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Encyclopedia > Andrology

Andrology (from the Greek andros, man) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. It is the counterpart to gynaecology, which deals with medical issues which are specific to women. Andrology has only been studied as a distinct specialty since the late 1960s: the first specialist journal in the subject was the German periodical Andrologie (now called Andrologia), published from 1969 onwards [1]. Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into sex organ. ... Urology is the field of surgery that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and of the male reproductive system. ... This article concerns how a man differs from women. ... The shamefulness associated with the examination of female genitalia has long inhibited the science of gynaecology. ... Image of a woman on the Pioneer plaque sent to outer space. ...


Men are more susceptible to heart disease than women, and tend to have a slightly shorter natural average life span. However, men are more resistant to many conditions that adversely affect women, such as osteoporosis. Heart disease is one of a number of different diseases which afflict the heart. ... Life expectancy is the average number of years remaining for a living being (or the average for a class of living beings) of a given age to live. ... Osteoporosis is a disease of bone in which bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of non-collagenous proteins in bone is changed. ...


Male-specific medical and surgical procedures include vasectomy and vasovasostomy (one of the vasectomy reversal procedures) as well as intervention to deal with male genitourinary disorders such as: A typical modern surgical operation For other uses, see Surgery (disambiguation). ... For the process of removing or killing all microorganisms from an object, see Sterilization (microbiology). ... Vasectomies in males can be reversed, this process is called a vasovasostomy. ...

Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penis. ... Cryptorchidism is a medical term referring to absence from the scrotum of one or both testes. ... Hypospadias is a birth defect of the urethra in the male that involves an abnormally placed urethral meatus (opening). ... Epididymitis is a medical condition where the epididymis becomes inflamed. ... Frenulum breve is the condition in which the frenulum preputii penis, which is an elastic band of tissue under the glans penis that connects to the prepuce (foreskin) and helps contract the prepuce over the glans, is short and restricts the movement of the prepuce. ... A hydrocele denotes a pathological accumulation of serous fluid in a bodily cavity. ... Hypospadias is a birth defect of the urethra in the male that involves an abnormally placed urethral meatus (opening). ... Impotence or, more clinically, erectile dysfunction is the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis for satisfactory sexual intercourse regardless of the capability of ejaculation. ... Infertility is the inability to naturally conceive a child or the inability to carry a pregnancy to term. ... Micropenis is a medical term that describes an unusually small penis in a human male. ... Orchitis is an often very painful condition of the testicles involving inflammation, swelling and frequently infection. ... Paraphimosis is a medical condition where the foreskin becomes trapped behind the glans penis, and cannot be pulled back to its normal flaccid position covering the glans penis. ... Penile cancer is a malignant growth found on the skin or in the tissues of the penis, usually originating in the glans and/or foreskin. ... A penile fracture is an injury caused by the rupture of the male corpus cavernosum. ... Peyronies disease is a rare connective tissue disorder involving the growth of fibrous plaques in the soft tissue of the penis affecting as much as 1% of men. ... Phimosis is a medical condition in which the foreskin of the penis of an uncircumcised male cannot be fully retracted. ... Prostatitis is any form of inflammation of the prostate gland. ... Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ... Spermatocele is a retention cyst of a tubule of the rete testis or the head of the epididymis distended with a milky fluid that contains spermatozoa. ... Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. ... In testicular torsion the spermatic cord that provides the blood supply to a testicle is twisted, cutting off the blood supply, often causing orchalgia. ... Varicocele is a mass of enlarged veins in the scrotum that develops in the spermatic cord, which leads from the testicles (testes) up through a passageway in the lower abdominal wall (inguinal canal) to the circulatory system. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Social Studies of Science (1990) 20, p. 32

External links

  • International Society of Andrology

  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (187 words)
Andrology (from the Greek andros, man) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men.
Andrology has only been studied as a distinct specialty since the late 1960s: the first specialist journal in the subject was the German periodical Andrologie (now called Andrologia), published from 1969 onwards
Men are more susceptible to heart disease than women, and tend to have a slightly shorter natural average life span.
ANDROLOGY : Impotence, infertility, men's health, male menopause, male sexual disorders. (Urology) (612 words)
Yet 'andrology', with its exactly identical and obvious Greek roots, is something that even most doctors haven't heard of.
Confusing the issue further is the fact that, except in a few countries, andrology remains a sub-specialty area within urology.
Their use of the terms 'andrology' and 'andrologist' probably derives from the fact that many of these workers are spermatologists, i.e.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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