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Encyclopedia > Ancash region
Región Ancash
Coat of Arms
Image:ancash_region_in_peru.png
See other Peruvian regions
President Ricardo Narváez Soto
Capital Huaraz
Largest city Chimbote
Area 35,039.19 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

1 107 828 (2002 estimate)
30.86/km²
Subdivisions 20 provinces and 165 districts
Elevation
  - Lowest
  - Highest

0 m (sea level)
6768 m (Huascarán)
Main resources
Poverty rate 61.1%
Percentage of country's GDP 2.76%
Dialing code 043
ISO 3166-2 PE-ANC
Official website: www.regionancash.gob.pe

Ancash is a region located in northern Peru. It is bordered by the La Libertad Region on the north, the Huánuco and Pasco regions on the east, the Lima Region on the south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Its capital is the city of Huaraz and its largest city and port is Chimbote. The name of the region originates from the Quechua word "anqash", which means blue. Image File history File links Ancash_escudo. ... Image File history File links Ancash_region_in_peru. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Huaraz is a city in central Peru. ... Chimbote is the largest city in the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Huascarán or Nevado Huascarán is a mountain of the Cordillera Blanca, part of the Western Andes. ... Natural resources are naturally occuring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. ... World map showing percentage of people living under national poverty lines. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... La Libertad is a region in northwestern Peru. ... Huánuco is a region in central Peru. ... Pasco is a department in Peru. ... The Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions in Peru. ... Huaraz is a city in central Peru. ... Chimbote is the largest city in the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Quechua (Runa Simi in Quechua; Runa, human + Simi, speech, literally mouth; i. ... Blue is any of a number of similar colors. ...

Contents


Geography

Laguna Llanganuco in Yungay
Laguna Llanganuco in Yungay

The territory of the coast, high plateaux and Andean punas of the Ancash Region are flat, while the rest of its territory, occupied by the Andes, is very rough. In the west, slopes with strong declivity have been shaped in narrow canyons with abrupt and deserted sides. Also in the Pacific slopes, the Santa River has shaped a wide valley in the punas which is getting narrow each time until cut the Cordillera Negra ("black mountain range") where the majestic Del Pato Canyon has been formed. Most of the Ancash population is concentrated in the Callejón de Huaylas formed by the Blanca and Negra Cordilleras (mountain ranges). Two areas are the most outstanding surfaces in the topography of Ancash: the Cordillera Negra located on the west of the Callejón de Huaylas, which has peaks without glaciers; and the Cordillera Blanca located on the east, which has several peaks covered with snow and ice, such as the Huascarán, which is the highest peak in Peru (6768 m above sea level), and the Alpamayo. Likewise, there are many lagoons that originated from glaciers like Llanganuco and Paron. Image File history File links Llanganuco_lagoon. ... Image File history File links Llanganuco_lagoon. ... Yungay is a town in the Ancash Region in north central Peru, South America. ... In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat open country if the uplift was recent in geologic history. ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... View of the Pacific Ocean from Oregon. ... Río Santa is a river in the South American Andes cordillera in the Ancash Region of northwest central Peru. ... Aletsch glacier, Switzerland A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... The Cordillera Blanca (White Range) is a mountain range in the Peruvian Andes. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Frozen Waterfall in the Rhön mountains A natural, 4 tonne, block of ice on a beach in Iceland Ice can refer to any of the 14 known solid phases of water. ... Huascarán or Nevado Huascarán is a mountain of the Cordillera Blanca, part of the Western Andes. ... Alpamayo is one of 50 peaks in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range, part of the Peruvian Andes. ...


History

Between the years 400 and 600 B.C. the Chavín civilization flourished in this zone. The importance of this culture does not only lie on its antiquity but also in the fact that a synthesis of a disperse and previous cultural process was started with this civilization and which was started in other places of the Andean and Amazonian territory. The name Chavin originates from the Quechua word "Chaupin" which means: center or headquarters. During the Inca age, the population of the Santa valley were incorporated to the Empire by Inca Pachacuti. Chavin refers to two different things: Chavín is the name of a pre-Moche people in Peru Chavín is a parish belonging to the municipality of Viveiro, Galiza,Spain. ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... A river in the Amazon rainforest The Amazon Rainforest is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon Basin of South America. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... Pachacuti as drawn by Guaman Poma Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec; Quechua Pachakutiq, literally world-turner, i. ...


