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Encyclopedia > Amos Tuck
Portrait of Amos Tuck
Portrait of Amos Tuck

Amos Tuck (1810-1879) was a political figure in New Hampshire, credited by some New Hampshire sources as a founder of the Republican Party. Image File history File links Amos_tuck. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... For other uses, see Republican Party (disambiguation) or GOP (disambiguation). ...


Early life and education

Born in Parsonsfield, Maine, August 2, 1810, the son of John Tuck, a sixth generation descendant of Robert Tuck, a founder of Hampton and Winnacunnet, New Hampshire, in 1638. Parsonsfield is a town located in York County, Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... ÂċĄ Hampton is a town located in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 14,937. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ...

Amos Tuck attended Effingham Academy and Hampton Academy and graduated from Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire in 1835; he studied law and entered the bar. He married Davida Nudd and had a son, Edward Tuck, on August 25, 1842, and a daughter, Ellen Tuck French, who married into the British peerage. Dartmouth College is a private academic institution in Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States. ... Hanover is a town located on the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Edward Tuck (August 24, 1842 - April 30, 1938) was an American banker and philanthropist. ...

Professional life

In his youth Amos Tuck came to Hampton and from 1836 to 1838 was Headmaster of the Hampton Academy founded by his ancestors. He was admitted to the bar in 1838 and commenced practice in Exeter. He later became a trustee of Dartmouth College. After leaving politics, Tuck was commissioned as a Naval officer of the port of Boston 1861-1865; following the American Civil War, he resumed the practice of law and also engaged in railroad building, at which he gained significant success and wealth. Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Rockingham County Incorporated 1638 Board of Selectmen Paul Binette, Chairman Robert Eastman Joe Pace William Campbell Lionel Ingram Area    - City 51. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Lincoln, President Ulysses S. Grant, General Jefferson Davis, President Robert E. Lee, General Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action...

Political career

Tuck was elected to the State house of representatives in 1842 as a member of the Democratic Party but broke with pro-slavery Democratic leaders in 1844 and was formally cast out of the party. He ran for Congress, anyway, and was elected as an Independent to the Thirtieth Congress. Thirtieth United States Congress Links and spelling have to be verified. ...

In 1845 he called a convention to form an independent movement in favor of anti-slavery Congressional Candidate John P. Hale. This convention would later be identified as "the nucleus of the Republican Party." During the months following the convention (which was described by Tuck as "respectable in numbers and unparalleled in spirit") Tuck worked tenaciously to grow his young party. His hard work and enthusiasm resulted in the successful election of Hale in 1846. John Parker Hale (March 31, 1806 - November 19, 1873) was an American politician. ...

Tuck himself ran as a Free-Soil candidate to the Thirty-first Congress, and as a Whig to the Thirty-second Congress (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1853). After three consecutive terms he returned to Exeter in 1853 and began a movement to unite the many minor political factions that existed in the state of New Hampshire. In the United States, Free Soil was a position taken by northern citizens and politicians in the 19th century advocating that all new U.S. territory be closed to slavery. ... This is a list of members of the Thirty-First United States Congress. ... The Whig Party was a political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy. ... Thirty-second States Congress Links and spelling have to be verified. ...

Founder of the Republican Party in New Hampshire

The Major Blakes Hotel Building, Exeter, NH, where on October 12, 1853 Amos Tuck met 14 compatriots
The Major Blakes Hotel Building, Exeter, NH, where on October 12, 1853 Amos Tuck met 14 compatriots

Tuck organized a secret meeting, on October 12th, 1853 at Major Blake’s Hotel in Exeter of a group of anti-slavery men. Tuck suggested they form a party to be called "Republicans." The term "Republican party" had been widely used in New Hampshire politics in the 1830s. However, all the guests at the dinner rejected Tuck's suggestion and none of them, including Tuck, became Republicans until two or more years later. The dinner is commemorated by the tablet now affixed to the Squamscott House in Exeter. The participants campaigned for several parties in 1854 state elections, but the Republican party did not run a ticket that year in the state. Tuck himself campaigned for the Free Soil party in 1854. He did help form the state Republican party in 1856 and was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1856 and 1860. Tuck was appointed a delegate to the peace convention held in Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war. Image File history File links Major_blakes_hotel_building2. ... Image File history File links Major_blakes_hotel_building2. ... Prior to the beginning of fighting between Americans in 1861, there took place a meeting at Washington, D. C. of many of the most influential Americans in the United States. ...

