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Encyclopedia > Anaconda
Anaconda
Yellow Anaconda, Eunectes notaeus
Yellow Anaconda, Eunectes notaeus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Boinae
Genus: Eunectes
Wagler, 1830
Species

E. beniensis
E. deschauenseei
E. murinus
E. notaeus Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... The term anaconda may refer to several animals, things,or places: Anaconda- term used for three species of semi-aquatic boas, Eunectes, in South America Anaconda, a U.S. movie Anacondas: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid, its sequel Anaconda, Montana, a city in the U.S. Anaconda-Deer Lodge... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (945x945, 215 KB) Eunectes noteaus, from http://www. ... Binomial name The Yellow Anaconda (Eunectes notaeus), is a species of anaconda. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Reptilia redirects here. ... Suborders Lacertilia- Lizards Serpentes - Snakes Amphisbaenia - Worm lizards This article is about the Squamata order of reptiles. ... Families Acrochordidae Aniliidae Anomalepididae Anomochilidae Atractaspididae Boidae Bolyeriidae Colubridae Cylindrophiidae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Typhlopidae Uropeltidae Viperidae Xenopeltidae Snakes are cold blooded legless reptiles closely related to lizards, which share the order Squamata. ... For other uses, see Boa (disambiguation). ... Boinae is one of three subfamilies of the family Boidae, a group of snakes commonly referred to as boas. ... Johann Georg Wagler (1800 - 1832) was a German herpetologist. ... Binomial name Eunectes murinus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Green Anaconda (Eunectes murinus) is an anaconda, a member of the boa family of snakes. ...

Anacondas (genus Eunectes) are several species of aquatic boas inhabiting the swamps and rivers of tropical South America east of the Andes. The Yellow Anaconda can be found as far south as northern Argentina. Anacondas with their cryptic nature and acquatic habitats were among the least known snakes despite their large size and charisma. In 1992 Dr. Jesus A. Rivas started the first and so far only study on the biology of green anaconda in Venezuela, which has brought green anacondas to be among the best studied species of snakes in the world.[1] For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Korean pop singer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... This article is about the mountain range in South America. ...

Contents

Etymology

There are two possible origins for the word "anaconda." The first being a Tamil word "anaikondran," meaning "elephant killer." A name first used in English to name a Ceylonese python, it erroneously was applied to a large South American boa, called in Brazil sucuriuba. The word is of uncertain origin, and no snake name like it now is found in Sinhalese or Tamil. Another suggestion is that it represents Tamil anaikkonda "having killed an elephant."[2] It is unclear how the name originated so far from the snake's native habitat; it is likely due to its vague similarity to the large Asian pythons. Local names for the anaconda in South America include the Spanish term "matatoro," meaning "bull killer," and the Native American terms sucuri and "yakumama." Anacondas as members of the boa family are sometimes called "water boas." The Latin name for anaconda is "Eunectes" (from the Greek "Eυνήκτης", meaning "good swimmer.") Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Synonyms Pythonoidea - Fitzinger, 1826 Pythonoidei - Eichwald, 1831 Holodonta - Müller, 1832 Pythonina - Bonaparte, 1840 Pythophes - Fitzinger, 1843 Pythoniens - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Holodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythonides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythones - Cope, 1861 Pythonidae - Cope, 1864 Peropodes - Meyer, 1874...


Size

See also: Giant anaconda

There is some debate about the maximum size of anacondas, and there have been unverified claims of enormous snakes alleged to be as long as 30–45 m (98.4–147.6 ft). A 1944 petroleum expedition in Colombia claimed to have measured an 11.43 meters (38 ft) specimen; perhaps a more credible report came from scientist Vincent Roth, who claimed to have shot and killed a 10.3 meters (34 ft) specimen. Based on documented evidence, Anacondas can grow to about 23 feet long.[citation needed]


There are some reports from early explorers of the South American jungles seeing giant anacondas up to 18.2 meters (60 ft) long, and some of the native peoples have reported seeing anacondas up to 15.2 meters (50 ft) long,[3] but these reports remain unverified. This list of explorers is sorted by surname. ...


