Encyclopedia > An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races
An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races by Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau is an early and significant work defining the concept of Scientific racism and White supremacy. Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau (July 14, 1816 - October 13, 1882) was a French aristocrat who became famous for advocating White Supremacy and developing the theory of the Aryan master race in his book An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races (1853-1855). ... Scientific racism is a term used to describe scientific work which has allegedly forgone the ideals of objectivity in science and been distorted by an ideology of racism. ... White supremacy is an ideology which holds that the white race is superior to other races. ...
Dr. Josiah Clark Nott translated Arthur de Gobineau's "Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines" into English. Nott later became a leader of the polygenist movement, suggesting that Whites and Blacks were two distinct species. Polygenism is a biblical theory of human origins positing that the human races are of different lineages. ...
Gobineau's work has been continuously republished, most recently by contemporary White supremacist groups such as the now defunct Noontide Press.
Gobineau, Arthur (Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau) and Adrian Collins. [1853-55] 1983. The Inequality of Human Races. Second edition, reprint. Torrance, Calif.: Noontide Press.
To Bahá'ís, Gobineau is known as the person who obtained the only complete manuscript of the early history of the Bábí religious movement of Persia, written by Hâjji Mirza Jân of Kashan, who was put to death by the Persian authorities in c.
He came to believe that race created culture, arguing that distinctions between the three "fl", "white", and "yellow" races were natural barriers, and that "race-mixing" breaks those barriers and leads to chaos.
In Gobineau's view, the development of empires ultimately was destructive to the "superior races" that created them, since they led to the mixing of distinct races.
Conceptions of race, as well as specific racial groupings, vary by culture and over time and are often controversial, for scientific reasons as well as their impact on social identity and identity politics.
Arthur Gobineau's AnEssay on the Inequality of the HumanRaces (1853-1855) was one of the milestone in the new racist discourse, along with Vacher de Lapouge's "anthroposociology" and Herder, who applied race to nationalist theory to develop militant ethnic nationalism.
In an attempt to provide general descriptions that may facilitate the job of law enforcement officers seeking to apprehend suspects, the United States FBI employs the term "race" to summarize the general appearance (skin color, hair texture, eye shape, and other such easily noticed characteristics) of individuals whom they are attempting to apprehend.
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