FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Andrew Gregg Curtin
Andrew Gregg Curtin
Born April 22, 1817
Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, USA
Died October 7, 1894
Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, USA

Andrew Gregg Curtin (April 22, 1817October 7, 1894) was a U.S. lawyer and politician who served as Governor of Pennsylvania during the American Civil War. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1709x2000, 1036 KB)TITLE: Gov. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Bellefonte is a borough located in Centre County, Pennsylvania. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Bellefonte is a borough located in Centre County, Pennsylvania. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government CIA World Factbook Entry for United States House. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... List of Pennsylvania Governors The office of Pennsylvania governor was created by the states Constitution of 1790. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ...


Curtin was born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania. He attended Dickinson College and the Dickinson School of Law and was employed as a lawyer. His first public office was as Secretary of the Commonwealth. In 1855, Governor James Pollock appointed him as Superintendent of Public Schools. He switched political allegiance from the Whigs to the new Republican political party in 1860, with his successful run for governor. He served in that office from 1861 until 1867. Bellefonte is a borough located in Centre County, Pennsylvania. ... Dickinson College - Old West Cupola with Mermaid Dickinson College is a private liberal arts college in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. ... The Dickinson School of Law is located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and is the law school of Pennsylvania State University. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... James Pollock (10 September 1811 - 19 April 1890) was the governor of Pennsylvania from 1855 to 1858. ... This article is about the British Whig party. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party [1]), is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


During the Civil War, Curtin organized the Pennsylvania reserves into combat units, and oversaw the construction of the first Union military camp for training militia. It opened as Camp Curtin on April 18, 1861. Curtin was very active during the Gettysburg Campaign, working with Major General Darius N. Couch and Major Granville O. Haller to delay Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and prevent it from crossing the Susquehanna River. Major General George G. Meade, a Pennsylvania officer whom Curtin had recommended for brigadier general and command of one of the Pennsylvania reserve brigades in 1861, defeated Lee in the Battle of Gettysburg. The Union Army refers to the United States Army during the American Civil War. ... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ... Camp Curtin was a military training camp near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), which took place in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was one of the largest battles ever conducted in the Western Hemisphere, and... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Darius N. Couch Darius Nash Couch ( July 23, 1822 – February 12, 1897) was a U.S. Army officer, naturalist, and a Union general in the American Civil War. ... Insignia of an O-4 in the U.S. Armed Forces Badge of rank of a Major in the British Army. ... Granville Owen Haller (January 31, 1819 – May 2, 1897) was a noted Indian fighter and U.S. Army military officer, as well as a wealthy antebellum businessman in the Seattle, Washington, area. ... Robert Edward Lee, as a U.S. Army Colonel before the war Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career army officer and the most successful general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. ... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... The Susquehanna River is a river in the northeastern United States, approximately 410 mi (715 km) long. ... George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 - November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever fought in North America, and is generally considered to be the turning point of the American Civil War. ...


In his first term, Governor Curtin suffered a severe breakdown from the stresses of war. Secretary of State Eli Slifer handled governmental affairs during the increasingly frequent periods when Curtin was incapacitated. President Lincoln offered the governor a diplomatic position abroad, but he chose to run for reelection in 1863.


To coordinate Union war efforts, Curtin convened the Conference for Governors of the Loyal States held on September 24, 1862, in Altoona. He formed the Pennsylvania State Agency in Washington, and another branch in Nashville, Tennessee, to provide support for wounded soldiers on the battlefield and returned home. He also founded the state-funded Orphan's School to aid and educate children of military men who had died for the Union cause. September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Altoona is a city located in Blair County, Pennsylvania. ... The Nashville skyline Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...


Soon after ending his second term, Curtin switched to the Democratic political party, and was appointed Minister to Russia by President Ulysses S. Grant. He later served as a Democratic Congressman from 1881 until 1887 in the U.S. House of Representatives. He died at his birthplace of Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, and is buried there in Union Cemetery. Four identical statues of Andrew Gregg Curtin—one in Bellefonte, one on the Pennsylvania State Monument at Gettysburg, one in the rotunda of the State Capitol Building, and one at the site of Camp Curtin–honor his service and life. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States. ... For other uses, see Ambassador (disambiguation). ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was a Union general in the American Civil War and the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... A Congressman or Congresswoman (generically, Congressperson) is a politician who is a member of a Congress. ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... House of Representatives is a name used for legislative bodies in many countries. ...


Curtin's family was prominent in Pennsylvania politics and in the Civil War. He was the grandson of Andrew Gregg, also a prominent Pennsylvania politician. He was the uncle of John I. Curtin and cousin of David McM. Gregg, both Union generals in the Civil War. Andrew Gregg (June 10, 1755 - May 20, 1835) was a U.S. political figure. ... David McM. Gregg David McMurtrie Gregg (April 10, 1833 – August 7, 1916) was a farmer, diplomat, and a Union cavalry general in the American Civil War. ... The Union Army refers to the United States Army during the American Civil War. ...


References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Bucknell University's Biography of Andrew Gregg Curtin



Preceded by:
William Fisher Packer
Governor of Pennsylvania
1861–1867
Succeeded by:
John White Geary


William Fisher Packer William Fisher Packer (2 April 1807 - 27 September 1870) was governor of Pennsylvania from 1858 to 1861. ... List of Pennsylvania Governors The office of Pennsylvania governor was created by the states Constitution of 1790. ... John White Geary (30 December 1819–8 February 1873) was governor of Pennsylvania from 1867 to 1873. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrew Gregg Curtin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (517 words)
Andrew Gregg Curtin (April 22, 1817 – October 7, 1894) was a U.S. lawyer and politician who served as Governor of Pennsylvania during the American Civil War.
Curtin was very active during the Gettysburg Campaign, working with Major General Darius N. Couch and Major Granville O. Haller to delay Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and prevent it from crossing the Susquehanna River.
Major General George G. Meade, a Pennsylvania officer whom Curtin had recommended for brigadier general and command of one of the Pennsylvania reserve brigades in 1861, defeated Lee in the Battle of Gettysburg.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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