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Encyclopedia > Amino

In chemistry, especially in organic chemistry and biochemistry, an amino group is an ammonia-like functional group.

_NH2

A compound containing an amino group is called an amine.


See: Amino acid






  Results from FactBites:
 
Amino acid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1731 words)
Amino acid residue is what is left of an amino acid once a water molecule has been lost (an H+ from the nitrogenous side and an OH- from the carboxylic side) in the formation of a peptide bond.
Many amino acids are used to synthesize other molecules, such as tryptophan which is a precursor of the neurotransmitter serotonin, and glycine which is one of the reactants in the synthesis of porphyrins such as heme.
In humans, the essential amino acids are lysine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine, and (in children) histidine and arginine.
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