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Encyclopedia > Andrei Yeremenko
Marshal of the Soviet Union Andrei Yeremenko

Andrei Ivanovich Yeremenko (Yeryomenko, Андрей Иванович Ерёменко) (October 14, 1892 - November 19, 1970) Soviet general during World War II, Marshal of the Soviet Union, born in Markovka in the province of Kharkov in Ukraine to a peasant family. Drafted into the Imperial Army in 1913, served on the Southwest and Romanian Fronts during World War I. Joined the Red Army in 1918, where he served in the legendary “Budyonny Cavalry”. Attended the Leningrad Cavalry School and then the Frunze Military Academy, which he graduated from in 1935. Marshal of the Soviet Union Andrei Yeremenko File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Marshal Sovietskogo Soyuza [Маршал Советского Союза]) was in practice the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. ... Kharkov (rus: Ха́рьков) or Kharkiv (ukr: Ха́рків) is the second largest city in Ukraine, a center of Kharkivska oblast. It is situated in the northeast of the country and has a population of two million. ... A Red Army is a communist army. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) ( April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973) was a Soviet military commander and an ally of... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... There were a number of military academies in Soviet Union of different specialties. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...


In 1940, Yeremenko was placed in command of the 6th Cavalry Corps, which was responsible for invading Eastern Poland, as part of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The operation was characterized by poor organization and command. Yeremenko had to request an emergency airlift of fuel so as to continue his advance. Afterwards, he held a number of commands, ending up in control of the Transbaikal Military District, the post he held when Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Molotov signs the German-Soviet non-aggression pact. ... Combatants Germany, Romania, Finland, Italy, Hungary, Slovakia  Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt C.G.E. Mannerheim Giovanni Messe, CSIR Italo Gariboldi, ARMIR Joseph Stalin Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Fyodor Kuznetsov Dmitry Pavlov Ivan Tyulenev Ivan Konev Semyon Budyonny Georgy Zhukov... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...


Eight days after the invasion began, Yeremenko was recalled to Moscow where he was made the Acting Commander of the Soviet Western Front, two days after its original commander, General of the Army Dmitri Pavlov, was executed for incompetence. Yeremenko was thrust into a very precarious position. Pavlov’s incompetence (and Soviet unpreparedness) had completely destroyed Western Front, but Yeremenko was able patch together what remaining forces he had, and was able to halt the German offensive just outside of Smolensk. During this vicious defensive Battle of Smolensk, Yeremenko was wounded. Because of his injuries, Yeremenko was transferred to the newly created Bryansk Front. In August 1941, Yeremenko was ordered to launch an offensive using Bryansk Front, despite the obvious superiority of German forces. The offensive failed to accomplish its desired results. Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... WWII Eastern Front at the beginning of Operation Barbarossa The Western Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army, one of the Soviet Army Fronts during the Second World War. ... General of the Army (Russian: генерал армии, general armii) was a rank of the Soviet Union which was first established in June 1940 as the highest rank for Red Army generals, inferior only to the Marshal of the Soviet Union. ... For other uses, see Pavlov (disambiguation). ... A view of Smolensk in 1912. ... The eastern front at the time of the Battle of Smolensk. ... The Bryansk Front was a Front (i. ...


In October the Germans launched Operation Typhoon, which was an offensive operation aimed at capturing Moscow. Yeremenko’s forces were pushed back, but eventually, a number of counterattacks were able to halt the German push. On October 13, Yeremenko was once again wounded, this time severely. He was evacuated to a military hospital in Moscow, where he spent several weeks recovering. In January 1942, Yeremenko was appointed commander of 4th Shock Army, which was apart of Northwestern Front. During the Soviet Winter Counteroffensive, Yeremenko was again wounded; this time on January 20, when German planes launched a bombing raid on his headquarters. Yeremenko refused to go to a hospital until the fighting around him abated. The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Yeremenko (right) at the military council of Stalingrad Front.
Yeremenko (right) at the military council of Stalingrad Front.

