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Encyclopedia > Andrew Wyeth
Andrew Wyeth
Born July 12, 1917 (1917-07-12) (age 90)
Flag of Pennsylvania Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, United States
Occupation Realist painter

Andrew Newell Wyeth (born July 12, 1917) is an American realist painter, one of the best-known of the 20th century and sometimes referred to as the "Painter of the People" due to his popularity with the American public. He is the son of the illustrator and artist N. C. Wyeth, and the brother of inventor Nathaniel Wyeth and artist Henriette Wyeth Hurd. is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pennsylvania. ... Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania is a small township 30 miles southwest of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in Delaware County. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Realism is a style of painting that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can see. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Realism is a style of painting that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can see. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Newell Convers Wyeth (October 22, 1882 – October 19, 1945), known as N.C. Wyeth, was an American artist and illustrator. ... Nathaniel C. Wyeth (October 24, 1911 — July 6, 1990) was an American mechanical engineer and inventor. ... Henriette Wyeth Hurd (October 22, 1907 - April 3, 1997) was an American artist noted for portraits and still life paintings. ...


Wyeth's favorite subject is the land and inhabitants around his hometown of Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania and those near his summer home in Cushing, Maine. One of the most well-known images in 20th century American art, is Christina's World (1948), in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania is a small township 30 miles southwest of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in Delaware County. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Cushing is a town located in Knox County, Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Christinas World Christinas World is the most famous work by American painter Andrew Wyeth, and one of the best-known American paintings of the 20th century. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

Long Limb, Tempera, 1999, by Andrew Wyeth
Long Limb, Tempera, 1999, by Andrew Wyeth

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Childhood/ Early career

The youngest of five children of Newell Convers and Carolyn Bockius Wyeth, Andrew Wyeth was home-tutored and learned art from his father. In 1937 at age twenty, he had his first one-man exhibition of watercolors at Macbeth Gallery in New York City. The entire inventory of paintings quickly sold out, and Wyeth's career was launched. Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Father's death / 1940s

In October 1945 Andrew Wyeth's father and his three-year-old nephew, Newell Convers Wyeth II (b. 1941), were killed when their car stalled on railroad tracks near their home and was struck by a train. Wyeth has referred to his father's death as a formative emotional event in his artistic career, in addition to a personal tragedy. It was shortly after this time that Wyeth's art consolidated into his mature and enduring style, characterized by a subdued color palette, highly realistic renderings, and the depiction of emotionally charged symbolic objects.


In 1948 Wyeth began painting Anna and Karl Kuerner, neighbors of the Wyeths in Chadds Ford. Ironically the Kuerner's farm is just a few yards from the railroad tracks where N.C. Wyeth died. The Kuerner's farm is now available to tour through the Brandywine River Museum. Like the Olsons in Maine, the Kuerners and their farm became one of Wyeth's most important subjects for nearly 30 years.


Mature career

Dividing his time between Pennsylvania and Maine, Wyeth has maintained a relatively consistent realist painting style for over fifty years. He has tended to gravitate to several identifiable landscape subjects and models, to which he would return repeatedly over a period of decades. He typically creates dozens of studies on a subject in pencil or loosely brushed watercolor before executing a finished painting, either in watercolor, drybrush (a watercolor style in which the water is squeezed from the brush), or egg tempera. His works have fetched increasingly higher prices with his growing fame, and today Wyeth's major works can sell for in excess of one million dollars from private dealers and at auction. An example of the drybrush technique using black acrylic paint on illustration board. ... A 1367 tempera on wood by Niccolò Semitecolo. ...


Helga pictures

In 1986, extensive coverage was given to the revelation of a series of 240 studies of Wyeth's neighbour, the Prussian-born Helga Testorf, painted over the period 1971-1985 without the knowledge of either Wyeth's wife or John Testorf, her husband.


The latter was out of the country at the time of the Helga paintings' unveiling and was very much surprised [citation needed] to see his wife on the cover of Time (magazine) with the caption "Andrew Wyeth's Stunning Secret / The Helga Paintings: A Portfolio.[1] “TIME” redirects here. ...


The works were exhibited at the National Gallery of Art in 1987.[2] The West building of the National Gallery of Art with the East building visible behind and to to the left The National Gallery of Art is an art museum, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museum was established in 1937 by the Congress, with funds for...


Critical reaction

Late Fall, watercolour on paper, 67.3cm x 47cm, 1981, by Andrew Wyeth
Late Fall, watercolour on paper, 67.3cm x 47cm, 1981, by Andrew Wyeth

Wyeth's art has long been controversial. As a representational artist, Wyeth's paintings have sharply contrasted with the prevailing trend of abstraction that gained currency in American art in the middle of the 20th century. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It is generally agreed that people know and understand the world and reality through the act of naming it; thus, through language and representations (Oxford English Dictionary, cited in Vukcevich 2002). ... Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ...


Museum exhibitions of Wyeth's paintings have set attendance records, but many art critics have been heavily critical of his work. Peter Schjeldahl, art critic for The Village Voice, derided his paintings as "Formulaic stuff not very effective even as illustrational 'realism'".[3] Hence the most common criticisms are that Wyeth's art verges on illustration, and that his predominantly rural subject matter is heavily weighted with sentiment. It is possible, however, that some critics dislike his work simply because it is so popular and appeals to people because it is representational in nature. Peter Schjeldahl was born in 1942 in Fargo, North Dakota. ... This article is about a New York newspaper. ...


Admirers of Wyeth's art believe that his paintings, in addition to sometimes displaying overt beauty, contain strong emotional currents, symbolic content and underlying abstraction. Most observers of Wyeth's art agree that he is exceptionally skilled at handling the mediums of watercolor and egg tempera (which uses egg yolk as a medium). Except for early experimentations, Wyeth has avoided using traditional oil paints.


