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Encyclopedia > Andalucia
For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation).
Comunidad Aut noma de
Andaluc a
 
(In Detail)  
Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator

Andaluc a por s , para Espa a y la humanidad
(Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humanity)

image:ccaa-andalusia.png
Capital Seville
Area


 - total
 - % of Spain

Ranked 2nd


87 268 km
17,2%

Population


 - Total (2003)
 - % of Spain
 - Density

Ranked 1st


7 478 432
17,9%
85,70/km

Demonym


 - English
 - Spanish


Andalusian
andaluz, andaluza

Statute of Autonomy January 11, 1982
ISO 3166-2 AN

Parliamentary
representation

 Congress seats
 Senate seats

 

62
8

President Manuel Chaves Gonz lez (PSOE)
Junta de Andaluc a (http://www.juntadeandalucia.es)


Andalusia (Andaluc a in Spanish) is one of the seventeen autonomous communities that constitute Spain. Its capital is Sevilla.


Located in the south of the country, Andalusia is bounded on the north by Extremadura and Castile-La Mancha, on the east by Murcia, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea and Gibraltar, and on the west by Portugal. Tartessos, the capitol of a once great power, was located in Andalusia.


The early history of Andalusia can be found in the entry Hispania Baetica, the name of the Roman province that corresponds to the region. The Islamic history can be found in the entry al-Andalus; "Andalusia" derives from this name the Moors gave to this land.


The Spanish spoken in the Americas is largely descended from the Andalusian dialect of Castilian Spanish due to the role played by Seville as the gateway to Spain's American colonies in the 16th and 17th centuries.


A lot of Moorish architecture is found in Andalusia, because it was the last stronghold of the Moors before the conquer by the Catholic Monarchs completed in 1492. The most famous are The Alhambra in Granada, the Mezquita in C rdoba and the Torre del Oro and Giralda towers in Sevilla. Archaeological remains include Medina Azahara, near C rdoba.


Andalusia is divided in 8 provinces:

  • Sevilla
  • Granada
  • C rdoba
  • C diz
  • M laga
  • Huelva
  • Ja n
  • Almer a

Major cities in Andalusia are:

Andalusia is the home of flamenco music. Andalusia has an anthem written by Blas Infante:

La bandera blanca y verde,
vuelve tras siglos de guerra.
A decir Paz y Esperanza,
bajo el sol de nuestra tierra.
Andaluces, levant os!
Pedid tierra y libertad!
Sea por Andalucia libre,
Espa a y la Humanidad.
Los andaluces queremos
volver a ser lo que fuimos.
Hombres de luz que a los hombres,
Alma de hombres les dimos.
Andaluces, levant os!
Pedid tierra y libertad!
Sea por Andalucia libre,
Espa a y la Humanidad.

The Macarena is an aspect of the Virgin Mary recognized in Andalusia, Spain. It is the title given to Nuestra Se ora de la Esperanza (Our Lady of Hope), in Seville. It is also the name of a neighbourhood in Seville and a common first name for Andalusian women.


External links

  • Statute of Autonomy (http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/SP/Junta_de_Andalucia/CDA/Paginas/JDA-IndiceSimbolos/0,16390,,00.html) (in Spanish)
  • Government of Andalusia (http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/) (in Spanish)
  • Parliament of Andalusia (http://www.parlamento-and.es/) (in Spanish)
  • Basic statistical data for Andalusia (http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/institutodeestadistica/dtbas/dtb03/dtb03.pdf) (in Spanish, .pdf format)


 
Autonomous Communities of Spain
Andalusia | Aragon | Asturias | Balearic Islands | Basque Country | Canary Islands | Cantabria | Castile-La Mancha | Castile-Leon | Catalonia | Extremadura | Galicia | La Rioja | Madrid | Murcia | Navarre | Valencia | Ceuta | Melilla | Plaza de soberan a

  Results from FactBites:
 
Andalucia (914 words)
Throughout Andalucia's history the territory was gradually decreased, reflecting the emerging strength of Christian Spain and the increasing military and political weakness of the Muslim world, then especially in North Africa.
But from this, "Andalucia" has been given as name to the entire Muslim history on the peninsula, even periods when other names were used, and territories extended far beyond Andalucia; Cordoba, Almoravids and Almohads.
Andalucia is often referred to as the most prominent example of a tolerant and cultural Muslim state, an image enhanced by the lack of such qualities in contemporary Europe.
About Andalucia (Andalusia) - history, culture and information (792 words)
Andalucia is Spain’s largest region and it’s the one which evokes the most powerful images of a country famed for its flamenco, fiestas, bullfighting and raw passion.
Andalucia gave birth to Pablo Picasso and the 17 th century royal painter Velasquez and it held an enduring fascination for novelists Ernest Hemingway and Laurie Lee.
Andalucia’s historic highlights include the fabulous Arab “mezquita” of Cordoba – the world’s third largest mosque built at a time when this was the most opulent city on the planet – and Granada’s famous Alhambra Palace which stands today as one of the most impressive architectural feats of all time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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