The first Spaniards came to Huaylas attracted by the fame of the silver veins of the region. The search for silver and gold by Indians provoked the Spanish to destroy the Inca cities. Most of the Inca mines, explotated by the Spaniards, were very well appreciated like the San Luis de Huari mines. When Francisco Pizarro was in Cajamarca, he heard some stories about the richness of the Santa valley and decided to move there in order to found a city. After bloody battles against huaylas and conchucos, the Indian were put under the control of the Spaniards. By that time, Jeronimo de Alvarado founded the city of Huaraz. In the Colonial Age, this city did not become important and its artistic and cultural life did not have much relevance. General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Francisco Pizarro (c. ... Aerial view of Cajamarca, with Santa Appollonia hill in foreground Cajamarca is located in the northern highlands of Peru, and is the capital of the Cajamarca region. ... Huaraz is a city in central Peru. ...


During Independence, Simón Bolívar established his headquarters in Huaraz. Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios y Blanco (*July 24, 1783 in Caracas, Venezuela; † December 17, 1830 in Santa Marta, Colombia) was a South American revolutionary leader. ...


The 1970 Ancash earthquake devastated the region, killing more than 50 000 people and damaging 186 000 houses in one of the deadliest natural disasters in Peru. The 1970 Ancash earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred at 20:23:31 UTC (15:23:31 local time) on Sunday, May 31, 1970, affecting the Peruvian regions of Ancash and La Libertad, and that combined with a subsequent landslide, was the most catastrophic natural disaster ever recorded in... A disaster is a natural or man-made event that negatively affects life, property, livelihood or industry, often resulting in permanent changes to human societies, ecosystems and environment. ...

Huascarán, the highest peak in Yungay,Peru
Huascarán, the highest peak in Yungay,Peru

Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1328 KB)View of Nevado Huascarán from the town of Huaraz File links The following pages link to this file: Ancash Region Huascarán ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1328 KB)View of Nevado Huascarán from the town of Huaraz File links The following pages link to this file: Ancash Region Huascarán ...

Tourism

In Ancash, the geographical center of the region is formed by the Callejón de Huaylas, which is an area with intense touristic activities due to its large variety of natural attractions as well as facilities to practice many sports, and its large remains of the cultures that flourished in the region. The Cordillera Blanca, the highest in the Peruvian Andes, offers an interesting attraction for tourists visiting Peru. The Cordillera Blanca (White Range) is a mountain range in the Peruvian Andes. ...


The beautiful glaciers in the Cordillera Blanca, lagoons and thermal fountains, greenish valleys, progressive towns are most admired by visitors. The Alpamayo peak, among others are considered as some of the most beautiful ones in the world; this is why Ancash is sometimes referred to as the "Switzerland of Peru". The highest peak in Peru, the Huascarán, is located in the White Cordillera. The Huascarán National Park is located in this place and includes parts of the provinces of Recuay, Huaraz, Carhuaz, Yungay, Huaylas, Huari and Bolognesi. Aletsch glacier, Switzerland A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... Fljótsdalur in East-Iceland A valley is a landform, which can range from a few square miles (square kilometers) to hundreds or even thousands of square miles (square kilometers) in area. ... Alpamayo is one of 50 peaks in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range, part of the Peruvian Andes. ... Huascarán or Nevado Huascarán is a mountain of the Cordillera Blanca, part of the Western Andes. ... Huascarán National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Huascarán) is a national park in the Cordillera Blanca, a range of the Andes, in the Ancash region of central Peru. ...


Ancash has many vestiges of old cultures, such as Guitarrero Cave,10,000 BC,Chavín. The Pre-columbian ruins of Chavín de Huántar, Hunsakay,Willkawain, Sechín, and Pañamarca are well known. Chavin refers to two different things: Chavín is the name of a pre-Moche people in Peru Chavín is a parish belonging to the municipality of Viveiro, Galiza,Spain. ... The term Pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the New World in the era before significant European influence. ... Chavín de Huantar is an archaeological site located 250 kilometers (155 miles) north of Peru. ...


Political division

The region is divided into 20 provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 165 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are: This article is about political regions. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...

