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Encyclopedia > Andrea Mantegna
The Agony in the Garden (right panel of the predella of the San Zeno Altarpiece, 1455) National Gallery, London is the pinnacle of Mantegna's early style.
The Agony in the Garden (right panel of the predella of the San Zeno Altarpiece, 1455) National Gallery, London is the pinnacle of Mantegna's early style.

Andrea Mantegna (c. 1431September 13, 1506) was an Italian Renaissance artist. A serious student of Roman archaeology and son in law of Jacopo Bellini. Like other artists of the time, Mantegna experimented with perspective as he thought best, e.g., by lowering the horizon in order to create a sense of greater monumentality. His flinty, metallic landscapes and somewhat stony figures give evidence of a fundamentally sculptural approach to painting. He led a workshop that was the leading producer of prints in Italy before 1500. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1030x791, 135 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andrea Mantegna ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1030x791, 135 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andrea Mantegna ... A predella is the platform or step on which an altar stands. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... Year 1431 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Madonna and Child Blessing (c. ... A cube in two-point perspective. ... The term Old Master Print is used to describe works of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition (European or New World). ...

Contents

Biography

Youth and education

Mantegna was born in Isola di Carturo, close to Padua in the Republic of Venice, second son of a carpenter, Biagio. At the age of eleven he became the apprentice of Francesco Squarcione, Paduan painter. Squarcione, whose original vocation was tailoring, appears to have had a remarkable enthusiasm for ancient art, and a faculty for acting. Like his famous compatriot Petrarca, Squarcione was something of a fanatic for ancient Rome: he travelled in Italy, and perhaps Greece, collecting antique statues, reliefs, vases, etc., forming a collection of such works, making drawings from them himself, and throwing open his stores for others to study from, and then undertaking works on commission for which his pupils no less than himself were made available. As many as 137 painters and pictorial students passed through his school, established towards 1440 and which became famous all over Italy. Mantegna was Squarcione's favorite pupil. Squarcione taught Mantegna the Latin language and instructed him to study fragments of Roman sculpture. He also preferred forced perspective. Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Virgin and Child (c. ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... From the c. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Forced perspective is a technique that employs optical illusion to make an object appear farther, closer, larger or smaller than it actually is. ...

Detail of the frescoes in the Camera degli Sposi in the Palazzo Ducale in Mantua
Detail of the frescoes in the Camera degli Sposi in the Palazzo Ducale in Mantua

Mantegna at the age of seventeen separated himself from Squarcione. He later claimed that Squarcione had profited from his work without paying the rights. Padua was attractive for artists coming not only from Veneto but also from Toscana: such as Paolo Uccello, Filippo Lippi and Donatello. Mantegna's early career was shaped indeed by impressions of Florentine works. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (742x968, 125 KB) Andrea Mantegna. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (742x968, 125 KB) Andrea Mantegna. ... The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (Ducal Palace) is a set edifices in the Italian city of Mantua (Lombardy), built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy. ... For other uses, see Mantua (disambiguation). ... Veneto is my fatherland. ... Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in central Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria to the east, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Paolo Uccello (born Paolo di Dono, 1397 – December 10, 1475) was an Italian painter who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. ... Madonna and Child 1440-45, tempera on panel National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Fra Filippo Lippi (1406 October 8? – 1469), also called Lippo Lippi, is a well-known Florentine painter of the Italian 15th century school. ... Statue of Habacuc (popularly known as Zuccone) for the Giottos Bell Tower. ...


