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Encyclopedia > Amioun
Amioun
أميون
Administration
Country  Lebanon
District Koura District
Geography

Amioun
Location of Amioun, Lebanon
Coordinates 34.3003°18′0″N 35.8075°48′0″E / 34.6003, 36.6075Coordinates: 34.3003°18′0″N 35.8075°48′0″E / 34.6003, 36.6075

Amioun in Arabic: أميون‎ and other scripts of the name, are most probably transliterated from the original Amyūn. It is the capital town of the predominantly Greek Orthodox area Koura District (i.e. χωρια, villages in Greek) in the North of Lebanon. Image File history File links Wikitext. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... The 6 Governorates of Lebanon are divided into 25 Districts (Aqdya, singular - qadaa) -- or 26, counting the Governorate of Beirut which is not subdivided into districts. ... Koura (Arabic: ‎) is a district (qadaa) in the North Governorate, Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1238x1328, 64 KB) Modified version of Lebanon_governorates_blank. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Koura (Arabic: ‎) is a district (qadaa) in the North Governorate, Lebanon. ...


Situated on the South-Eastern periphery of the vast Koura plain, at an altitude of 298-330m, it is 78 km from the capital and 42 km away from the Cedars. The town was built on two large hills along the Beirut-Cedars main highway.


Its 14,000 registered inhabitants (statistics 2006 though only a small number, around 4,000, are year-round residents are traditional followers of the Antiochian Greek Orthodox Church Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Hellēnorthódoxē Ekklēsía) can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches. ...

Contents

Name

The name is not strictly Semitic (Ammun = “the tough & firm fortress”), the Aramaic alternative ("`Am `Yuwn", the "Greek People") is also not the basic original, even though it was used in certain dialects for some time. In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical Shem, Hebrew: שם, translated as name, Arabic: سام) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a four-thousand year history. ...


According to Condor, this “Amia”, none other than present-day Amioun, may be considered one of the oldest towns in the interior of our Lebanon. (See Condor, Tell El Amarna tablets, 2nd ed. London 1894).


Notable residents

Jacques Nasser, former Ford CEO, was born in Amioun. 69. ...


Nassim Taleb, New York essayist and philosopher, has deep family roots there, and lives there part of the year. Nassim Nicholas Taleb (b. ... This article is about the state. ...


Dr Halim Nassim Abi Chahine. Halim Nassim Abi Chahine, 1912-1998 A Lebanese surgeon, born in Amioun in 1912. ...


Dr George N. Atiyeh [1] (1923-2008) was born in Amioun. He was former head of the Near East Section of the Library of Congress, and a member of the Middle East Librarians Association, which has named a scholarship prize in his honor [2]. The Washington Report published an article about him in 1998 [3]. He received the MESA award in 1999 [4]. A copy of the letter nominating him for this recognition can be found here [5]. And here is a tribute from the al-Fourqan International Advisory Council [6] An Amazon listing of the books he has edited and published may be found here: [7]


History

With the advent of Christianity, the places of worship of local gods in Amioun were transformed into churches whose bells signalled the triumph of the faith - whereas Father Lamens in his book “The Monuments of Lebanon”, mentioned a number of towns, “Amia” is one (p.76).

  • Saint George Cathedral: erected over a former temple at the highest populated spot of the town, as mentioned in a circular written by instructor of history in the official Lebanese schools Choukrallah Al-Nabbout. (Fig. 1)
  • Saint John "al-sheer" church: Elevated on a rocky cliff over a number of vaults in the southeastern facade of the cliff. A Triple scene of a Crusaders church (1099-1100) panoramic over the 28 man-made crypts in the facade whose carbon-dating suggests 15000-24000 years of age. (Fig. 2 & 3)
One of 2 clock towers, landmarks of modern Amioun.

