FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Amisfield Tower

Amisfield Tower is an impressive, well-preserved castle about 5 miles north of Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. The castle, also known as Hempisfield Tower, is still occupied. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ... The Buccleuch St Bridge Devorgilla Bridge Overlooking Dumfries The Old Bridge House Dumfries ((IPA: ) pronounced dum-freece, not dum-fries) (Dùn Phris or Druim Phris in Scottish Gaelic, meaning either fort or ridge of the thicket respectively) is a former royal burgh and town with a population of around... Dumfries and Galloway (Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh in Gaelic) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ...


The location of Amisfield Tower is at NX992838.

Contents

History

There has probably been a stronghold on this site since the twelfth century, but the present tower was built by the Charteris family around 1600. That family feuded with the Kilpatricks of Kirkmichael leading to the murder of Roger Kilpatrick in 1526. The property passed to John Dalziel of Newton in 1636. The Dalziels supported the Stuarts in the British Civil War, and captain Alexander Dalziel was executed as a royalist in 1650. Clan Carteris Crest: This Is Our Charter. ... A clan name from Scotland. ... The House of Stuart or Stewart was a Scottish, and then British, Royal House of Breton origin. ... The English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, specifically to the first (1642–1645) and second (1648–1649) civil wars between the supporters of Charles I of England and...


Description

Although the basic plan of Amisfield is a simple square, with four stories and an attic, its richness in corbelling, and turrets gives it a more romantic guise. Three corners have double-storeyed turrets, while the fourth is decked. It has a steeply-pitched roof. These upper features are built in warm, red ashlar, in contrast to the rubble walls below. As the tower was not built primarily for defence all of its shotholes are in the upper levels. Elaborately decorated classical-style stone corbels support balconies on a building in Indianapolis. ... Turret (highlighted) attached to a tower on a baronial building in Scotland In architecture, a turret is a small tower that projects from the wall of a building, such as a medieval castle or baronial house. ... Ashlar is dressed stone work of any type of stone. ...


From first floor to base of the tower there is a projecting stair-tower, round for two stories, corbelling out to the square turret above . The entrance is defended by a machiolation. A machicolation is a floor opening between the supporting corbels of a battlement, through which stones, burning objects or hot liquids (such as boiling oil or molten lead) can be dropped on attackers at the base of a defensive wall. ...


Within the castle the rooms have fine fire-places, and evidence of tempera wall-painting. The hall, on the first floor, has a garderobe, and three windows. There is a vaulted basement. A 1367 tempera on wood by Niccolò Semitecolo. ... These were medieval toilets in large public buildings and castles. ...


Hubert Fenwick described Amisfield as “simply marvellous”, saying that it “displays almost every Jacobean baronial conceit” The term Jacobean refers to a period in English history that coincides with the reign of James I (1603 – 1625). ... Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. ...


Features

The corbelling is so-called billet-and-cable design, the stonework imitating logs and rope. The dormer windows adapted the old French form of bretèche. Dog-toothed motifs surround the armorial panels and some of the windows. A billet is the place to which a person, generally a soldier, is assigned to sleep. ...


Bibliography

  • The Castles of Scotland, Martin Coventry, Goblinshead, 2001
  • Scotland's Castles, Hobert Fenwick, Robert Hale Ltd, 1976.

Coordinates: 55.13826° N 3.58278° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m