His first work, now lost, was an altarpiece for the church of Santa Sofia in 1448. The same year Mantegna was called, together with Nicolò Pizolo, to work with a large group of painters entrusted with the decoration of the Ovetari Chapel in the abside of the church of Eremitani. After a series of coincidences, Mantegna finished most of the work alone. This work was almost lost in the 1944 Allied bombings of Padua. The most dramatic work of the fresco cycle was the work set in the worm's-eye view perspective, St. James Led to His Execution. The sketch of this fresco survived and is the earliest known preliminary sketch which still exists to compare to the corresponding fresco. Despite the authentic look of the monument, it is not a copy of any known Roman structure. Mantegna also adopted the wet drapery patterns of the Romans, who derived the form from the Greek invention, for the clothing of his figures, although the tense figures and interactions are derived from Donatello. The drawing shows proof that nude figures were used in the conception of works during the Early Renaissance. In the preliminary sketch, the perspective is less developed and closer to a more average viewpoint however. This worm's eye perspective, creating an effectively large and prominent setting, is also seen in his work The Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John, and Two Donors. Ansuino, who collaborated with Mantegna in the Ovetari Chapel, brought his style in the Forlì school of painting. Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... A worms-eye view is a view of an object from below, as though the observer were a worm. ... Statue of Habacuc (popularly known as Zuccone) for the Giottos Bell Tower. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ...


As the youth progressed in his studies, he came under the influence of Jacopo Bellini, father of the celebrated painters Giovanni and Gentile, and of a daughter Nicolosia; and in 1453 Jacopo gave Nicolosia to Mantegna in marriage. Madonna and Child Blessing (c. ... Naked Young Woman in Front of the Mirror, Bellinis first female nude, painted when he was about 85 years old. ... Portrait of Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus by Gentile Bellini, at the Magyar Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, Budapest. ...


Among the other early Mantegna frescoes are the two saints over the entrance porch of the church of Sant'Antonio in Padua, 1452, and an altar-piece of St Luke and other saints for the church of S. Giustina, now in the Brera Gallery in Milan (1453). It is probable, however, that before this time some of the pupils of Squarcione, including Mantegna, had already begun that series of frescoes in the chapel of S. Cristoforo, in the church of Sant'Agostino degli Eremitani, now considered his masterpiece. The now censorious Squarcione carped about the earlier works of this series, illustrating the life of St James; he said the figures were like men of stone, and had better have been colored stone-color at once. The Pinacoteca Brera (Brera Art Gallery) in Milan contains one of the foremost collections of Italian paintings, an outgrowth of the cultural program of the Accademia di Belli Arte (Academy of Fine Arts or Accademia Brera), which shares the site in the Palazzo Brera. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ...


Aesthetic

St. Jerome in the Wilderness (1448-51) São Paulo Museum of Art. The earliest known painting by Mantegna.
St. Jerome in the Wilderness (1448-51) São Paulo Museum of Art. The earliest known painting by Mantegna.

Andrea seems to have been influenced by his old preceptor's strictures; and the later subjects, from the legend of St Christopher, combine with his other excellences more of natural character and vivacity. Trained as he had been to the study of marbles and the severity of the antique, and openly avowing that he considered the antique superior to nature as being more eclectic in form, he now and always affected precision of outline, dignity of idea and of figure, and he thus tended towards rigidity, and to an austere wholeness rather than gracious sensitiveness of expression. His draperies are tight and closely folded, being studied (it is said) from models draped in paper and woven fabrics gummed. Figures slim, muscular and bony, action impetuous but of arrested energy, tawny landscape, gritty with littering pebbles, mark the athletic hauteur of his style. He never changed the manner which he had adopted in Padua; his coloring, at first neutral and undecided, strengthened and matured. There is throughout his works more balancing of color than fineness of tone. One of his great aims was optical illusion, carried out by a mastery of perspective which, though not always impeccably correct, nor absolutely superior in principle to the highest contemporary point of attainment, was worked out by himself with strenuous labor, and an effect of actuality astonishing in those times. Museu de Arte de São Paulo The Museu de Arte de São Paulo (Portuguese for São Paulo Museum of Art, or MASP, was inaugurated in 1962, by Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi. ...


