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Encyclopedia > Andhra Pradesh
  ?ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్
Andhra Pradesh
India
Coordinates: 17°21′58″N 78°28′34″E / 17.366, 78.476
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 275,068 km² (106,204 sq mi)
Capital Hyderabad
Largest city Hyderabad
District(s) 23
Population
Density
76,210,007 (5th)
• 277 /km² (717 /sq mi)
Language(s) Telugu, Urdu
Governor Narayan Dutt Tiwari
Chief Minister Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy
Established November 1, 1956
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (295+90)
ISO abbreviation IN-AP
Website: www.aponline.gov.in
Seal of Andhra Pradesh

Coordinates: 17°21′58″N 78°28′34″E / 17.366, 78.476 Apart from Present state, Andhra Pradesh created on 1 November 1956, the word Andhra may also refer to one of the following: State created by Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema Regions (Telugu Speaking 11 Districts) in Madras Presidency , Andhra State. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Andhra_Pradesh_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... -1... Telugu redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... ==Governors of Andhra Pradesh==N.Pardha Saradhi See Also Andhra Pradesh Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Andhra Pradesh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Narayan Dutt Tiwari is Chief Minister of Uttaranchal, India. ... Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh See Also Andhra Pradesh Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Andhra Pradesh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Image File history File links This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Andhra Pradesh State Symbols
State language Telugu
State symbol Poorna Kumbham
State song Maa telugu thalliki by Sankarambadi Sundarachari
State animal Blackbuck, (Krishna Jinka)
State bird Indian Roller, (Paala Pitta)
State tree Neem (Vepa)
State sport Kabaddi, in Telugu Chedugudu
State dance Kuchipudi, Andhra Natyam
State flower Water lily

Andhra Pradesh (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ pronunciation ) or AP, the "Rice Bowl of India", is a state in southern India. It lies between 12°41' and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40'E longitude, and is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the East, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west. Andhra Pradesh is the 4th largest state in India by area and population. It is the largest and most populous state in Southern India. The state is crossed by two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna. Historically this land was known as Andhrapatha, Andhra Desa, Andhra-avani, Andhra-mandalamu, Andhra-vishaya, etc.[1] An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... Telugu redirects here. ... State symbols may refer to one of the following. ... Each state in the United States (except New Jersey) has a state song, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A state animal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... A state bird is the insignia of a state (sub-national entity). ... Binomial name Coracias benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Indian Roller also earlier locally incorrectly called the Blue Jay, (Coracias benghalensis) is a member of the roller family of birds which breeds in tropical southern Asia from Iraq to Thailand. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ... Neem (Azadirachta indica, syn. ... This is a list of official U.S. state sports: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: Incomplete lists | U.S. state insignia ... Kabaddi (sometimes written Kabbadi or Kabadi) (Telugu: , Punjabi: , Marathi: , Hindi: ,Urdu: ; IPA: ) is a team sport originally from the Indian subcontinent. ... This is a list of official U.S. state dances: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... Kuchipudi (కుచిపుడి) (pronounced as Koochipoodi--Hams Mash (talk) 02:04, 23 March 2008 (UTC)) is a Classical Indian dance form from Andhra Pradesh, a state of South India. ... This is a list of U.S. state flowers: External link Juelies State Flower Garden of Gifs See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: Lists of flowers | U.S. state insignia ... Nymphaeaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants. ... Telugu redirects here. ... Image File history File links Andhra. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... South India is a geographic and linguistic-cultural region of India. ... Godavari river map The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007 The River Krishna (meaning dark (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ... Desa can refer to: Desa (band), an American rock band. ...

Contents

Geography

Krishna jinka, the state animal
Krishna jinka, the state animal

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

Divisions

Andhra Pradesh can be divided into Three governance regions, namely Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana.[2] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (923x881, 62 KB) Summary Map of w:Andhra Pradesh, India with district boundaries - add districts shaded. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (923x881, 62 KB) Summary Map of w:Andhra Pradesh, India with district boundaries - add districts shaded. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Coastal Andhra is an unofficial region of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... the region marked in green Rayalaseema is an unofficial region of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... Location of Telangana region Telangana region marked in white. ...


Andhra Pradesh has 23 districts: Adilabad, Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa, East Godavari, Guntur, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Krishna, Kurnool, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Sri Potti Sreeramulu Nellore, Nizamabad, Prakasam, Rangareddy, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Warangal and West Godavari. Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Kadapa (previously Cuddapah) is one of the districts of Rayalaseema in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... , Guntur is a district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh on the east coast of Bay of Bengal. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Map showing karimnagar district Karimnagar is a district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... Khammanm is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Krishna District is a district of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... Kurnool District is a district in Andhra Pradesh. ... Mahabubnagar District, is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India, with its headquarters at Mahabubnagar. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Nalgonda District is a district in Andhra Pradesh. ... For the city, see Nellore. ... Nizamabad is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Prakasam District is an administrative district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Rangareddi is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... For the city, see Warangal. ... Map showing West Godavari district West Godavari (పశ్చిమ గోదావరి) is a district in Andhra Pradesh in India. ...


Hyderabad is the capital and along with the adjoining twin city Secunderabad, is the largest city in the state. Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh's main seaport, is the second largest city of the state and is home to the Indian Navy's Eastern Naval Command .Vijayawada due to its location and proximity to major rail and road routes is a major trading center and the third largest city of the state. Other important cities and towns are: Bhimavaram,Kurnool, Warangal, Guntur,Tirupati,Karimnagar,Kakinada,Rajahmundry and Sri Potti Sreeramulu Nellore. , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Secunderabad   is twinned with the city of Hyderabad, the latter being the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Bhimavaram is a town and mandal in the West Godavari District in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Map showing kurnool district Kurnool   is a city in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... This article is about a city in India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... , Karimnagar is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Karimnagar district is in the northern Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh state of India. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... For the district with the same name, see Nellore district. ...


Demographics

Telugu is the regional and official language of the state, spoken by 84.86% of the population. Telugu is the second largest Spoken language in India. The major linguistic minority groups in the state include the speakers of Urdu (7.86%), the 2nd official language of Andhra Pradesh, and Hindi (2.65%). Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Telugu redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... -1...


The minority language speakers who constitute less than 1% are the speakers of Tamil (0.97%), Kannada (0.94%), Marathi (0.84%), Oriya (0.42%), Gondi (0.21%) and Malayalam (0.1%). The speakers of minority languages who constitute less than 0.1% are the speakers of Gujarati(0.09%), Savara (0.09%), Koya (0.08%), Jatapu (0.04%), Punjabi (0.04%), Kolami (0.03%), Konda (0.03%), Gadaba (0.02%), Sindhi (0.02%), Gorkhali /Nepali (0.01%) and Khond /Kondh (0.01%). Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Gondi may refer to The Gondi people, an ethnic group of central India The Gondi language, the language of the Gondi people Gondi dumplings, a traditional Iranian Jewish food The French aristocratic de Gondi family whose most famous member was Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Konpon Daito, the central point of Mt. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi; in GurmukhÄ«, PanjābÄ« in ShāhmukhÄ«) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Kolami is a tribal Dravidian language used in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa states of India. ... Konda was the name of a Mansi principality which existed independently until the mid-18th Century. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ...