He was then transferred to Southeastern Front, where in August 1942, he launched vicious counterattacks against the German army during Operation Blau, which was the German drive into the Caucasus. On September 28th, Southeastern Front was renamed Stalingrad Front. During Operation Uranus, November 1942, Yeremenko’s forces helped surround the German 6th Army, which was eventually destroyed. After German General Erich von Manstein attempted to counterattack the Soviet forces and break through the blockade, Yeremenko counterattacked and was able to halt his push. Image File history File links Khrushchev_others_stalingrad_front. ... Image File history File links Khrushchev_others_stalingrad_front. ... The Southern Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Fall Blau (Case Blue in German) was the German code name for two WWII studies in future combat. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... The Southern Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. ... The eastern front at the time of Operation Uranus. ... Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


On January 1, 1943, Stalingrad Front was renamed Southern Front. After the end of the winter offensive, in March 1943, Yeremenko was transferred north to the Kalinin Front, which remained relatively quiet until September, when Yeremenko launched a small, but successful offensive. In December, Yeremenko was once again sent south, this time to take command of the Separate Maritime Army, which was a motley force put together so as to retake the Crimea, which was accomplished in conjunction with Fyodor Tolbukhin’s 4th Ukrainian Front. In April, Yeremenko once again was sent north, to command 2nd Baltic Front. During the summer campaign, 2nd Baltic was very successful in crushing German opposition, and was able to capture Riga, helping to bottle up some 30 German divisions in Latvia. On March 26, 1945, Yeremenko was transferred to the command of the 4th Ukrainian Front, the unit he controlled until the end of the war. Fourth Ukrainian was positioned in Eastern Hungary. Yeremenko’s subsequent offensive helped capture the rest of Hungary, and paved the way for the Soviet liberation of Czechoslovakia. His army liberated many cities and towns in Czechoslovakia, most notably Ostrava. Today, many streets in the Czech Republic bear his name. Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Southern Front was one of the Soviet Army fronts during the World War II, cretaed under the command of Army General Ivan Tyulenev. ... The Kalinin Front was a Front (i. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Fedor Tolbukhin Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin (June 16, 1894 - October 17, 1949) (Russian: Фёдор Иванович Толбухин), Soviet military commander, was born into a peasant family in the rural... The Southern Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. ... The Bryansk Front was a Front (i. ... Coordinates: Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... The Southern Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. ... Czech Republic Moravian-Silesian Ostrava 23  - Moravská Ostrava a Přívoz  - Hošťálkovice  - Hrabová  - Ostrava-Jih  - Krásné Pole  - Lhotka  - Mariánské Hory a Hulváky  - Martinov  - Michálkovice  - Nová BÄ›lá  - Nová Ves  - PetÅ™kovice  - Plesná  - Polanka nad Odrou  - Poruba  - Proskovice  - Pustkovec  - Radvanice a Bartovice  - Stará BÄ›lá  - Slezsk...


After the war, Yeremenko had three major commands: between 1945-1946, he was the Commander in Chief of the Carpathian Military District, from 1946-1952 he was the Commander in Chief of the Western Siberian Military District, and from 1953-1958 he was the Commander in Chief of the North Caucasian Military District. On March 11, 1955, Yeremenko, along with five other noteworthy commanders, was given the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union. He was made Inspector General for the Ministry of Defense in 1958, a largely ceremonial role that allowed Yeremenko to retire that same year. He died November 19, 1970. The urn containing his ashes is buried in the Kremlin. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Siberian Military District is a Military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Marshal Sovietskogo Soyuza [Маршал Советского Союза]) was in practice the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is a historic fortified complex at the very heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River (to the south), Saint Basils Cathedral (often mistaken by westerners as the Kremlin) and Red Square (to the east) and the Alexander Garden (to the west). ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yeremenko, Andrei Ivanovich (1892 - 1970) (769 words)
Yeremenko was born in Markovka (near Kharkov) to a peasant family.
In 1940, Yeremenko was placed in command of the 6th Cavalry Corps, which was part of the Soviet Forces that invaded Eastern Poland, as part of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (Second World War).
Yeremenko was thrust into a very precarious position as Western Front had been all but destroyed in the fighting, but Yeremenko was able patch together what remaining forces he had, and was able to halt the German offensive just outside of Smolensk.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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