Successful and admired though he was there, Mantegna left his native Padua at an early age, and never resettled there again; the hostility of Squarcione has been assigned as the cause. He spent the rest of his life in Verona, Mantua and Rome; it has not been confirmed that he also stayed in Venice and Florence. In Verona around 1459, he painted, a grand altarpiece for the church of San Zeno Maggiore, a Madonna and angels, with four saints on each side. This article is about the city in Italy. ... For other uses, see Mantua (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ...


Work in Mantua

The Marquis Ludovico II Gonzaga of Mantua had for some time been pressing Mantegna to enter his service; and the following year, 1460 Mantegna was appointed court artist. He resided at first from time to time at Goito, but, from December 1466 onwards, he moved with his family to Mantua. His engagement was for a salary of 75 lire a month, a sum so large for that period as to mark conspicuously the high regard in which his art was held. He was in fact the first painter of any eminence ever domiciled in Mantua. Andrea Mantegna: Ludovico Gonzaga, 1474. ... Goito is a comune of Lombardy, Italy, in the Province of Mantua, from which it is 11 miles NW, on the road to Brescia. ...

The court of Mantua, fresco for the Camera degli Sposi of Palazzo Ducale, Mantua.
The court of Mantua, fresco for the Camera degli Sposi of Palazzo Ducale, Mantua.

His Mantuan masterpiece were painted in the apartment of the Castle of the city, today known as Camera degli Sposi (literally, "Wedding Chamber"): a series of full compositions in fresco including various portraits of the Gonzaga family and some figures of genii. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (933x749, 199 KB) Summary Permission from www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (933x749, 199 KB) Summary Permission from www. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (Ducal Palace) is a set edifices in the Italian city of Mantua (Lombardy), built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy. ... For other uses, see Mantua (disambiguation). ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Gonzaga family ruled Mantua in Northern Italy from 1328 to 1708. ...


The Chamber's decoration was finished presumably in 1474. The ten years that followed were not happy ones for Mantegna and Mantua: his character grew irritable, his son Bernardino died, as well as the marquis Ludovico, his wife Barbara and his successor Federico (who had declared Mantegna cavaliere, "knight" ). Only with the election of Francesco II of Gonzaga did the artistic commissions in Mantua begin again. He built a stately house in the area of the church of San Sebastiano, and adorned it with a multitude of paintings. The house can be still seen today, although the pictures have perished. In this period he began to collect some ancient Roma busts (which were donated to Lorenzo de Medici when the Florentine leader visited Mantua in 1483), painted some architectonical and decorational fragments, and finished the intense St. Sebastian now in the Louvre. Francesco II of Gonzaga (1466 - 1519), Marquis of Mantua, ruled Mantua from 1484 to 1519. ... The exact same full name was also carried by his grandson Lorenzo (1492 - 1519), Duke of Urbino, with whom he is sometimes confused. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... St. ... This article is about the museum. ...


In 1488 Mantegna was called by Pope Innocent VIII to paint frescos in a chapel Belvedere in the Vatican. This series of frescos, including a noted Baptism of Christ, was destroyed by Pius VI in 1780. The pope treated Mantegna with less liberality than he had been used to at the Mantuan court; but all things considered their connection, which ceased in 1500, was not unsatisfactory to either party. Mantegna also met the famous Turkish hostage Jem and studied with attention the ancient monuments, but his impression of the city was a disappointing one as a whole. Returned to Mantua in 1490, he embraced again his more literary and bitter vision of antiquity, and entered in strong connection with the new marquise, the cultured and intelligent Isabella d'Este. Pope Innocent VIII (1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 1484 until his death. ... Pius VI, born Giovanni Angelo Braschi (December 27, 1717 – August 29, 1799), Pope from 1775 to 1799, was born at Cesena. ... Isabella dEste painted by Titian. ...