The main ethnic group of Andhra Pradesh are the Telugu people. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Economy

Paddy fields on the banks of river Godavari
Paddy fields on the banks of river Godavari

Agriculture has been the chief source of income for the state's economy. Two important rivers of India, the Godavari and Krishna, flow through the state, providing irrigation. Rice, sugarcane, cotton, mirchi, Mangoes and tobacco are the local crops.Recently,crops used for vegetable oil production such as sunflower and peanuts have gained favour. There are many multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world's highest masonary dam. [4][5] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... The chile pepper (also chili or chilli; from Spanish chile) is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family (Solanaceae). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants, animals and other life forms. ... Dowleswaram Barrage Jalaput Balimela Reservoir Nizam Sagar Sriram Sagar ... Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is a masonry dam built across Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh, India. ...

Cyber towers at Hyderabad, the state capital and largest city in the state
Cyber towers at Hyderabad, the state capital and largest city in the state

The state has also started to focus on the fields of information technology and biotechnology. In 2004 - 2005, Andhra Pradesh was at the fifth position in the list of top IT exporting states of India. The IT exports from the State were Rs.1,800 million in 2004. The IT sector is expanding at a rate of 52.3% every year. The IT exports reached Rs.19,000 million in 2006 - 2007 and ranked fourth in India. The service sector of the state already accounts for 43% of the GSDP and employs 20% of the work force.[5] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Insulin crystals Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ...


Andhra Pradesh is a mineral rich state, ranking second in India in terms of mineral wealth. The state has about one third of India's limestone reserves, estimated at about 30 billion tonnes.[5] For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ...


The state ranks first nationwide in hydro electricity generation with national market share of over 11%. This is a list of States and Union Territories of India by installed capacity of power utilities with generation mode break-up as of 3 April 2006 published by the Ministry of Power with figures in millions of watts. ...


Andhra Pradesh's gross state domestic product for 2005 was estimated at $62 billion in current prices. This is a chart of trend of gross state domestic product of Andhra Pradesh at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian Rupees. Accordingly, the state ranks fourth in terms of overall gross state domestic product[6] and fourth in per capita gross state domestic product among the major states of India.

Year State GDP (Rs. MM)
1980 81,910
1985 152,660
1990 333,360
1995 798,540
2000 1,401,190
2007 2,294,610

Government and politics

Main articles: Politics of Andhra Pradesh, List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh, and Government of Andhra Pradesh
The Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly at the centre of the Hyderabad City
The Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly at the centre of the Hyderabad City

Andhra Pradesh has a Legislative Assembly of 294 seats. The state has 60 members in the Parliament of India; 18 in the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House and 42 in the Lok Sabha, the Lower House.[7][8] Andhra Pradesh Chief Ministers of India List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh - by Region and number of days (same page with more fields) Ministers of Andhra Pradesh List on Andhra Pradesh State Governments Web Site List on Worldstatesmen. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ...


Andhra Pradesh had a series of governments headed by Indian National Congress (INC) Party until 1982. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy held the record for the longest serving chief minister which was broken by N.T. Rama Rao in 1983. P.V. Narasimha Rao also served as the chief minister of the state, who later went on to become the Prime Minister of India in 1991. Among the notable chief ministers of the state are Tanguturi Prakasam, CM for only the Andhra state,[ The first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy], others include Kasu Brahmananda Reddy, Marri Chenna Reddy, Jalagam Vengal Rao, Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy, Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy, N.T. Rama Rao, Nara Chandrababu Naidu and Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy (July 28, 1909– 1994) was the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, India from February 29, 1964 to September 30, 1971. ... NTR played a wide variety of mythological characters including Krishna, Rama, Ravana, Duryodhana, Karna, Bhishma, Arjuna, and Viswamitra Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (28 May 1923 - 18 January 1996), more commonly known as N.T. Rama Rao or just NTR, was an Indian film actor, director, and producer. ... Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao (June 28, 1921 - December 23, 2004) was the ninth Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu (Telugu: టంగుటూరి ప్రకాశం పంతులు b. ... Kasu Brahmananda Reddy (July 28, 1909– 1994) was the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, India from February 29, 1964 to September 30, 1971. ... Marri Chenna Reddy (1919 1996) was an Indian politician active in several states. ... Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy (born 20 February 1935) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. ... Nadendla Bhaskara Rao (born on 23 June 1935 in Guntur) was the chief minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh for a brief period in 1983. ... Kotla VijayaBhaskara Reddy (died 27 September 2001) was the chief minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh on two occasions, in 1983 and then from 1992 to 1995. ... NTR played a wide variety of mythological characters including Krishna, Rama, Ravana, Duryodhana, Karna, Bhishma, Arjuna, and Viswamitra Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (28 May 1923 - 18 January 1996), more commonly known as N.T. Rama Rao or just NTR, was an Indian film actor, director, and producer. ... Nara Chandrababu Naidu Nara Chandrababu Naidu (born April 20, 1951) was the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh during 1995-2004. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

High Court at Hyderabad, the main judicial body for the state

In 1983 Telugu Desam Party (TDP) won the State elections and N.T. Rama Rao (NTR) became the chief minister of the state for the first time introducing a formidable second political party to Andhra Pradesh's politics and thus breaking the virtually-single party monopoly on Andhra Pradesh's politics. After few months, Nadendla Bhaskar Rao attempted a hijack when NTR was away to the United States for a medical treatment. After coming back, NTR successfully convinced the then State Governor to dissolve the Assembly and call on for a fresh election. TDP won the elections with a large majority and NTR became Chief Minister of the State for the second time. His government policies included investment in education, rural development and in holding corrupt government officials. For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Telugu Desam Party (Telugu :తెలుగు దేశం Party for Telugu Land and people) or TDP is a regional political party in Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... NTR played a wide variety of mythological characters including Krishna, Rama, Ravana, Duryodhana, Karna, Bhishma, Arjuna, and Viswamitra Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (28 May 1923 - 18 January 1996), more commonly known as N.T. Rama Rao or just NTR, was an Indian film actor, director, and producer. ...


In 1989 group elections ended the 7-year rule of NTR with INC party returning to power with Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy at the helm of affairs. He was replaced by N. Janardhan Reddy who was in turn replaced by Kotla Vijaya Bhasker Reddy.


In 1994, Andhra Pradesh gave a mandate to TDP again and saw NTR becoming the chief minister again. NTR died of heart attack before the next elections and again from TDP Chandrababu Naidu, the ex-finance minister won a second term before he was defeated by the INC-led coalition in the May'04 polls.


Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy of INC, became Chief Minister of state after May 2004. Rajasekhara Reddy fought the 2004 Assembly elections in an alliance with the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), which was formed by the politician Chandrasekhar Rao whose aim is to form a separate state. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) is a regional political party in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ...


