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Encyclopedia > Android
A human being with an android resembling Philip K. Dick

An android is a robot designed to resemble a human, usually both in appearance and behavior. The word derives from the Greek andr-, meaning "man, male", and the suffix -eides, used to mean "of the species; alike" (from eidos "species"). The term was first mentioned by Albertus Magnus in 1270[1] and was popularized by the French writer Villiers in his 1886 novel L'Ève future[2], although the term "android" appears in US patents as early as 1863 in reference to miniature humanlike toy automations.[3] Android may refer to: Android, a robot built to resemble a human Android (film), by Aaron Lipstadt, released in 1982 Android (Dragon Ball), a race of fictional characters in the Dragon Ball universe. ... The long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who has featured many robots. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... This article is about modern humans. ... Photograph of a nude man by Wilhelm von Gloeden, ca. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Albertus Magnus (b. ... Jean-Marie-Mathias-Philippe-Auguste, comte de Villiers de lIsle-Adam (November 7, 1838 – August 19, 1889) was a French symbolist writer. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Thus far, androids have remained within the domain of science fiction, frequently in film and television. However, some humanoid robots now exist. The word droid, a robot in the Star Wars universe, is derived from this meaning. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Hondas ASIMO, an example of a humanoid robot A humanoid robot is a robot with its overall appearance based on that of the human body. ... Luke Skywalker in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope along side astromech droid R2-D2, and protocol droid C-3PO. This is the concept of the droid in science fiction. ... This article is about the series. ...


Android projects

As of August 2007, a handful of android projects have been successfully completed, mainly by the heated competition between South Korea and Japan.

The most successful and recent project was undertaken by The Korea Institute for Industrial Technology (KITECH), which researched & developed the EveR-1, an android interpersonal communications model capable of emulating human emotional expression via facial "musculature", and capable of rudimentary conversation having a ~400 word vocabulary. She is 160cm tall and weighs 60kg, matching the average figures of Korean women in their twenties. EveR-1's name derives from the Biblical Eve, plus the letter "r" for robot. EveR-1's advanced computing processing power enables Speech Recognition & Vocal Synthesis, at the same time processing Lip Synchronization and Visual Recoginition by 90 degrees Micro CCD Cameras with Face Recognition Technology. An independent micro chip inside her artificial brain handles Gesture Expressions, Body Coordination and Emotion Expressions. EveR-1 (Korean: 에버원; Hangeul: ebeoweon) is South Koreas first functional female android developed by a team of South Korean scientists from the Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH) headed by Baeg Moon-hong (백문홍) and unveiled to the public at Kyoyuk MunHwa HoeKwan in Seoul on May 4, 2006. ... Michelangelos The Creation of Eve, a fresco on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, shows God creating Eve from the side of Adam. ...

The successor of EveR-1, EveR-2, is the world's first entertainment robot. Her whole body is made of highly advanced synthetic jelly silicon and with 60 artificial joints in her face, neck, and lower body, she is able to demonstrate realistic facial expressions and sing, while simutanously dancing. In South Korea, the Ministry of Information and Communication hopes to put a robot in every home by as early as 2013, strictly for the purposes of clean, decorous, non-vulgar entertainment.

The Intelligent Robotics Lab directed by Hiroshi Ishiguro at Osaka University and Kokoro Co., Ltd. have demonstrated the Actroid at Expo 2005 in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The Intelligent Mechatronics Lab directed by Kobayashi at The Science University of Tokyo has developed an android head called Saya, which was exhibited at Robodex 2002 in Yokohama, Japan. There are several other initiatives around the world involving humanoid research and development at this time, which will hopefully introduce a broader spectrum of realized technology in the near future. Osaka University (大阪大学 Ōsaka Daigaku; abbreviated to 阪大 Handai) is a public coeducational research university in Suita, Osaka, Japan. ... Actroid ReplieeQ1-expo at Expo 2005 in Aichi, with co-creator Hiroshi Ishiguro An Actroid is a lifelike humanoid robot developed by Osaka University and manufactured by Kokoro Company Ltd. ... A part of the Global Loop at Expo 2005 Expo with the Corporate Pavilions in the background Wonder Circus, the Electric Power Pavilion Expo 2005 was the Worlds Fair held in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, east of the city of Nagoya. ... For the company, see Aichi Steel Corporation. ...

