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Encyclopedia > Andorra la Vella
Andorra la Vella
Official flag of Andorra la Vella
Flag
Official seal of Andorra la Vella
Seal
Position of Andorra la Vella in Andorra
Coordinates: 42°30′N, 1°30′E
Country Andorra
Parishes Andorra la Vella
Area
 - City 30 km²  (11.6 sq mi)
Elevation 1,023 m (3,356.3 ft)
Population (2004)
 - City 22.884
 - Density 762.8/km² (1,975.6/sq mi)
Website: www.comuandorra.ad

Andorra la Vella (2004 est. pop. 22,035) is the capital of the Principality of Andorra, and is located high in the east Pyrenees between France and Spain. It is also the name of the parish that surrounds it. The town of Santa Coloma is located in the province. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 262 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andorra Andorra la Vella ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Escut_d'Andorra_la_Vella. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Andorra consists of seven communities known as parishes (parròquies, singular - parròquia). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... A principality is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a Monarch with the title of prince or princess (a synonym is princedom) or (in the widest sense) a Monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Andorra consists of seven communities known as parishes (parròquies, singular - parròquia). ... Columba may mean: Saint Columba of Scotland Saint Columba of Cornwall Saint Columba of Sens Saint Columba of Spain Saint Columba of Terryglass Columba (constellation) Columba (genus) for the genus of doves and pigeons Columba, a mail user agent written in Java Medical Mobile Columba [1]. Sold in Movistar shops. ...


The principal industry is tourism, although the country also earns foreign income from being a tax-haven. Furniture and brandies are local products. Brandy pot stills at the Van Ryn Brandy Cellar near Stellenbosch, South Africa Brandy (short for brandywine, from Dutch brandewijn—fire wine) is a general term for distilled wine, usually 40–60% ethyl alcohol by volume. ...

Contents

Geography and climate

Andorra la Vella is located in the south west of Andorra, at 42°30′N, 1°30′E. [1], at the confluence of two mountain streams. Located at an Altitude of 1409 m [2], it is a high capital and popular ski resort. Its climate is Temperate with cold winters and warm, drier summers. Temperatures range from an average of around -1 °C in January and 20 °C in July [3]; rainfall is at 808 mm a year. metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... Alpine skier carving a turn on piste Members of the U.S. Air Force skiing (and snowboarding) at Keystone Resorts 14th Annual SnoFest Downhill Ski Racing This article is about snow skiing. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


Transportation

Surprisingly for a capital city, it is three hours drive from the nearest airports, at Toulouse, Girona, Perpignan and Barcelona. This is a result of its small population size and highly mountainous terrain. It has no train station either, with a bus service linking the city to the French station at L'Hospitalet, which has mainline services to Paris. Toulouse Blagnac International Airport (IATA: TLS, ICAO: LFBO) is located in the south of France serving the city of Toulouse. ... The Girona-Costa Brava airport (GRO) is located twelve kilometres south from the city of Girona, in the north-east of Spain. ... Barcelona International Airport sometimes known as El Prat is an airport in Barcelona, Spain located 10kms away at El Prat de Llobregat. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


Demographics and language

Native Andorrans account for only 33% of the population, with the plurality being Spanish (43%), and notable minorities of Portuguese (11%) and French (7%). Catalan is the official language, although Spanish, Portuguese and French are also spoken. Most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholics, with a high life expectancy of over 80 years [4]. Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


History

A Jewish tourist praying in Andorra la Vella
A Jewish tourist praying in Andorra la Vella

The site of Andorra la Vella (literally, "Andorra the Old") has been settled since prior to the Christian era - notably by the Andosin tribe from the late Neolithic. The state is one of the Marca Hispanica created and protected by Charlemagne in the Eighth Century as a buffer from the Moorish settlers in the Iberian Peninsula [5]. Download high resolution version (600x800, 99 KB)Andorra by the morning. ... Download high resolution version (600x800, 99 KB)Andorra by the morning. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 679 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Andorra la Vella, 2005 Author: dubhe File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 679 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Andorra la Vella, 2005 Author: dubhe File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Anno Domini (Latin: In the year of the Lord), or more completely Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ), commonly abbreviated AD or A.D., is the designation used to number years in the dominant Christian Era in the world today. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The Marca Hispanica (Spanish Mark or March) was a buffer zone beyond the province of Septimania, first set up by Charlemagne in 795 as a defensive barrier to keep the Muslim Moors out of the Frankish Kingdom. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of the western Mediterranean and western Sahara, including: al-Maghrib (the coastal and mountain lands of present day Morocco and Algeria, and Tunisia although Tunisia often is separately called Ifriqiya after the former Roman province of Africa); al-Andalus (the former Islamic sovereign... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ...


