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Encyclopedia > Andrea del Sarto
A self portrait.

Andrea del Sarto, true name Andrea d'Agnolo di Francesco di Luca di Paolo del Migliore, (July 16, 1486 - January 21, 1531), was an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and Mannerism. Though regarded by his contemporaries as an artist "senza errori" (i.e., faultless), he was frequently overshadowed in fame by equally talented but more ambitious contemporaries like Raphael. Download high resolution version (700x930, 143 KB)Andrea del Sarto (1487-1531), self portrait, This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (700x930, 143 KB)Andrea del Sarto (1487-1531), self portrait, This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake - thousands die. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... The Creation of Adam, Michelangelos fresco from the . ... In Parmigianinos Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, affected poses, and unclear perspective. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wikisource. ... This article is about the Renaissance artist. ...

Contents

Early life and training

Andrea was born in Gualfonda, close to Florence, in either 1486 or 1487: he was one of four children to Agnolo, a tailor (sarto). Since 1677 some have attributed the surname Vannucchi with little documentation. By 1494 Andrea was apprenticed to a goldsmith, and then to a skillful woodcarver and inferior painter named Gian Barile, with whom he remained until 1498. According to Vasari, he then apprenticed to Piero di Cosimo, and later with Raffaellino del Garbo (Carli). Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ... A goldsmith creating a new ring A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with precious metals, usually to make jewelry. ... Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures. ... Giorgio Vasaris selfportrait Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Giorgio Vasari Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ... Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci (c. ... Raffaellino del Garbo (1466, or perhaps 1476-1524), Florentine painter. ...


Andrea and an elder friend Franciabigio decided to open a joint studio at a lodging together in the Piazza del Grano. Their first partnership may have been the Baptism of Christ for the Florentine Compagnia dello Scalzo, the beginning of a monochrome fresco series. By the time the partnership was dissolved, Sarto's style bore the stamp of individuality. It "is marked throughout his career by an interest, exceptional among Florentines, in effects of colour and atmosphere and by sophisticated informality and natural expression of emotion"[2]. Portrait of a Young Man Louvre, Paris Franciabigio (1482 - 1525), Florentine painter. ...


Frescoes at SS Annunziata in Florence

From 1509 to 1514 the brotherhood of the Servites employed Sarto, Franciabigio, and Andrea Feltrini in a programme of frescoes at Basilica della Santissima Annunziata di Firenze.[3] Sarto completed three frescoes in the portico of the Servite convent illustrating the Life of Filippo Benizzi, [4] a Servite saint who died in 1285. He executed them rapidly, depicting the saint sharing his cloak with a leper, cursing some gamblers, and restoring a girl possessed with a devil. These paintings met with respect, the correctness of the contours being particularly admired, and earned for Sarto the nickname of "Andrea senza errori" (Andrea the perfect). After these, the painter depicted in two frescoes the death of S. Filippo and then children cured by touching his garment; all five works were completed before the close of 1510. The Servites engaged him to do two more frescoes in the forecourt of the Annunziata: a Procession of the Magi (or Adoration, containing a self portrait) finished in 1511. Towards 1512 he painted an Annunciation in the monastery of S. Gallo and a Marriage of Saint Catherine (Dresden). The Servite Order, whose members are known as Servite Friars or Servants of Mary, is one of the five original mendicant orders, the objects of which are the sanctification of its members, preaching the Gospel, and the propagation of devotion to the Mother of God, with special reference to her... Portrait of a Young Man Louvre, Paris Franciabigio (1482 - 1525), Florentine painter. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... Santa Annunziata di Firenze The Basilica della Santissima Annunziata (Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation) is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Florence and the mother church of the Servite order. ... Categories: Architectural elements | Stub ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place of which they have possessed (taken control of). ... Monastery of St. ...

The so-called Portrait of a Sculptor, long believed to have been Del Sarto's self-portrait.
The so-called Portrait of a Sculptor, long believed to have been Del Sarto's self-portrait.

By 1514 Andrea had finished his last two frescoes, including his masterpiece, the Birth of the Virgin, which fuses the influence of Leonardo, Ghirlandaio and Fra Bartolomeo.[1] By November 1515 he had finished at the Scalzo the Allegory of Justice and the Baptist preaching in the desert, followed in 1517 by John Baptizing, and other subjects. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 335 × 428 pixelsFull resolution (335 × 428 pixel, file size: 21 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Andrea del Sarto, Portrait of a Man +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 335 × 428 pixelsFull resolution (335 × 428 pixel, file size: 21 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Andrea del Sarto, Portrait of a Man +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, anatomist, inventor, engineer, sculptor, geometer, and painter. ... An Old Man with a Strawberry Nose (1480). ... The Vision of St. ...


