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Encyclopedia > Amir Kabir
Amir Kabir, the famous Persian vazir.
Amir Kabir, the famous Persian vazir.

Amir Kabir (1807 - January 11, 1852)(Persian: امیرکبیر‎ ), also known as Mirza Taghi Khan Amir-Nezam (Persian: میرزا تقی‌خان امیرنظام‎ ), was the Prime minister of Persia (Iran) under Nasereddin Shah (The emperor). He was born in Hazaveh, a county of Arak. Image File history File links AmirKabir. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Persian (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ« ) is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Persian (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ« ) is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and at times extending into central and mid-east Asia. ... Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (sometimes called Nassereddin) (died 1896) was the Shah of Persia from 1848 to 1896. ... Arak, (in Persian: اراک) previously known as Soltan-abad, is the center of Markazi province, Iran. ...


His father, Karbalaee Ghorban (Persian: کربلائی قربان‎ ), was a cook for Mirza Abu'l-Qasim Farahani Qá'im Maqam, a previous prime minister, which made Mirza Taghi Khan learn many skills of the court. Persian (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ« ) is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...


Amir Kabir was sent to the Ottoman Empire to represent Persia in negotiations for an end to a hundred years of war between the two empires. He also helped Nasereddin Shah to receive the throne, so the Shah made him his chancellor and gave his sister to him in marriage. Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (sometimes called Nassereddin) (died 1896) was the Shah of Persia from 1848 to 1896. ...


Government expenditure was slashed, and a distinction was made between the privy and public purses. The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and Amir Kabir assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy. Additionally, Amir Kabir curtailed foreign interference in Iran's domestic affairs.


Amir Kabir started many reformistic movements in Persia. He founded Darolfonoon, the first European-style college in Persia. He also supported the foundation of the first Persian newspaper, vaghaye al etefaghiyeh, He established and planned for almost all of industries in Iran including steel factory, ship making, textile, weaponry, sugar, glass, Samovar, tea, Ceramic, etc that reduced importation specially from Russia. Amir Kabir established strict customs procedures to reduce importation from Britain and made a strong and stable economy. Amir Kabir implemented patent regulation for the first time in Iran to support inventors and industries and supplied them with loans and facilities. He enforced Quarantine and mandatory vaccination to prevent frequent outbreaks. He made improvements in military, in discipline, salaries and establishing Navy, and extended Persian influence in Northern and Eastern borders and captured Herat without using force by diplomacy. He made a very sophisticated intelligence service and fought against bribery, fraud and foreign interference. He strengthened the law, discipline and order and even fixed the Shah's salary. He fixed huge deficits by lapsing the huge salaries that members of the royal family were receiving from the national treasury, which caused the royals, led by the Shah's mother and Britain's spy Mirza Agha Khan Noori, to invent allegations against him. These people convinced the Shah to dismiss Amir Kabir and send him into internal exile in Kashan. Daralfonoon (Persian دار الفنون), established 1851 was the first modern institution of higher learning in Iran. ... Members of the British royal family A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ... The term treasury was first used in classical times to describe the votive buildings erected to house gifts to the gods, such as the Siphnian Treasury in Delphi or the many buildings put up in Olympia, Greece by competing city-states, to impress each other during the Ancient Olympic Games. ... Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ...


It is said that the Russian embassy offered him a refuge in Russia, which Amir Kabir declined. Later, when the Shah was drunk, the Shah's mother and her aides asked him for an order to execute Amir Kabir, and executed the order very quickly in Kashan's Fin Bath, before the Shah could rescind the order. Mirza Agha khan Noori became Prime minister and undid most of his reforms. Drinking is the act of consuming a liquid through the mouth. ... حمام فين کاشان که بدليل قتل امير کبير در آن شهرت دارد، دارای ويژگيهای ديگری علاوه بر اين موضوع نيز ميیاشد. از جمله اينکه اين حمام به دليل معماری خاص خود ميتوانست فقط با یک شمع گرم شود This article needs translation. ...


The Amirkabir University of Technology in Tehran today is named after him in his honor. Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT, دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر), formerly named Tehran Polytechnic, is a leading research university in Iran. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
History of Iran: Mirza Taqi Khan, Amir Kabir (609 words)
The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and the Amir assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy.
With a firm, doubtless, strong, and steady will, Amir Kabir continued his reformations and exploitations, and all alone, resisted the most selfish, tyrannous and despotic king of the Qajar Dynasty along with his corrupt relatives, courtiers, and flatterers, among whom some had been excluded from the government.
They regarded the Amir as a social upstart and a threat to their interests, and they formed a coalition against him, in which the queen mother was active.
Amir Kabir - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (334 words)
Amir Kabir (امیرکبیر in Persian), also known as Mirza Taghi Khan Amir-Nezam (میرزا تقی‌خان امیرنظام), (c.1807-January 9, 1852) was the chancellor of Persia under Nasereddin Shah.
Amir Kabir was sent to the Ottoman Empire to represent Persia in negotiations for an end to a hundred years of war between the two empires.
The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and Amir Kabir assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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