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Encyclopedia > Amiga CD32
Commodore Amiga CD32
Manufacturer Commodore
Type Video game console
Generation Fifth generation (32-bit/64-bit era)
First available Flag of United States September 1993

Flag of United Kingdom September 1993 Image File history File links Commodore_logo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Amigacd32. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... Commodore, the commonly used name for Commodore International, was an American electronics company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania which was a vital player in the home/personal computer field in the 1980s. ... A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer or electronic device that manipulates the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

The Amiga CD32 was the world's first 32-bit CD-ROM based game console. It was first announced at the Science Museum in London, United Kingdom on 16 July 1993 and released in September of the same year. The CD32 is based on Commodore's Advanced Graphics Architecture chipset, and is of similar specification to the Amiga 1200. Using 3rd-party devices, it is possible to upgrade the CD32 with keyboard, floppy drive, and mouse, turning it into a personal computer. A hardware MPEG decompression module for playing Video CD was also available, however, its rumoured as few as 400 modules made it to market, though other sources put it up to 5000. Often regarded as a flop, the CD32 managed to secure over 50% of the CD-ROM market in the UK in 1993 and 1994 outselling the MegaCD, Philips CDi and even PC CD-ROM sales. Total sales of the CD32 have been put at just under 100,000 though since this was the total manufactured, its unlikely they all sold through at the time of launch[citation needed]. The CD32 was released in the United States and Canada, but was not successful. Commodore was not able to meet demand for new units because of component supply problems. The success of the CD32 in Europe was not enough to save Commodore, and the bankruptcy of Commodore International in April 1994 caused the CD32 to be discontinued only months after its debut. 32-bit is a term applied to processors, and computer architectures which manipulate the address and data in 32-bit chunks. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ... The Science Museum on Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London is part of the National Museum of Science and Industry. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Commodore, the commonly used name for Commodore International, was an American electronics company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania which was a vital player in the home/personal computer field in the 1980s. ... Advanced Graphics Architecture (AGA) was the name used for the improved graphics chipset of the third generation Amiga computers at the beginning of the 1990s. ... An Amiga 1200 with a standard mouse and two external floppy disk drives. ... It has been suggested that Keystroke be merged into this article or section. ... A floppy disk is a data storage device that comprises a circular piece of thin, flexible (hence floppy) magnetic storage medium encased in a square or rectangular plastic wallet. ... Operating a mechanical 1: Pulling the mouse turns the ball. ... The Moving Picture Experts Group or MPEG is a working group of ISO/IEC charged with the development of video and audio encoding standards. ... Video CD (aka VCD, VideoCD, View CD, Compact Disc digital video) is a standard digital format for storing video on a Compact Disc. ... The Sega Mega (Japanese: メガCD) is an add-on device for the Sega Mega Drive released in Europe, Australia and Japan. ... CD-i or Compact Disc Interactive is the name of an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V. CD-i also refers to the multimedia Compact Disc standard utilized by the CD-i console, also known as Green Book, which was co-developed by... World map showing the location of Europe. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...

Contents

Technical specifications

Ports located on the back of the Amiga CD32
Ports located on the back of the Amiga CD32
  • Main Processor: Motorola 68EC020 at 14.3 MHz
  • System Memory: 2 MB Chip RAM
  • 1 MB ROM with Kickstart ROM 3.1 and integrated cdfs.filesystem
  • 1 KB of FlashROM for game saves
  • Graphics/Chipset: AGA Chipset
  • Akiko chip, which handles CD-ROM and can do Chunky to Planar conversion
  • Proprietary (MKE) CD-ROM drive at 2x speed
  • Expansion socket for MPEG cartridge, as well as 3rd party devices such as the SX-1 and SX32 expansion packs.
  • 4 8-bit audio channels (2 for left, 2 for right)
  • Gamepad, Serial port, 2 Gameports, Interfaces for keyboard

