery was proclaimed a residence of the vicarian bishop of the Moscow bishopric.
Athena Review, 3,4: Excavations in Moscow Monasteries (2360 words)
The archaeology of stability: A new branch of Moscow archaeology is devoted to the study of the grounds of its ancient monasteries.
In rare cases, when a monastery was to be used for military purposes, an additional fortified gate was erected in front of the “Holy Gate,” and additional platforms for cannons were constructed on the walls and towers.
The monasteries appeared as soon as the territories were settled, as witnessed by the map of the early 15th century.
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