In what was now his city he went on with the nine tempera pictures of the Triumphs of Caesar, which he had probably begun before his leaving for Rome, and which he finished around 1492. These superbly invented and designed compositions are gorgeous with the splendour of their subject-matter, and with the classical learning and enthusiasm of one of the master-spirits of the age. Considered Mantegna's finest work, they were sold in 1628 along with the bulk of the Mantuan art treasures to King Charles I of England. They are now in Hampton Court Palace, somewhat faded, but many repaintings have been removed in a recent restoration. His workshop produced a series of engravings after them, which largely account for their rapid fame throughout Europe. Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from March 27, 1625 until his execution. ... Hampton Court redirects here. ...


Later years

In spite of declining health, Mantegna continued to be active. Other works of this period include the Madonna of the Caves, the St. Sebastian and the famous Lamentation over the Dead Christ, probably painted for his personal funerary chapel. Another work of Mantegna's later years was the so-called Madonna della Vittoria, now in the Louvre. It was painted in tempera about 1495, in commemoration of the Battle of Fornovo, whose disputable outcome Francesco Gonzaga was eager to show as an Italian League victory; the church which originally housed the picture was built from Mantegnas own design. The Madonna is here depicted with various saints, the archangel Michael and St. Maurice holding her mantle, which is extended over the kneeling Francesco Gonzaga, amid a profusion of rich festooning and other accessory. Though not in all respects of his highest order of execution, this counts among the most obviously beautiful and attractive of Mantegnas works from which the qualities of beauty and attraction are often excluded, in the stringent pursuit of those other excellences more germane to his severe genius, tense energy passing into haggard passion. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (815x1006, 135 KB) Permission from www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (815x1006, 135 KB) Permission from www. ... The Madonna with the Cherubim is a c. ... St. ... The Lamentation over the Dead Christ Tempera on canvas, 68x81 cm, c. ... This article is about the museum. ... The Battle of Fornovo took place in July 1495 during the Italian Wars. ... Francesco II of Gonzaga (1466 - 1519), Marquis of Mantua, ruled Mantua from 1484 to 1519. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ...


After 1497 Mantegna was commissioned by Isabella d'Este to translate the mythological themes written by the court poet Paride Ceresara into paintings for her private apartment (studiolo) in the Palazzo Ducale. These paintings were dispersed in the following years: one of them, the legend of the God Comus, was left unfinished by Mantegna and completed by his successor as court painter in Mantua, Lorenzo Costa. Isabella dEste painted by Titian. ... The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (Ducal Palace) is a set edifices in the Italian city of Mantua (Lombardy), built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy. ... Lorenzo Costa (1460 - 1535) was an Italian painter. ...


After the death of his wife, Mantegna became at an advanced age the father of a natural son, Giovanni Andrea; and at the last, although he continued launching out into various expenses and schemes, he had serious tribulations, such as the banishment from Mantua of his son Francesco, who had incurred the marquis' displeasure. Perhaps the aged master and connoisseur regarded as barely less trying the hard necessity of parting with a beloved antique bust of Faustina.


Very soon after this transaction he died in Mantua, on September 13, 1506. In 1516 a handsome monument was set up to him by his sons in the church of Sant'Andrea, where he had painted the altar-piece of the mortuary chapel. The dome is decorated by Correggio. is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Basilica di SantAndrea is a Renaissance church in Mantua, Lombardy (Italy). ... Correggio is the name of a town in Italy and of a famous painter who was born there. ...