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Processor can mean: A central processing unit of a computer. ... Motorola Inc. ... The 68EC020 is a microprocessor from Motorola. ... A megahertz (MHz) is one million (106) hertz, a measure of frequency. ... ReBoot character, see Megabyte (ReBoot). ... Chip RAM is the name given to RAM in the Amiga computer that could be accessed by the custom chipset as well as the CPU. The custom chipset was able to perform DMA transfers to and from this RAM, and would even lock-out the CPU while doing so. ... ReBoot character, see Megabyte (ReBoot). ... Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... AmigaOS is the default native operating system of the Amiga personal computer. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to the decimal 1024 bytes (2 to the 10th power, or 1,024 bytes based in the binary system). ... Flash memory is a form of EEPROM that allows multiple memory locations to be erased or written in one programming operation. ... Advanced Graphics Architecture (AGA) was the name used for the improved graphics chipset of the third generation Amiga computers at the beginning of the 1990s. ... A chipset is a group of integrated circuits (chips) that are designed to work together, and are usually marketed as a single product. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... In chunky or packed pixel frame buffer organization, the bits defining each pixel are grouped together. ... Something is called planar if it is made up of flat planes, or pertaining to planes. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Screenshot of an FMV from Final Fantasy VIII using Bink Video. ...

Accessories and third party devices

The CD32 can be enhanced using these devices: ProModule, Paravision SX-1 and DCE SX-32 (which optionally includes 68030 CPU). Motorola 68030 Processor from a Macintosh IIsi The Motorola 68030 is a 32-bit microprocessor in Motorolas 68000 family. ... Die of an Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor (actual size: 12×6. ...


Those devices extend the capability of Amiga CD32, allowing it to utilize hardware such as an external 3.5" floppy disk drive, hard disk and IBM PC keyboard. An Amiga CD32 can be turned into a de facto Amiga 1200 via the addition of 3rd party packages. The SX-1 appears to have been designed around Commodore's mechanical specs and not the actual production units – it did not fit very well and requires an internal 'modification' to fit properly. Consequently, the SX-1 can be jarred loose if the console is not handled gently. The upgraded SX-32 expansion pack (which included a 68030 25MHz processor) solves these problems. Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... The IBM PC keyboard and its derivative computer keyboards are standardized. ...


As well as its own special controllers, the Amiga CD32 is also compatible with SEGA Megadrive/Genesis controllers.


CDs created for the CD32 conform to ISO 9660 level2, mode1, although the Rock Ridge and Joliet extensions are not compatible. A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... ISO 9660, a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization, defines a file system for CD-ROM media. ... The Rock Ridge Interchange Protocol (RRIP, IEEE P1282) is an extension to the ISO 9660 volume format which adds POSIX file system semantics. ... Joliet is the name of an extension to the ISO 9660 file system. ...


Software

CD32 splash screen.

If the system is turned on without a CD, a splash screen with scrolling colours will appear and a tune will play. After this tune ends, the user can press the blue button on the game pad to enter a language selection menu. The user can also press the red button to access a menu where they can view the contents of the internal Flash ROM. Unlike most game consoles, this menu does not allow the user to delete items. Instead, the system will automatically overwrite the oldest entries when memory runs out. The menu allows the user to "lock" files to prevent overwriting. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


At launch the CD32 was bundled with two games, Diggers, a new game from Millennium Interactive, and Oscar from Flair. The CD32 was capable of running most of the titles developed for the Amiga CDTV multimedia device (differences in CPU speed and Kickstart version prevented some of the earlier CDTV titles from running). Diggers is a puzzle video game for the Amiga CD32 in which the player takes control of a mining team excavating a planet for precious minerals. ... Millennium Interactive was a Cambridge-based computer games developer responsible for titles such as James Pond, Defcon 5, Deadline and most famously, Creatures. ... Oscar is a platform game that was released on Amiga A1200 and CD32 in 1994, published by Flair. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Does not appear to be sufficiently notable If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... The Amiga CDTV (for Commodore Dynamic Total Vision) was a computer made by Commodore International and launched in March 1991. ...


Like all later Amiga computers, the CD32 has a hidden boot menu that can be accessed by plugging an Amiga mouse into port 2 and holding both buttons down while turning the system on. Most of the options in this menu aren't useful on a CD32, but from this menu you can choose to boot in either NTSC or PAL mode. This is important, as there are some games that will refuse to work if the system is in the wrong mode, also since most games don't advertise what video mode they were developed for. It should also be pointed out that despite the naming, the menu really only allows a choice of 60Hz or 50Hz video output; a PAL system booted in NTSC mode will still output a video signal using PAL color encoding, which will usually result in a black and white picture when connected to an NTSC television. The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Television encoding systems by nation. ...