Visit to France

Before the end of 1516 a Pietà of his composition, and afterwards a Madonna, were sent to the French court. They led to invitation of Sarto to come to the court of François I in 1518. He journeyed to Paris towards June of that year, along with his pupil Andrea Squarzzella, leaving his wife in Florence. Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ...


Lucrezia, however, wrote urging his return to Italy. The king assented, but only on the understanding that his absence from France was to be short; and he entrusted Andrea with a sum of money to be expended in purchasing works of art for his royal patron. Instead, the temptation of having a goodly sum encouraged its expenditure in the building of a house for himself in Florence. This necessarily brought him in conflict with François, who refused to be reingratiated with Andrea. No serious punishment, however, apparently befell the artist.


Later works in Florence

In 1520 he resumed work in Florence, and executed the Faith and Charity in the cloister of the Scalzo. These were succeeded by the Dance of the Daughter of Herodias, the Beheading of the Baptist, the Presentation of his head to Herod, an allegory of Hope, the "Apparition of the Angel to Zacharias" (1523), and the monochrome Visitation. Coin of Salome (daughter of Herodias), queen of Chalcis and Armenia Minor. ... Herod Antipas (short for Antipatros) was an ancient leader (tetrarch, meaning ruler of a quarter) of Galilee and Perea. ... According to the Gospel of Luke, Zechariah (Zacharias in the King James Version of the Bible) was a priest of the line of Abijah, during the reign of King Herod the Great, and was the father of John the Baptist and husband of Elizabeth, a woman from the priestly family...


This last was painted in the autumn of 1524, after Andrea had returned from Luco in Mugello, whence an outbreak of bubonic plague in Florence had driven him and his family. In 1525 he returned to paint in the Annunziata cloister the Madonna del Sacco, a lunette named after a sack against which Joseph is represented propped[5]. In this painting the generous virgin's gown and her gaze indicate his influence on the early style of pupil Pontormo. The mugello is a landscape north of Florence. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease plague, which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... In architecture, a lunette (diminutive of French lune, moon) is a half-moon shaped space, either masonry or void. ... Jacopo Carrucci (Pontormo, near Empoli, 1494 - 1557), usually known as Jacopo da Pontormo, or simply Pontormo, was a Florentine painter and portraitist, and one of the classic exemplars of the Mannerist style of the 16th century. ...


His final work at the Scalzo was the Birth of the Baptist (1526). In the following year he completed at S. Salvi, near Florence, a celebrated Last Supper in which all the personages seem to be portraits. It is the last monumental work of importance which Andrea del Sarto lived to execute. He died in 1531 in Florence.


Madonna of the Harpies

The Madonna of the Harpies was Andrea's major contribution to High Renaissance art.
The Madonna of the Harpies was Andrea's major contribution to High Renaissance art.

Perhaps the best known painting by Andrea del Sarto is the Madonna of the Harpies, a depiction of the Virgin and child on a pedestal, flanked by angels and two saints (Bonaventure or Francis; and John the Evangelist). Originally completed in 1517 for the convent of San Francesco dei Macci, the altarpiece is displayed in a privileged location in the Uffizi. In an Italy swamped with a tsunami of Madonnas, it would be easy to overlook this work; however, this commonly copied scheme also lends itself to comparison of his style with painters of his century. The figures have a Da Vinci-like aura, and the stable pyramid of their composition provides a unified structure. In some ways, his rigid adherence is more classical than Da Vinci's but less so than Fra Bartolomeo's representations of the Holy Family, but there is an elegance that is lacking in the more sculptural paintings of other contemporaries. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x1042, 195 KB) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x1042, 195 KB) http://www. ... Madonna of the Harpies is an altarpiece painting by Andrea del Sarto, considered to be his masterpiece. ... The Creation of Adam, Michelangelos fresco from the . ... Madonna of the Harpies is an altarpiece painting by Andrea del Sarto, considered to be his masterpiece. ... Leonardo redirects here. ... The Vision of St. ...