History

Main article: History of Andhra

An Andhra Kingdom was mentioned in the Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana and Mahabharata. Inscriptional evidence showed that there was a kingdom in coastal Andhra ruled by Kuberaka with Pratipalapura (Bhattiprolu) as his capital in 5th century BCE. This probably was the oldest known kingdom in Southern India. Around the same time Dhanyakatakam/Dharanikota (present day Amaravati) seemed to be a very important place. According to Taranatha: On the full moon of the month Chaitra in the year following his enlightenment, at the great stupa of Dhanyakataka, the Buddha emanated the mandala of "The Glorious Lunar Mansions" (Kalachakra).[9][10] The Mauryans extended their rule over Andhra in 4th century BCE. With the fall of the Mauryan Empire Andhra Satavahanas became independent in 3rd century BCE. After the decline of the Satavahanas in 220 CE, Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Vishnukundinas, Ananda Gotrikas and Cholas ruled the Telugu land. Inscriptional evidence of Telugu was found during the rule of Renati Cholas (Kadapa region) in 5th century CE.[citation needed] During this period the Telugu language, emerged as a popular medium undermining the predominance of Prakrit and Sanskrit.[citation needed] Telugu was made official language by the Vishnukundina Kings[citation needed] who ruled from their capital Vinukonda. Eastern Chalukyas ruled for a long period after the decline of Vishnukundinas from their capital in Vengi. As early as 1st century CE, they were mentioned as being vassals and chieftains under the Satavahanas and later under Ikshvakus. The history of Andhra Pradesh // Main article: Andhra Kingdom There are several references about an Andhra kingdom and a people called Andhras in the Sanskrit epics Mahabharata and Ramayana, Puranas, and Buddhist Jataka Tales. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Andhra was a southern kingdom ruled by Brahmin rulers. ... Indian epic poetry is the epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent. ... The Aitareya Brahmana is the Brahmana associated with the Rigveda in the Shakala school. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... Bhattiprolu is a small village in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh State in Southern India. ... South India is a geographic and linguistic-cultural region of India. ... Dhanyakataka means town of rice or paddy. ... Amaravati may refer to: Amaravati (capital), in Hinduism, (అమరావతి) is the capital of Svarga, a temporary paradise where the dead live. ... The Great Stupa at Sanchi. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... Kālacakra (Sanskrit कालचक्र; Tibetan དུས་ཀྱི་འཁོར་ལོ་ dus kyi khor lo) is a term used in Tantric Buddhism that means time-wheel or time-cycles. It refers both to a Tantric deity (Tib. ... Chandragupta Maurya (ruled 322–298 BC), known to the Greeks as Sandracottus, was the first emperor of the Mauryan empire. ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... The Mauryan empire (321 to 185 BCE), at its largest extent around 230 BCE. The Lion Capital of Asoka, erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... The Pallava kingdom (Tamil: பல்லவர்) was an ancient South Indian kingdom. ... The Vishnukundina dynasty ruled over the eastern Deccan in South India comprising of the area covered by modern day Andhra Pradesh and Kalinga (Orissa). ... Ananda Gotrikas, also referred to as Anandas ruled coastal Andhra with Kapotapuram as the capital from 335-425 AD. The Telegu form of Kapotapuram is Pittalapuram. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Telugu redirects here. ... The Cholas were a South Indian Tamil dynasty, antedating the early Sangam literature (c. ... Telugu redirects here. ... Prakrit (also spelt Pracrit) (Sanskrit: , original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual, i. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Vishnukundina dynasty ruled over the eastern Deccan in South India comprising of the area covered by modern day Andhra Pradesh and Kalinga (Orissa). ... Vinukonda is a census town in Guntur District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... The Vishnukundina dynasty ruled over the eastern Deccan in South India comprising of the area covered by modern day Andhra Pradesh and Kalinga (Orissa). ... // Vengi dynasties Vengi kingdom extended from River Godavari in the north to Mount MahendraGiri in the southeast and to just below the southern banks of River Krishna in the south. ... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ...


The battle of Palnadu resulted in the weakening of Chalukyan power and emergence of the Kakatiyadynasty in the 12th and the 13th centuries CE. Palnadu is the northern region of Guntur District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... The Chalukya dynasty (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು) was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. They began to assert their independence at the decline of the Satavahana empire and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of... The Kakatiya Dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. ...

Kakateeya Sculpture at warangal

The Kakatiyas were at first feudatories of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani, ruling over a small territory near Warangal. In 1323 CE, Delhi Sultan Ghiaz-ud-din Tughlaq sent a large army under Ulugh Khan to conquer the Telugu country and capture Warangal. King Pratap Rudra was taken prisoner. Musunuri Nayaks recaptured Warangal from the Delhi Sultanate and ruled for fifty years. The Vijayanagar empire, one of the greatest empires in the history of Andhra Pradesh and India, was founded by Harihara and Bukka, who served as treasury officers of the Kakatiyas of Warangal.[11] In 1347 CE, an independent Muslim state, the Bahmani kingdom, was established in south India by Alla-ud-din Hasan Gangu as a revolt against the Delhi Sultanate. The Qutb Shahi dynasty held sway over the Andhra country for about two hundred years from the early part of the 16th century to the end of the 17th century. The Kakatiya Dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. ... The Chalukya dynasty (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು) was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. They began to assert their independence at the decline of the Satavahana empire and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of... Kalyani may refer to: Kalyani (rāga), a rāga in the Carnatic music of South India Kalyani (well), a type of ancient Hindu bathing well Kalyani, West Bengal, a town in the Nadia District of West Bengal Basavakalyan, a town formerly called Kalyani, in Karnataka state of India Western... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... The Tughlaq Dynasty of north India started in 1321 CE in Delhi when Ghazi Tughlaq assumed the throne under the title of Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... The Musunuri Nayaks were Kamma warrior chieftains in the Kakatiya army, who regained Andhradesa in 1326 from the Delhi Sultanate in the aftermath of the Kakatiya defeat. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Vishnu (right half - blue) and Shiva (left half - white) Harihara is a the name of a combined deity form of both Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara) from the Hindu tradition. ... Bukka ಬುಕ್ಕ್ (1356-1377 CE)([[ also known as Bukka Raya I was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Sangama Dynasty. ... The Kakatiya Dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... The Bahmani Sultanate was a Muslim state of the India. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... Hasan Gangu, also Hansan Kangu with the name Zafar Khan was the founder of the kingdom of Bahmani. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Qutb Shahi dynasty was the ruling family of the kingdom of Golconda in southern India. ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ...

Chowmahalla palace

In Colonial India, Northern Circars became part of the British Madras Presidency. Eventually this region emerged as the Coastal Andhra region. Later the Nizam had ceded five territories to the British which eventually emerged as Rayalaseema region. The Nizams retained control of the interior provinces as the Princely state of Hyderabad, acknowledging British rule in return for local autonomy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that European colonies in India be merged into this article or section. ... Circar is an Indian term applied to the component parts of a subah or province, each of which is administered by a deputy governor. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... Coastal Andhra is an unofficial region of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Language(s) Dakhni , later Urdu Government Monarchy Nizam  - 1720-1748 Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah I  - 1869-1911 Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI History  - Established 1720  - Operation polo 1948 Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I Nizam, a shortened version of Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator... the region marked in green Rayalaseema is an unofficial region of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Language(s) Dakhni , later Urdu Government Monarchy Nizam  - 1720-1748 Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah I  - 1869-1911 Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI History  - Established 1720  - Operation polo 1948 Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I Nizam, a shortened version of Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ...


