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Encyclopedia > Andrew II of Hungary
Andrew II of Hungary with queen Gertrude von Andechs-Meranien
Andrew II of Hungary with queen Gertrude von Andechs-Meranien

Andrew II (Hungarian: András or Endre, Slovak: Ondrej, Croatian: Andrija I.) (c. 1175October 26, 1235) was king of Hungary from 1205 until 1235 as a member of Arpad dynasty. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory OConner), last High King of Ireland, submits to Henry II as vassal of Ireland with the Treaty of Windsor Ly Cao Ton becomes ruler of Vietnam William of Tyre becomes archbishop of Tyre Massacre of Abergavenny ends with several noblemen dead at the hands... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... January 6 - Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans April 14 - Battle of Adrianople between Bulgars and Latins August 20 - Following certain news of Baldwin Is death, Henry of Flanders is crowned Emperor of the Latin Empire April 1 - King Amalric II of Jerusalem (born 1145) May 7... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... The Árpáds (Hungarian: Árpádok, Slovak: Arpádovci, Croatian: Arpadovići) were a dynasty ruling in historic Hungary from the late 9th century to 1301 (with some interruptions, e. ...


Andrew was a son of King Bela III. Even after his unsuccessful rebellion against his brother he was named regent by his older brother Emeric for the minority of Ladislaus III. He succeeded his nephew, the infant Ladislaus III after his death, as King of Hungary in 1205. Few other royal reigns were as detrimental to the Hungarian realm as Andrew's. Valiant, enterprising, pious as he was, all these fine qualities were ruined by a reckless good nature which never thought of the future. He declared in a decree that the generosity of a king should be limitless, and he followed this principle throughout his reign. He gave away everything - money, villages, domains, whole counties - to the utter impoverishment of the treasury, thereby rendering the crown, for the first time in Hungarian history, dependent upon the great nobility eager for personal gain. Béla III of Hungary (Hungarian , Slovak: Belo III), born in 1148, was King of Kingdom of Hungary circa 1172-1196. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Emeric (or Imre) was a Hungarian king (1174–1204), who ruled from 1196 to 1204. ... Ladislaus III (1201-1205) was king of Hungary from 1204 to 1205. ... Nobility is a traditional hereditary status (see hereditary titles) that exists today in many countries (mainly present or former monarchies). ...


In all matters of government, Andrew was equally reckless and haphazard. He was directly responsible for the beginnings of the feudal anarchy which led to the extinction of the Árpáds dynasty at the end of the 13th century. The great nobles did not even respect the lives of the royal family, for Andrew was recalled from a futile attempt to reconquer Galicia through the murder of his first wife Gertrude of Merania in 1213 by rebellious nobles jealous of the influence of her relatives. // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Coat-of-arms of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Yiddish: , Turkish: , Romanian: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Gertrude von Meranien (1185 – September 24, 1213) was the first wife of András II, king of Hungary. ... May 30 - Battle of Damme; English fleet under William Longsword destroyes a French fleet off the Belgian port in the first major victory for the fledgling Royal Navy. ...


