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Encyclopedia > Andrian Nikolayev
Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev
Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev

Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev (Chuvash: Андриян Григорьевич Николаев), (September 5, 1929July 3, 2004) was a Soviet cosmonaut. He was an ethnic Chuvash. Cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev Pre-1973 Soviet image, believed to be in public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev Pre-1973 Soviet image, believed to be in public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Chuvash language [CHOO-vahsh] (Чăваш чěлхи, also known as Chuwash, Chovash, Chavash or ÇuaÅŸ) is a Turkic language spoken west of the Urals in central Russia. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit (MMU) outside the Challenger in 1984. ... The Chuvash are a bunch of pakis . ...


Nikolayev flew on two space flights: Vostok 3 (effectively becoming the third Soviet cosmonaut) and Soyuz 9. His call sign in these flights was Falcon (Russian: Со́кол). On both, he set new endurance records for the longest time a human being had remained in orbit. He also served as backup for the Vostok 2 and Soyuz 8 missions. On January 22, 1969, Nikolayev survived an assassination attempt on Leonid Brezhnev, undertaken by Soviet Army officer Viktor Ilyin. He left the cosmonaut corps on January 26, 1982. Human spaceflight is space exploration with a human crew, and possibly passengers (in contrast to unmanned space missions, which are remotely-controlled or robotic space probes). ... Vostok 3 was a mission in the Soviet space program. ... Soyuz 9 paved the way for the Salyut space station missions, investigating the effects of long-term weightlessness on crew, and evaluating the work that the cosmonauts could do in orbit, individually and as a team. ... Species About 37; see text. ... Gherman Titov Vostok 2 was a Soviet space mission which carried cosmonaut Gherman Titov into orbit for a full day in order to study the effects of a more prolonged period of weightlessness on the human body. ... Soyuz 8 was part of a joint mission with Soyuz 6 and Soyuz 7 that saw three Soyuz spacecraft in orbit together at the same time, carrying seven cosmonauts. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... Jack Ruby murdered Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, in a very public manner In its most common use, assassination has come to mean the killing of an important person. ... Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev listen â–¶(?) (Russian: ) (December 19 (O.S. December 6) 1906 – November 10, 1982) was effective ruler of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, though at first in partnership with others. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Nikolayev was also the first person to make a television broadcast from space, in August 1962. Vostok 3 was part the first dual space flight, with Pavel Popovich on Vostok 4. Pavel Popovich Pavel Romanovich Popovich (Russian: Павел Романович Попович, Pavel Romanovič Popovič; born October 5, 1930 in Uzin) was a Cosmonaut who commanded two space flights, Vostok 4 and Soyuz 14. ... Vostok 4 was a mission in the Soviet space program. ...


In the early days of space travel, it was usual to place trainee astronauts into isolation chambers to see how long they could last alone. They sat in silence unable to gauge time. Many men cracked. One cosmonaut, Andrian Nikolayev lasted the longest - four days - and became known as the Iron Man.


On November 3, 1963, he married Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to fly in space (see Vostok 6). They had one daughter, Elena Andrionova (now a Doctor of Medicine), before their marriage collapsed. However, it was not until 1982 that they divorced. November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (Russian: ; born March 6, 1937), is a retired Soviet cosmonaut and was the first woman to fly in space, aboard Vostok 6 in 1963. ... A joint flight with Vostok 5, Vostok 6 carried the first woman into space, cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Andrian Nikolayev was awarded the Order of Lenin, Order of the Red Star, numerous medals, and foreign orders. He was also bestowed a title of the Hero of Socialist Labor of Bulgaria, Hero of Labor of Vietnam, and Hero of Mongolia. A lunar crater was given his name, Nikolayev. The Order of Lenin (ru: Орден Ленина), named after the leader of the Russian Revolution, was the second highest national order of the Soviet Union (Highest was the Order of Victory). ... Order of the Red Star Established on 6 April 1930, the Order of the Red Star was an Order (decoration) of the Soviet Union, given to Red Army and Navy personnel for exceptional service in the cause of the Defense of the Soviet Union in both war and peace. ... Nikolaev is a crater on the far side of the Moon, so that is can not be observed from earth. ...


In 2004, Nikolayev died of a heart attack in Cheboksary, the capital of Chuvashia in Russia. A scandal ensued. His daughter, who lives in Moscow, desired that he be interred in the cemetery at Star City. The president of Chuvashia had other ideas. After a farewell ceremony in Cheboksary, Nikolayev was buried in his native village of Sorseli. He has no family living in the republic. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... Cheboksary (Russian: Чебокса́ры, Chuvash: Шупашкар /transliteration: Shupashkar/) is a city in Russia, capital of Chuvashia. ... Capital Cheboksary Area - total - % water 81st - 18,300 km² - N/A Population - Total - Density 41st - est. ... Capital Cheboksary Area - total - % water 81st - 18,300 km² - N/A Population - Total - Density 41st - est. ... Cheboksary (Russian: Чебокса́ры, Chuvash: Шупашкар /transliteration: Shupashkar/) is a city in Russia, capital of Chuvashia. ...


 
 

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