India became independent from the United Kingdom in 1947. The Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to retain his independence from India, but the people of the region launched movement to join Indian Union. His state of Hyderabad was forced to become part of the Republic of India in 1948, after Indian Military Occupation as Hyderabad State. The Indian independence movement was a series of steps taken in the Indian subcontinent for independence from British colonial rule, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857. ... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ...


In an effort to gain an independent state, and protect the interests of the Telugu people of Madras State, Amarajeevi Potti Sriramulu fasted until death. Public outcry and civil unrest after his death forced the government to announce the formation of a new state for Telugu speakers. Andhra attained statehood in October 1953 with Kurnool as its capital. Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Amarajeevi Potti Sriramulu was a Freedom Fighter who sacrificed his life to unite Andhra. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... , Map showing kurnool district Kurnool   is a city in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ...


On 1 November 1956, Andhra State merged with the Telangana region of Hyderabad State to form the state of Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad, the former capital of the Hyderabad State, was made the capital of the new state Andhra Pradesh. Location of Telangana region Telangana region marked in white. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ...


Culture

Cultural institutions

Andhra Pradesh has many museums, including the Archaeological Museum at Amaravati near Guntur City that features relics of nearby ancient sites, the Salar Jung Museum in Hyderabad, which features a varied collection of sculptures, paintings, and religious artifacts, the Visakha Museumin Visakhapatnam, which displays the history of the pre-Independence Madras Presidency in a rehabilitated Dutch bungalow and Victoria Jubilee Museum in Vijayawada, which has a nice collection of ancient sculptures, paintings, idols, weapons, cutlery, and inscriptions. Amaravati may refer to: Amaravati (capital), in Hinduism, (అమరావతి) is the capital of Svarga, a temporary paradise where the dead live. ... The Salar Jung Museum is located in the city of Hyderabad, state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ...


Cuisine

Main article: Andhra cuisine

The cuisine of Andhra Pradesh is reputedly the spiciest of all Indian cuisine. There are many variations to the Andhra cuisine depending on caste, geographical regions, traditions etc. Pickles and chutneys, called pachchadi in Telugu are particularly popular in Andhra Pradesh and many varieties of pickles and chutneys are unique to the state. Chutneys are made from practically every vegetable including tomatoes, brinjals, and roselle (Gongura). The mango pickle Aavakaaya is probably the best known of the Andhra pickles. Rice is the staple food of the southern state of India, Andhra Pradesh. ... Not to be confused with Native American cuisine. ... “Achar”, the Hindi word for a variety of spicy pickled side dish or condiment, redirects here. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Solanum esculentum Drege ex Dun. ... Binomial name L. The Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of hibiscus native to the Old World tropics. ... Gongura (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is Roselle, a variant of the (Hibiscus cannabinus) plant. ... Aavakaaya is a variety of Indian Pickle originated in Andhra Pradesh in India. ...


Rice is the staple food and is used in a wide variety of ways. Typically, rice is either boiled and eaten with curry, or made into a batter for use in a crepe-like dish called attu (pesarattu) or dosas. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... A staple food is a food that forms the basis of a traditional diet. ... A sweet crêpe opened up, with whipped cream and strawberry sauce on it A sweet crêpe rolled up, ready to be eaten A crêpe is a thin pancake. ... Attu is the name of an island in Alaska and of a LORAN station on that island. ... For the term as used in Ayurveda, see Dosha. ...


Meat, vegetables, and greens are prepared with different masalas into a variety of strongly flavored dishes. For other uses, see Meat (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... Leaf vegetables, also called greens or leafy greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. ...


Hyderabadi cuisine is influenced by the Muslims who arrived in Telangana in the 14th century. Much of the cuisine revolves around meat. It is rich and aromatic, with a liberal use of exotic spices and ghee. Lamb, chicken and fish are the most widely used meats in the non-vegetarian dishes. The biryani is perhaps the most distinctive and popular of Hyderabadi dishes. Location of Telangana region Telangana region marked in white. ... Iraqi Biryani (as served in Amman, Jordan) The name biryani or biriani (Urdu بریانی ;Hindi बिरयानी) is derived[1] from the Persian word beryā(n) (بریان) which means fried or roasted. Biryani is a family of Middle Eastern, Southern Asian dishes made from a mixture of spices, rice (usually basmati), meat/vegetables and...


Dance

Main article: Telugu dance
Kuchipudi, the traditional dance of Andhra
Kuchipudi, the traditional dance of Andhra

Jayapa Senani (Jayapa Nayudu) is the first person who wrote about the dances prevalent in Andhra Pradesh [12]. Both Desi and Margi forms of dances have been included in his Sanskrit treatise 'Nritya Ratnavali'. It contains eight chapters. Folk dance forms like Perani, Prenkhana, Suddha Nartana, Carcari, Rasaka, Danda Rasaka, Shiva Priya, Kanduka Nartana, Bhandika Nrityam, Carana Nrityam, Chindu, Gondali and Kolatam are described. In the first chapter the author deals with discussion of the differences between Marga and Desi, Tandava and lasya, Natya and Nritta. In the 2nd and 3rd chapters he deals with Angi-kabhinaya, Caris, Sthanakas and Mandalas. In the 4th Chapter Karnas, angaharas and recakas are described. In following chapters he described the local dance forms i.e. desi nritya. In the last chapter he deals with art and practice of dance. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Kuchipudi (కుచిపుడి) (pronounced as Koochipoodi--Hams Mash (talk) 02:04, 23 March 2008 (UTC)) is a Classical Indian dance form from Andhra Pradesh, a state of South India. ... // The defeat of Velanati Chodas at the hands of Kakatiya emperor Ganapatideva (1241 CE) led to many Nayaka warriors migrating to Warangal and joining the Kakatiya army. ...


Classical dance in Andhra can be performed by both men and women; however women tend to learn it more often. Kuchipudi is the state's best-known classical dance forms of Andhra Pradesh. The various dance forms that existed through the states’ history are Chenchu Bhagotham, Kuchipudi, Bhamakalapam, Burrakatha, Veeranatyam, Butta bommalu, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Bonalu, Dhimsa, and Kolattam. Kuchipudi (కుచిపుడి) (pronounced as Koochipoodi--Hams Mash (talk) 02:04, 23 March 2008 (UTC)) is a Classical Indian dance form from Andhra Pradesh, a state of South India. ... This is an article about the Dance forms of Andhra Pradesh in India and southern Asia. ... Kuchipudi (కుచిపుడి) (pronounced as Koochipoodi--Hams Mash (talk) 02:04, 23 March 2008 (UTC)) is a Classical Indian dance form from Andhra Pradesh, a state of South India. ... Burra katha, also spelled as Burrakatha, is a story telling technique used in villages of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu in India. ... Banjara is a community in India spread in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. ...