The town of Amioun, is known being a site for the Battle of Amioun, a historical clash in 694 A.D. between the Byzantine troops, under the leadership of Murik and Murikian, and some followers of the Monothelite doctrine, as mentioned in the article below by Chedid Al-Azar. The Battle of Amioun was a battle which took place in 694[1] between Byzantine troops and Monothelite christian heretics. ... The Battle of Amioun was a battle which took place in 694[1] between Byzantine troops and Monothelite christian heretics. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Monothelitism was the christological doctrine that Jesus had one will but two natures (divine and human). ...


During the 20-th century, major changes touched local population, which was based on agriculture, mainly olive, olive oil and soap production, and modify it into the highest educated society in Lebanon[citation needed]. This resulted in a huge percentage, almost 30%, of highly educated people, mainly in the medical domain. Now hundreds of physicians display vital positions in the motherland and abroad.


Chedid Al Azar, Researcher in historical and political studies, writes:[citation needed]


The town of Amyun (Amioun), in the history of our land is associated with the history of the land, irrespective of the boundaries and borders amidst the historical and geographical, environment of the land. Amioun (Arabic: , Transliteration: Am yūn) is the capital of the Koura district in the North Governorate of Lebanon. ...


Needless to say that written history in general and in particular to our land did not concern itself enough to uncover such historical facts and realities which contradict. The interest and piracies of certain contemporary dominant powers and nations, when they tend to ignore and obliterate the rights of basic historical civilizations and peoples of such civilizations, existing, or in case seized to exist but only as outspoken fossils and testimonies of such civilizations.


Location & historical scene


Our town Amyun, is located on a cliffy elongated rocky shield or fortress. Amidst a hilly plain of olive trees and vineyards, two thousand years old, a central town in the El-Koura district, south of Tripoli, on the main road from Chekka, to the main cedar forest of Lebanon. Inhabited at least as early as the 2nd millennium B.C. was a main artery of internal commerce with her eminent sister Jbeil, mainly at the time of the Canaanites domination of Egypt, for 250 years, during the middle kingdom. In the rocky cliffy shield of Amyun, several men-made caverns and wickets in the rocky cliff are still on the scene belonging undoubtedly to the Stone Age.'' Amioun (Arabic: , Transliteration: Am yūn) is the capital of the Koura district in the North Governorate of Lebanon. ... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Syria and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... (Arabic: ) is a district (in arabic qadaa) in the North Governorate, Lebanon. ... Tripoli (Arabic: طرابلس Tarābulus) is the capital city of Libya. ... Chekka is an industrial, coastal town in Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Cedar (disambiguation). ... Byblos was a city of Phoenicia, in ancient times. ... This article is about the land called Canaan. ... Amioun (Arabic: , Transliteration: Am yūn) is the capital of the Koura district in the North Governorate of Lebanon. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ...


Moral & spiritual image & commitments


As a community, Amyuns demographic growth in population remained very slow in her long history. In moral perspective, classical Amyun, is known for loyalty, integrity, devotion, identity and sense of honor, with some retreat in the last hundred years, only the real natives are still classical in the sense of morality which had given much in the past to the glory and immunity of this town. Magnanimity and ardor, of the past still recalled but not verily observed through the lapsed century.


The last memorable expression and image of the moral picture conveyed through certain vivid minds of the late nineteenth century, about civil practice and political engagement in amyun, was when the family of Al-Azar, dominated the scene, being delegated to the management of the al koura district, since the 16th century.


It must not be revealing to mention, that Amyun, is the site of several old churches and cathedral, the oldest being St. George Cathedral, it has even preceded Christianity as a place of worship of local gods. Another very old church hall, the St. Mauriqueaus (Maurikios) of the fourth century, of the Byzantine era, ample amounts of gold has been excavated from within that church; the last was few years before the French mandate was terminated. The third of the old church halls in addition to few minor ones, the church of St. Yuhanna (St. John), from the crusades era.


