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Encyclopedia > An American Werewolf in London
An American Werewolf in London

An American Werewolf in London film poster
Directed by John Landis
Produced by George Folsey Jr.
Written by John Landis
Starring David Naughton
Griffin Dunne
Jenny Agutter
Music by Elmer Bernstein
Cinematography Robert Payner
Editing by Malcolm Campbell
Distributed by Universal Pictures
PolyGram Filmed Entertainment
Release date(s) August 21, 1981 (USA)
April 8, 1982 (AUS)
Running time 97 min.
Country Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $10,000,000 (est.)
Followed by An American Werewolf in Paris
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

An American Werewolf in London is a comedy/horror film released in 1981, written and directed by John Landis. It stars David Naughton, Griffin Dunne and Jenny Agutter. This movie won the 1981 Saturn Award for Best Horror Film. The film was one of three high-profile werewolf films released in 1981, alongside The Howling and Wolfen. Over the years, the film has accumulated a cult following and has been referred to as a cult classic by some fans.[1] Download high resolution version (479x755, 65 KB)A film poster for An American Werewolf in London , contended as fair use. ... John David Landis (born August 3, 1950) is an American movie actor, director, writer, and producer. ... John David Landis (born August 3, 1950) is an American movie actor, director, writer, and producer. ... David Naughton (born 13 February 1951, in West Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.) is an American actor and singer, best known for starring in the 1981 horror film An American Werewolf in London as David Kessler. ... Thomas Griffin Dunne (born June 8, 1955 in New York, New York) is an American actor and film director. ... Jennifer Ann Agutter (born December 20, 1952) is an English actress. ... Elmer Bernstein (pronounced Bern-steen[1]) (April 4, 1922 – August 18, 2004) was an Academy and two-time Golden Globe award winning American film score composer. ... Malcolm Campbell is a film editor who began his career in the 1980s. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... PolyGram Filmed Entertainment (PFE) was a London-based film studio, founded in 1991 as a European competitor to Hollywood, but eventually sold and merged with Universal Pictures in 1999. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Australia (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... An American Werewolf in Paris was a 1997 horror film about werewolves. ... Comedy film is genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ... // January 19 - Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquires beleaguered concurrent United Artists. ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... John David Landis (born August 3, 1950) is an American movie actor, director, writer, and producer. ... David Naughton (born 13 February 1951, in West Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.) is an American actor and singer, best known for starring in the 1981 horror film An American Werewolf in London as David Kessler. ... Thomas Griffin Dunne (born June 8, 1955 in New York, New York) is an American actor and film director. ... Jennifer Ann Agutter (born December 20, 1952) is an English actress. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Horror Film: ... The Howling is a 1981 horror film directed by Joe Dante. ... Wolfen is the title of a 1981 horror film starring Albert Finney, Gregory Hines and Edward James Olmos. ... This article does not discuss cultist groups, personality cults, or cult in its original sense of religious practice. See cult (disambiguation) for more meanings of the term cult. A cult following is a group of fans devoted to a specific area of pop culture. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


The film was followed by a 1997 sequel, An American Werewolf in Paris, which featured a completely different cast and none of the original crew. The year 1997 in film involved some significant events. ... An American Werewolf in Paris was a 1997 horror film about werewolves. ...

Contents

Plot

Two American college students, David Kessler (Naughton) and Jack Goodman (Dunne), are backpacking across the Yorkshire moors when they are attacked by a large, unknown animal. Jack is killed, but David survives the mauling and is taken to a hospital in London. When he wakes up some time later, he does not remember what happened and is told of his friend's death. Things get stranger when he is visited by Jack's ghost, which takes the distressing form of a reanimated corpse, who explains that they had been attacked by a werewolf, meaning that David himself is now a werewolf. Jack urges David to kill himself before the next full moon, not only because Jack is cursed to exist in a state of living death for as long as the bloodline of the werewolf that attacked them survives, but also to prevent David from inflicting the same fate on his eventual victims. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Ghost (disambiguation). ... Corporeal reanimation is the theoretical concept of reanimating a dead organism, restoring its living functions and enabling it to move and to freely interact with the world of the living as it did when it was alive. ... For other uses, see Werewolf (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Undead (disambiguation). ...