Festivals

Sankranthi, or Sankranti, is a festival that signifies the beginning of the harvest season for the farmers of India. ... Maha Shivratri or Maha Sivaratri or Shivaratri or Sivaratri (Night of Shiva) is a Hindu festival celebrated every year on the 14th day in the Krishna Paksha of the month Maagha (as per Shalivahana) or Phalguna(as per Vikrama) in the Hindu Calendar. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... Rama Navami is a Hindu holiday. ... Ganesh Chaturdhi, also known as Vinayaka Chavithi, is a Hindu festival that falls on the fourth day of the sixth month (Bhadrapadam) of the Indian Lunar Calendar. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Atla Tadde is a traditional festival celebrated by married Hindus women of Andhra Pradesh, India, for the health and long life of their husbands. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Bonalu ( Telugu: బోనాలు ) is a Hindu festival celebrated in Hyderabad, Secunderabad and some parts of Telangana, in ritual honour of Mahankali, The Mother Goddess. ... Sravanam is the most auspicious month in the Telugu calendar in India. ... Location of Telangana region Telangana region marked in white. ... Category: ... Location of Telangana region Telangana region marked in white. ...

Literature

Main article: Telugu literature

Telugu literature is highly influenced by Sanskrit literature and Hindu scriptures. Nannayya, Tikkana, and Yerrapragada form the trinity who translated the great epic Mahabharatha into Telugu. Bammera Potana is another great poet from Orugallu (Now Warangal) famous for his great classic Sri Madandhra Maha Bhagavatamu, a Telugu translation of 'Sri Bhagavatham' authored by Veda Vyasa in Sanskrit. Nannayya derived the present Telugu script(lipi) from the old Telugu-Kannada script. Emperor Krishna Deva Raya wrote Amuktamalyada and also made the famous statement : "Desa Bhashalandu Telugu lessa" meaning "Telugu is the sweetest amongst all Indian languages". Philosophical poems by Yogi-Vemana are quite famous. Modern writers include Jnanpith Award winners Sri Viswanatha Satya Narayana and Dr. C. Narayana Reddy. Revolutionary poets like SriSri and Gaddar are popular. Telugu literature is the literature of the Telugu people, an ethnic group based in southern India. ... Kavitrayam is a Telugu expression for trinity of poets. ... Kavitrayam is a Telugu expression for trinity of poets. ... Kavitrayam is a Telugu expression for trinity of poets. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is the great religious, philosophical and mythological epic of India. ... Bammera Potana (1450-1510) was a Telugu poet best known for his translation of the Bhagavatam from Sanskrit. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Krishnadevaraya Recently excavated Vishnu temple, Hampi Krishnadevaraya (Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ, Telugu:శ్రీకృష్ణదేవరాయ;) (1509-1529 CE) was the most famous king of Vijayanagara empire. ... The Jnanpith Award (ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार) is the highest literary honour conferred in the Republic of India. ... Viswantha Satyanarayana (1895-1976), popularly known as the Kavi Samraat or the emperor of poetry, was a modern Telugu poet. ... Dr. C. Narayana Reddy received the prestigious Jnanpith Award in 1988 for his contribution to Telugu literature. ...

Main article: Urdu literature

Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah was the first Deewan Shayar of Urdu Literary History. Makhdoom Mohiuddin regarded as revolutionary poet. Many classical writers like, Wali Mohammed Wali Dakhni, Amjad Hyderabadi, Charagh Hyderabadi, Aqeel Hashmi, Suleman Athhar Javed, Aslam Farshori, Ahmadnisar, Barq Kadapavi, Qamar Ameeni, and many others. Urdu literature has a long and colorful history that is inextricably tied to the development of that very language, Urdu, in which it is written. ... Sultan Quli Qutb Mulk (also transliterated in different ways) (? - 1543) was the founder of the Qutb Shahi dynasty which ruled the kingdom of Golconda in southern India from 1518 to 1687. ... Makhdoom Mohiuddin (1908-1969) was a revolutionary Urdu poet and Marxist politician from Hyderabad, India. ... Wali Mohammad Wali (1667-1707), (also known as Wali Deccani and Wali Aurangabadi) was a classical Urdu and Persian poets of the subcontinent. ... Aslam Farshori (b. ...


Movies

Main article: Telugu Cinema

Andhra Pradesh is the state with the most cinema halls in India, at around 3000[citation needed]. The state also produces about 200[citation needed] movies a year. It has around 40% (330 cinema halls out of 930 DTS cinema halls in India ([1]) of all the Dolby digital theatres in India. Now it also houses an IMax theatre with a big 3D screen and also 3-5 multiplexes. It is also the largest movie industry in India, producing more movies than any other industry. Telugu Cinema refers to the Telugu film industry. ...


Music

The state has a rich musical heritage. Many legends of the Carnatic music including Trinity of Carnatic music (Thyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri) were of Telugu descent. Other great composers include Annamacharya, Kshetrayya, and Bhadrachala Ramadasu. Folk songs are also popular in the rural areas of the state. Andhra Pradesh is a state of India, known for classical dance of various kinds. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Sri Tyagaraja (17??-1848), an ardent devotee of Sri Ramachandra, was one of the principal composers of Carnatic music, and is also regarded as the most important of the trinity of composers. ... Muttusvami Dikshitar is one of the Carnatic music composer trinity. ... Syama sastri, who is said to be one of the trimurthi in carnatic music, was born at Thiruvarur on Apr 26, 1762. ... Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya (శ్రీ తాళ్ళపాక అన్నమాచార్య) (1408-1503), the mystic saint composer of the 15th century is the earliest known musician of South India to compose songs called “sankeertanas” in praise of Lord Venkateswara, the deity of Seven Hills in Tirumala, India. ... Kancherla Gopanna (c 1620 - 1680 CE), popularly known as Bhadradri Ramadasu or Badrasala Ramadas, was a 17th century devotee of Rama and a composer of Carnatic music. ...


Religion

Andhra Pradesh is home to Hindu saints of all castes. An important backward-caste figure is, Sant Yogi Potuluri Veerabrahmam was a Shudra that even had a Brahmin, Harijan and Muslim disciples.[2] Fisherman Raghu was also a Sudra.[3] Sant Kakkayya was a chura (cobbler) Harijan saint. Saints are recognized in Hinduism although it does not require canonization or similar formal process to acknowledge a person as one. ... Dalit is a demeaning term referred to the so-called outcast people of India in a hindu religion. ... Dalit is a demeaning term referred to the so-called outcast people of India in a hindu religion. ...


Several important Hindu modern-day saint are from Andhra Pradesh. These include Nimbarka who founded Dvaitadvaita, Mother Meera who advocated Indian independence and Aurobindo Mission, Bala Sai Baba who advocates religious unity in worship, Satya Sai Baba who does the same, and Swami Sundara Chaitanyanandaji. Nimbarka, is known for propagating the Vaishnava Theology of Dvaitaadvaita, duality in unity. ... Dvaitadvaita was proposed by Nimbarka, a 13th Century Vaishnava Philosopher who hailed from Andhra Region. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... Bala Sai Baba is an Indian guru who claims to be the reincarnation of Shirdi Sai Baba. ... Sathya Sai Baba Sathya Sai Baba (born Sathya Narayana Raju, circa 1926-1929) is a popular, controversial Indian guru who has millions of followers and hundreds of Sathya Sai Baba groups in many countries. ...