Hanson Robotics, Inc. of Texas and KAIST Research Institute of South Korea produced an android portrait of Albert Einstein, using Hanson's facial android technology mounted on KAIST's life-size walking bipedal robot body. This Einstein android, also called "Albert Hubo", thus represents the first full body walking android in history (see video at [3]). Hanson Robotics, the FedEx Institute of Technology [4], and the University of Texas at Arlington also developed the android portrait of sci-fi author Philip K Dick (creator of Blade Runner), with full conversational capabilities that incorporated thousands of pages of the author's. In 2005, the PKD android won a first place Artificial intelligence award from AAAI. Albert Hubo a robot created by Hanson and the KAIST Hubo group David Hanson is an American robotics designer and researcher, resposible for the creation of a series of realistic humanoid robots. ... AI redirects here. ... The American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) is a United States organization dedicated to advancing understanding of artificial intelligence (AI). ...

Project Aiko of Canada has created an android portrait as a female person, using B.R.A.I.N.S software (Biometric Robot Artificial Intelligence Neural System) with silicone body, they have created one of the most unusual androids. The android is called "Aiko", thus Aiko is the first android to mimic pain, and the ability to learn pain and avoid them. In additional, Aiko has speech, voice, face, and object recognition. It can also solve math problems displayed to her visually. It even has the ability to learn new information from the environment. They are hoping to make Aiko walk in the near future. Project Aiko (Japanese: 愛子) is Canadas first functional female android, developed by Le Trung a Chemist graduated from York University. ...

Usage and distinctions

Unlike the terms robot (a "mechanical" being) and cyborg (a being that is partly organic and partly mechanical), the word android has been used in literature and other media to denote several different kinds of artificially constructed beings: For other uses, see Mechanic (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cyborg (disambiguation). ... Benzene is the simplest of the arenes, a family of organic compounds An organic compound is any member of a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon. ... Synthetic life and artificial life (not to be confused with the field of Artificial Life) are terms used to refer to manufactured, synthesized or created life forms. ...

  • a robot that closely resembles a human
  • an artificially or synthetically created, yet primarily organic, being that closely resembles a human. Also referred to in many series (mostly anime) as Bio Android

Although human morphology is not necessarily the ideal form for working robots, the fascination in developing robots that can mimic it can be found historically in the assimilation of two concepts: simulacra (devices that exhibit likeness) and automata (devices that have independence). For other uses, see Biomechanical. ... A simulacrum is a Latin word originally meaning a material object representing something (such as an idol representing a deity, or a painted still-life of a bowl of fruit). ... An automaton (plural: automata) is a self-operating machine. ...

The term android was first used by the French author Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam (1838-1889) in his work Tomorrow's Eve, featuring an artificial human-like robot named Hadaly. As said by the officer in the story, "In this age of Realien advancement, who knows what goes on in the mind of those responsible for these mechanical dolls." Jean-Marie-Mathias-Philippe-Auguste, comte de Villiers de lIsle-Adam (November 7, 1838 – August 19, 1889) was a French symbolist writer. ...

Although Karel Čapek's robots in R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (1921)—the play that introduced the word "robot" to the world—were organic artificial humans, the word robot has come to primarily refer to mechanical humans, animals, and other beings. The term android can mean either one of these, while a cyborg ("cybernetic organism" or "bionic man") would be a creature that is a combination of organic and mechanical parts. Karel Čapek. ... R.U.R. (Rossums Universal Robots) is a science fiction play by Karel ÄŒapek. ...

The word android is a combination of Ancient Greek andros and the suffix -oid, which literally means "in the form of a man." This could be contrasted with the more general term anthropoid, which means humanlike. Anthropoid coffin from the late Bronze age (14th-13th Centuries BCE) discovered in the Sinai Peninsula at Dier-el-Balach. ...


Historically, science fiction authors have used "android" in a greater diversity of ways than the terms "robot" and "cyborg". In some fiction works, the primary difference between a robot and android is only skin-deep, with androids being made to look almost exactly like humans on the outside, but with internal mechanics exactly the same as that of robots. In other stories, authors have defined android to indicate a wholly organic, yet artificial, creation. Other definitions of android fall somewhere in between. Image File history File links Rutger_Hauer_as_Roy_Batty. ... Image File history File links Rutger_Hauer_as_Roy_Batty. ... Rutger Oelsen Hauer (IPA: [rʏtxɛr ulsɛn hʌuɛr]) (born in Breukelen, January 23, 1944) is a Dutch film actor. ... This article is about characters from Blade Runner. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... The word author has several meanings: The author of a book, story, article or the like, is the person who has written it (or is writing it). ...