Upon his release from the hospital, David moves in with the pretty young nurse, Alex Price (Agutter), who grew infatuated with him in the hospital. He is in Alex's London apartment when the full moon rises and, per Jack's warnings, he turns into a werewolf. In the form of a werewolf, David prowls the street and subways of the city, and slaughters a handful of innocent Londoners. When he wakes in the morning, he is naked on the floor of the wolf cage at the zoo, with no memory of his nocturnal lupine adventures. This article is about the occupation. ... For other uses, see Full Moon. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Zoo (disambiguation). ...


David eventually realizes that Jack was right about everything and that he is responsible for the murders of the night before. Despite being in an advanced stage of decay, Jack returns for another visit, this time accompanied by David's victims from the previous night. They all insist that he commit suicide before turning into a werewolf again. David fails to do so, and consequently, he turns into a werewolf again and goes on another killing spree. Following a chase through London, he is cornered in an alley by the police when Alex arrives to calm him down by telling him that she loves him. Though apparently temporarily softened, he is shot and killed when he lunges forward, returning to human form as he dies. For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


Cast

The credits congratulate Prince Charles and Diana Spencer for their wedding and contain the disclaimer "Any resemblance to any persons living, dead or undead is coincidental." A similar slogan appears during the ending credits of Thriller, another horror-based movie directed by Landis. David Naughton (born 13 February 1951, in West Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.) is an American actor and singer, best known for starring in the 1981 horror film An American Werewolf in London as David Kessler. ... Jennifer Ann Agutter (born December 20, 1952) is an English actress. ... Thomas Griffin Dunne (born June 8, 1955 in New York, New York) is an American actor and film director. ... John Woodvine in the Doctor Who serial The Armageddon Factor John Woodvine (born 21 July 1929 in Tyne Dock, County Durham) is a British actor who has appeared in over sixty film and television roles. ... David Schofield (born 1951 in Manchester) is an English actor. ... Brian Glover (April 2, 1934 - July 24, 1997) was a British actor. ... Frank Oz (born May 25, 1944) is an American film director, actor and puppeteer. ... Prince Charles may refer to: Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, current heir-apparent to the British throne Any of the previous British royals named Charles, Prince of Wales The former Belgian regent, Prince Charles of Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Lady Diana Spencer is a name shared by several members of the Spencer family, an aristocratic English family related to the Churchills of Blenheim Palace. ... Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ...


At the end of the credits is a promo card for Universal Studios urging viewers to "Ask for Babs." This is a reference to Landis' 1978 film National Lampoon's Animal House where the credits list the future occupations of the students, including Babs, who became a tour guide at Universal Studios. This same card appears in Landis' other films. Until the release of Animal House on VHS, asking for Babs at Universal Studios actually got people in for free. This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... National Lampoons Animal House is a 1978 comedy film in which a misfit group of fraternity boys take on the system at their college. ...


History

A still from a nightmare sequence in the film.
A still from a nightmare sequence in the film.

John Landis came up with the story while he worked in Yugoslavia as a production assistant on the film Kelly's Heroes. He and a Yugoslavian member of the crew were driving in the back of a car on location when they came across a group of gypsies. The gypsies appeared to be performing rituals on a man being buried so that he would not "rise from the grave." This made Landis realize that he could never be able to confront the undead and gave him the idea for a film in which a man of his own age would go through such a thing.[2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 456 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 657 pixel, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://i. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 456 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 657 pixel, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://i. ... General location of the political entities known as Yugoslavia. ... Kellys Heroes is an offbeat 1970 war film about a group of enterprising World War II soldiers from the U.S. 35th Infantry Division. ... Look up Gypsy, gypsy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


John Landis wrote the first draft of An American Werewolf in London in 1969. Two years later, Landis wrote, directed and starred in his debut film, Schlock, which developed a cult following. Landis developed box-office status in Hollywood through the successful comedy films The Kentucky Fried Movie, National Lampoon's Animal House and The Blues Brothers before securing $10 million financing for his werewolf film. Financiers believed that Landis' script was too frightening to be a comedy and too funny to be a horror film.[3] Schlock is a 1972 film, loosely based on a King Kong storyline about a gigantic ape. ... Comedy film is genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. ... US movie poster The Kentucky Fried Movie is an American comedy film, released in 1977 and directed by John Landis. ... National Lampoons Animal House is a 1978 comedy film in which a misfit group of fraternity boys take on the system at their college. ... The Blues Brothers is a 1980 musical comedy directed by John Landis and starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd as Joliet Jake and Elwood Blues, characters developed from a Saturday Night Live musical sketch. ...


