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Encyclopedia > Amphibious assault ship
Amphibious assault ship
Six of the U.S. Navy's assault ships in formation; lead ship and first ship to port are Tarawa-class, all others are Wasp-class

An amphibious assault ship is a type of warship employed to land and support ground forces on enemy territory by an amphibious assault. The largest fleet of these types is operated by the United States Navy, including the Tarawa class dating back to the 1970s and the newer and larger Wasp class ships that debuted in 1989. While often resembling aircraft carriers, the role of an amphibious assault ship is fundamentally different: its aviation facilities have the primary role of hosting helicopters to support forces ashore rather than to support strike aircraft. However, they are capable of serving in the sea-control role, embarking Harrier fighters and ASW helicopters. For the specific article on LHAs, LHDs, and LPHs, see Amphibious assault ship. ... Six of the U.S. Navys seven Amphibious assault ships in formation, public domain photo from navy. ... General characteristics of the Tarawa-class amphibious assault ship: Builders: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi Power Plant: Two boilers, two geared steam turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total shaft horsepower (52 MW) Length: 820 ft (249. ... The Wasp class amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy are designed to land forces on hostile shores, and they are the largest vessels of this type in service anywhere in the world. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Landing operation be merged into this article or section. ... USN redirects here. ... General characteristics of the Tarawa-class amphibious assault ship: Builders: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi Power Plant: Two boilers, two geared steam turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total shaft horsepower (52 MW) Length: 820 ft (249. ... The Wasp class amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy are designed to land forces on hostile shores, and they are the largest vessels of this type in service anywhere in the world. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and in most cases recover aircraft, acting as a sea... Command of the sea is a technical term of naval warfare, which indicates a definite strategical condition. ...

Contents

History

The two nations that have made by far the most amphibious assaults during the past century are the United States and the United Kingdom. From the great assaults of World War II to the recent attack on the Al-Faw Peninsula in Iraq, both countries have been at the forefront of developing amphibious assault doctrine and shipping.[citation needed] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Al-Faw peninsula, Iraq This article is about the Iraqi peninsula. ... Military doctrine is a level of military planning between national strategy and unit-level tactics, techniques, and procedures. ...


World War II developments

In the Pacific theatre, the escort carriers would often escort the landing ships and troop carriers during the island hopping campaign. In this role, they would provide air cover for the troopships as well as fly the first wave of attacks on the beach fortifications in amphibious landing operations. On occasion they would even escort the large carriers, serving as emergency airstrips and providing fighter cover for their larger brothers while these were busy readying or refueling their own planes. In addition to this, they would also transport aircraft and spare parts from the US to the remote island airstrips.


Early Cold War developments

Despite all the progress that was seen during World War II, there were still fundamental limitations in the types of coastline that were suitable for assault. Beaches had to be relatively free of obstacles, and have the right tidal conditions and the correct slope. However, the development of the helicopter fundamentally changed the equation. This article is about tides in the Earths oceans. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ...


The first use of helicopters in an amphibious assault came during the Anglo-French-Israeli invasion of Egypt in 1956 (the Suez War). Two British light fleet carriers were pressed into service to carry helicopters, and a battalion-sized airborne assault was made. One of these Bulwark was commissioned in the late 50s as a dedicated "commando carrier". The techniques were developed further by American forces in the Vietnam War and refined during training exercises. The modern amphibious assault can take place at virtually any point of the coast, making defending against them extremely difficult. “UK” redirects here. ... The Suez Crisis, also known as the Suez War, Suez Campaign or Kadesh Operation was a war fought on Egyptian territory in 1956. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... See HMS Bulwark for other ships of this name. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