The settlement has been the principal city of Andorra since 1278 when the French and the Episcopal co-princes agreed to joint suzerainty. Andorra La Vella's old town - the Barri Antic - includes streets and buildings dating from this time. Its most notable building is the Casa de la Vall - constructed in the early sixteenth century - which has been the state's parliamentary house since 1707. Andorra la Vella was, during this period, the capital of a largely isolated and feudal state, which retained its independence due to this principle of co-sovereignty [6]. This isolation also means that the city's history is poorly documented. For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ...


Well into the twentieth century, the area around Andorra La Vella remained largely forgotten; indeed the state was not part of the Treaty of Versailles, simply because it was not noticed. After political turmoil in the 1930's and an attempted coup by King Boris I, an informal democracy developed. The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boris Skossyreff was a presumably Russian adventurer who attempted to seize power in the European nation of Andorra during the early 1930s. ...


In 1993, the country's first constitution formalised this parliamentary democracy with executive, legislative, and judicial branches located in Andorra la Vella. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


During this period, Andorra also developed as both a tax haven, resulting in the construction of modern banking offices in Andorra La Vella. The city also developed its skiing facilities, to the extent that Andorra la Vella was Andorra's applicant city for the XXI Olympic Winter Games, the 2010 Winter Olympics. However, Andorra la Vella was not selected by the IOC as candidate city, following the evaluation report of an IOC commission. It also hosted both the 1991 and 2005 Games of the Small States of Europe. A tax haven is a place where certain taxes are levied at a low rate or not at all. ... The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next Winter Olympics, scheduled to be performed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010. ... Alternative meanings at IOC (disambiguation) The International Olympic Committee is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece, and organize this sports event every four years. ... The 2005 Games of the Small States of Europe, or the XIth Games of the Small States of Europe, were held in Andorra la Vella, Andorra from May 30 to June 4, 2005. ... Member countries The Games of the Small States of Europe (GSSE) (Jeux des Petits Etats dEurope, Giochi dei Piccoli Stati DEuropa, Smáþjóðaleikar Evrópu, Juegos de los Pequeños Estados de Europa) is a biannual multi-sport event, that has been organized by the National Olympic...


Sights and culture

Parliament
Parliament

The city's old town is characterized by old stone streets and houses. The central Església de Sant Esteve church is part of the area that guidebooks often label as a picturesque part of the city [7]. This was built in a Romanesque style in the Eleventh Century. As mentioned earlier, the old town also includes the country's historic parliament building. Probably the oldest building in the city is another church, dating from the Ninth Century, of Santa Coloma [8]. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 648 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andorra la Vella Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 648 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Andorra la Vella Metadata This... Saint Stephen, Protomartyr, depicted by Carlo Crivelli in 1476 with three stones and the martyrs palm. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... (8th century - 9th century - 10th century - other centuries) Events Beowulf might have been written down in this century, though it could also have been in the 8th century Viking attacks on Europe begin Oseberg ship burial The Magyars arrive in what is now Hungary, forcing the Serbs and Bulgars south...


The city is the country's cultural centre, with the Government Exhibition Hall acting as a main theatre and museum. The piazza outside the parliament building is also the location of a number of events, and the town hosts a music festival every winter. A piazza is an open square in a city, often used as a marketplace, found in Italy. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 781 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Andorra la Vella, Caldea, 2005 Author: dubhe File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 781 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Andorra la Vella, Caldea, 2005 Author: dubhe File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are...

Economy

Andorra la Vella is the node for economic networks in Andorra; it is the country's commercial centre. In the country as a whole, 80% of the GDP is derived from the 10 million tourists who visit annually [9]. The city is also the centre for the many banks and businesses that thrive from its tax haven status. The state is not a member of the European Union, but has a customs arrangement with the EU, and uses the Euro. “Banker” redirects here. ... A tax haven is a place where certain taxes are levied at a low rate or not at all. ... “EUR” redirects here. ...


Twin towns

Andorra la Vella is twinned with: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Valls is the capital of the comarca of Alt Camp, in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. ...

References

External links

Coordinates: 42°30′00″N, 1°30′00″E Andorra consists of seven communities known as parishes (parròquies, singular - parròquia). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Categories: Geography stubs ... Encamp is one of the parishes of Andorra, located on the Riu River. ... Escaldes-Engordany is one of the parishes of Andorra. ... The Parish of La Massana lies in the northwest of Andorra. ... Categories: Europe geography stubs ... Sant Julià de Lòria is one of the parishes of Andorra. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Andorra la Vella - definition of Andorra la Vella in Encyclopedia (201 words)
20,437) is the capital of the Principality of Andorra, and is located high in the east Pyrenees between France and Spain.
The site of Andorra la Vella (literally, "Andorra the Old") has been settled since prior to the Christian era, and it has acted as the principal city of Andorra since 1278 when the French and the Episcopal coprinces agreed to joint suzerainty.
Andorra la Vella was Andorra's bid city of the 21st Olympic Winter Games, the 2010 Winter Olympics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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