His Holiness Satya Sai Baba is from a Shudra fisherman family on 23rd November 1926 in Puttaparthi. He is renowned worldwide as a man of peace. He is believed to be the avatar of Shirdi Sai Baba. Sathya Sai Organization has many branches worldwide. Its member are from all religions and seek to establish peace in the world. Sathya Sai Baba Sathya Sai Baba (born Sathya Narayana Raju, circa 1926-1929) is a popular, controversial Indian guru who has millions of followers and hundreds of Sathya Sai Baba groups in many countries. ... This article is about the concept in Hindu philosophy. ... This article is about the original, turn of the century Shirdi Sai Baba from Bombay state (now Maharashtra). ...


His Holiness Swami Sundara Chaitanyanandaji was born on 25th December 1947 in Kattubadipalem village, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh.


Pilgrimages in Andhra

Sacred Tirumala Temple
Sacred Tirumala Temple

Tirupati or Tirumala is a very important pilgrimage for Hindus throughout India. It is the richest holy temple city in India. Its main temple is dedicated to the god Tirupati. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 314 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Front View of Tirumala Temple I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 314 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Front View of Tirumala Temple I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tirumala (తిరుమల), the abode of the Hindu God Lord Venkateswara, is situated on a very ancient ridge of mountains in a southern district of Andhra Pradesh. ... Vishnu in the form of Lord Venkateshwara at Tirumala “वेंकटाद्रि समम् स्थानम् ब्रह्मांडे नास्ति किञ्चन । वेंकटेश समो देवो न भूतो न भविष्यति ॥“ There is no place in the Universe that is as great as “Venkatadri”. There is no God as great as Lord Venkateshwara in past or future. ...


Simhachalam is another very popular pilgrmage of national importance. Simhachalam is said in mythology to be the abode of the savior-god Narasimha, who rescued Prahlada from abusive father Hiranyakasipu. Simhachalam temple is an Hindu temple located in Andhra Pradesh, a south Indian state. ... (man-lion) (also spelt as Narasingh, Narasinga) (नरसिंह in Devanagari) is described as an incarnation (avatara) of Vishnu within the Puranic texts of Hinduism [1] who takes the form of half-man / half-lion, having a human torso and lower body, but with a lion-like face and claws. ... In Hinduism, Prahlada was a son of Hiranyakashipu, a Daitya who hated the devas, and most especially, Lord Vishnu, the followers of whom he began to torment. ... In Hinduism, Hiranyakashipu (or Hiranyakasipu) was a demon whose younger brother, Hiranyaksha was killed by Varaha, one of the avatars of Vishnu. ...


Srisailam is another center is national importance. It is dedicated mainly to Lord Shiva. It is one of the locations of the various Jyothirlingams. The Skanda Purana has a chapter called "Srisaila Kandam" dedicated to it, which points to the ancient origin. This is confirmed also by the fact that Tamil saints of the past millennia have sung praises of this temple. It is said that Adi Sankara visited this temple and at that time he composed his "Sivananda Lahiri". Shiva's sacred bull Vrishabha is said to have performed penance at the Mahakali temple till Shiva and Parvati appeared before him as Mallikarjuna and Brahmaramba. The temple is one of the 12 hallowed jyotirlingas; Lord Rama himself installed the Sahasralinga, while the Pandavas lodged the Panchapandava lingas in the temple courtyard. , Srisailam is a holy town and Mandal, situated in Nallamala hills of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... A Jyothirlingam is a special Hindu icon of Lord Shiva. ... Skanda Purana, one of the major eighteen Puranas, a Hindu religious text believed to be written and compiled over a long period, from 6th century to 15th century, is the largest Purana, and is devoted mainly to the life and deed of Kartikeya (also called Skanda), a son of Shiva... Sri Adi Sankara Adi Shankaracharya or Adi Shankara (the first Shankara in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of Lord), Shankara (approximately 509- 477 BC (though some claim 788-820 CE)) was the most famous Advaita philosopher who had a profound influence on the growth... Shivanandalahari (IAST ) is a devotional hymn composed by Adi Shankara, the Advaita philosopher, on Shiva. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kali. ... For the Harry Potter character, see Parvati Patil. ... This article is about the incarnation of Vishnu. ...


Other Cultural Elements

Bapu's paintings, Nanduri Subbarao's Yenki Paatalu (Songs on/by a washerwoman called Yenki), mischievous Budugu (a character by Mullapudi), Annamayya's songs, Aavakaaya (a variant of mango pickle in which the kernel of mango is retained), Gongura (a chutney from Roselle plant), Atla Taddi (a seasonal festival predominantly for teenage girls), banks of river Godavari, Dudu basavanna (The ceremonial ox decorated for door-to-door exhibition during the harvest festival Sankranti) have long defined Telugu culture. The village of Durgi is known for originating stone craft, carvings of idols in soft stone that must be exhibited in the shade because they are prone to weathering. Sattiraju Lakshmi Narayana, also known as Bapu was born on 14th of December in 1933 in Narsapur, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh. ... Nanduri Subbarao was a Telugu poet. ... Mullapudi Venkata Ramana is a Telugu story writer. ... Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya (శ్రీ తాళ్ళపాక అన్నమాచార్య) (1408-1503), the mystic saint composer of the 15th century is the earliest known musician of South India to compose songs called “sankeertanas” in praise of Lord Venkateswara, the deity of Seven Hills in Tirumala, India. ... Aavakaaya is a variety of Indian Pickle originated in Andhra Pradesh in India. ... Gongura (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is Roselle, a variant of the (Hibiscus cannabinus) plant. ... This article is about the condiment. ... Sankranti is a national festival in India. ... Durgi is a village in the Palnadu region of Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Education

Indian school of business
Indian school of business

Andhra Pradesh is served by more than 20 leading institutes of excellence in higher education. All major arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, business and veterinary science are offered, leading to first degrees as well as postgraduate awards. Advanced research is conducted in all major areas. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Andhra Pradesh has 1330 arts, science and commerce colleges, 238 engineering colleges and 53 medical colleges. The student to teacher ratio is 19:1 in the higher education. According to census taken in 2001, Andhra Pradesh has an overall literacy rate of 60.5%. While male literacy rate is at 70.3%, the female literacy rate however is only at 50.4%, a cause for concern.


