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Encyclopedia > Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky

Birth name Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky
Born April 4, 1932(1932-04-04)
Zavrazhye, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Died December 29, 1986 (aged 54)
Paris, France
Spouse(s) Irma Raush (1960-1963)
Larisa Tarkovskya (1964-1986)

Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky (Андре́й Арсе́ньевич Тарко́вский) (April 4, 1932 - December 29, 1986) was a Russian Soviet film director, opera director, writer, and actor. He is generally regarded as the foremost important and influential filmmaker of the post-war Soviet era in Russia and one of the greatest in the history of cinema. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Arseny Alexandrovich Tarkovsky (Russian: , June 25 [O.S. June 12] 1907– May 27, 1989 ) was a prominent Russian poet. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1145x996, 503 KB) Andrei Tarkovsky. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Soviet redirects here. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... This page lists the winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language and Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film for each year, in addition to the retired earlier versions of those awards. ... This article is about the 1986 Swedish film. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Soviet redirects here. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... “CCCP” redirects here. ... Motion pictures developed gradually from a carnival novelty to one of the most important tools of communication and entertainment, and mass media in the 20th century. ...

Contents

Biography

Tarkovsky, son of the prominent poet Arseny Tarkovsky, was a product of the golden era of Soviet arts education. He was born and spent his childhood at the village of Zavrazhye in Kostroma Province. Although the house where he was born is under the waters of the Gorky Reservoir, there is a museum dedicated to him in his native village. Arseny Alexandrovich Tarkovsky (Russian: , June 25 [O.S. June 12] 1907– May 27, 1989 ) was a prominent Russian poet. ... Kostroma Oblast (Russian: , Kostromskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Gorky Reservoir (Russian: ) is an artificial lake in the central part of the Volga River formed by a hydroelectric dam of Gorky Hydroelectric Station (now called Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station) built in 1955 in the town of Gorodets and filled in 1955 – 1957. ...


Tarkovsky received a classical education in Moscow, studying Music and Arabic, before training for over five years at the VGIK film school, studying directly under Mikhail Romm among others. For a time he worked as a geologist in Siberia. Classical education as understood and taught in the Middle Ages of Western culture is roughly based on the ancient Greek concept of Paideia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... The All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography is the worlds oldest educational institution in Cinematography, founded in 1919. ... Cover of Romms book of memoirs Mikhail Romm (Михаил Ромм) (January 24, 1901 - November 01, 1971) was a Russian film director. ...


Although the Orthodox Christian symbolism of his films led to interference and occasional suppression of the finished product by the Soviet authorities, the Soviet Mosfilm studio system enabled him to make films that would not have been commercially viable in the West. However, Tarkovsky's principal complaint about his treatment by the authorities was that he had many more ideas in him than he was allowed to bring to the screen, and in 1984, after shooting Nostalghia in Italy, he decided not to return to Russia. He made only one more film, The Sacrifice, a European co-production filmed in Sweden, before dying of cancer in a suburb of Paris at the age of 54. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Coptic Orthodox Pope · Roman Catholic Pope Archbishop of Canterbury · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Faith... Mosfilm logo was the Statue of the Worker and Kolkhoznitsa at VDNKh Mosfilm film studio (in Cyrillic, Мосфи́льм) is often described as the largest and oldest in Russia and in Europe. ... This article is about the year. ... Final shot of Nostalghia, a famous example of forced perspective Nostalghia (Russian: Ностальгия) is a 1983 film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky and starring Oleg Yankovsky. ... The film The Sacrifice (Offret) by Andrei Tarkovsky, (Sweden, 1986) was filmed when Tarkovsky knew that he was dying of cancer and it can be seen as his testament, as it recaptures motives used in several of his previous films. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Andrei Tarkovsky was buried in a graveyard for Russian émigrés in the town of Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, Île-de-France, France. The inscription on Tarkovsky's grave reads "To the man who saw the Angel". Russian cemetery at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Cemetery, specifically the one known as Cimetière de Liers, as there are two cemeteries in the city, is a Russian Orthodox cemetery, located on Rue Léo Lagrange in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, département... Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois is a commune in the Essonne département, in France, some 30 km south of Paris, just north of junction 42 on the orbital Francilienne road. ... Capital Paris Land area¹ 12,011 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Huchon (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ...