The character Data, from the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation, is described as an android. Data became intoxicated in an early episode ("The Naked Now") and is later referred to having "bioplast sheeting" for skin ("The Most Toys"), perhaps suggesting that he was initially intended by the writers to be at least partially organic. Otherwise, Data was shown to be mechanical throughout and this often became a central plot theme. Data[1] is a character, portrayed by Brent Spiner, in the Star Trek fictional universe. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Most Toys is a 1990 episode from the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation and involves Lieutenant Commander Data being kidnapped by an effeminate and obsessive collector, who leads the Enterprise crew to believe that Data was killed in a shuttlecraft accident. ...

In the show "THE SAINT", Tyler is an android, or a robot with a human intellect. Tyler spends most of the series in fights with Mary, a normal human, and eventually team up to fight against the dark evil Vincent.

The character Rock/Mega Man, from the game series of the same name, is called a Humanoid in the instructions of the first game, and a robot thereafter. He is a member of a class of robots called Robot Masters, which have a certain degree of autonomy. At the end of Mega Man 7, he states that he is "more than just a robot". Mega Man's successor, Mega Man X, is specifically identified to be fully autonomous. Mega Man firing his weapon while in Shadow Mans stage from Mega Man 3 (NES). ... In the Mega Man original series, a Robot Master is a special kind of robot or android that possesses a very advanced level of artificial intelligence. ... Mega Man 7, known as Rockman 7 Shukumei no Taiketsu , lit. ... Mega Man X may refer to: Mega Man X (video game), a video game first released by Capcom in 1993 for the SNES. Mega Man X (series), a series of sequels and spin-offs based on the original game. ...

The Replicants from the movie Blade Runner were bioengineered organic beings. While they were not referred to as either robots or androids in the movie, the screenplay was originally based on a novel by Philip K. Dick called Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? In this novel, the beings in question are specifically referred to as "androids" or, more familiarly, "andys" and exist primarily to replace a depleted human population in the aftermath of a nuclear war. The feature that most obviously distinguishes them from humans is their lack of empathy — otherwise, they are virtually indistinguishable from their organic counterparts (indeed, at one point a character observes that a psychotic human could be confused with an android). This article is about characters from Blade Runner. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... Biological engineering (also biosystems engineering and bioengineering) deals with engineering biological processes in general. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? is a 1968 science fiction novel by Philip K. Dick. ... Nuclear War is a card game designed by Douglas Malewicki, and originally published in 1966. ...

In the video game Beneath a Steel Sky, genetically engineered androids similar to Blade Runner's Replicants are a central plot theme. However, despite their organic makeup, their behavior is programmed by computer. Beneath a Steel Sky is a 1994 science fiction, more specifically cyberpunk, point and click adventure game. ...

The robots of Karel Čapek's R.U.R. were organic in nature. Today, an author writing a similar story might very well be inclined to call them androids. Karel ÄŒapek (pronounced ; IPA: ) (January 9, 1890 - December 25, 1938) was one of the most important Czech writers of the 20th century. ... R.U.R. (Rosumovi Umělí Roboti) (Rossums Artificial Robots, but usually translated as R.U.R. (Rossums Universal Robots) to preserve the acronym) is a science fiction play by Karel Čapek. ...

The character Ash in the movie Alien, another artificial organic being, is often referred to as an android (though not in the dialogue of the movie itself). Similarly, the character Bishop in Aliens and Alien³ is a more advanced android commonly called a Synthetic, but prefers to be called an "artificial person". Much later in the series timeline, the character Call in Alien Resurrection is ashamed of being an android. Interesting to note is that the internal workings of the androids in the Alien universe seem almost human like. They have a white liquid, analogous for blood, probably for hydraulic movement. They also seem to have "guts" as seen in Aliens. Alien (1979), directed by Ridley Scott, is an extremely popular and influential science fiction/horror film that spawned several sequels and imitators. ... Film poster for Aliens Aliens is a 1986 science fiction horror movie starring Sigourney Weaver, Michael Biehn, Lance Henriksen, Carrie Henn, Bill Paxton and Paul Reiser. ... Alien³ is a science fiction/horror film that opened May 22, 1992. ... Film poster Alien: Resurrection Alien: Resurrection (1997) is the fourth movie in the Alien series, preceded by Alien, Aliens and Alien³. Synopsis Spoiler warning: Alien: Resurrection takes place 200 years after the events of Alien³. Ellen Ripley has been cloned using blood samples from Fiorina 161, on ice so that...

