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Encyclopedia > Ancient woodland

Ancient Woodland is a term used in the United Kingdom to refer specifically to woodland dating back to at least 1600 in England and Wales, (or 1750 in Scotland). Before this, planting of new woodland was uncommon, so a wood present in 1600 was likely to have developed naturally. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1232x1632, 710 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Ancient woodland Boreal (period) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is differentiated from a forest. ... 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ...


The term is analogous to the American term old growth forest. Old growth forest, sometimes called late seral forest or ancient forest or primary forest is an area of forest that has attained great age and exhibits unique biological features. ...


Ancient semi-natural woodland (ASNW) is composed of native tree species that have not obviously been planted. Planted ancient woodland sites (PAWS) are ancient woods in which the former tree cover has been replaced, often with non-native trees; features of ancient woodland often survive in many of these woods too, including characteristic wildlife, and structures of archaeological interest.


Species which are particularly characteristic of ancient woodland sites are called ancient woodland indicator (AWI) species. The term tends to be applied more commonly to plant species than to animals, as they are slower to colonise planted woodlands, and are thus viewed as more reliable indicators of ancient woodland sites. Lists of ancient woodland indicator species among vascular plants have been developed by the Nature Conservancy Council for each region of England - each list containing the 100 most reliable indicators for that region. The methodology used involved studying the flora of known woodland sites and analysing occurrence patterns to determine which species were most indicative of sites which existed before 1600. Although ancient woodland indicator species can & do occur in non-ancient woodlands, and also in non-woodland sites such as hedgerows, it is uncommon for a site which is not ancient woodland to host a double-figure AWI species total. The Nature Conservancy Council (NCC) was a former British government agency responsible for designating and managing national nature reserves and other such conservation areas. ...


Ancient woods over 20,000 square metres in size are recorded in Ancient Woodland Inventories (AWIs), compiled in the 1980s and 1990s by the Nature Conservancy Council in England, Scotland and Wales and maintained by its successor organisations in those countries. There is currently no inventory in Northern Ireland but the Woodland Trust is compiling one to be completed in 2006. The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... The Nature Conservancy Council (NCC) was a former British government agency responsible for designating and managing national nature reserves and other such conservation areas. ... The woodland trust logo The Woodland Trust, founded in Devon in 1972, and now based in Grantham, Lincolnshire, is a conservation charity in the United Kingdom concerned with the protection and sympathetic management of native woodland heritage. ...


For many species of animal and plant, ancient woodland sites provide the sole habitat, and for many others, conditions on these sites are much more suitable than those on other sites. For these reasons conservation organisations often describe ancient woodland as an "irreplaceable" resource.


Britain's ancient woodland cover has declined greatly. Since the 1930s almost half of ancient broadleaved woodland in England and Wales has been planted with conifers or cleared for agriculture. Only 3,090 square kilometres of ASNW survive in Britain – less than 20% of the total wooded area. More than 8 out of 10 ancient woods in England and Wales are less than 200,000 square metres, only 501 exceed 1 square kilometre and a mere 14 are larger than 3 square kilometres. (Source The Woodland Trust, UK woodland charity). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


See also

Old growth forest, sometimes called late seral forest or ancient forest or primary forest is an area of forest that has attained great age and exhibits unique biological features. ...

References

  • Spencer, J. and Kirby, K. (1992) An inventory of ancient woodland for England and Wales. Biological Conservation 62, 77-93
  • Walker, G.J. and Kirby, K.J. (1989) Inventories of ancient, long-established and semi-natural woodland for Scotland. Nature Conservancy Council: Research and survey in nature conservation No. 22

  Results from FactBites:
 
Woods under threat (689 words)
Even an ancient wood which has been replanted, perhaps with conifers, may still have remnants of ancient woodland wildlife and historical features and has potential to be restored.
Ancient woodland is not a statutory designation - it does not give the wood legal protection - but if you are trying to protect a wood from damage or destruction if it is ancient it helps to add weight to your case.
In Britain, ancient woods over two hectares in size are mostly recorded on ancient woodland inventories held by English Nature, the Countryside Council for Wales and Scottish Natural Heritage.
Ancient woodland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (526 words)
Ancient Woodland is a term used in the United Kingdom to refer specifically to woodland dating back to at least 1600 in England and Wales, (or 1750 in Scotland).
Although ancient woodland indicator species can and do occur in non-ancient woodlands, and also in non-woodland sites such as hedgerows, it is uncommon for a site which is not ancient woodland to host a double-figure AWI species total.
Ancient woods over 20,000 square metres in size are recorded in Ancient Woodland Inventories (AWIs), compiled in the 1980s and 1990s by the Nature Conservancy Council in England, Scotland and Wales and maintained by its successor organisations in those countries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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