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Encyclopedia > Ampulla

The ampulla of Vater is a sphincter (a small muscle) where the common bile duct enters the duodenum. Ampulla refers to a dilated segment in a tubular structure.The ampulla is also referred to as a papilla.

  Results from FactBites:
eMedicine - Carcinoma of the Ampulla of Vater : Article Excerpt by: Pankaj Chaturvedi, MBBS, MS (560 words)
Background: Carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater is a malignant tumor arising within 2 cm of the distal end of the common bile duct, where it passes through the wall of the duodenum and ampullary papilla.
The most distal portion of the common bile duct is dilated (ie, forms the ampulla of Vater) and is surrounded by the sphincter of Oddi, which spirals upward around the terminal portion of the duct.
Because of biliary outflow obstruction, carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater tends to manifest early, as opposed to other pancreatic neoplasms that often are advanced at the time of diagnosis.
  More results at FactBites »



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