Earlier ships which played a similar role to the current vessels as the heart of an amphibious assault included five Iwo Jima class Landing Platform Helicopter vessels, built in the 1950s and 1960s and various converted fleet and escort carriers. The first of the type envisaged was the escort aircraft carrier USS Block Island (CVE-106/LPH-1), which never actually saw service as an amphibious assault ship. Delays in the construction of the Iwo Jima class saw other conversions made as a stopgap measure; three Essex-class aircraft carriers (USS Boxer (CV-21/LPH-4), USS Princeton (CV-37/LPH-5), and USS Valley Forge (CV-45/LPH-8)) and one Casablanca-class escort carrier (USS Thetis Bay (CVE-90/CVHA-1/LPH-6)) were converted into amphibs, the Boxer and Thetis Bay classes. The Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ships were built as dedicated helicopter carriers, capable of operating up to 20 helicopters to carry up to 1,800 Marines ashore. ... A Landing Platform, Helicopter is a warship designed to deliver troops into a war zone by helicopter, but which usually has a limited capability of landing troops by sea using small landing craft. ... The escort aircraft carrier or escort carrier, was a small aircraft carrier developed by the Royal Navy in the early part of World War II to deal with the U-boat crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic. ... The second USS Block Island (CVE-106) was launched on 10 June 1944 as Sunset Bay by Todd-Pacific Shipyards, Inc. ... Essex was a class of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy, which constituted the 20th centurys most numerous class of heavy warships, with 24 ships built. ... The fifth USS Boxer (CV-21) (also CVA-21, CVS-21, LPH-4) was a United States Navy Ticonderoga-class aircraft carrier. ... The fifth USS Princeton (CV-37) (also CVA-37, CVS-37, LPH-5) was a United States Navy Ticonderoga-class aircraft carrier (later refit into a Boxer-class LPH). ... Valley Forge (CV/CVA/CVS-45/LPH-8) a Ticonderoga-class aircraft carrier was the first ship of the United States Navy named for Valley Forge, the 1777–78 winter encampment of General George Washingtons Continental Army. ... The Casablanca class of escort aircraft carriers was the largest class of this type ever built. ... USS Thetis Bay (CVE-90) was laid down under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1127) on 22 December 1943 at Vancouver, Wash. ...


The Tarawa and Wasp types and their Iwo Jima class forebears resemble aircraft carriers. Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and in most cases recover aircraft, acting as a sea...


List of amphibious assault ship types

  • LHA: Landing Helicopter Assault (Tarawa class)
  • LHD: Landing Helicopter Dock (Wasp class)
  • LPH: Landing Platform Helicopter (Iwo Jima class)

LHA is the US Navy hull classification symbol for general purpose amphibious assault ships of the Tarawa class. ... General characteristics of the Tarawa-class amphibious assault ship: Builders: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi Power Plant: Two boilers, two geared steam turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total shaft horsepower (52 MW) Length: 820 ft (249. ... LHD is the US Navy hull classification symbol for multipurpose amphibious assault ships of the Wasp class. ... The Wasp class amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy are designed to land forces on hostile shores, and they are the largest vessels of this type in service anywhere in the world. ... LPH is the US Navy hull classification symbol for helicopter landing platform amphibious ships of the Iwo Jima class. ... The Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ships were built as dedicated helicopter carriers, capable of operating up to 20 helicopters to carry up to 1,800 Marines ashore. ...

Navies currently operating amphibious assault ships

B√Ętiment de Projection et de Commandement (BPC) Mistral, French Navy
B√Ętiment de Projection et de Commandement (BPC) Mistral, French Navy
Flag of France France
Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Flag of Spain Spain
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of the United States United States
  • United States Navy
    • Wasp-class - LHD
      • USS Wasp (LHD-1)
      • USS Essex (LHD-2)
      • USS Kearsarge (LHD-3)
      • USS Boxer (LHD-4)
      • USS Bataan (LHD-5)
      • USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD-6)
      • USS Iwo Jima (LHD-7)
      • USS Makin Island (LHD-8)
    • Tarawa-class - LHA
      • USS Tarawa (LHA-1)
      • USS Nassau (LHA-4)
      • USS Peleliu (LHA-5)