Engravings

Bacchanal with a wine vat Engraving by Mantegna, c1475, 278 x 422 mm
Bacchanal with a wine vat Engraving by Mantegna, c1475, 278 x 422 mm

Mantegna was no less eminent as an engraver, though his history in that respect is somewhat obscure, partly because he never signed or dated any of his plates, but for a single disputed instance of 1472. The account which has come down to us from Vasari (as usual keen to assert that everything flows from Florence) is that Mantegna began engraving in Rome, prompted by the engravings produced by the Florentine Baccio Baldini after Sandro Botticelli. This is now considered most unlikely as it would consign all the numerous and elaborate engravings made by Mantegna to the last sixteen or seventeen years of his life, which seems a scanty space for them, and besides the earlier engravings indicate an earlier period of his artistic style. He may have begun engraving while still in Padua, under the tuition of a distinguished goldsmith, Niccolò. He and his workshop engraved about thirty plates, according to the usual reckoning; large, full of figures, and highly studied. It is now considered either that he only engraved seven himself, or none. Another artist from the workshop who made several plates is usually identified as Zoan Andrea. Hercules fighting the Centaurs , engraving by Sebald Beham Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Botticelli redirects here. ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ...


Among the principal examples are: Battle of the Sea Monsters,Virgin and Child, a Bacchanal Festival, Hercules and Antaeus, Marine Gods, Judith with the Head of Holophernes, the Deposition from the Cross, the Entombment, the Resurrection, the Man of Sorrows, the Virgin in a Grotto, and several scenes from the Triumph of Julius Caesar after his paintings. Several of his engravings are supposed to be executed on some metal less hard than copper. The technique of himself and his followers is characterized by the strongly marked forms of the design, and by the oblique formal hatchings of the shadows. The prints are frequently to be found in two states, or editions. In the first state the prints have been taken off with the roller, or even by handpressing, and they are weak in tint; in the second state the printing press has been used, and the ink is stronger. The Three Crosses, etching by Rembrandt. ...


Neither Mantegna or his workshop are now believed to have produced the so-called Mantegna Tarocchi cards. The Mantegna Tarocchi are 50 copperplate engravings of the 15th century, which have survived in various examples and derivations. ...


Assessment and legacy

The Lamentation over the Dead ChristTempera on canvas, 68x81 cm, 1490Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.
The Lamentation over the Dead Christ
Tempera on canvas, 68x81 cm, 1490
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.

Giorgio Vasari eulogizes Mantegna, although pointing out his litigious character. He had been fond of his fellow-pupils at Padua: and for two of them, Dario da Trevigi and Marco Zoppo, he retained a steady friendship. Mantegna became very expensive in his habits, fell at times into difficulties, and had to urge his valid claims upon the marquis' attention. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1316, 606 KB) Summary Author: Andrea Mantegna, died more than 100 years ago, work believed to be out of copyright in the US. Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1316, 606 KB) Summary Author: Andrea Mantegna, died more than 100 years ago, work believed to be out of copyright in the US. Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and... The Lamentation over the Dead Christ Tempera on canvas, 68x81 cm, c. ... Giorgio Vasari (30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, who is today famous for his biographies of Italian artists, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ...


In solid antique taste, Mantegna distanced all contemporary competition. Though substantially related to the 15th century, the influence of Mantegna on the style and tendency of his age was very marked over Italian art generally. Giovanni Bellini, in his earlier works, obviously followed the lead of his brother-in-law Andrea. Albrecht Dürer was influenced by his style during his two trips in Italy. Leonardo da Vinci took from Mantegna the use of decorations with festoons and fruit. Naked Young Woman in Front of the Mirror, Bellinis first female nude, painted when he was about 85 years old. ... Albrecht Dürer (pronounced ) (May 21, 1471 – April 6, 1528)[1] was a German painter, printmaker and theorist from Nuremberg, Germany. ... “Da Vinci” redirects here. ...


Mantegna's main legacy in considered the introduction of spatial illusionism, both in frescoes and in sacra conversazione paintings: his tradition of ceiling decoration was followed for almost three centuries. Starting from the faint cupola of the Camera degli Sposi, Correggio brought on his master and collaborator's research in perspective constructions, producing eventually a masterwork like the dome of Cathedral of Parma. In art, the sacra conversazione refers to a depiction of the Madonna with infant Jesus amidst the saints. ... The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (Ducal Palace) is a set edifices in the Italian city of Mantua (Lombardy), built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy. ... Correggio is the name of a town in Italy and of a famous painter who was born there. ... Aerial view of the Duomo of Parma with its belfry. ...


