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Encyclopedia > Ampex
Ampex is based in Redwood City, California.

AMPEX is an acronym, created by its founder, Alexander M. Pontiaff. It actually stands for (A)lexander (M). (P)oniatoff (Ex)cellence. Poniatoff's company was established in San Carlos, California in 1944 as the Ampex Electric and Manufacturing Company. Download high resolution version (2763x2034, 494 KB)Ampex Corporation HQ. Taken 1/8/05 by Pretzelpaws with a Canon 10D camera. ... Download high resolution version (2763x2034, 494 KB)Ampex Corporation HQ. Taken 1/8/05 by Pretzelpaws with a Canon 10D camera. ... Redwood City is the county seat of San Mateo County, California. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... San Carlos is a city located in San Mateo County, California on the San Francisco Peninsula. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1948, ABC used an Ampex Model 200 audio recorder for the first-ever U.S. tape delay radio broadcast of The Bing Crosby Show. 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... Tape delay, also often referred to as analog delay, is an audio effect whereby an echo can be introduced to an audio signal by mixing it with a delayed version of itself. ...


In 1950, Ampex introduced the first "dedicated" instrumentation recorder, Model 500, built for the U.S. Navy. 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ...


Ampex became a leader in magnetic recording technology, both sound and video. Ampex was not a recording format, per se, but a company that invented the quadruplex format that dominated the broadcast industry for decades. The format was licensed to RCA for use in their "television tape recorders." Ampex's invention revolutionized the television industry by eliminating the kinescope process of archiving television programs on motion picture film (at least in the U.S.; in Britain, the BBC and most of the ITV companies continued to use kinescoping alongside videotape until the late 1960s; in most developing countries, many television broadcasters continued to use kinescoping alongside videotape until the mid-1970s). The Ampex broadcast video tape recorder also facilitated time-zone broadcast delay so that networks could air programming at the same hour in various time zones. RCA, formerly an initialism for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark used by two companies for products descended from that common ancestor: Thomson Consumer Electronics, which manufactures RCA-branded televisions, DVD players, video cassette recorders, direct broadcast satellite decoders, camcorders, audio equipment, telephones, and related accessories; and... The term kinescope originally referred to a type of early television picture tube. ... ... This article is about the British television network. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...


One of the key engineers in the development of the quadruplex video recorder for Ampex was Ray Dolby, who went on to form Dolby Laboratories, a pioneer in audio noise reduction systems. Categories: Stub | 1933 births ... Dolby Laboratories, Incorporated (Dolby Labs) is a company specializing in audio compression and reproduction. ... Noise reduction is the process of removing noise from a signal. ...


The first magnetically-recorded time-delayed network television program using the new Ampex Quadruplex recording system was CBS's "Douglas Edwards and the News" on November 30, 1956. CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ...


Since the early 1950s, Bing Crosby and others tried to record video on very fast-moving magnetic tape. One semi-successful attempt was the BBC's VERA. Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... Bing wooed fans with a sensuous voice, wit, and good looks. ... ... Vera can refer to: Vera, Oklahoma Vera, a novel by Elizabeth von Arnim Vera; or, the Nihilists, a play by Oscar Wilde [1] Bitstream Vera, a family of typefaces This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Only Ampex had the wisdom to rotate the heads at high speed and keep tape movement slow. The "Quad" head assembly has 4 heads that rotate at 14,400 rpm. They write the video vertically across the width of a tape that is 2 inches (5 cm) wide and runs at 15" (38cm) per second. This allows programs of one hour to be recorded on one reel of tape. But in 1956 one reel of tape cost $300 (equivalent to $2000 in 2004). The machines themselves cost about $75-100,000 (about a half a million dollars today). So the only videotaped archives that exist are network programs as the typical television station could not afford an Ampex VTR. Ampex had trademarked the name "Video Tape", so competitor RCA called the medium "TV Tape" or "Television Tape". The terms eventually became genericized, and "videotape" is commonly used today. A genericized trademark (Commonwealth English genericised trade mark or generic trade mark) is a trademark or brand name which has become synonymous with a particular type of product or service, to the extent that it often replaces the formal term for the product or service in colloquial usage. ...


In 1967, ABC used the Ampex HS-100 disk recorder for playback of slow-motion downhill skiing on World Series of Skiing in Vail, Colorado. Thus began the use of slow motion instant replay in sporting events. Also, that year, Ampex introduced the Ampex VR-3000 portable broadcast video recorder, which revolutionized the recording of high-quality television in the field, without the need for long cables and large support vehicles. Broadcast quality images could now be shot anywhere, including out of airplanes, helicopters and boats. 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Slow motion is an effect resulting from running film through a movie camera at faster-than-normal speed. ... Alpine skiing (or downhill skiing) is a recreational activity and sport involving sliding down snow-covered hills with long, thin skis attached to each foot. ... Part of the ski area at Vail. ... This is the article on the state. ...


In 1970, Ampex introduced the ACR-25, the first automated robotic library system for the recording and playback of television commercials. Each commercial was recorded on an individual cartridge. These cartridges were then loaded into large rotating carousels. Using sophisticated mechanics and compressed air, the "carts" were able to be loaded into and extracted from the machine at extremely high speed. This allowed TV stations to re-sequence commercial breaks at a moments notice, adding, deleting and rearranging commercials at will. The TV newsroom also began to use the ACR-25 to run news stories because of its random access capability. From the earliest days of the medium, television has been used as a vehicle for advertising in some countries. ...


The Ampex video system is now obsolete. Those machines which still survive have been pressed into service to transfer recordings onto modern digital video formats.


Ampex Corporation is the parent company of Ampex Data Systems which manufactures digital archiving systems, principally for the broadcast industry.


See also

Ampex Records was a record label started in 1970 and distributed through Warner Bros. ...

External links

  • Ampex Corporation website (http://www.ampex.com/)
  • Ampex Data Systems website (http://www.ampexdata.com/)
  • Alexander M. Poniatoff (http://www.ce.org/publications/hall_of_fame/poniatoff_a_00.asp)
  • a more precise origin of the recording of Bing Crosby shows (http://www.tvhandbook.com/History/History_recording.htm)
  • The History of Magnetic Recording (http://history.acusd.edu/gen/recording/mag/p0.html)
  • Recording Technology History (http://history.acusd.edu/gen/recording/notes.html)
  • Der Bingle Technology (http://history.acusd.edu/gen/recording/derbingle.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
112904 (0 words)
Ampex has recently announced patent license agreements with Canon Inc and Sanyo Electric Company Ltd. covering the use of its patents, primarily in digital still cameras.
In October 2004 Ampex initiated litigation against Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE:EK) in the ITC and in the Federal District Court for the District of Delaware for Kodak's unauthorized use of an Ampex patent in the sale of digital still cameras.
Ampex Corporation, www.ampex.com, headquartered in Redwood City, California, is one of the world's leading innovators and licensors of technologies for the visual information age.
Ampex Virtual Museum and Ampex Mailing List (258 words)
The Ampex Mailing List is an informal group interested in the use, maintenance, preservation, and history of Ampex audio and video products, both professional and consumer.
Stanford's press release regarding their acquisition of the collection of the former Ampex Museum of Magnetic Recording and other material from Ampex.
Ampex is a registered trademark of Ampex Corporation.
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