In the Star Wars movies, C-3PO, R2-D2, and other robots are referred to as "droids". While C-3PO could reasonably be called an android because he is humanoid in appearance, the squat cylinder R2-D2 is at most only humanoid in behavior. This article is about the series. ... C-3PO (pronounced IPA: []., often shortened to Threepio) is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in both the original Star Wars films and the prequel trilogy. ... R2-D2 (called R2, or Artoo for short), is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ...

In the movie A.I., the robotic characters are called mechas, but the film is loosely based on a short story written by Brian Aldiss called "Supertoys Last All Summer Long", in which the central character David is called an android (by which Aldiss seemed to be referring to an organic creation). A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (actual on-screen title: Artificial Intelligence: A.I.) (2001) was the last project that filmmaker Stanley Kubrick worked on. ... Brian Wilson Aldiss, OBE, (born August 18, 1925 in East Dereham, Norfolk) is a prolific English author of both general fiction and science fiction. ...

In the anime/manga Chobits, Androids are known as "Persocoms", essentially computers in a man-made body. The series does not go into their internal composition, but it is assumed to be artificial with a very realistic outside. One of the key points of this series was a special type of persocom named "Chobit", a persocom that had free will and the ability to fall in love and have emotions. Serialized in Young Magazine Original run 2001 – 2002 No. ...

The Cylon race in the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica series includes twelve android models that are virtually indistinguishable from human beings down to the cellular level, however subcellularly (molecularly) they are different in many ways, and as such have superhuman capacities, but lack the ability to functionally reproduce with each other. Old Cylon Centurion shown in a museum display in the 2003 Battlestar Galactica miniseries The Cylons are a cybernetic civilization at war with the Twelve Colonies of humanity in the Battlestar Galactica science fiction franchise, in the original 1978/1980 series and movie, as well as the 2003 reimagining. ... The Battlestar Galactica science fiction franchise, which began as a 1978 TV series, was reimagined in 2003 into the TV miniseries. ... A cluster of Escherichia coli bacteria magnified 10,000 times. ... Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) is the concept of engineering functional mechanical systems at the molecular scale. ...

The character Kryten from the television show Red Dwarf is described as being a "Mechanoid" as well as an android. This is a melding of the words "Mechanical" and "Humanoid". According to the episode "DNA", his brain is part-organic, and his DNA can therefore be altered. He is also capable of breaking his programming and obtaining emotions, though this proves to be difficult as displayed in the episode, "Camille". This article is about the Red Dwarf character. ... For the type of star, see Red dwarf. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... Camille was the first episode to air in Series IV of Red Dwarf. ...