Details of personal life

Andrea fell in love with Lucrezia (del Fede), wife of a hatter named Carlo, of Recanati; the hatter dying opportunely, Andrea married her on 26 December 1512. She has come down to us in many a picture of her lover-husband, who constantly painted her as a Madonna and otherwise; even in painting other women he made them resemble Lucrezia. She was less gently handled by Giorgio Vasari, a pupil of Andrea, who describes her as faithless, jealous, and vixenish with the apprentices; her offstage character permeates Robert Browning's poem-monologue "Andrea del Sarto called the 'faultless painter'" (1855) ([6]. Recanati is a town of about 20,650 inhabitants in the Marche region of Italy. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 361st in leap years. ... 1512 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Giorgio Vasaris selfportrait Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Giorgio Vasari Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ... Robert Browning For information about Robert X. Browning, Director of the C-SPAN archives, see Robert X. Browning. ...


He dwelt in Florence throughout the memorable siege of 1529, which was soon followed by an infectious pestilence. He caught the malady, struggled against it with little or no tending from his wife, who held aloof, and he died, no one knowing much about it at the moment, on 22 January 1531, at the comparatively early age of forty-three. He was buried unceremoniously in the church of the Servites. His wife survived her husband forty years. Combatants Republic of Florence Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Papal States Commanders Malatesta Baglioni Prince of Orange The Siege of Florence took place from October 24, 1529 to August 10, 1530, at the end of the War of the League of Cognac. ... A pestilence is an epidemic or even a pandemic of a virulent and highly contagious disease. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake - thousands die. ...


A number of paintings are considered to be self-portraits. One is in the National Gallery, London, an admirable half-figure, purchased in 1862. Another is at Alnwick Castle, a young man about twenty years, with his elbow on a table. Another youthful portrait is in the Uffizi Gallery, and the Pitti Palace contains more than one. The National Gallery from Trafalgar Square The National Gallery is an art gallery in London, located on the north side of Trafalgar Square. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Alnwick Castle, from the east, across the pastures and the River Aln Alnwick Castle is a castle and stately home in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (grid reference NU187137). ... The Uffizi Gallery (Italian Galleria degli Uffizi) is a palace or palazzo in Florence, holding one of the most famous museums in the world. ... Early 20th century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Emmanuel II between 1865 to 1871 when Florence was the capital of Italy. ...

Del Sarto's most ambitious monument, in terms of the amount of time he devoted to it, is the grisaille series in the Chiostro dello Scalzo.
Del Sarto's most ambitious monument, in terms of the amount of time he devoted to it, is the grisaille series in the Chiostro dello Scalzo.

A very noticeable incident in the life of Andrea del Sarto relates to the copy, which he produced in 1523, of the portrait group of Pope Leo X by Raphael; now in the Naples Museum: the original remains at the Pitti. This painting was requested by Federico II Gonzaga, duke of Mantua from Ottaviano de' Medici. Unwilling to part with it, Ottaviano had Andrea to make the copy, and passed it to the duke as the original. So deceptive was the imitation that even Giulio Romano, who had himself manipulated the original to some extent, was completely fooled; and, on showing the supposed Raphael years afterwards to Vasari, who knew the facts, he could only be undeceived when a private mark on the canvas was named to him by Vasari and brought under his eye. Image File history File links Sarto_life. ... Image File history File links Sarto_life. ... The Baptism of Christ, one of Andrea del Sartos gray monochrome frescoes in the Chiostro dello Scalzo, Florence (1511-26). ... Pope Leo X, born Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521) was Pope from 1513 to his death. ... Naples (Italian: , Neapolitan: Nàpule, from Greek Νεάπολη < Νέα Πόλις Néa Pólis New City) Capital of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. ... Federico II of Gonzaga (1500 – 1540), Marquis of Mantua, succeeded his father Francesco as ruler of Mantua in 1519. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova, in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo language Mantua) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Ottaviano de Medici (July 11, 1484 - May 28, 1546) was an Italian politician and statesman, ancestor of the Princes of Ottaiano line of the Medici family. ... Fire in the Borgo, Vatican fresco Giulio Romano (ca 1499? – November 1, 1546) was an Italian painter, architect, and decorator. ...


Critical assessment and legacy

It was Michelangelo who had introduced Vasari in 1524 to Andrea's studio. He is said to have thought very highly of Andrea's powers. Of those who initially followed his style in Florence, the most prominent would have been Jacopo Pontormo, but also Francesco Salviati and Jacopino del Conte. Other lesser known assistants and pupils include Bernardo del Buda, Lamberto Lombardi, Nannuccio Fiorentino, and Andrea Squazzella[2] Jacopo Carrucci (Pontormo, near Empoli, 1494 - 1557), usually known as Jacopo da Pontormo, or simply Pontormo, was a Florentine painter and portraitist, and one of the classic exemplars of the Mannerist style of the 16th century. ... Franscesco de Rossi (known by many names, prominently the adopted name Francesco Salviati or as Il Salviati, but also Francesco Rossi and Cecchino del Salviati) was a prominent Mannerist painter of Florence. ... Jacopino del Conte (born 1510) was a prominent Florentine Mannerist painter, active in both Rome and Florence. ...