Tarkovsky is remembered as an individual who fought to maintain creative control. This is most evident during his fight to have Mirror released despite the severe criticism he knew would accompany such a film's release. This film tells the story of his life as a child, juxtaposes Soviet history, and the life of his mother. Furthermore, it stated his obvious growing discontent with the restricting creative policies while working in the Soviet Union. These restrictions placed upon him during his creative life raise the question of just how great an artist he was allowed to be.


Work

Andrei Tarkovsky at work

Tarkovsky's films are characterised by Christian and metaphysical themes, extremely long takes, and memorable images of exceptional beauty. Recurring motifs in his films are dreams, memory, childhood, running water accompanied by fire, rain indoors, reflections, levitation, and characters re-appearing in the foreground of long panning movements of the camera. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (655x1070, 356 KB) Andrei Tarkovsky at work. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (655x1070, 356 KB) Andrei Tarkovsky at work. ... Plato (Left) and Aristotle (right), by Raphael (Stanza della Segnatura, Rome) Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the ultimate nature of reality, being, and the world. ... A long take is an uninterrupted shot in a film which lasts much longer than the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in general, usually lasting several minutes. ...


Tarkovsky developed a theory of cinema that he called "sculpting in time". By this he meant that the unique characteristic of cinema as a medium was to take our experience of time and alter it. Unedited movie footage transcribes time in real time. By using long takes and few cuts in his films, he aimed to give the viewers a sense of time passing, time lost, and the relationship of one moment in time to another. Real-time is a term used to describe a motion picture, television or radio program, or computer game wherein the events depicted take place entirely within the span of time that lasts from the beginning of the depiction to the end, and at the same rate. ...


Up to and including his film Mirror, Tarkovsky focused his cinematic works on exploring this theory. After Mirror, he announced that he would focus his work on exploring the dramatic unities proposed by Aristotle: a concentrated action, happening in one place, within the span of a single day. Stalker is, by his own account, the only film that truly reflects this ambition; [citation needed] it is also considered by many to be a near-perfect reflection of the sculpting in time theory. The Mirror, also known as Mirror or Zerkalo (Russian: Зеркало), is a 1975 Mosfilms movie by Andrei Tarkovsky, which has spawned a cult following among Soviet intellectuals. ... The Three Unities or dramatic unities are descriptions of how plays should be written, according to Aristotle. ... Aristotle (Greek: Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. ... Stalker (Russian: Сталкер) is a 1979 film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. ...


Life

"...it seems to me that the individual today stands at a crossroad, faced with the choice of whether to pursue the new technology and the endless multiplication of material goods, or to seek out a way that will lead to spiritual responsibility, a way that ultimately might mean not only his personal salvation but also the saving of society at large; in other words, turn to God." - Andrei Tarkovsky, 1986


Diary

Tarkovsky kept a fairly regular diary for much of his life. This published posthumously originally in 1989. The last entry was on December 15, 1986. His last words are "But now I have no strength left--that is the problem". This notion that he has no strength parallels the creative fight he had for much of his life in the film industry. After his death, his films, banned from the screens in the USSR, were given back to the Russian Public and his life's work is now celebrated and examined.


Filmography

  • The Killers (1958) - Tarkovsky's first student film at VGIK, the Soviet State Film School. Based on the Ernest Hemingway short story.
  • Concentrate (1958) - Tarkovsky's second student film at VGIK, the Soviet State Film School.
  • There Will be No Leave Today (1959) - Tarkovsky's final student film at VGIK, the Soviet State Film School.
  • The Steamroller and the Violin (1960) - Tarkovsky's graduation film from VGIK, the Soviet State Film School, cowritten with Andrei Konchalovsky.
  • My Name is Ivan / Ivan's Childhood (1962) - Winner of Golden Lion for "Best Film" at 1962 Venice Film Festival. Set in the Second World War, this is Tarkovsky's most conventional feature film.
  • Andrei Rublev (1966) - An epic based on the life of Andrei Rublev, the most famous medieval Russian icon painter.
  • Solaris (1972) - based on the science fiction novel by Stanisław Lem.
  • Mirror (1975) - A loosely autobiographical reconstruction of key scenes in Tarkovsky's life, the film he'd tried to make earlier but abandoned for Solaris (we can note thematic ties between them). Said by Tarkovsky to be closest to his own vision of cinema.
  • Stalker (1979) - inspired by the novel Roadside Picnic by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky.
  • Voyage in Time (1982) - a documentary made for Italian television while scouting locations for Nostalghia with Italian co-writer (and frequent screenwriter for Michelangelo Antonioni) Tonino Guerra.
  • Nostalghia (1983) - A Russian scholar retraces the footsteps of an 18th century Russian composer in Italy. An encounter with a local lunatic - a man who believes he can save humanity by carrying a lit candle across an empty swimming pool - crystallizes the poet's melancholic sense of longing for his family, faith, and homeland.
  • The Sacrifice (1986) - The film is about the prospect of nuclear annihilation and man's spiritual response to this and other dilemmas set in counterpoint to a minor fable of failed adultery.

