FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Anatomy" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Anatomy
Human heart and lungs, from an older edition of Gray's Anatomy.
Human heart and lungs, from an older edition of Gray's Anatomy.

Anatomy (from the Greek ἀνατομία anatomia, from ἀνατέμνειν ana: separate, apart from, and temnein, to cut up, cut open) is the branch of biology that is the consideration of the structure of living things. It is a general term that can include human anatomy, animal anatomy (zootomy) and plant anatomy (phytotomy). In some of its facets anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology,[1] through common roots in evolution. Image File history File links Heart-and-lungs. ... Image File history File links Heart-and-lungs. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... List of bones of the human skeleton Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. ... Zootomy is a contraction of zoological and anatomy and refers to the dissection of animals as opposed to that of plants (phytotomy) See also: Androtomy, zootomical terms for location, Cat anatomy La Anatomía comparada estudia diversas especies. ... Plant anatomy or phytotomy is the general term for the study of the structure of plants. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of organisms. ... Phylogenetic groups, or taxa, can be monophyletic, paraphyletic, or polyphyletic. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ...


Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy (or macroscopic anatomy) and microscopic anatomy.[1] Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision.[1] Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, which includes histology (the study of the organisation of tissues),[1] and cytology (the study of cells). Robert Hookes microscope (1665) - an engineered device used to study living systems. ... A thin section of lung tissue stained with hematoxylin and eosin. ... Cytology (also known as Cell biology) is the scientific study of cells. ...


The history of anatomy has been characterized, over time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also advanced dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of cadavers (dead human bodies) to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century. The history of anatomy as a science extends from the earliest examinations of sacrificial victims to the sophisticated analyses of the body performed by modern scientists. ... In biology, an organ (Latin: organum, instrument, tool) is a group of tissues that perform a specific function or group of functions. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ...


Anatomy should not be confused with histopathology (also called anatomical pathology or morbid anatomy), which is the study of the gross and microscopic appearances of diseased organs. Histopathology is a field of pathology which specialises in the histologic study of diseased tissue. ... Anatomic pathology is a medical specialty (a branch of pathology) that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the gross, microscopic, and molecular examination of cells and tissues. ... The term disease refers to an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs function. ... In biology, an organ (Latin: organum, instrument, tool) is a group of tissues that perform a specific function or group of functions. ...

Contents

Superficial anatomy

Superficial anatomy or surface anatomy is important in anatomy being the study of anatomical landmarks that can be readily seen from the contours or the surface of the body.[1] With knowledge of superficial anatomy, physicians or veterinary surgeons gauge the position and anatomy of the associated deeper structures. Superficial anatomy is a descriptive science dealing with anatomical features that can be studied by sight, without dissecting an organism. ... The Doctor by Luke Fildes This article is about the term physician, one type of doctor; for other uses of the word doctor see Doctor. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Veterinarian. ...


Human anatomy

Main article: Human anatomy
An X-ray of a human chest.
An X-ray of a human chest.

Human anatomy, including gross human anatomy and histology, is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body.[1] List of bones of the human skeleton Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 736 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (927 × 755 pixel, file size: 414 KB, MIME type: image/png) An X-ray photo of my chest. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 736 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (927 × 755 pixel, file size: 414 KB, MIME type: image/png) An X-ray photo of my chest. ... In the NATO phonetic alphabet, X-ray represents the letter X. An X-ray picture (radiograph) taken by Röntgen An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength approximately in the range of 5 pm to 10 nanometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz... List of bones of the human skeleton Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. ... The term morphology in biology refers to the outward appearance (shape, structure, colour, pattern) of an organism or taxon and its component parts. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) in the family Hominidae (the great apes). ...


Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, physiotherapists, nurses and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials. The study of microscopic anatomy (or histology) can be aided by practical experience examining histological preparations (or slides) under a microscope; and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy with practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers (dead human bodies). This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A Paramedic is a specialized health care professional who responds to medical and trauma emergencies in the pre-hospital (out-of-hospital) environment for the purpose of stabilizing and transporting the patient to an appropriate medical facility, usually by ambulance. ... Physical therapy (or physiotherapy[1]) is the provision of services to people and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. ... // A nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing. ... Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, Texas, USA. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution or part of such an institution that teaches medicine. ... A thin section of lung tissue stained with hematoxylin and eosin. ... Robert Hookes microscope (1665) - an engineered device used to study living systems. ... Dissected rat showing major organs. ...