The state has recently made strides in setting up several institutes of high quality. International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) and Indian School of Business (ISB) are gaining international attention for their standards. National Institute of Fashion Technology, Hyderabad (NIFT)[4]is well reputed among those interested in a career in fashion. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Major Universities/Institutes in Andhra Pradesh:

(See also List of institutions based in Hyderabad India) NIT may stand for any of the following: National Invitation Tournament is a college basketball tournament operated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. ... NIT or Nit or nit can refer to:- A common name for various types of lice eggs. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... // The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, (APAU), also known as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, was established on June 12, 1964 at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... // Andhra Pradesh Open University, also known as Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, is a public university in the city of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Acharya Nagarjuna University (sometimes referred to as simply Nagarjuna University) is one of the largest universities in India. ... This article is about a city in India. ... Andhra University (Telugu - ఆంధ్రా యూనివర్శిటి) is located in Visakhapatnam, North East Coastal Andhra Pradesh. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU) is a university main branch located at Kukatpally, Hyderabad. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Kakatiya University is a public university located in Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... The Maulana Azad National Urdu University is a Central University located in the city of Hyderabad in South India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Osmania University (also known as OU in short) is a public university situated in the city of Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University (PSTU) or simply Telugu University, is one of the few language universities in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... // Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati was established in 1954, in the famous temple town of Tirupati, South India, under the auspices of Late Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu, the then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, and with support of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... , Anantapuram   (Anantapuram in vernacular) is a city (population: 466,359) and a municipal corporation in Anantapur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... The Sri Sathya Sai University (formerly Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning) is the university founded by Sathya Sai Baba, under Section 3 of the UGC Act of 1956. ... Puttaparthi is the birth place and abode of Bhagwan Sathya Sai Baba. ... The University of Hyderabad is an institute of post-graduate teaching and research. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... The ICFAI University (hereinafter referred to as the University) represents the multi-state network of universities, sponsored by the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India (hereinafter referred to as the Institute) in Uttaranchal, Tripura, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland under respective legislations. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... The NALSAR Academic Block fom afar The National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR), University of Law was set-up in Hyderabad, India in 1998 to create a generation of able and competent lawyers who would join the Bar as well as the Bench. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Narsapur is a small town in Medak district, Andhra Pradesh. ... Indian School of Business entrance. ...

  • C.K.S. Teja Institute of Dental Sciences and Research,Tirupati
  • Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of dental science,HYDERABAD
  • Sir C.R.R. College of Engineering, Eluru
  • S.R.K.R. College of Engineering, Bhimavaram
  • Tenali Engineering College Located near Kolakaluru between Guntur & Tenali

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... == Tenali Engineering College == (approved by AICTE and affiliated to JNTU) (EAMCET code: Tenali Engineering College Address : Anumarlapudi Guntur District Andhra Pradesh India Correspondence: ______________ Tenali Engineering College Door no: 22-6-26 Krishnarao Naidu Street Kotha peta TENALI Guntur Dist. ...

Newspapers

Andhra Pradesh has several newspapers. Some of them are:

Eenadu (ఈనాడు), headquartered in Hyderabad, India, is the largest circulated Telugu news daily in the state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Andhra Jyothi is a Telugu daily newspaper. ... Vaartha is a Telugu daily newspaper in India. ... Andhra Bhoomi is a Telugu daily newspaper. ... Saakshi was the first film made by the writer-director duo of Mullapudi Venkata Ramana and Bapu. ... Andhra Prabha is a Telugu daily newspaper. ... The Deccan Chronicle Deccan Chronicle is a regional English daily in India. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... The Times of India (TOI) is a leading English-language broadsheet daily newspaper in India. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... The Economic Times, launched in 1961, is Indias largest financial daily and the worlds second largest financial daily after The Wall Street Journal, with a daily readership of over 650,000 copies. ... Business Line or The Hindu Business Line is an Indian business newspaper published by Kasturi and Sons, publishers of the The Hindu newspaper. ...

Tourism

Andhra Pradesh is the home of many religious pilgrim centres. Tirupati, the abode of Lord Venkateswara, is the richest and most visited religious center (of any faith) in the world. Srisailam, the abode of Sri Mallikarjuna, is one of twelve Jyothirlingalu in India, Amaravati's Siva temple is one of the Pancharamams, and Yadagirigutta, the abode of an avatara of Vishnu, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha. The Ramappa temple and Thousand Pillars temple in Warangal are famous for some fine temple carvings. The state has numerous Buddhist centres at Amaravati, Nagarjuna Konda, Bhattiprolu, Ghantasala, Nelakondapalli, Dhulikatta, Bavikonda, Thotlakonda, Shalihundam, Pavuralakonda, Sankaram, Phanigiri and Kolanpaka. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Araku valley is a famous hill station located in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... In Hinduism, Venkateshwara (also spelled as Venkateswara, Venkateshwer or Venkatachalapathi) is a much-worshipped form of Vishnu. ... , Srisailam is a holy town and Mandal, situated in Nallamala hills of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India. ... A Jyothirlingam is a special Hindu icon of Lord Shiva. ...

Rishikonda beach
Rishikonda beach

The golden beaches at Visakhapatnam,the one-million-year old limestone caves at Borra, picturesque Araku Valley, hill resorts of Horsley Hills, river Godavari racing through a narrow gorge at Papi Kondalu, waterfalls at Ettipotala, Kuntala and rich bio-diversity at Talakona, are some of the natural attractions of the state. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Araku valley is a famous hill station located in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. ...

The Borra Caves are located in the Anatagiri Hills of Eastern Ghats, near Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh State in India. They are at a height of about 800 to 1300 metres above Mean Sea Level and are famous for millions of years old stalactite and stalagmite formations. They were discovered by William King George, the British geologist in the year 1807.The caves get their name from a formation inside the caves that looks like the human brain, which in the local language, Telugu, is known as borra.Similarly Belum caves was formed due to erosion in limestone deposite in the area by Chitravati River, millions of years ago. This limestone caves was formed due to action of carbonic acid — or weakly acidic groundwater formed due to reaction between limestone and water. The Borra Caves are located near Vishakapatnam. ...

Belum Caves

Belum Caves are the second largest cave in Indian sub-continent and the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent. Belum Caves derives its name from "Bilum" Sanskrit word for caves. In Telugu language, it is called Belum Guhalu. Belum Caves has a length of 3229 meters, making it the second largest natural caves in Indian Subcontinent. Belum Caves have long passages, spacious chambers, fresh water galleries and siphons. The caves reach its deepest point (120 feet from entrance level) at the point known as Patalganaga. Belum Caves is located at Belum Village in Kolimigundla Mandal of Kurnool district in State of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Belum Caves is located at Belum Village in Kolimigundla Mandal of Kurnool district in State of Andhra Pradesh, India. ...


Horsley Hills Horsley Hills, elevation 1,265 m, is a famous summer hill resort in Andhra Pradesh, about 160 km from Bangalore, India and 144 km from Tirupati. The town of Madanapalle lies nearby. Major tourist attractions include the Mallamma temple and the Rishi valley school. Horsely Hills is the departure point for the Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary at a distance of 87 km. Horsley Hills, elevation 1,265 m, is a famous summer hill resort in Andhra Pradesh, about 160 km from Bangalore, India and 144 km from Tirupati. ...


The narrow road to Horsely Hills is very scenic. It is surrounded throughout its entire length with dense growths of eucalyptus, jacaranda, allamanda, and gulmohar trees. This place is also believed to be haunted by some ghosts.


Charminar, Golconda Fort, Chandragiri Fort, Chowmahalla Palace and Falaknuma Palace are some of the monuments in the state. Charminar (Devanagari: चार मीनार, Nastaliq: چار مینار) (translation: Four Towers), or a mosque of the four minarets, is a monument located in the City of Hyderabad, the capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... Golconda was one of the Deccan sultanates. ... For other places with the same name, see Chandragiri (disambiguation). ... Chowmahalla Palace Chowmahalla Palace was once the centre of Hyderabad. ... Falaknama Palace (sometimes called Mirror of the Sky) is one of the finest palaces in Hyderabad. ...