Androids in fiction

  • The first android in film appeared in Fritz Lang's Metropolis, in which a robot is created in the image of the revolutionary leader Maria.
  • One of the earliest android characters is Otho from the Captain Future stories of Edmond Hamilton. Otho's construction is never discussed but he is much more human-like than his companion Grag, a mechanical robot.
  • The creature in Mary Shelly's classic novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is essentially a robot made from protein-based parts. The creature is animated by a young student who flees from his own creation. He soon begins to learn like a child, and soon he becomes intelligent and seeks revenge on his reluctant 'Father'.
  • Isaac Asimov's robot stories are mostly about androids; many are collected in I, Robot (1950). They promulgated a set of rules of ethics for androids and robots (see Three Laws of Robotics) that greatly influenced other writers and thinkers in their treatment of the subject. Most of Asimov's robots appear too artificial to be mistaken for human beings, with the notable exceptions of R. Jander Panell, R. Daneel Olivaw and Andrew Martin.
  • In the original Star Trek series, the episode What Are Little Girls Made Of? (1966) introduced the concept of android to perhaps the widest audience to that point in time. Guest characters originally presented as human were, one by one, revealed in actuality to be androids, built from technology from an ancient alien civilization, now in ruins. The episode took the android concept one step further by revealing that the main antagonist, Dr. Korby, was in fact dead but had transferred his consciousness into an android duplicate of his body, thereby gaining something akin to immortality. Also, an android duplicate of Captain James T. Kirk was constructed during the episode, one of many times that a Kirk-double appeared in the Star Trek television and movie series.
  • Perhaps the most famous android is Data, played by actor Brent Spiner, of the series Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987–1994) and several spin-off motion pictures; this character was largely inspired by another android character created by Gene Roddenberry for The Questor Tapes. Data's immediate 'family' — brothers Lore and B-4 et al, his daughter Lal and 'mother' Dr. Juliana Tainer — were also androids (and the fembots are properly, though rarely, referred to as gynoids) from the same creator, Dr. Noonien Soong. In one of the episodes of the Next Generation series, Data creates a 'daughter' whom he calls Lal, effectively indicating that even androids can 'create offspring,' though in a non-traditional way [i.e, building them]. Lal means "beloved" in the language Hindi.
  • In CLAMP's seinen anime/manga series, Chobits, Chii, an android known as a "persocom", is noted to have special abilities that of the 'Chobits' series of persocoms, having real feelings and acting human in every way. She eventually falls in love with her owner, Hideki, who found her in the trash, demonstrating her strong, human-like feelings.
  • In Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979), the Ilia probe — a precisely duplicated biomechanical replica of Lieutenant Ilia, with some of her emotions intact — was dispatched by V'ger to gather information about the crew of the starship Enterprise.
  • In the TV series Gene Roddenberry's Andromeda (2000–2005), the gynoid Rommie is an extension of the starship's AI operating system, represented by an avatar of Rommie.
  • Androids (Jinzou Ningen in Japanese; meaning 'artificial human') are also a race in Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z, and Dragon Ball GT. The androids' names were only numbers (such as Android #13 or Android #20). They were created by Dr. Gero, Dr. Muu, and the Red Ribbon Army. Some are entirely artificial and some are created from humans and can be considered cyborgs.
  • Jinzo Ningen Kikaider was the first manga and tokusatsu series to feature an android protagonist.
  • The series Xenosaga borrows Villiers' original term Realian when referring to a race of beings created by Vector Corporation. Two playable characters are androids (MOMO and KOS-MOS). One is referred to as a Realian while the second is simply an android, the difference being that Realians, while also artificial, are at least mostly organic in composition.
  • In their respective series by Capcom, Mega Man was initially called a "humanoid", which was then simplified to robot. X, a later version, is said to be more advanced, more independent of thought, and closer to an android. Other beings, based off his design, are called Reploids.
  • In the Doctor Who episode "Bad Wolf", with deadly versions of 20th-century gameshows, there is an android host of The Weakest Link called the "Anne Droid" (a pun on the name of Anne Robinson, the current host). The series had previously featured androids in the more conventional sense — that is robotic duplicates of real people — in The Chase (a Dalek-made murderous robot double of the First Doctor), Four to Doomsday, Timelash (though the androids are deliberately distinguishable by having blue skin) and most notably The Android Invasion, in which among the deadly robot creations was a copy of Sarah Jane Smith that failed to fool the Doctor. See also Autons and Kamelion.
  • At least one episode of Blake's 7 revolves round a deadly robot duplicate.
  • General Morden creates mechanical duplicates of himself and resurrects his henchman Allen O'niel as an android. defeat doesn't mean their end. The mechanical duplicates drag themselves toward the player, self-destruct, and leave their heads behind where they become land mines.
  • In the game Shadow the Hedgehog Dr. Eggman creates an army of androids that resemble Shadow the hedgehog called, "Shadow androids". Due to their exact resemblance Shadow begins to fear he too is an android.
  • In the show Small Wonder (TV series) Vicki Lawson who is also known as V.I.C.I. short for Voice Input Child Identicant is an android built by Ted Lawson he and his family passes her off as their daughter and sister.
  • Kim Fox is a sentient female android (or gynoid) who features in the work of Richard Evans (British author). His futursitic thrillers, Machine Nation and Robophobia examine machine emotions and the consequences of human-android relationships. Other gynoids and androids appear in his short stories, Touch Sensitive and Hand In Glove.
  • In Power Rangers: Operation Overdrive, Mackenzie "Mack" Hartford is Andrew Hartford's son and the first ever Power Ranger that is an android.

