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Encyclopedia > Ancient university

Ancient university is a term used to describe the medieval and renaissance universities of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland that have continued to exist. Because no universities were founded in these countries between the 17th and 19th centuries, an ancient university effectively means one that was founded before the 17th century. The first European medieval universities were established in Italy and France in the late 12th and early 13th Century for the study of arts, law, medicine, and theology. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...

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The British Isles

The ancient universities in the British Isles are, in order of formation: Location of the British Isles The British Isles are a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe consisting of Great Britain, Ireland, and several thousand smaller surrounding islands and islets. ...

"Oxbridge" is a portmanteau name for the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest in England (see Oxbridge rivalry). The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... St Marys College Bute Medical School Postgraduate Students Affiliations 1994 Group Website www. ... The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451, in Glasgow, Scotland. ... The University of Aberdeen is one of the ancient universities of Scotland. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The University of Dublin, located in Dublin, Ireland, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, making it Irelands oldest university. ... Look up Portmanteau word in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, collectively known as Oxbridge, are the two oldest and most famous universities in England. ...


The ancient universities of Scotland share several distinctive features and are governed by arrangements laid down by the Universities (Scotland) Acts. The Ancient universities of Scotland are those universities founded during the medieval period, and comprise (list by year of being chartered): The University of St Andrews, founded 1411 by papal bull The University of Glasgow, founded 1451 by papal bull The University of Aberdeen, founded 1495 by papal bull (as...


Since Aberdeen is made up of King's College of 1495 and Marischal College of 1593 (which two did not merge until 1860), the institution's prospectus light-heartedly claims that for some time Aberdeen boasted "as many universities as England." The University of Aberdeen is one of the ancient universities of Scotland. ... Kings College, Aberdeen was founded on 10 February 1495 by Bishop William Elphinstone in Old Aberdeen. ... Marschal College viewed from Upper Kirkgate Marischal College was founded in 1593 in Aberdeen by George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal of Scotland. ...


No more universities were created in the United Kingdom until the University of Wales, Lampeter in 1822 (students were admitted in 1827), University College London in 1826, King's College London in 1829 (both granted formal university status as part of the University of London in 1836), and the University of Durham in 1832. The Red Brick universities of the 19th century followed. University of Wales, Lampeter Prifysgol Cymru, Llanbedr Pont Steffan   University of Wales, Lampeter (Welsh: Prifysgol Cymru, Llanbedr Pont Steffan) is a university in Lampeter, Wales, the oldest degree awarding institution in Wales, and the third oldest in England and Wales after Oxford and Cambridge. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is one of the colleges that make up the University of London. ... Kings College London is the largest college of the federal University of London, and, having received its royal charter in 1829, is Englands third oldest university institution. ... The University of London is a federation of colleges and institutes which together constitute one of the worlds largest universities. ... Durham University is a university in England. ... Red Brick originally referred to the six civic British universities that were founded in the industrial cities of England in the Victorian era and achieved university status before World War II. The civic university movement started in 1851 with Owens College, Manchester (now the University of Manchester), which became the... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See Also

This page brings together (in alphabetical order) the heraldic devices of United Kingdom schools, colleges and universities which are included in the English Wikipedia (and Wikipedia Commons) databases. ...

Elsewhere in the world

Several of the medieval universities of Continental Europe are the oldest in the world; older than any of the institutions listed above. The University of Parma was founded in 1064 (the oldest university in the world), University of Bologna was founded in 1088 (the second oldest university in the world), the University of Paris was founded somewhere around 1150 and the University of Palencia (Spain) was founded in 1212. World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... The University of Parma, Italy, (Università degli Studi di Parma) is one of the oldest universities in the world, founded in the 11th century. ... The University of Bologna (Italian Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna, UNIBO) is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in the world, and the second biggest university in Italy. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... The University of Palencia was founded by Alfonso VIII at the request of Bishop Tello Téllez de Meneses and was the first university of Spain. ...


The University of Constantinople was founded in the 9th century as a secular institute of higher learning, but its operation was discontinued after the Ottoman conquest. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


If the definition of a university is broadened to those that did not originally grant degrees but now do, then some ancient institutes predate even the University of Bologna (for example, Nalanda University had been established by the 5th century BC in India, Nanjing University was founded in 258 in China, and Al-Azhar University was founded in 988 in Egypt). Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Remains at Nalanda Nalanda is a historical place in central Bihar, India, 90 km south-east of the state capital of Patna. ... Nanjing University (南京大学, 南京大學, Pinyin: Nánjīng Dàxué; colloquially 南大, Pinyin Nándà) is one of the oldest higher learning institutions in the world, and became the first modern Chinese university in the early 1920s. ... Al-Azhar University in Cairo Egypt Al-Azhar University (Arabic: الأزهر الشريف; al-Azhar al-Shareef, the Noble al-Azhar), is connected to the mosque in Cairo named to honor Fatima Az-Zahraa, the daughter of the prophet Muhammad, from whom the Fatimid Dynasty claimed descent. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Ancient universities of Scotland (2008 words)
The University of Aberdeen is one of the ancient universities of Scotland.
The University of Dundee is the principal university in the city and Royal Burgh of Dundee, Scotland.
Uniquely, the five ancient universities award a degree bearing the title of Master of Arts for undergraduate courses in Arts, Humanities, Fine Art, Divinity and sometimes Social Sciences; this is roughly equivalent to a bachelor's degree from the rest of the United Kingdom.
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (1022 words)
Ancient university is a term used to describe the medieval and renaissance universities of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland that have continued to exist.
The University of Dundee was established as an independent institution by Royal Charter in 1967, but has a history going back to the 19th century and was fully incorporated as a college of the University of St Andrews for most of its history, known as University College Dundee and Queen's College at various periods.
While the term 'ancient university' is generally concentrated on the universities of the British Isles, there are several universities in the world which are very much ancient and often pre-date those in the UK and Ireland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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