Transport

Major road links of Andhra Pradesh
Major road links of Andhra Pradesh

There are six airports in the state namely, Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi International), Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada (Gannavaram), Rajahmundry (Madhurapudi) and Tirupati (Renigunta). Government also have plans to start airports in 6 other cities including Sri Potti Sreeramulu Nellore, Warangal, Kadapa, Tadepalligudem, Ramagundam and Ongole. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (923x881, 81 KB) Summary Map of w:Andhra Pradesh, India with major Road links. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (923x881, 81 KB) Summary Map of w:Andhra Pradesh, India with major Road links. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad Airport (disambiguation). ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... Gannavaram ( గన్నవరం)is a town and a Mandal headquarter located in krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, India, twenty four kilometers from the city of Vijayawada on National Highway number 5 connecting Chennai to Kolkata. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Renigunta is a census town in Chittoor district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... For the district with the same name, see Nellore district. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... , Kadapa (Telugu: à°•à°¡à°ª, Hindi: कडप्पा), formerly Cuddapah, is a city in Andhra Pradesh, India, the headquarters of Kadapa District. ... , Tadepalligudem is a town and a municipality in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Ramagundam (including Godavarikhani Town} is a municipality in the Karimnagar district of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Ongole, is a town and a municipality in Prakasam district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ...


Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) is the major public transport corporation owned by government of Andhra Pradesh connecting all the cities and villages. APSRTC also has the distinction of being in the Guinness book of World records for having the largest fleet of vehicles, and the longest area covered/commuted daily. Apart from these thousands of private operators run buses connecting major cities and towns of the state. Private vehicles like auto rickshaws occupy a major share of the local transport in the cities and adjoining villages. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) is the leading transport corporation in Andhra Pradesh State, India. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Andhra Pradesh also has two of the important ports of India at Visakhapatnam and Kakinada and two minor ports Machilipatnam and Krishnapatnam. , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Machilipatnam (Telugu:మచిలిపట్నం)  , also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar or Masula (for short among Finnish mission workers[2]), is a city and a special grade municipality in Krishna district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Krishnapatnam is small port town in Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ...


Famous People from Andhra Pradesh

See List of people from Andhra Pradesh This is a list of important people from Andhra Pradesh, India, throughout history. ...


See also

The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ... Middle kingdoms of India refers to the political entities in India from the 6th century BCE through to the Islamic invasions and the related Decline of Buddhism from the 7th century CE. // Kingdoms and Empires The Aryans had invaded India from the Northwest, according to the Aryan Invasion Theory, and... Madras Province in 1859. ... Bruce Elliot Tapper (born in the USA) is a Telugu anthropologist and writer. ...

Notes

  1. ^ A Study of Telugu Place-names By S. S. Ramachandra Murthy, P. 10
  2. ^ AP Cabinet approves four regional planning boards.
  3. ^ POPULATION CHARACTERSTICS - ANDHRA PRADESH (English). Census of India. budget.ap.gov.in. Retrieved on 2008-06-04.
  4. ^ Agriculture dept. of Andhra Pradesh.
  5. ^ a b c Key Sectors of Andhra Pradesh.
  6. ^ http://mospi.nic.in/6_gsdp_cur_9394ser.htm
  7. ^ Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
  8. ^ Parliament of India.
  9. ^ Helmutt Hoffmann, "Buddha's Preaching of the Kalachakra Tantra at the Stupa of Dhanyakataka," in: German Scholars on India, Vol. I. PP. 136-140. (Varanasi, 1973)
  10. ^ Taranatha; http://www.kalacakra.org/history/khistor2.htm
  11. ^ Robert Sewell, A Forgotten Empire (Vijayanagar): A contribution to the history of India, Chapter 2 (http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext02/fevch10.txt
  12. ^ Ntitya Ratnavali (http://www.telugupeople.com/discussion/article.asp?id=111

18. http://www.dae.gov.in/ni/nijul03/cudapah.pdf 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ...


Heal - Health and Education for All - Children's charity in Andhra Pradesh


External links

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... The history of Andhra Pradesh // Main article: Andhra Kingdom There are several references about an Andhra kingdom and a people called Andhras in the Sanskrit epics Mahabharata and Ramayana, Puranas, and Buddhist Jataka Tales. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... , Guntur is a district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh on the east coast of Bay of Bengal. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Kadapa (previously Cuddapah) is one of the districts of Rayalaseema in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Map showing karimnagar district Karimnagar is a district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... Khammanm is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Krishna District is a district of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... Kurnool District is a district in Andhra Pradesh. ... Mahabubnagar District, is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India, with its headquarters at Mahabubnagar. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Nalgonda District is a district in Andhra Pradesh. ... For the city, see Nellore. ... Nizamabad is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Prakasam District is an administrative district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... For the city, see Warangal. ... Map showing West Godavari district West Godavari (పశ్చిమ గోదావరి) is a district in Andhra Pradesh in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... – , Tirupati is a temple town in Chittoor District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... This article is about a city in India. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... For the district with the same name, see Nellore district. ... , Map showing kurnool district Kurnool   is a city in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... , Anantapuram   (Anantapuram in vernacular) is a city (population: 466,359) and a municipal corporation in Anantapur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Eluru is a munucipal corporation in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Machilipatnam (Telugu:మచిలిపట్నం)  , also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar or Masula (for short among Finnish mission workers[2]), is a city and a special grade municipality in Krishna district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Karimnagar is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Karimnagar district is in the northern Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh state of India. ... , Kadapa (Telugu: à°•à°¡à°ª, Hindi: कडप्पा), formerly Cuddapah, is a city in Andhra Pradesh, India, the headquarters of Kadapa District. ... , Khammam is a town in the Khammam District of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झाड़खण्ड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মনিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड or उत्तराखंड), is a state located in the northern part of India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Andhra Tourism,Andhra Pradesh Tourism,Travel Agents in Andhra Pradesh,Andhra Pradesh Tour Pradesh Tour ... (492 words)
Andhra Pradesh, India's fifth largest state, is sprawled over an area of 275,068 sq.
A.P.State Museum, Hyderabad: A visit to the Andhra Pradesh State Museum is a delight for art lovers.
Vijayawada is known as the political as well as publishing capital of andhra Pradesh.
Andhra Pradesh,Andhra Pradesh Tourism,Andhra Pradesh Travel,Andhra Pradesh India,Andhra Tours (749 words)
Andhra Pradesh is known for the famous Sri Venkateswara temple at Tirupati, Charminar, Salar Jung Museum, Golconda Fort in Hyderabad and Buddhist viharas at Nagarjunasagar.
Culture of Andhra Pradesh: Beautiful crafts, vibrant religious festivals, a varied cuisine and the sonorant mother tongue, Telugu, are some of the indelible impressions of this state.
Festivals of Andhra Pradesh: The Deccan Festival, with its cultural programmes is celebrated in February.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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