In 1215 he married Iolanthe (Yolande de Courtenay) of France, but in 1217 was compelled by Pope Honorius III to lead the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land, which he undertook in hopes of being elected Latin emperor of Constantinople. The crusade was not popular in Hungary, but Andrew contrived to collect 15,000 men together, whom he led to Venice. In order to finance his crusade he had to appoint muslim businessmen to important economic positions. He was accused of giving his kingdom to the hands of Muslims in order to free a far away land from them. After the surrender of Hungarian claims on Zara (Zadar), about two-thirds of the crusaders were conveyed to Acre. Nevertheless the whole expedition was a forlorn hope. The Kingdom of Jerusalem was by this time reduced to a strip of coast about 440 mi² in extent, and after a drawn battle with the Turks on the Jordan River on November 10 1217 and fruitless assaults on the fortresses of the Lebanon and on Mount Tabor, Andrew started home (January 18, 1218) through Antioch (Antakya), Iconium (Konya), Constantinople, and Bulgaria. On his return he found the feudal barons in the ascendant, and they extorted from him the Golden Bull. A certified copy of the Magna Carta March 4 - King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III. June 15 - King John of England was forced to put his seal on the Magna Carta, outlining the rights of landowning... April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ... Honorius III, né Cencio Savelli (Rome, 1148 – March 18, 1227 in Rome), was Pope from 1216 to 1227. ... Frisian crusaders confront the Tower of Damietta, Egypt. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Holy Land (Biblical). ... The Latin Empire, Empire of Nicaea, Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Akko (Hebrew עכו; Arabic عكّا ʿAkkā; also, Acre, Accho, Acco, and St. ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ... Northern part of the Great Rift Valley as seen from space (NASA) The Jordan River Road sign The Jordan River (Hebrew: נהר הירדן nehar hayarden, Arabic: نهر الأردن nahr al-urdun) is a river in Southwest Asia flowing through the Great Rift Valley into the Dead Sea. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... Mount Tabor may refer to a number of places: Mount Tabor is a hill in the Holy Land near Nazareth. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Tomb of Mevlana Rumi is a popular attraction of Konya. ... The Golden Bull of 1222 was a golden bull, or edict, issued by King Andrew II of Hungary. ...


Andrew's last exploit was to defeat an invasion of Frederick II of Austria in 1234. That same year he married his third wife, Beatrice of Este. Frederick II, known as the Quarrelsome (German: Friedrich der Streitbare) (1219 – June 15, 1246), from the dynasty of Babenberg, was the duke of Austria and Styria from 1230 to 1246. ... Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned... Ercole I dEste was one of the most important patrons of arts in the Italian Renaissance. ...


Family

Andrew had five children by his first wife, Gertrude of Merania: Gertrude von Meranien (1185 – September 24, 1213) was the first wife of András II, king of Hungary. ...

  1. Anna Maria of Hungary (1203-1221), married Tsar Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria
  2. Bela IV of Hungary (1206-1270)
  3. Saint Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231)
  4. Kálmán, Duke of Slavonia (1208-1241)
  5. András, King of Galicia (1210-1234)

From his second marriage to Yolande de Courtenay, he had one daughter: Anna Maria of Hungary (1204-1237) was a daughter of King Andrew II of Hungary and Gertrude of Merania. ... Portrait of Ivan Asen II from the Zograf Monastery on Mount Athos, 1817 Ivan Asen II (Bulgarian: Иван Асен II, and also Йоан Асен II, Ioan Asen II, in English sometimes John Asen II), emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 1218 to 1241. ... B la IV (1206-1270) was the king of Hungary between 1235 and 1270. ... St. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Coat of Arms of the House of Courtenay: Or three torteaux. ...

  1. Violant of Hungary (1215-1251), married James I of Aragon

Andrew's third marriage to Beatrice d'Este produced one posthumous son: Violant of Hungary (c. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I, Occitan: Jacme I) (Montpellier, February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276) surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. ... For Tolkiens fictional character, see Estë To know more about the city, see Este (city) The House of Este is a European princely dynasty. ...

  1. István (1236-1271), who was himself father of King Andrew III of Hungary

Andrew III (Endre) of the Arpad dynasty was king of Hungary 1290-1301 and the last male of Arpads to hold the throne. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Preceded by
Ladislaus III
King of Hungary
12051235
Succeeded by
Béla IV
Preceded by
Ladislaus II
King of Croatia
12051235
Succeeded by
Béla III

  Results from FactBites:
 
Elizabeth, Saint, daughter of King Andrew II of Hungary. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (147 words)
Elizabeth, Saint, daughter of King Andrew II of Hungary.
1207–31, daughter of King Andrew II of Hungary and wife of Landgrave Louis II of Thuringia.
She led a simple life, personally tended the sick and the poor, and spent long hours at prayer.
Andrew II of Hungary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (488 words)
The great nobles did not even respect the lives of the royal family, for Andrew was recalled from a futile attempt to reconquer Galicia through the murder of his first wife Gertrude of Meran in 1213 by rebellious nobles jealous of the influence of her relatives.
Andrew's last exploit was to defeat an invasion of Frederick II of Austria in 1234.
Maria of Hungary (1203-1221), married Tsar Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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