He was personal friend of Abraham Lincoln, John Greenleaf Whittier and many other men prominent in his time, and is said to be responsible for putting Lincoln in office. "Lincoln...would never have realized his goals," according to Dartmouth historian Professor Frank Smallwood, "if his old friend, Amos Tuck of Exeter, New Hampshire...had not played such an influential role in helping him to secure the Republican party's presidential nomination in 1860." Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was an American politician who served as the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ... John Greenleaf Whittier John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17, 1807 – September 7, 1892) was an American Quaker poet and forceful advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States. ...

Retirement and legacy

Died in Exeter, N.H., December 11, 1879; interment in Exeter Cemetery.

His son, Edward Tuck, financed and founded at Dartmouth College the Amos Tuck School of Business Administration, as well as the Tuck Historical Building, a beautiful granite structure in Concord, New Hampshire, home of the New Hampshire Historical Society and its Tuck Library. Edward Tuck (August 24, 1842 - April 30, 1938) was an American banker and philanthropist. ... Dartmouth College is a private academic institution in Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States. ... The Amos Tuck School of Business Administration was founded in 1900 at Dartmouth College, in Hanover, New Hampshire and the oldest graduate school of business in the world. ... Official website: www. ...

Family and political descendants founded the Amos Tuck Society to promote and spread the history of Tucks contributions and founding of the Republican Party.


Edward Tuck would also graduate from, and become a major donor to, Dartmouth College. He made his fortune in banking, railroads and international trade, becoming vice-consul to France. Edward Tuck (August 24, 1842 - April 30, 1938) was an American banker and philanthropist. ...


  • Sewell, Richard H. John P. Hale and the Politics of Abolition (1965)
  • Marston, Philip W. Amos Tuck and the Beginning in New Hampshire of the Republican Party Historical New Hampshire (1960)
  • Corning, Charles R[obert]. "Amos Tuck" . Exeter, N.H.: The News-letter Press, 1902.
  • Dearborn, Jeremiah Wadleigh "Sketch of the life and character of Hon. Amos Tuck" read before the Maine Historical Society, December, 1888 . [Portland, Maine: Printed by B. Thurston & Co., 1888?]
  • Gregg, Hugh. "Birth of the Republican Party : a summary of historical research on Amos Tuck and the birthplace of the Republican Party at Exeter, New Hampshire" . Compiled by Hugh Gregg and Georgi Hippauf. Nashua, N.H.: Resources of New Hampshire, 1995.
  • Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present
  • Accession of the Amos Tuck Society to the Political Library
  • "An old family of Hampton (the Tucks)"
  • About Tuck - Our History
  • New Hampshire Political Library
  • Seacoast Online "Republicans Party Down October 28, 2003

  Results from FactBites:
Tuck School of Business - definition of Tuck School of Business in Encyclopedia (189 words)
Founded in 1900, the Amos Tuck School of Business Administration at Dartmouth College is the world's oldest graduate school of management.
The school was established by Edward Tuck, and was originally named the Amos Tuck School of Administration and Finance (in memory of his father).
The Tuck School was ranked #1 for several years by the Wall Street Journal and The Economist and consistently ranks among the top 10 business schools in the world.
About Tuck (224 words)
As part of the Dartmouth College campus, the Tuck School combines the intellectual depth of a large Ivy League university with the soul of a tightly knit community.
In addition to the MBA program, Tuck offers a select array of executive education and other nondegree programs, such as the Tuck Business Bridge Program® for undergraduates and LEAD.
Founded in 1900 and moving forward in 2005, the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth is experiencing the greatest period of momentum in its history.
  More results at FactBites »



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