Major works

The Museu de Arte de São Paulo, or MASP, was inaugurated on October 2, 1947, by Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi. ... This article is about the city. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The San Luca Altarpiece is a series of painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Andrea Mantegna, who finished it in 1453. ... The Pinacoteca Brera (Brera Art Gallery) in Milan contains one of the foremost collections of Italian paintings, an outgrowth of the cultural program of the Accademia di Belli Arte (Academy of Fine Arts or Accademia Brera), which shares the site in the Palazzo Brera. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the museum. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Statens Museum for Kunst is the Danish national art museum situated in Copenhagen. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Map of Museum Island (in red) Museum Island (or, in German, Museumsinsel) in Berlin, Germany, is the name of the northern half of the Spreeinsel, an island in the Spree river, in the center of the city. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... The West building of the National Gallery of Art with the East building visible behind and to to the left The National Gallery of Art is an art museum, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museum was established in 1937 by the Congress, with funds for... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The Gallerie dell’Accademia is an art gallery housed in the former monastary in Venice, Italy. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... The basilica of San Zeno. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... St. ... Madonna in Green by Raffaello Tower of Babel by Pieter Brueghel. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... St. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Madonna with the Cherubim is a panting by the Italian Renaissance painter Andrea Mantegna, who finished it around 1485. ... The Pinacoteca Brera (Brera Art Gallery) in Milan contains one of the foremost collections of Italian paintings, an outgrowth of the cultural program of the Accademia di Belli Arte (Academy of Fine Arts or Accademia Brera), which shares the site in the Palazzo Brera. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... Hampton Court redirects here. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Lamentation over the Dead Christ Tempera on canvas, 68x81 cm, c. ... St. ... Ca dOro façade overlooking the Grand Canal Ca dOro (correctly the Palazzo Santa Sofia) is one of the most beautiful palazzos on the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy and surely the most famous. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... The Trivulzio Madonna is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Andrea Mantegna, executed in 1497. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • Janson, H.W., Janson, Anthony F.History of Art. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers. 6 edition. January 1, 2005. ISBN 0-13-182895-9
  • Early Italian Engravings from the National Gallery of Art; J.A. Levinson (ed); National Gallery of Art, 1973,LOC 7379624
  • Martineau, Jane (ed.), Suzanne Boorsch (ed.). Andrea Mantegna (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1992) Exhibition Catalog: Metropolitan Museum of Art; Royal Academy of Arts
  •   "Andrea Mantegna". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Andrea Mantegna
  • Links to all the engravings; see section B
  • Video about the St Sebastian by Andrea Mantegna (french)
  • "Christ as the Suffering Redeemer", 1495-1500
  • Grove art on the "Camera Picta

  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrea Mantegna - LoveToKnow 1911 (1928 words)
ANDREA MANTEGNA (1431-1506), one of the chief heroes in the advance of painting in Italy, was born in Vicenza, of very humble parentage.
This connexion of Andrea with the pictorial rival of Squarcione is generally assigned as the reason why the latter became alienated from the son of his adoption, and always afterwards hostile to him.
Andrea, conscious as he was of his own great faculty and mastery, seems nevertheless to have felt that there was something in his old preceptor's strictures; and the later subjects, from the legend of St Christopher, combine with his other excellences more of natural character and vivacity.
Andrea Mantegna - MSN Encarta (485 words)
Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506), one of the foremost north Italian painters of the 15th century.
Mantegna was probably born at Isola di Carturo, between Vicenza and Padua (Padova), and became the apprentice and adopted son of the painter Francesco Squarcione of Padua.
The influence of both ancient Roman sculpture and the contemporary sculptor Donatello are clearly evident in Mantegna's rendering of the human figure.
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