Museum collections

Andrew Wyeth is in the collections of most major American museums, including The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City; the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the National Gallery of Art; the Arkansas Art Center in Little Rock; and the White House, in Washington, DC. Especially large collections of Wyeth's art are in the Brandywine River Museum in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania; the Farnsworth Art Museum in Rockland, Maine; and the Greenville County Museum of Art in Greenville, South Carolina. A major retrospective of Andrew Wyeth's work occurred at the Philadelphia Museum of Art[1] from March 29, 2006 - July 16, 2006. Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... Night view of Whitney Museum of American Art The Whitney Museum of American Art is an art gallery and museum in New York City founded in 1931 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... The Smithsonian American Art Museum is a museum in Washington, D.C. with an extensive collection of American art. ... The West building of the National Gallery of Art with the East building visible behind and to to the left The National Gallery of Art is an art museum, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museum was established in 1937 by the Congress, with funds for... One of the leading cultural institutions in the state, the Arkansas Arts Center is located on the corner of 9th and Commerce streets in MacArthur Park, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. The center features a permanent collection of various works of art along with occasional special exhibitions. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... The Brandywine River Museum is an intimate art museum, located in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, and internationally known for its collection of works by the Wyeth Family. ... The Farnsworth Art Museum is located in Rockland, Maine and is best known as one of the nations foremost holders of the paintings of the Wyeth family: N.C. Wyeth, Andrew Wyeth, and Jamie Wyeth. ... Welcome to Rockland Rockland is a city in Knox County, Maine, in the United States. ... Greenville is a mid-sized city located in the upstate of South Carolina. ... The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ...


Honors and awards

Wyeth has been the recipient of numerous honorary degrees. In 1963, Andrew Wyeth became the first painter to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which was conferred by President John F. Kennedy. In 1977, he became the first American artist since John Singer Sargent elected to the Académie des Beaux-Arts. In 1980, Wyeth became the first living American artist to be elected to Britain's Royal Academy. In 1987 Wyeth received a D.F.A. from Bates College. On November 9, 1988, Wyeth was the recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian honor bestowed by the United States legislature. The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Self Portrait, 1906, oil on canvas, 70 x 53 cm, Uffizi Gallery, Florence. ... The Académie des beaux-arts (Academy of Fine Arts) is a French learned society. ... The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London, England. ... Bates College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1855 by abolitionists, located in Lewiston, Maine, in the United States. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal should not be confused with the Medal of Honor (commonly called the Congressional Medal of Honor), which is also awarded by Congress, but only to military members as the highest military decoration of the United States. ...


Trivia

  • Wyeth was often referenced by cartoonist Charles M. Schulz (a longtime admirer) in the comic strip Peanuts. In one strip the character Snoopy was presented with a bill for "psychiatic help" 20 cents and states "I refuse to sell my Andrew Wyeth". In another strip, Snoopy's prized Van Gogh painting is burned in a fire, and he replaces it with an Andrew Wyeth.[4]
  • Tom Duffield, the production designer for the American remake of The Ring, drew inspiration from Wyeth's paintings for the look of the film.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Charles Monroe Schulz (November 26, 1922 – February 12, 2000) was a 20th-century American cartoonist best known worldwide for his Peanuts comic strip. ... For other uses, see Peanut (disambiguation). ... Snoopy is a fictional character in the long-running comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schulz. ... van gogh is a piece of shit Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), Netherlands artist. ... The Ring is a 2002 American film, a remake of the Japanese horror mystery Ring (1998). ... Manoj Nelliattu Shyamalan (born August 6, 1970), known professionally as M. Night Shyamalan, //, is an Academy Award nominated screenwriter and director, who also performs smaller roles in his own movies. ... This article is about the 2004 film. ... This article is about the 2004 film. ... Philip Ridley is a multi-talented artist born in London, England. ... The Reflecting Skin is a surreal 1990 movie about a young child growing up in the 1950s. ...

References

  1. ^ Andrew Wyeth's 'Helga', Time archive, Aug 18, 1986
  2. ^ Andrew Wyeth's Helga Pictures: An Intimate Study, Traditional Fine Arts Organization
  3. ^ When the pens of critics sting, Daniel Grant, Christian Science Monitor, 1/8/99, Vol. 91 Issue 30
  4. ^ "Ther Art Of Andrew Wyeth" Wanda M. Corn, Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, p-95.
  5. ^ Notes from a Chadds Ford Redneck about "The Village" - Chadds Ford Inspirations
  6. ^ imdb.com - FAQ for The Village

See also

Jamie Wyeth is a painter, he is the son of Andrew Wyeth and grandson of N.C. Wyeth. ...

Further reading

  • Meryman, R.: Andrew Wyeth: A Secret Life, HarperCollins 1996. ISBN 0-06-017113-8.
  • Wyeth, A.: Andrew Wyeth: Autobiography, Bulfinch Press 1995. ISBN 0-8212-2217-1.

Galleries online

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrew Wyeth prints and posters at FulcrumGallery.com (229 words)
"Andrew Wyeth is one of the most popular American painters of the twentieth-century.
In 1949, the Museum of Modern Art's acquisition of Christina's World, 1948, Wyeth's famous representational painting of a young woman confined by paralysis to her ancestral Maine farm, was viewed as a shocking anomaly by many in an art world largely absorbed with pure abstraction.
Wyeth's edited form of realism places his metaphoric work squarely in the twentieth century, despite its nostalgic patina of nineteenth-century rural imagery." "Wyeth's art is very much an extention of his unique upbringing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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