Friedrich Christian Anton Fritz Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of Expressionism. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... Captain Future is a fictional character, the creation of science fiction writer Edmond Hamilton. ... Edmond Hamilton (November 21, 1904 - February 1, 1977) began writing science fiction with the story The Monster God of Mamurth in 1928. ... Mary Shelley Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley née Godwin (August 30, 1797–February 1, 1851) was an English writer who is, perhaps, equally-famously remembered as the wife of Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley and as the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. ... This article is about the 1818 novel. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... I, Robot is a collection of nine English language science fiction short stories by Isaac Asimov, first published by Gnome Press in 1950 in an edition of 5,000 copies. ... This cover of I, Robot illustrates the story Runaround, the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics. ... R. Daneel Olivaw is a fictional robot created by Isaac Asimov. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... What Are Little Girls Made Of? is a first season episode of Star Trek: The Original Series. ... James Tiberius Kirk, played by William Shatner, is the main character in the original Star Trek television series and the films based on it. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Data[1] is a character, portrayed by Brent Spiner, in the Star Trek fictional universe. ... Brent Jay Spiner (born February 2, 1949) is an American actor, best known for his portrayal of the android Lieutenant Commander Data in the television and movie series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American scriptwriter and producer. ... The Questor Tapes is a 1974 TV-movie about an android (portrayed by Robert Foxworth) with incomplete memory tapes who is searching for his creator and his purpose. ... Lore, played by Brent Spiner is a prototype android and the evil twin brother of Data in Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... For other meanings, see B4. ... In the television program Star Trek: The Next Generation, Lal (played by Hallie Todd) is the name of Lieutenant Commander Datas daughter. ... Juliana Tainer is a character in the fictional Star Trek universe, played by Fionnula Flanagan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the fictional Star Trek: The Next Generation universe, Dr. Noonien Soong is a human cyberneticist who is the creator of the regular android character Data. ... Serialized in Young Magazine Original run 2001 – 2002 No. ... Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Pictures, 1979; see also 1979 in film) is the first feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series and is released on Friday, December 7. ... Look up probe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ilia, or ILIA, can refer to: The Prefecture of Ilia in Greece Ilia, Hunedoara is a commune in Hunedoara County, Romania Jointly, ILIA is the Illinois Institute of Art - Schaumburg and Illinois Institute of Art - Chicago[1] Rhea Sylvia, also known as Ilia, is in Roman mythology the mother of... Look up Emotion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Vger (Vejur in the novelization by Gene Roddenberry) is a fictional character in the Star Trek universe. ... One of the fictional ships called the Starship Enterprise from Star Trek, one of the most famous fictional starships. ... A comparison of the Enterprise with other ships and buildings (see image description for more detail) The USS Enterprise, (NCC-1701) is a fictional starship in the television series Star Trek, which chronicles the vessels mission to explore strange new worlds; to seek out new life and new civilizations... The featured ship of the Andromeda television show, the Andromeda Ascendant Gene Roddenberrys Andromeda is a science fiction television series, a posthumous creation of Gene Roddenberry. ... Rommie on Andromeda. ... The Andromeda Ascendant is a fictional starship in the television series Gene Roddenberrys Andromeda. ... AI redirects here. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Example of an avatar as used on internet forums. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “DBZ” redirects here. ... Original run February 7, 1996 – November 19, 1997 Episodes 64 Sagas Black Star Dragon Ball Saga Baby Saga Super 17 Saga Shadow Dragon Saga TV Special Dragon Ball GT: A Heros Legacy Dragon Ball GT ) is an anime sub-series of the Dragon Ball franchise created by manga artist... Kikaida or Kikaider ) is a Japanese superhero created by Shotaro Ishinomori. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Icons of tokusatsu in the late 1970s: Spider-Man, Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider V3, Battle Fever J, Ultraman Jonias, as well as the manga and anime icon Doraemon Tokusatsu ) is a Japanese word that literally means special effects. ... It has been suggested that List of Xenosaga cast members be merged into this article or section. ... For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... Mega Man, known as Rock Man ) in Japan, is a video game character created by Keiji Inafune and is the title character of what has been referred to as the Classic Mega Man series developed by Capcom since 1987. ... Mega Man X, or Rockman X ) in the games original Japanese, usually abbreviated to simply X, is the main character of Capcoms Mega Man X video game series. ... A Reploid, from the science-fiction video game series Mega Man X and Mega Man Zero, refers to a robot whose design was ultimately derived from the original Mega Man X design. ... This article is about the television series. ... Bad Wolf is an episode in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast on June 11, 2005. ... It has been suggested that Survey of the twentieth century, The 20th century in review be merged into this article or section. ... The single word gameshow is an evolution from game show. Just as flashlight and screwdriver became a single word through usage, gameshow has also become commonly used as a single word. ... The Weakest Link (known as Weakest Link in many countries) is a television game show which first appeared in the United Kingdom on BBC Two on 14 August 2000. ... This article is about the English television hostess. ... The Chase is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in six weekly parts from May 22 to June 26, 1965. ... For other uses, see Dalek (disambiguation). ... The First Doctor is the name given to the first incarnation of the Doctor seen on screen in the long-running BBC television science-fiction series Doctor Who. ... Four to Doomsay is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four twice-weekly parts from January 18 to January 26, 1982. ... Timelash is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in two weekly parts from March 9 to March 16, 1985. ... The Android Invasion is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from November 22 to December 13, 1975 // Synopsis The Doctor and Sarah find themselves in the English village of Devesham near a Space Defence Station. ... Sarah Jane Smith is a fictional character played by Elisabeth Sladen in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who and its related spin-offs. ... An Auton, from Spearhead from Space The Autons are an artificial life form from the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, and adversaries of the Doctor. ... Kamelion, voiced by Gerald Flood (from The Kings Demons Kamelion is a fictional character, in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Blakes 7 is a British science fiction television series made by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) for their BBC 1 channel. ... General Morden, the main antagonist of the series General Donald Morden is the main antagonist of the Metal Slug franchise. ... This article is about the video game character. ... For other uses, see Small Wonder. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Richard Evans (born Manchester, UK, October 15th 1964), is author of the future-noir novels Machine Nation and Robophobia. ...