Michael Jackson cites this film as his reason for working with Landis on his subsequent music videos, including Thriller and Black or White.[citation needed] Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... Black or White was the first single taken from Michael Jacksons album Dangerous, released in November 1991. ...


Makeup Effects

The various prosthetics and fake, robotic body parts used during the film's painful, extended werewolf transformation scenes and on Griffin Dunne when his character returns as a bloody, mangled ghost impressed the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences so much that they decided to create a new awards category at the Oscars specifically for the film - Outstanding Achievement in Makeup.[citation needed] Since the 1981 Academy Awards, this has been a regular category each year. During the body casting sessions, the crew danced around David Naughton singing, "I'm a werewolf, you're a werewolf,...wouldn't you like to be a werewolf, too" in reference to his days as a pitchman for Dr Pepper. Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study building on La Cienega Boulevard in Beverly Hills, California Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in the Hollywood, district. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... These are the Academy Award for Makeup winners and nominees: 1980s 1982 Quest for Fire Gandhi 1983 none given 1984 Amadeus 2010: The Year We Make Contact Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle 1985 Mask The Color Purple 1986 The Fly The Clan of the Cave Bear... For other uses, see Dr Pepper (disambiguation). ...


In-jokes

  • The film was produced by Lycanthrope Productions, a lycanthrope being a person with the power to turn himself into a wolf.
  • The film's ironically upbeat songs all refer in some way to the moon such as: Bobby Vinton's slow and soothing version of "Blue Moon", which plays during the opening credits, Van Morrison's "Moondance" as David and Alex make love for the first time, Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Bad Moon Rising" as David is nearing the moment of changing to the werewolf, a soft, bittersweet ballad version of "Blue Moon" by Sam Cooke during the agonizing wolf transformation and The Marcels' doo-wop version of "Blue Moon" over the end credits. Landis failed to get permission to use Cat Stevens' "Moonshadow" and Bob Dylan's "Moonshiner", both artists feeling the film to be inappropriate. It was stated on the DVD commentary by David Naughton and Griffin Dunne that they were not sure why Landis could not get the rights to Warren Zevon's "Werewolves of London" - a song that would have been more appropriate for the film (perhaps Landis dismissed the song on the grounds that it didn't have the word "moon" in the title).
  • Landis' signature in-joke of the fictitious film "See You Next Wednesday" can be seen when the werewolf runs rampant in Piccadilly Circus, playing at the porn cinema and as a poster in the London Underground train station where Gerald Bringsley is attacked by the werewolf.
  • References to the film have appeared in many of Landis' other films and most notably in Michael Jackson's Thriller as the sounds of Jackson transforming into a werewolf are from the film. Later, when Jackson is watching the horror movie and the girl leaves scared, the two off screen voices from the movie say "Something is scrawled in blood." "What's it say?" "See you next Wednesday." A subway poster for this film may also been seen near the end of another Landis film Coming to America.
  • In the subway, an ad for Airplane! can be seen. This is a most likely a nod to Airplane! directors/co-writer David Zucker, Jim Abrahams and Jerry Zucker who also wrote John Landis' second film The Kentucky Fried Movie.