While the console was fairly successful during its lifespan and managed to be the best-selling CD format console in 1993, it was not able to sustain its growth, with Commodore filing for Chapter 11 just a year after its release after not being able to secure additional CD32 shipments for the holiday season. It was speculated that the holiday season could have kept Commodore afloat for another six months. Another problem was the lack of original games, which had also plagued the CDTV before it. Most CD32 titles were simply A1200 games on a CD, with the occasional full motion video sequence or CD audio tracks added on. Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... The Amiga CDTV (for Commodore Dynamic Total Vision) was a computer made by Commodore International and launched in March 1991. ... Screenshot of an FMV from Final Fantasy VIII using Bink Video. ... Rainbow Books: Red Book (CD Digital Audio), Yellow Book (CD-ROM and CD-ROM XA), Orange Book (CD_R and CD-RW), White Book (Video CD), Blue Book (Enhanced Music CD, CD+G and CD-Plus), Beige Book (Photo CD), Green Book (CD-i). ...


However, a large fan base carried over from the success of other Amiga computers, and several notable titles, such as Microcosm, Liberation: Captive 2, Simon the Sorcerer and Super Stardust prevented the console from sliding into total obscurity. Liberation was an Amiga game written by Byte Engineers and published by Mindscape in 1994. ... Simon the Sorcerer 2 screenshot Simon the Sorcerer is a series of point-and-click adventure games created by Adventure Soft. ... Stardust is a shoot-em-up computer game for the Amiga 500, released by the Finnish company Bloodhouse in 1993. ...


Uses of the CD32

109 CD32s were installed in 1993 to run the interactive exhibits at the London Transport Museum, Covent Garden. They provided information, animations, pictures, sound and text available in several languages. The systems were produced by the company Index Information. Londons Transport Museum, formerly known as the London Transport Museum, is a museum which seeks to conserve and explain the transport heritage of London, the capital city of the United Kingdom. ... Covent Garden is a district in central London and within the easterly bounds of the City of Westminster. ...


See also

v  d  e
Selected home game consoles
First generation
Magnavox OdysseyPongColeco Telstar
Second generation
Atari 2600Fairchild Channel FInterton VC 4000Odyssey²IntellivisionAtari 5200ColecoVisionArcadia 2001Vectrex • SG-1000
Third generation
NESMaster SystemAtari 7800
Fourth Generation
TurboGrafx-16Mega Drive/GenesisNeo GeoSNES
Fifth generation
3DOAmiga CD32JaguarSaturnPlayStationNintendo 64
Sixth generation
DreamcastPlayStation 2GameCubeXbox
Seventh generation
Xbox 360PlayStation 3Wii

This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1977. ... The Magnavox Odyssey was the worlds first commercially sold video game console. ... PONG helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having a non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The Fairchild Channel F is the worlds second cartridge-based video game console, after the Magnavox Odyssey. ... The VC 4000 is an early 8-bit cartridge-based game console released in Germany in 1978 by Interton. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, in the United States as the Magnavox Odyssey² and the Philips Odyssey², and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Emerson Arcadia 2001, intended as a portable game console, the Arcadia 2001 was released by Emerson Radio Corp in mid-1982. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES, also known as SNES or Super Nintendo, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... The Atari Jaguar is a video game console that was released in November 1993 to rival the Mega Drive/Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... The Sega Saturn ) is a 32-bit video game console, first released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America and July 8, 1995 in Europe. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... This section needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark and Guppy during development) is Segas final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[7] commonly abbreviated PS3) is Sony Computer Entertainments third video game console. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... Amiga demos are demos created for the Commodore Amiga home computer. ... The Amiga 500 running Leander (1991) Amiga games are computer games compatible with the Commodore Amiga. ...

External links

  • Amiga hardware database - Commodore CD32
  • Amiga history guide

  Results from FactBites:
 
sh: Amiga CD32 - Commodore's 1993 foray into the CD computing marktet (346 words)
This was the CD32 centred around their base model with a 68020 chip in it.
But the CD32 had the whole back catalogue of Amiga games of which not even the consoles could compete with.
The CD32 is the only machine Delta Estuary owns that can play the CD+Graphics format.
Console Passion Retro Games - Amiga CD32 (378 words)
An Amiga CD32 could be turned into a de facto Amiga 1200 via the addition of 3rd party packages.
The CD32 was capable of running most of the titles developed for the Amiga CDTV multimedia device (differences in CPU speed and Kickstart version prevented some of the earlier CDTV titles from running).
Most CD32 titles were simply A1200 games on a CD, with the occasional full motion video sequence or CD audio tracks added on.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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