Bio androids in fiction

In fiction, one prominent android variation is the Bio android, which is constructed of protein based components as opposed to electronic and mechanical parts. Bio androids are all composed of synthetic flesh, though their exact composition varies from work to work. Biorobotics or synthetic biology are among the terms used to describe how they are made. For other uses, see Biomechanical. ... Synthetic biology has long been used to describe an approach to biology that attempts to integrate different areas of research in order to create a more holistic understanding of life. ...

  • The New Race in the novel series Dean Koontz's Frankenstein, where Victor Frankenstein has built an army of synthetic humans that are supposed to replace the original humans called "the Old Race", which he considers to be too much of a failure.
  • Cell in the anime series, Dragon Ball Z, is created using the DNA of several powerful fighters and grown in a lab by Doctor Gero, who also built several other highly advanced, but more traditional androids. Cell's status as a bio android is both questionable and unique as he is grown like a clone rather than built.
  • Melfina in the anime series, Outlaw Star, is a bio android built using synthetic flesh and the knowledge from an extinct civilization. Her primary purpose is to be both the navigation system to find and the key to activate the Galactic Leyline, the finding of which is the ultimate goal of the protagonists. However, she displays other traits which align her more closely with other organic beings.
  • The title character in the anime, Armitage III is an android comprising of both mechanical and cybernetic components. It is revealed that she, as well as the other similar androids can even reproduce with humans. In this same movie a 4th type is developed which is completely organic.
  • The humanoid Cylons in the Sci-Fi Channel remake series of Battlestar Galactica are built using organic components so that they appear to be identical to humans, even when an autopsy is performed. However, they all share an almost telepathic bond and are mass produced in specific body types. In addition, their minds are transmitted back to their bases upon destruction of their bodies so that they can be reborn. At least two Cylons so far have produced hybrid children with human beings.
  • In the anime Casshan Robot Hunter, the Nidroids are cybernetic organisms designed to live in symbiosis with nature. They later replace traditional androids and robots as the main enemies of mankind.
  • In the adult comedy anime Buttobi CPU, the main character Akira is tricked into buying Mimi/Pixie, a bio android girl, in place of a computer.
  • In the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, the Evas are a combination of cybernetic and biological parts cloned from extra-terrestrial beings, and could therefore be considered either cyborgs or bio androids, depending on strictness of definition. They are effectively bio androids in the form of a mech-suits. In addition, the character Rei Ayanami is revealed to be one of many bio androids based off of the same technology as the Evas.
  • In the manga and anime Appleseed, there is an entire population of bio androids who look after humans. They have to switch into new bodies, in the remade anime receive "life extension treatments", every so often because they lack cellular division, a fact that also prevents them from reproducing. In the end, however, the factory that assembles their new bodies is destroyed, and they are given the ability to reproduce and thus remain in one body.
  • In the anime series, Ghost in the Shell 2nd Gig, Proto was one of the men who worked on the Tachikoma. Near the end of the series, when Proto's brain is fried while he attempts to hack into a government network, it is revealed that he is in fact a bio android prototype.
  • The replicants in the movie Blade Runner, where a small handful of escaped replicants are being hunted by specialist police units called "blade runners".
  • The Realians in the Xenosaga game series could be considered bio-androids, though there exist both carbon-based and metallic variations.