  1. Aija (Aija)
  2. Antonio Raimondi (Llamellín)
  3. Asunción (Chacas)
  4. Bolognesi (Chiquián)
  5. Carhuaz (Carhuaz)
  6. Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald Province (San Luis)
  7. Casma (Casma)
  8. Corongo (Corongo)
  9. Huaraz (Huaraz)
  10. Huari (Huari)
  11. Huarmey (Huarmey)
  12. Huaylas (Caraz)
  13. Mariscal Luzuriaga (Piscobamba)
  14. Ocros (Ocros)
  15. Pallasca (Cabana)
  16. Pomabamba (Pomabamba)
  17. Recuay (Peru)|Recuay (Recuay)
  18. Santa (Chimbote)
  19. Sihuas (Sihuas)
  20. Yungay (Yungay)
Political division of Peru

Amazonas | Ancash | Apurímac | Arequipa | Ayacucho | Cajamarca | Callao | Cusco | Huancavelica | Huánuco | Ica | Junín | La Libertad | Lambayeque | Lima | Loreto | Madre de Dios | Moquegua | Pasco | Piura | Puno | San Martín | Tacna | Tumbes | Ucayali The Aija Province (Spanish: Provincia de Aija) is one of 20 provinces of the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Aija may refer to the following: AIJA (Afghanistan) - Afghanistan Independent Journalists Association (AIJA) AIJA (Armenia) - Association of Investigative Journalists of Armenia (AIJA) AIJA (Lawyers) - International Association of Young Lawyers (Association Internationale des Jeunes Avocats) AIJA Aija Province - Province in the Ancash Region of Peru Aija (Peru) - Small town in the... The Antonio Raimondi Province (Spanish: Provincia de Antonio Raimondi) is one of 20 provinces of the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Carhuaz is a town in the Ancash Region, Peru. ... Casma is a town in the Ancash Region, Peru. ... Huaraz is a city in central Peru. ... Huarmey is a coastal town in the Ancash Region, Peru. ... Caraz is a town in the Ancash Region, Peru. ... The Pallasca Province (Spanish: Provincia de Pallasca) is the northernmost of 20 provinces of the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Cabana is a city in Peru. ... Recuay may refer to the following: Recuay - a small town in the Río Santa valley in northwestern central Peru Recuay Province - a province in the Ancash Region in northwestern central Peru Recuay Culture - a pre-Columbian culture in northwestern central Peru This is a disambiguation page: a list of... Chimbote is the largest city in the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Yungay is a town in the Ancash Region in north central Peru. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru_(state). ... Amazonas is a region in northern Peru. ... See other Peruvian regions President Luis Barra Capital Abancay Area 20,895. ... See other Peruvian regions President Daniel Vera Capital Arequipa Largest city Area 63,345. ... Ayacucho is a region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country. ... Cajamarca is a department in Peru. ... Categories: Departments of Peru ... See other Peruvian regions President Carlos R. Cuaresma Capital Cusco Area 71,986. ... Huancavelica is a department in Peru. ... Huánuco is a region in central Peru. ... Ica is a region in Peru. ... Junín is a region in the central highlands of Peru. ... La Libertad is a region in northwestern Peru. ... Lambayeque is a region in northwestern Peru, known for its rich Chimú and Moche historical past. ... The Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions in Peru. ... Loreto is Perus northernmost region. ... Madre de Dios is a region in southeastern Peru, bordering Brazil, Bolivia and the Peruvian regions of Puno, Cusco and Ucayali. ... Moquegua is one of the 25 regions of Peru. ... Pasco is a department in Peru. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Puno is a department in Peru. ... San Martín is a region in Peru. ... Tacna is Perus southernmost region. ... Tumbes is a coastal region in northwestern Peru. ... Categories: Stub | Departments of Peru ...

The Lima Province is not part of any of the twenty-five regions.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ancash Region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (698 words)
It is bordered by the La Libertad Region on the north, the Huánuco and Pasco regions on the east, the Lima Region on the south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
The territory of the coast, high plateaux and Andean punas of the Ancash Region are flat, while the rest of its territory, occupied by the Andes, is very rough.
In Ancash, the geographical center of the region is formed by the Callejón de Huaylas, which is an area with intense touristic activities due to its large variety of natural attractions as well as facilities to practice many sports, and its large remains of the cultures that flourished in the region.
1970 Ancash earthquake at AllExperts (638 words)
The 1970 Ancash earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occured at 20:23:31 UTC (15:23:31 local time) on Sunday, May 31, 1970, affecting the Peruvian regions of Ancash and La Libertad, and that combined with a subsequent landslide, was the most catastrophic natural disaster ever recorded in the history of Peru.
It was a system-wide disaster, impacting such a widespread area that the regional infrastructure of communications, commerce, and transportation was destroyed.
Areas hard hit were the coastal towns and cities of Chimbote (the largest city in Ancash), Casma, Supe, and Huarmey; but the Andean valley known as the Callejón de Huaylas suffered the most intense and sweeping damage, with the regional capital, Huaraz, as well as Caraz and Aija being partially destroyed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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