In folklore, Lycanthropy is the ability or power of a human being to undergo transformation into a wolf. ... Bobby Vinton (born April 16, 1935) is an American pop music singer. ... Cover of sheet music for Blue Moon arranged by Jeff Funk, scored by SATB choir, and published by Alfred Publishing Co. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a Grammy Award-winning Irish singer, songwriter, author, poet and multi-instrumentalist, who has been a professional musician since the late 1950s. ... Creedence Clearwater Revival (CCR) was an American roots rock band who gained popularity in the late 1960s and early 70s with a string of successful songs from multiple albums released in 1968, 1969 and 1970. ... Bad Moon Rising is a 1969 song by Creedence Clearwater Revival, written by John Fogerty. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Marcels were a doo-wop group known for turning beloved American classical pop songs into rock and roll. ... Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... Yusuf Islam[1], formerly known by his stage name Cat Stevens (born Steven Demetre Georgiou on 21 July 1948 in London, UK), is an English musician, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, educator, philanthropist and prominent convert to Islam. ... Moonshadow is a song released by Cat Stevens in 1971. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... David Naughton (born 13 February 1951, in West Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.) is an American actor and singer, best known for starring in the 1981 horror film An American Werewolf in London as David Kessler. ... Thomas Griffin Dunne (born June 8, 1955 in New York, New York) is an American actor and film director. ... Warren William Zevon (January 24, 1947 – September 7, 2003) was a Grammy Award-winning American rock singer-songwriter and musician. ... Werewolves of London is a song composed by LeRoy Marinell, Waddy Wachtel, and Warren Zevon and performed by Zevon. ... An in joke is a joke whose humour is clear only to those people who are in a group that has some prior knowledge (not known by the whole population) that makes the joke humorous. ... See You Next Wednesday is a fictional film that is the trademark of film director John Landis. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... For the reality television series starring Victoria Beckham, see Victoria Beckham: Coming to America. ... Airplane! is an American comedy film, first released on 27 June 1980, produced, directed, and written by David Zucker, Jim Abrahams, and Jerry Zucker. ... David Zucker (born October 16, 1947 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is an American film director. ... Jim Abrahams (born 10 May 1944 in Shorewood, Wisconsin) is an American movie director and writer. ... Jerry Zucker (born March 11, 1950 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is an American movie director best known for his role in directing comedy spoof films. ... US movie poster The Kentucky Fried Movie is an American comedy film, released in 1977 and directed by John Landis. ...

Cameos and bit parts

In the Piccadilly Circus sequence, the man hit by a car and thrown through a store window, is Landis himself.


As in most of the director's movies, Frank Oz makes an appearance: first as Mr. Collins from the American embassy in the hospital scene, and later as Miss Piggy in a dream sequence, when David's younger siblings watch a scene from The Muppet Show that was never shown in the United States. Frank Oz (born May 25, 1944) is an American film director, actor and puppeteer. ... Miss Piggy being moved on Extreme Makeover: Home Edition Miss Piggy is a Muppet character primarily played by Frank Oz and sometimes Richard Hunt in Season 1 of The Muppet Show. ... A dream sequence is a technique used in storytelling, particularly in television and film, to set apart a brief interlude from the main story. ... The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ...


Actors in bit parts who were already - or would become - more well-known include the two chess players David and Jack meet in the pub, played by the familiar character actor Brian Glover and rising comedian and actor Rik Mayall. One of the policemen helping to chase and kill the werewolf is John Altman, who would later achieve fame as "Nasty" Nick Cotton in EastEnders. Brian Glover (April 2, 1934 - July 24, 1997) was a British actor. ... Richard Michael Rik Mayall (born 7 March 1958) is an English comedian and actor. ... John Altman John Altman (born March 2, 1952 in Reading, Berkshire, England) is an English actor best known as Nasty Nick Cotton in the popular BBC soap opera EastEnders. ... Albert Square in the 1980s. ...


In the Masters of Horror episode entitled "Deer Woman", directed by Landis, the protagonist mentions "a series of freak wolf attacks in London in 1981," a brief but clear reference to An American Werewolf in London. Masters of Horror is an American television series created by director Mick Garris for the Showtime cable network. ...


Locations

The opening shots of the moors are near Hay Bluff, a mountain that straddles the Welsh border in Brecon Beacons National Park. The scenes were shot on the Welsh side of Hay Bluff, about four miles to the south of the town of Hay-on-Wye in the county of Powys. The scene where David and Jack get dropped off by the sheep farmer is by the stone circle, the same location where, later in the film, Dr Hirsch stops and looks at the sign for East Proctor. The same road provides the scenery for the next two shots, where David and Jack talk about Debbie Klein. The Welsh Marches (Welsh: Y Mers) is an area along the border of England and Wales in the island of Great Britain. ... Part of the Brecon Beacons, looking from the highest point Pen y Fan, 886 m (2907 feet), to Cribyn, 795 m (2608 feet) The Brecon Beacons (Welsh: Bannau Brycheiniog) are a mountain range located in the south-east of Wales. ... Second-hand bookshop at Hay-on-Wye Hay-on-Wye (Welsh: Y Gelli Gandryll or Y Gelli), often described as the town of books, is a market town in Brecknockshire, Wales, very close to the border with England, within the Brecon Beacons National Park. ... Powys is a local government principal area and a preserved county in Wales. ...