Vasari, however, was highly critical of his teacher, alleging that, though having all the prerequisites of a great artist, he lacked ambition and that divine fire of inspiration which animated the works of his more famous contemporaries, like Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael. Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, anatomist, inventor, engineer, sculptor, geometer, and painter. ...


Partial anthology of works

  • Holy Family with St Peter Martyr (1507-8, Pinacoteca Bari)
  • Madonna and Child with St. John (c.1513, Whitfield Fine Art)
  • Madonna of the Harpies (Virgin and Child, with St Francis, St John the Evangelist, and two angels), (painted S. Francesco, now in Uffizi, Florence)
  • Fathers disputing on the doctrine of the Trinity (Saints Augustine, Dominic, Francis, Lawrence, Sebastian and Mary Magdalene)(1517, altarpiece for the monastery of S. Gallo, now in Ufizzi, Florence)
  • Charity (Louvre)
  • Pieta (Belvedere, Vienna)
  • Julius Caesar receives tribute (fresco at Poggio a Caiano, 1521) completed by Alessandro Allori.
  • Virgin surrounded by Saints (Pitti Palace, Florence) [7]
  • Pieta (Pitti Palace)
  • Virgin, Child, Joseph, Elizabeth, John the Baptist, and an Archangel (Prado)
  • Holy Family with John the Baptist (Louvre)
  • In Berlin a portrait of his wife.
  • At Panshanger, Berkshire, a fine portrait named "Laura."
  • Annunciation (Pitti Palace)[8]

This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Upper Belvedere Lower Belvedere View of the gardens seen from the Upper Belvedere, painted by Canaletto in 1758 Upper Belvedere The Belvedere is a baroque palace complex built by Prince Eugene of Savoy in the 3rd district of Vienna, south-east of the city centre. ... Gaius Julius Caesar [1] (Latin pronunciation ; English pronunciation ; July 12 or July 13, 100 BC or 102 BC – March 15, 44 BC), was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in classical antiquity. ... Poggio a Caiano is a town and commune in the Tuscan Province of Prato, Italy. ... Portrait of a Woman Oil on copper, 37 x 27 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (May 31, 1535 - September 22, 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of the Florentine school. ... Prado may refer to: Land Cruiser Prado, a 4WD vehicle from Toyota Museo del Prado, an art gallery in Madrid Prado, Spain, a village in Castile-Leon the prado dam Prado River Miguelanxo Prado, a spanish comic book artist Ed Prado, a U.S. appeals court judge PRADO, a PHP... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • Freedberg, Sydney J. (1993). in Pelican History of Art: Painting in Italy, 1500-1600, 90-95 Penguin Books Ltd. 
  • Hobbes, James R. (1849). Picture collector's manual; Dictionary of Painters. T. & W. Boone, 29 Bond Street, London; Digitized by Googlebooks (2006) from Oxford library. 

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge&#8212;writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others&#8212;in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

See also

The following list is an incomplete list of painters. ... Famous Italian painters (in alphabetical order): Francesco Albani,(1578-1660) Mariotto Albertinelli, (1474-1515) Fra Angelico, (1387-1445) Fra Bartolommeo, (1472-1517) Gentile Bellini, (c. ... This is a list of Italians or Italian-speaking/writing people that are famous. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Compare it to Ghirlandaio's Quattrocento treatment [1].
  2. ^ J.R. Hobbes p. 258-9.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Andrea del Sarto

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrea Del Sarto (1486 - 1530) Artwork Images, Exhibitions, Reviews (657 words)
Andrea del Sarto trained Jacopo Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino, and Giorgio Vasari in his studio during the early 1510’s, his influence evident in many of their works as well as their technique of using preparatory sketches.
Andrea del Sarto, Beheading of St. John the Baptist and presentation of his head, circa 1600
Andrea del Sarto - The Sacrifice of Isaac c.
Andrea del Sarto - MSN Encarta (378 words)
Andrea del Sarto (1486-1530), Florentine painter of the High Renaissance, who made his reputation with a series of frescoes on the life of John the Baptist.
Andrea was born Andrea d'Agnolo in Florence, Italy, on July 16, 1486.
Andrea gained international acclaim, and in 1518 he was summoned to the court of Francis I of France, who entrusted him with money to purchase works of art in Italy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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