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Navy officers on the bridges of the Motte-Picquet frigate French Navy summer uniforms Frigate division of the French Navy in Toulon harbour The French Navy (Marine Nationale) is the second-largest Western European navy (the largest being the Royal Navy). ... The Mistral type is a class of assault helicopter carriers of the French Navy, capable of deploying 16 NH90 or Tigre, or 35 Aérospatiale Gazelle. ... LPH is the US Navy hull classification symbol for helicopter landing platform amphibious ships of the Iwo Jima class. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... The Republic of Korea Navy (Hangul: 대한민국 해군; Hanja: 大韓民國 海軍; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Haegun) or ROK Navy (ROKN) is a branch of the South Korean armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations and amphibious landing operations. ... The LPX project was the Republic of Korea Navys new amphibious landing ship project for which Hanjin Heavy Industries has provided the general design package. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... The Spanish Armada (in Spanish, Armada Española) is the maritime arm of the Spanish Military. ... Computer simulation of the Buque de proyección estratégica Buque de Proyección Estratégica (Strategic projection vessel, similar to an LHD) is a planned multipurpose warship for the Spanish Navy (Armada Española). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... HMS Ocean (centre right) in a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... LPH is the US Navy hull classification symbol for helicopter landing platform amphibious ships of the Iwo Jima class. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... USN redirects here. ... The Wasp class amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy are designed to land forces on hostile shores, and they are the largest vessels of this type in service anywhere in the world. ... LHD is the US Navy hull classification symbol for multipurpose amphibious assault ships of the Wasp class. ... USS Wasp (LHD-1) is a U.S. Navy multipurpose amphibious assault ship, the tenth to be named after the wasp, and the lead ship of her class. ... USS Essex (LHD-2) is a Wasp-class amphibious assault ship commissioned in 1992. ... USS Kearsarge (LHD-3), the third Wasp-class amphibious assault ship, was the fifth ship of the United States Navy to be named (the fourth actually commissioned) in honor of the sloop Kearsarge, of American Civil War fame. ... The sixth USS Boxer (LHD-4) is a Wasp-class amphibious assault ship of the United States Navy. ... USS Bataan (LHD-5) is a Wasp-class amphibious assault ship commissioned in 1997. ... USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD-6) is an Amphibious Assault Ship, and the third United States Navy ship of that name, was named in honor of John Paul Jones famous frigate, which he had named the French language equivalent of Goodman Richard, in honor of Benjamin Franklin, the U.S. Ambassador... USS Iwo Jima (LHD-7) is a Wasp-class amphibious assault ship. ... USS Makin Island (LHD-8), a Wasp-class amphibious assault ship, will be the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Makin Island, target of the Marine Raiders attack early in World War II. Makin Island was laid down on 14 February 2004 by the Ingalls... General characteristics of the Tarawa-class amphibious assault ship: Builders: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi Power Plant: Two boilers, two geared steam turbines, two shafts, 70,000 total shaft horsepower (52 MW) Length: 820 ft (249. ... LHA may refer to: LHA (file format), a freeware compression utility and associated file format LHA (hull classification symbol), US Navy hull classification symbol for general purpose amphibious assault ships of the Tarawa class. ... USS Tarawa (LHA-1), nicknamed Eagle of the Sea, is a United States Navy amphibious assault ship, the lead ship of her class, and the second ship to be named for Tarawa Atoll, site of a Marine landing during World War II. The first Tarawa was the USS Tarawa (CV... USS Nassau is an amphibious assault vessel. ... USS Peleliu (LHA-5) is a Tarawa-class amphibious assault ship of the United States Navy, named after the Battle of Peleliu during World War II. Originally to be named Khe Sanh and then Da Nang, Peleliu was laid down in 1976 at Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, launched 25...

References

See also

For the specific article on LHAs, LHDs, and LPHs, see Amphibious assault ship. ... The escort aircraft carrier or escort carrier, was a small aircraft carrier developed by the U.S. Navy in the early part of World War II to deal with the U-boat crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of amphibious warfare ships updated as of January 2005. ...

External links

  • In-depth look at various classes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Amphibious assault ship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1093 words)
Amphibious assault ships, usually shortened to amphibs, phibs or popularly known as gator freighters, denotes a range of classes of warship employed to land and support ground forces on enemy territory by an amphibious assault.
From the great assaults of WWII to the recent attack on the Al-Faw Peninsula in Iraq, both countries have been at the forefront of developing amphibious assault doctrine and shipping.
In general the ships carry the troops from the port of embarkation to the drop point for the assault and the craft carry the troops from the ship to the shore.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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