Another claim of an extraordinarily large anaconda was made by adventurer Percy Fawcett. During his 1906 expedition, Fawcett wrote that he had shot an anaconda that measured some 18.9 meters (62 ft) from nose to tail.[4] Once published, Fawcett’s account was widely ridiculed. Decades later, Belgian zoologist Bernard Heuvelmans came to Fawcett's defence, arguing that Fawcett's writing was generally honest and reliable.[5] Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett (1867 – presumably 1925) was a British archaeologist and explorer. ... Bernard Heuvelmans (October 10, 1916 – August 22, 2001) was a scientist, explorer, researcher, and a writer probably best known as a founder of cryptozoology. ...


Historian Mike Dash wrote of claims of still larger anacondas, alleged to be as long as 30 meters (98 ft) to 45 meters (148 ft) — some of the sightings supported with photos (although those photos lack scale). Dash noted that if a 50–60 ft anaconda strains credulity, then a 150 ft long specimen is generally regarded as an outright impossibility.[6] Mike Dash (b. ...


Wildlife Conservation Society has, since the early 20th century, offered a large cash reward (currently worth US$50,000) for live delivery of any snake of 30 feet or more in length[7]. The prize has never been claimed. Also, in a study of 1,000 wild anacondas in Venezuela, the largest captured was 17 feet (5.2 m) long.[8]. In November 2007, an anaconda measuring over 6 m (20 ft) and weighing nearly 200 kg (441 lb) was captured in the backyard of an abandoned house in Paraná, Brazil.[9] However, measuring a snake that is stronger than the person is not an easy task. It has been found that two scientist measuring the same 12 feet plus anaconda independently showed a variation of more than 20% on their measures [2]. The Wildlife Conservation Society, (WCS), endeavours to save wildlife and wild lands though careful use of science, conservation around the world, education and through a system of urban wildlife parks. ... Capital (and largest city) Curitiba Demonym Paranaense Government  -  Governor Roberto Requião  -  Vice Governor Orlando Pessuti Area  -  Total 281. ...


In captivity

There have been very few instances of anacondas being bred in captivity. In October 2007, the New England Aquarium in Boston achieved a breakthrough when it was discovered that one of the aquarium's female anacondas was gravid.[10] On January 1st, 2008, fourteen anaconda babies were born at the New England Aquarium. Anacondas, like other boas, give birth to live young. The New England Aquarium is a major aquarium located in the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Boston redirects here. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Bibliography

  • Bernard Heuvelmans (1958). On the Track of Unknown Animals. Hill and Wang. ISBN 0710304986. 

References

  1. ^ anacondas.org. Jesus A. Rivas. Accessed 2008-06-29
  2. ^ Template:Publisher=Douglas Harper
  3. ^ Extreme Science: Which is the Biggest Snake?
  4. ^ Cryptozoology: Sucuriju Gigante, by Aaron Justice
  5. ^ Section Bernard Heuvelmans
  6. ^ Dash, Mike Borderlands: The Ultimate Exploration of the Unknown; Overlook Press, 2000 ISBN 0-87951-724-7
  7. ^ [1] The New York Times, 1996. Carol Kaesuk Yoon.
  8. ^ .The Search for the $50,000 Snake
  9. ^ 440-pound snake found in Brazil house | Video | Reuters.com
  10. ^ "Mass. aquarium houses pregnant anaconda", Yahoo! News, Yahoo! Inc., 2007-10-18. Retrieved on 2007-10-18. (English) 

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Informative page on the research by Dr. Jesus A. Rivas
  • http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Eunectes_murinus.html Animal Diversity Web: Eunectes murinus (green anaconda)]

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The Anaconda is the heaviest snake, but it may or may not be the longest.The Reticulated python rivals the Anaconda for the longest snake.
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The Anaconda prefers to be in the water, but they do enjoy spending some time on land in shallow caves by the water's edge, or in riverbank trees to bask in the sun.
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