Human anatomy, physiology and biochemistry are complementary basic medical sciences, which are generally taught to medical students in their first year at medical school. Human anatomy can be taught regionally or systemically;[1] that is, respectively, studying anatomy by bodily regions such as the head and chest, or studying by specific systems, such as the nervous or respiratory systems. The major anatomy textbook, Gray's Anatomy, has been recently been reorganized from a systems format to a regional format,[2][3] in line with modern teaching methods. A thorough working knowledge of anatomy is required by all medical doctors, especially surgeons, and doctors working in some diagnostic specialities, such as histopathology and radiology. List of bones of the human skeleton Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes and transformations in living organisms. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body (or Grays Anatomy as it has more commonly become known) is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... The Doctor by Luke Fildes This article is about the term physician, one type of doctor; for other uses of the word doctor see Doctor. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... Histopathology is a field of pathology which specialises in the histologic study of diseased tissue. ... Image A: A normal chest X-ray. ...


Academic human anatomists are usually employed by universities, medical schools or teaching hospitals. They are often involved in teaching anatomy, and research into certain systems, organs, tissues or cells. Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ...


Other branches

Comparative anatomy relates to the comparison of anatomical structures (both gross and microscopic) in different animals.[1] Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of organisms. ...


Anthropological anatomy or physical anthropology relates to the comparison of the anatomy of different races of humans. For other uses, see Race (disambiguation). ...


Artistic anatomy relates to anatomic studies for artistic reasons.


See also

General anatomy:

Human anatomy: This page aims to list articles related to anatomy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The history of anatomy as a science extends from the earliest examinations of sacrificial victims to the sophisticated analyses of the body performed by modern scientists. ... Superficial anatomy is a descriptive science dealing with anatomical features that can be studied by sight, without dissecting an organism. ... In sciences dealing with the anatomy of animals, precise anatomical terms of location are necessary for a variety of reasons. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

The major systems of the human body are: Cardiovascular system: the blood circulation with heart, arteries and veins Digestive system: processing food with mouth, esophagus, stomach and intestines. ... This is a list of human anatomical parts named after people. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Introduction page, "Anatomy of the Human Body". Henry Gray. 20th edition. 1918. Retrieved on 19 March 2007.
  2. ^ Publisher's page for Gray's Anatomy. 39th edition (UK). 2004. ISBN 0-443-07168-3. Retrieved on 19 March 2007.
  3. ^ Publisher's page for Gray's Anatomy. 39th edition (US). 2004. ISBN 0-443-07168-3. Retrieved on 19 March 2007.

External links

Wikiversity
At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Anatomy at:
 view  talk  edit Anatomy
Major Systems
Circulatory system . Digestive system . Endocrine system . Excretory system . Immune system . Integumentary system . Lymphatic system . Muscular system . Nervous system . Reproductive system . Respiratory system . Skeletal system
Organs
. Adrenal Gland . Anus . Appendix . Brain . Breast . Colon or large intestine . Diaphragm . Ear . Eye . Heart . Kidney . Larynx . Liver . Lung . Nose . Ovary . Pharynx . Pancreas . Penis . Placenta . Prostate Gland . Rectum . Skin . Small intestine . Seminal Vesicles . Spleen . Stomach . Testis . Thyroid Gland . Tongue . Uterus . Vulva
Bones
. Collar bone (clavicle) . Thigh bone (femur) . Humerus . Mandible . Patella . Radius . Skull (cranium) . Tibia . Ulna . Rib (costa) . Vertebrae . Pelvis . Sternum
Glands
Ductless gland . Mammary gland . Salivary gland . Thyroid gland . Parathyroid gland . Adrenal gland . Pituitary gland . Pineal gland
Tissues
Connective tissue . Endothelial tissue . Epithelial tissue . Glandular tissue . Lymphoid tissue
Body Parts
. Abdomen . Arm . Back . Buttock . Chest . Ear . Eye . Face . Genitals . Head . Joint . Leg . Mouth . Neck . Scalp . Skin . Teeth . Tongue
Other Terms
Artery . Coelom . Diaphragm . Gastrointestinal tract . Hair . Exoskeleton . Lip . Nerve . Peritoneum . Serous membrane . Skeleton . Skull . Spinal cord . Vein

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body (314 words)
Anatomy—branch of biology concerned with the study of body structure of various organisms, including humans
The Bartleby.com edition of Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body features 1,247 vibrant engravings—many in color—from the classic 1918 publication, as well as a subject index with 13,000 entries ranging from the Antrum of Highmore to the Zonule of Zinn.
THOROUGHLY REVISED AND RE-EDITED BY WARREN H. PHILADELPHIA: LEA and FEBIGER, 1918
MedlinePlus: Anatomy (337 words)
Anatomy is the science that studies the structure of the body.
On this page, you'll find links to descriptions and pictures of the human body's parts and organ systems from head to toe.
Anatomy of the Brain(American Association of Neurological Surgeons)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m