Although we are not trying to deal in warfare, a unique battle we shall mention for the impact it has left, this is the battle of south east Amyun, in the year 694, precipitated by mountain dwellers of Maronite Christian faith, as a revenge against the army of Justenian 2 of Byzantium, for the destruction of a monastery sheltering 350, monks adherents of Marūn, in northern Syria, near Apamea (Afamiyaħ), 350 km from Amyun. The battle was fought by a group of Marūn adherents who had sought refuge formerly in the mountains facing Amyun, from the east and made a surprise attack, under the leadership of Yuhanna Marūn, against a contingent of the Byzantine army, which was defeated and the Marūn adherents returned back to their mountainous sites, to stay in a state of isolation, which marked and stamped the history of the Maronites as dwellers of the mountains of Lebanon, by isolationism, that persisted among the mountainous adherents up to our present days and had touched their performances and deliberations in modern Lebanon. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maronites (Marunoye ܡܪܘܢܝܶܐ in Syriac, Mawarinah in Arabic) are members of one of the Eastern Rites of the Catholic church. ...


St. Marūn’s community of being & faith, an integral segment of our historical community.


Moreover, the adherents of Marūn, were not reluctant but vigilant to resist the Byzantine, as foreign aliens, added, to their persisting disagreement in certain Christian beliefs they conceal behind an Endeavour of freedom which did influence their decision after the tragic experience of the monastery and the battle of Amioun, 694, that precipitated isolationism. The Battle of Amioun was a battle which took place in 694[1] between Byzantine troops and Monothelite christian heretics. ...


The decision led to profess the Roman Catholic faith, by 1180, and join the Vatican, by the 18th century; such Endeavour for freedom could not be effected for dissociation and extraction, for purposes against the land and community of the faith of Marūn as an integral part of our historical community.


... Thus, in ignoring certain lines of conduct of their “Marūn”, the maronites have dissociated themselves, from certain loyalty to their community and faith they belong to, in favor of not forgetting the tragic memory of the past.


Images

Additional info

koura Villages
1. .Aaba 2. .Afsdik 3. .Ain Akrine 4. .Ali-al-Mouran
5. .Amioun 6. .Anfeh 7. .Badebhoun 8. .Barghoun
9. .Barsa 10. .Bdebba 11. .Beitroumin 12. .Bechmezzine
13. .Bhabouch 14. .Bishriyata 15. .Bkomra 16. .Bneyel
17. .Bohssas 18. .Btourram 19. .Btouratige 20. .Bkeftine
21. .Bnehran 22. .Bsarma 23. .Btaaboura 24. .Bziza
25. .Charlita 26. .Chira 27. .Dahr-al-Ain . 28. .Darbaachtar
29..Darchmezzine . 30. .Deddeh 31. .Fih 32. .Ijdebrine
33. .Kaftoun 34. .Kefraya 35. .Kelbata 36. .Kelhat
37. .Kfaraakka 38. .Kfarhata 39. .Kfarhazir 40. .Kfarkahel
41. .Kfarsaroun 42. .Kousba 43. .Maziriit Toula 44. .Mitrit
45. .Mijdel 46. .Nakhleh 47. .Rachedbine 48. .Ras Maska
49. .Ras Osta 50. .Wata Fares 51. .Zakroun 52. .Zakzouk

Additional pictures:


http://www.fooledbyrandomness.com/amioun.htm


Additional references:


http://www.amioun.org/ Official site


Additional geographical information:


http://www.fallingrain.com/world/LE/3/Amioun.html


External links

  • http://www.lebweb.com/site/lebanon-amioun-42222
  • http://www.lebanonatlas.com/lebanonmajorcities/North/Amioun/index.htm

See also List of cities in Lebanon Map of Lebanon This is a list of cities and towns in Lebanon: Ain Ebel Aintoura Aley Anjar Antelias Arbet Kozhaya Baabda Baalbeck Baskinta Batroun Beirut Beckfayya Beit ed-Dine Bir-el-abed Bologna Broummana Bsharri Bteghrine Byblos Bzebdine (Baaklini Family) Chekka Chiah Choueifat Dahieh Damour Deir el Qamar Dhour...


 
 

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