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Encyclopedia > Amt (political division)

An Amt (plural Ämter) is an administrative unit, which is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg. Other German states had this subdivision in the past. Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland_Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden_Württemberg, Bavaria, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt).

An Amt as well as the other above-mentioned units is subordinate to a district and is subdivided into municipalities. Normally it consists of very small municipalities; larger municipalities do not belong to an Amt and are called "Amt-free municipalities" (amtsfreie Gemeinden).

An Amt (plural Ämter) is also an administrative unit in Denmark. See Counties of Denmark for more information about the Danish usage.

  Results from FactBites:
Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.2, Entry 108, GERMAN EMPIRE: Library of Economics and Liberty (12443 words)
There is no strict division or limitation of powers, as in the constitution of the United States, exercised by the different branches of the government, as will be seen by a reference to the organization and the functions of each of these branches.
Lasker's bill, which proposed to extend the legislative and political powers of the empire both in criminal and civil matters, was not finally acted upon by the diet, partly owing to the opposition it received from certain political factions and from the majority of the Bundesrath.
A further step toward political unity and a centralized government was taken by the total or partial abolition, on the part of the smaller states, of their embassies or foreign legations.
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