Many more examples may be found in this list of fictional robots. Dean Koontzs Frankenstein is the collective title of a trilogy of novels co-written by Dean Koontz. ... Cell ) is a fictional graphic novel supervillain who first appears in the Dragon Ball manga created by Akira Toriyama, followed by Dragon Ball Z and Dragon Ball GT. He is the ultimate creation of the scientist Dr. Gero, cloned from several characters from the series. ... “DBZ” redirects here. ... Doctor Gero (Android #20) is a fictional character from the manga Dragon Ball/Dragon Ball Z and the animes Dragon Ball Z/Dragon Ball GT. // Spoiler warning: In Dragon Ball, Doctor Gero is the head scientist of the Red Ribbon Army. ... Outlaw Star (星方武侠) is a 26-episode anime series created by Sunrise and Bandai Entertainment, loosely based on the manga by Takehito Ito. ... Serialized in Ultra Jump Original run 1997 – No. ... Armitage III (Japanese: アミテージ ザ サード) is a 1994 cyberpunk anime series based around Naomi Armitage, a highly advanced Type-III android. ... Old Cylon Centurion shown in a museum display in the 2003 Battlestar Galactica miniseries The Cylons are a fictional race in the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica. ... SCI FI (originally The Sci-Fi Channel, sometimes rendered SCI FI Channel when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ... This article is about the 2004 television series. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... For the Aesop Rock album, see Appleseed (album). ... Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG (japanese title: 攻殻機動隊 S.A.C. 2nd GIG) is the second season from Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about characters from Blade Runner. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... This is a chronological list of robots and androids in literature and cinema. ...


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2] Retrieved on Feb 2, 2007.
  3. ^ http://www.google.com/patents?id=QhIAAAAAEBAJ&dq=patent:40891| U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Patent# 40891, Toy Automation


  1. Kerman, Judith B. (1991). Retrofitting Blade Runner: Issues in Ridley Scott's Blade Runner and Philip K. Dick's Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press. ISBN 0-87972-509-5
  2. Shelde, Per (1993). Androids, Humanoids, and Other Science Fiction Monsters: Science and Soul in Science Fiction Films. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7930-1
  3. Sidney Perkowitz (2004) Digital People: From Bionic Humans to Androids. Joseph Henry Press. ISBN 0-309-09619-7

Further reading

See also

Robotics Portal

Image File history File links Animation2. ... Actroid ReplieeQ1-expo at Expo 2005 in Aichi, with co-creator Hiroshi Ishiguro An Actroid is a lifelike humanoid robot developed by Osaka University and manufactured by Kokoro Company Ltd. ... YOU SUCK ... AI redirects here. ... Audio-Animatronics is the registered trademark for a form of robotics created by Walt Disney Imagineering for shows and attractions at Disney theme parks, and subsequently expanded on and used by other companies. ... For other uses, see Cyborg (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... EveR-1 (Korean: 에버원; Hangeul: ebeoweon) is South Koreas first functional female android developed by a team of South Korean scientists from the Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH) headed by Baeg Moon-hong (백문홍) and unveiled to the public at Kyoyuk MunHwa HoeKwan in Seoul on May 4, 2006. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... HUBO (휴보 KHR-3) is a bi-pedal humanoid robot developed by the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and released on January 6, 2005 following a year of work. ... The term humanoid refers to any being whose body structure resembles that of a human. ... Hondas ASIMO, an example of a humanoid robot A humanoid robot is a robot with its overall appearance based on that of the human body. ... Metal strands of the Shape Memory Alloy TiNi are sometimes referred to as muscle wire. ... A RealDoll with face #11 The RealDoll is a life-size sex doll (also considered a mannequin) manufactured by Abyss Creations in San Marcos, California, and sold worldwide. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... An Actroid manufactured by Kokoro Company Ltd. ... A set of erotic statues. ... Posthuman Future, an illustration by Michael Gibbs for The Chronicle of Higher Educations look at how biotechnology will change the human experience, has become one of the secular icons representing transhumanism. ... Repliee Q2 The Uncanny Valley is a hypothesis about robotics concerning the emotional response of humans to robots and other non-human entities. ...

External links

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