The Killers (in America) (aka Ubiitsy) is a Soviet film made in 1958 by Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky. ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Concentrate (in America) (aka Extract, Konsentrat) is a Soviet film made in 1958 by Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky. ... There Will be No Leave Today (in America) (aka Segodnya Uvolneniya Ne Budet) is a Soviet film made in 1959 by Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky. ... The Steamroller and the Violin (Katok i skripka), is a 1960 film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. ... Andron Sergeyevich Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky (Russian: ) (born August 20, 1937 in Moscow) is an acclaimed Russian film writer and director. ... My Name is Ivan (in America) (aka Ivans Childhood, Ivanovo detstvo) is a Soviet film made in 1962 by Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Andrei Rublev (Russian Андрей Рублёв), also known as The Passion of Andrei, is a film made by Andrei Tarkovsky for Mosfilm in the Soviet Union in 1966. ... Andrei Rublev (Andrey Rublev, Andrey Roublyov, Russian: Андре́й Рублёв) (1360? – 1430?) is considered to be the greatest Russian iconographer. ... Solaris (Russian: , Solyaris) is a 1972 Soviet film based on the novel Solaris by Polish author StanisÅ‚aw Lem. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Cover by Oscar Chichoni for the Spanish edition Solaris is a Polish science fiction novel by StanisÅ‚aw Lem (1921-2006), published in Warsaw in 1961 and probably his most famous work. ... StanisÅ‚aw Lem ( , September 12, 1921 – March 27, 2006) was a Polish science fiction, philosophical and satirical writer. ... The Mirror, also known as Mirror or Zerkalo (Russian: Зеркало), is a 1975 Mosfilms movie by Andrei Tarkovsky, which has spawned a cult following among Soviet intellectuals. ... Stalker (Russian: Сталкер) is a 1979 film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. ... Roadside Picnic (Russian: Пикник на обочине, IPA:) is a science fiction short novel written in 1971 by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, published in 1972 and since deemed a classic. ... ... Voyage in Time (Italian: ) is a 62-minute long feature documentary that documents the travels in Italy of director Andrei Tarkovsky in preparation for the making of his film Nostalghia. ... Final shot of Nostalghia, a famous example of forced perspective Nostalghia (Russian: Ностальгия) is a 1983 film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky and starring Oleg Yankovsky. ... Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. ... Final shot of Nostalghia, a famous example of forced perspective Nostalghia (Russian: Ностальгия) is a 1983 film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky and starring Oleg Yankovsky. ... The film The Sacrifice (Offret) by Andrei Tarkovsky, (Sweden, 1986) was filmed when Tarkovsky knew that he was dying of cancer and it can be seen as his testament, as it recaptures motives used in several of his previous films. ...

Screenplays

  • The Steamroller and the Violin (1960), co-scripted with Andrei Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky
  • My Name is Ivan / Ivan's Childhood (1961), Vladimir Bogomolov, Mikhail Papava (Andrei Tarkovsky and Andrei Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky both uncredited)
  • Solaris (1972), co-scripted with Fridrikh Gorenshtein
  • Light Wind (Ariel) (1972), co-scripted with Fridrikh Gorenshtein
  • A White, White Day (1968, 1984), co-scripted with Aleksandr Misharin
  • Hoffmanniana (1975, 1984)
  • Stalker (1978), Boris Strugatsky, Arkady Strugatsky (Andrei Tarkovsky uncredited)
  • Sardor (1978), co-scripted with Aleksandr Misharin
  • Nostalghia (1978-1982), co-scripted with Tonino Guerra
  • The Sacrifice (1984)

Andron Sergeyevich Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky (Russian: ) (born August 20, 1937 in Moscow) is an acclaimed Russian film writer and director. ... Andron Sergeyevich Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky (Russian: ) (born August 20, 1937 in Moscow) is an acclaimed Russian film writer and director. ...

