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Encyclopedia > Anastasian Wall
Anastasian Wall
Anastasian Wall

The Anastasian Wall (Turkish: Anastasius Suru) or the Long Walls of Thrace (Uzun Duvar) is an ancient, stone and turf fortification located 65 km west of Istanbul, Turkey built by the Byzantines during the late 5th century. Originally some 56 km long, it stretches from Evcik İskelesi at the Black Sea coast across the Thracian peninsula to the coast of the Sea of Marmara at 6 km west of Silivri (ancient Selymbria). The wall was part of an additional outer defense system for Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire and probably continued in use until the 7th century. Image File history File linksMetadata AnastasianWall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata AnastasianWall. ... Nakhal Fort, one of the best-preserved forts in Oman. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ä°stanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul; a contraction of Greek εις την πολιν into the city, the former Constantinople, Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... // Events Romulus Augustus, Last Western Roman Emperor Rome sacked by Visigoths in 410. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Thrace (Greek Θρᾴκη ThrákÄ“, Bulgarian Тракия Trakija, Turkish Trakya) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe spread over southern Bulgaria, northeastern Greece, and European Turkey. ... Peninsula A peninsula (Latin, literally meaning almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Map of the Sea of Marmara Satellite view of the Sea of Marmara The Sea of Marmara (Turkish: Marmara Denizi, Modern Greek: Θάλασσα του Μαρμαρά or Προποντίδα) (also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea) is an inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating the... Silivri is a district in Istanbul, about 1. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... // Events Islam starts in Arabia, the Quran is written, and Syria, Iraq, Persia, North Africa and Central Asia convert to Islam. ...


The wall was named after the Emperor Anastasius I (ruled 491518). However, there is evidence that the fortification already existed in 469 during the reign of Leo I (457 - 474) and in 478 in the era of Zeno (476491), and it was maintained and renewed by Anastasius in the time from 507 to 512. The wall had a thickness of 3.30 m and a height over 5 m. It was built complete with towers, gates, forts, ditches and a military way to protect Constantinople from invasions from the west by Huns, Slavs and Bulgars. A rectangular castrum with dimensions of 250 by 300 m existed also in the central section of the wall. Flavius Anastasius. ... Events AElle conquers the fortified Roman town of Anderida through siegecraft. ... Events July 9 - Justin becomes Roman emperor September 29 - Severus, Patriarch of Antioch is deposed by a synod for his Monophysitism. ... Events: Pope Gelasius I dedicated February 14th, as St. ... Leo I coin. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Events First Shinto shrines built in Japan. ... Zeno on a coin celebrating his victories. ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Events AElle conquers the fortified Roman town of Anderida through siegecraft. ... Events Battle of Vouillé: Clovis I defeats the Visigoths near Poitiers, ends Visigothic power in Gaul. ... Events Roman (Byzantine) Emperor Anastasius I ends a period of moderate ecclestical policy, and starts strongly favoring his own monophysitist beliefs. ... Hun is a term that refers to a specific group of Central Asian nomadic tribes, who appeared in Europe in the 4th century. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Bulgars (also Bolgars or proto-Bulgarians) - a people of Central Asia, probably originally Pamirian, who became Turkified and later Slavicized over time. ... In the Roman Empire, a castra (the plural form of castrum, castri, a fortification) was a Roman military camp. ...


It is known that the wall had only a limited effectiveness, and the barbarians penetrated it many times, because the fortification's length made it difficult to defend the wall completely by a limited garrison, and also because the wall was not sufficient strong due to its construction in hurry. Barbarian was originally a Greek term applied to any foreigner, one not sharing a recognized culture or language with the speaker or writer employing the term. ... Garrison House, built 1675, Dover, NH, USA In the military, garrison is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base. ...


The wall fell into ruin after it was abandoned in the 7th century because of the difficulty of keeping it manned and repaired. Over the centuries, the stone of more than half of the total length was reused in other local buildings. It is best preserved in the woodlands of the northern sector.


The Anastasian Wall is an almost unknown example of monumental linear fortification dating from antiquity in continental Europe, next only to Hadrian's Wall (122 AD) in England in its complexity. A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... Pieces of Hadrians Wall remain near Greenhead and along the route, though large sections have been dismantled over the years to use the stones for various nearby construction projects. ... Events Roman Emperor Hadrian orders that a 72-mile wall be built in northern Britain. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ...


See also

tubgirl. ...

Bibliography

  • Schuchhardt, C. Die Anastasius-Mauer bei Constantinopel und die Dobrudcha-Wälle, Jahrbuch des Kaiserlich Deutschen Arhäologischen Instituts, XVI (1901), 107-127
  • Crow, J. G. The Long Walls of Thrace, in C. Mango and G. Dagron, Constantinople and Its Hinterland, (Aldershot, 1995)
  • Crow, J. & Ricci, A. Investigating the hinterland of Constantinople: interim report on the Anastasian Long Wall. Journal of Roman Archaeology 10 (1997), 253-288

External links

  • Anastasian Wall research project of the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK

  Results from FactBites:
 
Anastasian Long Walls images (167 words)
Similar modelling techniques have been applied to the study of the Anastasian Long Wall, the late Roman linear fortification which ran for some 56 km from the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, an outer defence system for the city of Constantinople.
The survey data has been used as a footprint for modelling a sector of the wall, integrated with 1:25000 digital map data to provide a landscape context.
The relationship of wall to ditch was surveyed in detail for this sector.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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