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Encyclopedia > Andalusian classical music

Andalusian classical music is a style of classical music found across North Africa, though it evolved out of the music of Andalusia between the 10th and 15th centuries. It is now most closely associated with Morocco, and a derivative called malouf is known in Tunisia. For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ... Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ... Andalusia is a region in Spain that is best-known for flamenco, a form of music and dance that is Gypsy in origin and popular throughout the world. ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... The Tunisian Republic, or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. ...

Contents

Origins

Andalusian classical music probably evolved under the Moors in Cordoba, and the Baghdad-born musician Zyriab is usually credited with its invention. Zyriab invented the nuba, a suite which forms the basis of al-âla, the primary form of Andalusian classical music today, along with gharnati and milhûn. A high altitude form of heathland habitat widespread in northern Britain; see heath. ... Córdoba most commonly means Córdoba, Spain, a famous city in Spain inhabited since the time of ancient Rome, and the seat of the Emir of Córdoba and the Caliph of Córdoba. ... A street map of Baghdad Average temperature (red) and precipitations (blue) in Baghdad Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq and the Baghdad Province. ... Zyriab, poet and musician, of Persian origin. ... Nuba is a collective term used for the peoples who inhabit the Nuba Mountains, in Kordofan province, Sudan, Africa. ...


Music

There used to be twenty-four nuba linked to each hour of the day, but only four nuba have survived in their entirety, and seven in fragmentary form. An entire nuba can last six or seven hours and are divied into five parts called mizan, each with a corresponding rhythm. The rhythms occur in the following order in a complete nuba:

  1. basît (6/4)
  2. qaum wa nusf (8/4)
  3. darj (4/4)
  4. btâyhi (8/4)
  5. quddâm (3/4 or 6/8)

Each mizan begins with instrumental preludes called either tuashia, m'shaliya or bughya, followed by as many as twenty songs (sana'a) in the entire mizan.


Andalusian classical schools are spread across Morocco, having left Spain when the Arabs were driven out of the country. Valencia's school is now in Fez, while Granada's is located in Tetouan and Chaouen. Cities like Tangier and Meknes have their own orchestras as well. Pavement of a Valencia street, with arbour. ... The word Fez can refer to: Fez, a type of hat. ... The City of Granada Alhambra, Courtyard of the Lions Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in Andalusia, Spain (Andalucía, España). ... Tétouan (Arabic: Titwan or Tittawen) is the capital and cultural centre of the region Tanga (Tangiers) in the north of Morocco. ... Tangier (in Berber and Arabic Tanja, in Spanish Tánger and in French Tanger) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 350,000, or 550,000 including suburbs. ... Meknes is a city in northern Morocco 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ...


Instruments

Andalusian classical music uses instruments including oud (lute), rabab (fiddle), darbouka (goblet drums), taarija (tambourine), kanun (zither) and kamenjah (violin). Other instruments have included pianos, banjos and clarinets, though none of these instruments lasted for long. The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a fifth apart. ... Spanish antique tambourine The tambourine is musical instrument of the percussion family consisting of a single drumhead mounted on a ring with small metal jingles. ... The qanún is a musical string instrument used in Middle-Eastern music. ... Zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music. ... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a fifth apart. ... The piano Piano is a common abbreviation for pianoforte, a large musical instrument with a keyboard (see keyboard instrument). ... The banjo is a string instrument, derived from banjar, an African string instrument. ... A bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than the more common Bb soprano clarinet. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Classical music (871 words)
Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition.
For Western classical music this is the Classical music era, a period of about 50 years starting in the second half of the 18th century (with Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven as its most famous exponents).
Classical music is sometimes defined as music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of art, ecclesiastical and concert music.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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