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Encyclopedia > Amur River

The Amur (Russian: Амур) (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江; Hēilóng Jiāng, literally meaning "Black Dragon River") (Mongolian: Хара-Мурэн, Khara-Muren or "Black River") (Manchu: Sahaliyan Ula, literal meaning "Black River") is one of the world's ten longest rivers, located between the Russian Far East and Manchuria of China.

Flowing across northeast Asia for over 4400 km (2,700 mi), from the mountains of northeastern China to the Sea of Okhotsk (near Nikolayevsk-na-Amure), it drains a remarkable watershed that includes diverse landscapes of desert, steppe, tundra, and taiga in northeast Asia.

The Amur proper is the 2,874 km after the junction of two rivers:

  • North: the Shilka, originating from the eastern slope of Kente Mountain in Mongolia.
  • South: the Argun, originating on the western slope of the Daxing'an Range (大興安嶺) in northeastern China.

The two sources join in Moguhe Village (洛古河村), western Mohe County (漠河县), Heilongjiang Province, China, and become the Amur proper.

Major tributaries are:

The Amur is bordered by Heilongjiang Province and Khabarovsk Krai, and passes through the following cities:

Amur leopard

The Amur leopard is an endangered subspecies of the Leopard; it is estimated that there are fewer than 50 Amur leopards left in the wild.

See also: Geography of China

External links

  • Information and a map of the Amur's watershed (http://earthtrends.wri.org/maps_spatial/maps_detail_static.cfm?map_select=344&theme=2)

  Results from FactBites:
Amur Case (4383 words)
River perch was first introduced as 160, 000 individuals into the Upper Amur basin from the Vitim basin in 1919.
The main fishing grounds are the Amur river, coastal waters of the Tatarsky Gulf and the Okhotskoe Sea.
Amur wetland complex is a place of fish shoals reproduction and the most important migratory corridor for millions of birds.
Travel East Russia - Changing Faces of the Amur River (923 words)
The Amur valley and its flood lands are the nesting area for 95 percent of the world population of Oriental White stork, 65% of red-crowned cranes and 50% of White-naped Cranes.
To the north the Amur's principal tributaries are the Zoya, the Bureya, and the Amgun rivers, to the south its main tributaries are the Sungari and the Ussuri, which constitutes another portion of the border between Russia and China.
For years the Amur River was the main route of communications connecting the forest of the Siberian interior, the Pacific coastland and even the remote shores of the Arctic Ocean.
  More results at FactBites »



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