East Proctor is a small hamlet ten miles to the west of Hay Bluff called Crickadarn. It is featured from the shot where David and Jack walk down a hill towards East Proctor. The exterior of the 'Slaughtered Lamb' was a private house in Crickadarn dressed to look like a pub and the 'The Angel of Death' statue in the village was a prop created by the movie makers. The church next door is also still frequented, however the upper levels have now fallen into disrepair.


The interior of the 'Slaughtered Lamb' was filmed in a pub called The Black Swan, Effingham, near Leatherhead, Surrey. The bar was used but a false wall was built to make the pub look smaller. , Effingham is an English village in the Borough of Guildford in Surrey, bordering Mole Valley. ... For other uses of this name, see Leatherhead (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English county. ...


Alex's flat is located on Coleherne Road, just off Redcliffe Square near Earl's Court.


The attack at the tube station was set in — and filmed at — Tottenham Court Road tube station. Tottenham Court Road is a station on the London Underground, serving as an interchange between the Central Line and the Charing Cross branch of the Northern Line. ...


The final sequence in the alleyway was filmed at Clink Street, London. The location is now almost unrecognisable, the area having been redeveloped since.


The scenes where David wakes up naked in the zoo were shot at London Zoo, Regent's Park. The giant ZSL London Zoo aviary ZSL London Zoo is the worlds oldest scientific zoo. ...


Radio adaptation

A radio adaptation of the film was broadcast on BBC Radio 1 in 1997, written and directed by Dirk Maggs and with Jenny Agutter, Brian Glover and John Woodvine reprising the roles of Alex Price, the chess player (now named George Hackett, and with a more significant role as East Proctor's special constable) and Dr. Hirsch. The roles of David and Jack were played by Eric Meyers and William Dufris. Maggs' script added a backstory that some people in East Proctor are settlers from Eastern Europe and brought lycanthropy with them. The werewolf who bites David is revealed to be related to Hackett, and has escaped from an asylum where he is held under the name "Larry Talbot," the name of the title character in The Wolf Man. BBC Radio 1 (commonly referred to as just Radio 1) is a British national radio station operated by the BBC, specialising in popular music and speech and is aimed primarily at the 14-29[1] age group. ... Dirk Maggs is a freelance writer and director working across all media. ... William Dufris (born February 1, 1958 in Houlton, Maine) is an American voice actor who has spent the bulk of his acting career in England. ...


References

  1. ^ An American Werewolf in London review by James Berardinelli
  2. ^ An Interview with John Landis featurette on the American Werewolf in London DVD
  3. ^ Peary, Danny (1988). Cult Movies 3. New York: Simon & Schuster Inc., Pages 15-19. ISBN 0-671-64810-1. 

DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
An American Werewolf in London

  Results from FactBites:
 
DVD Review - An American Werewolf In London (1559 words)
In the end, "An American Werewolf In London" is a gory horror film that never degrades into mindless splatter and always challenges the viewer emotionally.
It is a candid look behind the scenes that gives viewers an indication, just how tedious and laborious the process must have been to create all the make-up effects for the film and how taxing it must have been on the actors to work with them.
Ever since I have seen "An American Werewolf In London" I have never been able to look at Tottenham Court Road subway station the same ever again, and every time I visit it, I turn around to revisualize the memorable shot from atop the escalator of the wolf appearing out of the hallway.
Blockbuster Online - An American Werewolf in London (476 words)
The werewolf, resembling a cross between a bear and a wolverine, appears frighteningly real, and, given the fantastic premise, the gore is most convincing (although surprisingly and refreshingly scant).
In all, An American Werewolf in London is an original, atmospheric film that manages both to scare and amuse.
While dismissed by most American critics upon its release, the film managed to secure a place in the annals of American cinema when Baker won an Academy Award for his amazing effects and creature designs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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