Subjects Tarkovsky proposed for future films

(as noted in his diary Martyrlog)

Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... Rudolf Steiner. ... Alexander Kluge (born February 14, 1932 in Halberstadt) is a German film director and author. ... For the 13th century saint, see Saint Anthony of Padua. ...

Stage productions

Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Lenkom Theatre, former Merchant Club, Moscow, 1907-1908 Moscow State Theatre Lenkom is the official name of what was once known as the Moscow State Theatre named after Lenins Komsomol. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Tsar Boris I Boris Feodorovich Godunov (Бори́с Фёдорович Годуно́в) (c. ... Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский) (March 21, 1839 – March 28, 1881; sometimes spelt Modeste Moussorgsky), was an innovative Russian composer famed for his colourful... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

References

"Martyrlog", 1984


Cultural references

  • Canadian band Joe Jack Wagner has a song entitled "In Tarkovsky's Words" on its debut album, The Only Non-Classical Album You'll Ever Need (2007).

Bibliography

  • Sculpting In Time, translated by Kitty Hunter-Blair (1987)
  • Time Within Time: The Diaries 1970-1986, translated by Kitty Hunter-Blair (1993)
  • Collected Screenplays, translated by William Powell and Natasha Synessios (1999)
  • Johnson, Vidat and Petrie, Graham, The Films of Andrei Tarkovsky: A Visual Fugue, Indiana University Press, Bloomington & Indianapolis, 1994

Sculpting In Time is a book by Russian filmmaker Andrei Tarkovsky about art and cinema in general, and his own films in particular. ...

Works about Tarkovsky

Books

  • Andrei Tarkovsky: Interviews (Conversations With Filmmakers Series), edited by John Gianvito, University Press of Mississippi, 2006, ISBN 1-57806-220-9
  • "The Cinema of Andrei Tarkovsky", by Mark Le Fanu, British Film Institute, 1987, ISBN 0-85170-194-9
  • The Films of Andrei Tarkovsky: A Visual Fugue, by Vida T. Johnston and Graham Petrie, 1994, ISBN 0-253-20887-4
  • Andrei Tarkovsky, by Sean Martin, Pocket Essentials, 2006, ISBN 1-904048-49-8
  • Andrei Rublev, by Robert Bird, British Film Institute, 2005, ISBN 1-84457-038-X
  • Through the Mirror: Reflections on the Films of Andrei Tarkovsky, Cambridge Scholars Press, 2006, ISBN 1-904303-11-0

Films

  • Moscow Elegy
  • Directed by Andrei Tarkovsky

Moscow Elegy (Russian: ) is a 1988 documentary film directed by Alexander Sokurov about the later life and death of Soviet filmmaker Andrei Tarkovsky. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrei Tarkovsky - definition of Andrei Tarkovsky in Encyclopedia (697 words)
Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky (Андре́й Арсе́ньевич Тарко́вский) (April 4, 1932 - December 28, 1986) was a Russian movie director, writer, and actor.
However, Tarkovsky's principal complaint about his treatment by the authorities was that he had many more ideas in him than he was allowed to bring to the screen, and in 1984, after shooting Nostalghia in Italy, he decided not to return to Russia.
Andrei Tarkovsky was buried in a graveyard for Russian émigrés in the town of Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, Île-de-France, France.
Encyclopedia: Andrei Tarkovsky (428 words)
Tarkovsky, son of the prominent poet Arseniy Tarkovsky, was a product of the golden era of Soviet arts education.
Andrei Tarkovsky deliberately obscures time by using the same actors to portray the two phases of the narrator's life: the fatherless boy attempting to reach out to his distracted mother, and the distant father unable to relate to his self-absorbed son.
Domenico implores Andrei with a seemingly innocuous task that he, considered mentally unstable by the villagers, is unable to execute, to cross the natural spring with a lit candle, as part of his redemptive design.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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